# Tagged Questions

A group of geostatistical techniques to interpolate the value of a random field at an unobserved location from observations of its value at nearby locations.

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### Geostatistical Wizard - Ordinary Kriging problem after export

I'm not sure qhat I'm making wrong. I used the geostatistical wizard to perform an ordinary kriging. The resulting Geostatistical Layer looks like this: After using the GA Layer To Grid Tool by ...
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### How to create SpatialPixelsDataFrame from Latitude and Longitude data?

I have a data frame that contains latitude and longitude data with density point. I want to do kriging but my main problem is that I can not create SpatialPixelsDataFrame from my data. My data is ...
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### How to deal with data which are not normally distributed when kriging?

I'm a novice with advanced spatial interpolation, and I'm trying to use the Geostatistical Analyst to interpolate a surface based on borehole data, using Ordinary Kriging. The help file explains how ...
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### Choosing interpolation method for monthly atmospheric parameters derived from AQUA/Air satellite?

I want to investigate atmospheric refraction and i am using Aqua/ Airs satellite data. These are atmospheric parameters (1) Air temperature (2) Geopotential height (3) Relative Humidity All these ...
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### Interpreting Global Moran's I and should I krig?

I am trying to weigh up if kriging (or cokriging) the residual error from my model is a valid approach. My first step was to compute whether the error is spatially autocorrelated. I have done this ...
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### Cokriging using categorical covariables in ArcMap?

I am using cokriging to model a continuous variable across my study unit (soil carbon). I have one continuous covariable (soil moisture) but also a categorical covariable (vegetation community). I am ...
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### kriging of compositional data (grain size)

I have posted this already in the GEONet Forum but without any suggestions, now I am hoping for some feedback here: I have a problem concerning interpolation of compositional data of grain sizes. I ...
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### Missing data and negative predictions - kriging daily rainfall?

I want to perform the interpolation of daily rainfall data for 7 years. I am now working on python using arcpy module. I face several problems while performing interpolation Some day there is no ...
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### Empirical Bayesian kriging - does data need to be normal?

With empirical Bayesian kriging (ebk), does the data need to be normally distributed? If I apply a normal score transformation, my data is still not normal. Is ebk kriging thus an invalid ...
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### Geostatistical kriging

We use soil samples data for interpolating soil fertility parameters using ArcGIS geostatistical Kriging. While doing kriging, the resultant map values ranges are not matching with our input samples ...
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### Run kriging in ModelBuilder with various shapefiles

I need to run kriging in a model, using 5 different point shapefiles. I put as input %Name% to run the different shapefiles, but in Z value field I have an error, because it's different in each ...
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### Why is SAGA kriging slower in QGIS than in SAGA itself?

I'm using QGIS for a while. In my opinion the SAGA kriging tool (processing toolbox) is very slow. Is that an QGIS issue? I tried to interpolate a point layer with 300.000 points (I know it is big) ...
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### Ordinary kriging with three dimensions in R

I want to interpolate temperature for a surface defined by three coordinates: longitude, latitude and altitude. I know one option is to use universal kriging on two dimensions and use altitude as a ...
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### Interpolating Temperature over Elevation on ArcMap

I need to overlay or create a new image file in ArcGIS that overlays temperature point data I have for California onto a 30m resolution DEM for that state. I have explored Co-Kriging, however I have ...
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### How to interpolate (ordinary kriging) large files with QGIS processing

I'm using the Saga ordinary kriging tool as apart of different processing models. The biggest issue I have is the very slow performance. My point shape files have mostly more than 200.00 points (some ...
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### Kriging results in log mode and SpatialPointsDataFrame manipulation

I've a little problem, probably because I'm not fully expert with R data manipulation. I've perfomed a kriging elaboration of mydata, in log mode, as the classical meuse example, but how can I export ...
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### Explaining different results from Ordinary Kriging and Universal Kriging?

When using either methods to create a surface from the same set of observations, these surfaces differ from each other. Visually it can be seen in the differences of the following contours (...
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### Keeping the z-statistic while kriging within ArcGIS Model Builder

I am creating a model that accepts in a .csv file and plots the XY points on a calculated field. The preferred interpolation method is kriging, and when I try to update the z-value field, the ...
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### Error when kriging: “output variance prediction raster”

I am trying to run a python script for kriging, but keep getting a following error message. It doesn't make any sense as the output variance prediction raster is optional. The code: # Create ...
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### Cross validation after kriging, in ArcGIS

I performed kriging interpolation using the kriging interpolation tool in ArcToolbox, not the Geostatistical Wizard method. However, how do I determine the cross validation without using the ...
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### Estimating parameters of a semivariogram?

I have got a shapefile of rain gauges with a field giving the precipitation amount in a particular day. I need to interpolate the precipitation values to obtain a precipitation map for a particular ...
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### Verifying time-invariance for spatial gradients of air pollution?

I have data from a network of NO2 passive samplers. Measurement are repeated in the same positions in different years. I need to verify if spatial gradients in air pollution remain constant in time, ...
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### Error when labelling kriging result (contour) - the input layer is not valid

I've finished kriging, creating a contour-map, representing groundwater-height in my area. By a reason I don't know, it isn't possible to label my results. Neither can I export my data to vectors: ...
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### Interpolating counts within irregular-shaped regions in a country?

GIS novice here. We are trying to estimate the total number of toxic waste sites within the country of Ghana. We will be dividing up the country into quadrats (with some irregular shapes on the ...
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### Why does ModelBuilder with kriging give ERROR 001000 Z value field does not exist?

I've built a model which interpolates series of data by IDW method and it works well. But when I tried to change method of interpolation to kriging I encountered some problems with using Z value field ...
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### Validation of Regression Kriging

I am interested in exploring the idea of generating a predictive model for a target variable in a spatial context. I would then like to correct the residuals of this model using kriging, i.e. in a ...
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### How to do Kriging using SDA4PP in QGIS?

I am trying to do kriging using SDA4PP. I have added a delimitted text layer and wish to krige that. When I try I get an error message from SDA4PP as follows... This tool requires at least one ...
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### Leave one out cross validation for krigeST in R

I am using the krigeST function in the gstat package in R. To run the kriging, I have created a space-time object STIDF that holds spatial and temporal information for my original point data. I ...
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### Interpolating logarithimic values - groundwater pH

I am using Spatial Analyst to interpolate surfaces for several groundwater parameters based on point observations at monitoring bores, including groundwater level and pH. It suddenly occurred to me ...
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### collocated cokriging with gstat in R

I am trying to perform cokriging with temperature as the target variable and elevation as a secondary variable. Elevation (the secondary variable) is collocated with temperature (the target variable) ...
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### Creating pooled variogram in gstat

I am currently using gstat to perform ordinary kriging on daily fields of some variable - that is a new variogram is fit for every daily set of observations. I would like to compare this with ...
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### How to change Raster Layer drawing shape using DotSpatial

I am using DotSpatial and geostatisticaltool in a application. I want to change Raster Layer drawing type after kriging. Here the example. This is a kriging result. It creates new layer and draws ...
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### How to backtransform the nugget,psill,range value obtained from ordinary kriging analysis of log-transformed dataset using gstat package?

I have a dataframe contains hourly PM10 concentrations of 83 measurement sites. Please download from HERE. Using this dataset, I have fitted a model with experimental variogram by ordinary kriging. In ...
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### Created raster with not expected range

I have created a raster layer with kriging tool as source of data have localized sapefile attached and shown in Figure. Why the value range and are produced raster information is irrelevant to the ...