The study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the hydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

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26
votes
2answers
7k views

Proper workflow for LAS to DEM conversion

I regularly come across LiDAR (.LAS) files with elevation data. When I do, I always struggle to find a way of converting them to a DEM for hydrological analysis. I have developed several workflows, ...
19
votes
7answers
11k views

Methodology for creating accurate drainage networks (and catchments) from high resolution LiDAR DEM?

This is not the first time I've stumbled over this issue; it seems that I am unable to generate a correct drainage network model and the resulting catchments from full resolution (1m cells) LiDAR ...
14
votes
3answers
541 views

Account for bridge overpasses in a ground DEM to allow for water flow under the overpass

I have a bare earth DEM made from lidar data (A). It works well and has passed all accuracy tests. It is used in storm surge models. The problem we are having is on underpasses. I need to allow water ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

How to cartographically represent water flow?

I am modelling water flow on steep slopes for an erosion study. You can see from the screenshot the results from the ArcGIS-based flow analysis. To produce these flow lines, I generated a ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What Algorithm is used by ArcGIS Watershed tool?

Does anyone know what type of algorithm is used in the ArcGIS Watershed tool (in the Spatial Analyst package)? Very little information given on Esri's website ... but I suspect it may be some kind of ...
9
votes
4answers
7k views

Tutorial on how to model flooding using data from gauging stations along rivers in QGIS?

Can someone please direct me to a tutorial where I can learn more about how to model flooding using data from gauging stations along rivers using QGIS?
9
votes
1answer
273 views

How to create a branch network from several input points to an unique outlet in minimizing the distances?

I am searching a way to "hydrologically" connect upstream points to a unique downstream outlet by creating an optimized stream network as pictured below... The cummulated lenght of the stream lines ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I get weighted Flow Accumulation to deal with negative values? [duplicate]

here's one I haven't seen anywhere, to my surprise. I am trying to do something a little different with Flow Accumulation, which I would think has been attempted before, but it's stumping me for now. ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

How to calculate stream order for vector data without a DEM?

I have a shapefile which contains the streams that were digitized from a satellite Image. I would like to calculate the stream order for this data. The data does not exactly match the DEM that I have, ...
8
votes
2answers
277 views

Find headwater polygons

This is a follow up question to this question. I have a river network (multiline) and some drainage polygons (see picture below). My goal is to select only the headwater polygons (green). With ...
7
votes
3answers
201 views

Calculate average stream slope at each location along stream

I'm trying to calculate the time of concentration for every point along a stream network. To calculate the time of concentration, I need the upstream channel length and channel slope. I've been able ...
7
votes
1answer
830 views

Hydrology toolbox versus Arc Hydro toolbox?

I would like to do some watershed delineation research/development (at the County level) with our LIDAR generated DEM, after it is corrected, but am wondering what, if any, differences might result ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Calculating Runoff / Streams using DEM in ArcGIS

I am just curious about the workflow that many of you use for runoff/stream analysis using a DEM and create a "water network" from the results in ArcGIS 10.1? I know the average rainfall for different ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Calculate Topographic wetness index in SAGA

i am currently working on a project which involves the quantification of the wetness in certain areas. However it produces quite different results from what i expected. I'll describe the steps i have ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How to determine elevation drop along stream with ArcGIS Desktop?

I need to calculate(estimate) hydraulic head(elevation drop) along a single river stream in order to find potential site for small hydropower plant. I have a DEM with 20m resolution and raster and ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

In hydrologic terrain analysis is there a difference between “pits”, “depressions”, and “sinks”?

In hydrologic terrain analysis is there a difference between "pits" and "depressions"? For instance, Planchon and Darboux (2002) state The usual numerical methods for removing the depressions of ...
5
votes
4answers
426 views

What satellite imagery would help to show spring locations?

I've got lots of tiny streams on a hydrography shapefile. Historic texts indicate that certain ones have headwaters at "sources" or springs, and I want to try to find these. Browsing the historical ...
5
votes
2answers
528 views

Is there hydrologically correct water-course data for Africa

I was wondering if there are any hydrologically correct river-channel data available for download for Africa? By hydrologically correct, I mean the topology should be correct. Connected river ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Tracing up a stream network & tabulating attributes of polygons it passes through

I have an ArcGIS question that is either very easy or impossible (my favorite kind). I am somewhat inexperienced when it comes to dealing with network analysis, so maybe I'm missing something major ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How to assign correct flow direction to stream network polylines?

I would like to create a map showing the results of watershed analysis as well as the resulting stream network with flow direction. I have a stream network which has been created from the flow ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

How to run a tool from Whitebox GAT in ArcGIS?

I have a series of tools that I need to run in ArcGIS to hydrologically condition my DEM, but the first step in this process is running the Breach Depressions tool from Whitebox GAT (I have found that ...
5
votes
1answer
502 views

How do I get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point?

I want to get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point. The goal is to create a "downstream distance to a point grid". This then would allow me to create "distance" ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

Global Basin Delineation Across Dateline

I'm trying to delineate all river basins on a global 1/16 degree grid. The algorithm that the Basin tool in the Spatial Analyst Toolbox works well (fast) except it doesn't know how to handle the ...
5
votes
1answer
236 views

Is there a downloadable data source for mapping out rivers with names for the whole world?

I'd like to be able to extract rivers with their names and the flow size (not direction) for the whole world. The scale I'll be drawing it at is about 2 centimeters per 10 real world km - nothing too ...
4
votes
3answers
207 views

Ways to determine winding topographic characteristics of a river

Are there any methods and/or technical guides on how to classify the degree of winding of river bodies? I have the following polygon layer of roughly 100,000 water bodies and would like to write an ...
4
votes
1answer
355 views

How to calculate “water accumulated in each cell” using QGis?

I create channel network and catchment area from a DEM with SAGA GIS. I know that flow is starting from a cell to an other cell. Firstly, a cell is filled with water and then it is starting to flow ...
4
votes
1answer
716 views

Generate channel network (rainwater run off) - which algorithm is the best?

I want to compute DEM for a whole country (cca 79 000 sqr. km) and I need to be hydrologically correct as much is possible. After, for this correct DEM I need to compute drainage lines of surface ...
4
votes
1answer
642 views

Which flow routing algorithms does ArcGis support?

Other than standard D8 are there support for multiple flow algorithms like FD8, DEMON, Dinfinity etc?
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Does this ArcGIS flow accumulation example have an error?

The lower right corner of the flow accumulation example in ArcGIS Desktop's documentation has a flow accumulation value of 2. However, I only see one cell flowing into the lower right corner (the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Determining direction of rivers i.e. which villages lie upstream and downstream?

I want to determine which villages lie upstream and which villages lie downstream big cities built on the side of rivers in Indonesia. I have the .shp file of villages and cities, the .shp file of all ...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

Horton Stream Ordering in ArcGIS?

Is there a way to order streams using the Horton (opposed to Horton-Strahler) method in ArcGIS (10.2.2)? I know the Stream Order tool allows you to use Strahler and Shreve.
4
votes
2answers
722 views

Calculating flowpaths downstream of a point

I am assessing the flood risk posed by pipeline failure. I need to calculate the likely flow-paths for flood water downstream of critical locations along the pipeline using GIS. I'm familiar with ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Calculating Flooded area / Inundation in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I was tasked to create a layer with the flooded areas if the sea / river level was to go up by X feet. There is no requirement to take Flow and Pour Points into account, just a simple raise in water ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Flow Accumulation in R

My apologies for such a general question. Is there an ArcGIS like implementation of Flow Accumulation for R? What I am trying to avoid: Using ArcGIS; Using Grass; Using RpyGEO (but will if need be) ...
4
votes
1answer
929 views

Assigning points to their respective Reaches using Stream Gradient?

This is a continuation of the question I initially posed here. Also, I've attached a shapefile on my Drop Box account here. I'm trying to break a stream network up into 100m reaches, assigning ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

How is “Burn Stream Slope” in ArcHydro working?

I have a DEM with only small relief and many ditches. Because of the small relief, I can't calculate flowdirections for some parts of my DEM. I know that in reality water is flowing from west to east ...
4
votes
2answers
755 views

Find locations of raster maximum within polygons: Basin Delineation

I'm trying to identify the Location (lat/lon) and upstream area of every raster point that flows into the Arctic Ocean (there are a lot so it has to be fully automated). I'm starting with the ...
4
votes
3answers
274 views

Hydrology, operational rainfall-runoff models

I am trying to collect information about operational rainfall-runoff models used around the world. I hope to build database with country outline with attached information what organization is covering ...
4
votes
1answer
741 views

How to compute average slope and area-weighted average slope?

I am learning GIS for use in hydrologic analysis. Related to computation of overland flow there are two types of slope that I would like to be able to obtain from GIS. The first is average slope for ...
4
votes
1answer
404 views

Flow direction generated for river is incorrect

I am trying to generate a hydrologic model and I can not really proceed on the next processes. I have this problem on generating flow direction. I have already executed fill sinks and the next is flow ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Determining the Thalweg line of a river without bathymetry?

I have the boundaries and centerline of a river. The Thalweg line defines the deepest elevation of a watercourse (see Image taken from Google). I do not have accurate enough bathymetry or Digital ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

Where to find comprehensive descriptions of tools in QGIS, SAGA, Orfeo, etc. toolboxes? [closed]

There exists a large number of tools for QGIS (e.g. SAGA, GRASS, ORFEO etc.) - however none of these have sound description of the aim of the tool, the algorithm itself, differences to other similar ...
4
votes
2answers
853 views

How to calculate runoff in Rainfall Analysis?

I have 30 years daily rainfall data. How can i calculate the mean monthly runoff, minimum monthly runoff and maximum monthly runoff with the available rainfall data using GIS? I would like to use ...
4
votes
0answers
362 views

Proper use of Modulus “%” operator in ArcMap [closed]

Objective: Gather pour points to define a specific-sized watershed. In this case, 1000 pixels. (for this thought exercise, watershed is to mean any point that flows through a pour point, regardless ...
4
votes
0answers
196 views

How to assign attributes from hydrologic sinks to upstream features? [closed]

I have a large hydrology geometric network with more than 300 sinks and roughly 150 barriers. I'd like to have the SinkID added to the attributes of the barriers (some individual networks have a ...
3
votes
4answers
196 views

How can Identify highs on a DEM?

I have a DEM and I want to find each hill and create a polygon for its area, effectively the out closed contour that encloses the hill. I can do this visually but I'm about to work on a larger area so ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Water Flow Analysis in ArcGIS Desktop?

If I know that 10,000+ gallons of water were going to be dropped at a single point how could I model where it would flow. I would prefer something that worked in ArcGIS and could create a layer.
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Verifying the number of times a line crosses other lines

I have a series of lines that represent streams. I have a stream line and two flowpath lines in one feature class and two banklines in another feature class. Total of five lines. I then have a feature ...
3
votes
1answer
519 views

Mapping latlng values to a point on a HRAP grid

I have a copy of some NWS rainfall data loaded into a PostGIS database. Given a lat lng point, I want to find the rainfall for that given day. The original data are in XMRG format and projected ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

How to calculate shortest distance from start to end of river?

How can I calculate the straight distance from the start to the end point of a river (red line in image)? I don't know how to do this automatically.