A series of Earth-observing satellite missions jointly managed by NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey.

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17
votes
6answers
611 views

What are people using LANDSAT data for?

Obviously it's potentially a very powerful tool, but I'm curious as to what practical applications people are using it for? Admittedly, this is a very broad question... The reason I ask is because ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Which remote sensing satellite is best used for vegetation extent mapping

I'm currently writing an assignment for my remote sensing class and while I think I have correct answer was wondering what people who do this stuff for a living think. The question is: which satilite ...
14
votes
7answers
613 views

What is the best/easiest way to obtain temporal Landsat imagery?

It's been awhile since I've dealt with optical imagery. I need to perform a land cover classification at mid-latitudes using several LANDSAT scenes. I've noticed that some online tools are still ...
10
votes
1answer
571 views

How to compare aerial and satellite images for land use analysis?

I am interested to compare the land use-cover dynamics for four periods: 1950s, 1980s, 1990s and current for a certain area having a max size of 5000 ha. For the first three periods detailed aerial ...
10
votes
1answer
787 views

How to Remove Dark Bands Where Scenes Overlap in Mosaic Landsat TM5 Image?

I have an image mosaic of 5 Landsat TM5 scenes. Where the scenes overlap there is a dark band, only on the left and right sides, but the top and bottom are seamless. What is the best way to correct ...
8
votes
1answer
815 views

How to pan-sharpen Landsat images for image-classification in GRASS?

I'd like to learn how to do an unsupervised classification of a Landsat scene using i.cluster > i.maxlik in GRASS using pan-sharpened 15m-resolution images (the example given in its Wiki uses the ...
7
votes
2answers
624 views

Extracting roads out of Landsat raster images

For a study into the expansion of road networks in the rainforest I am trying to extract roads out of Landsat images. We already have sharp and cloud-free composites on which the roads are clearly ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to fill gaps in SLC-Off Landsat 7 ETM+ Images with QGIS?

Explanation of the problem: On 31 May 2003 the Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) sensor had a failure of the Scan Line Corrector (SLC). Since that time all Landsat ETM+ images have had ...
6
votes
1answer
363 views

How to increase mask buffer and then offset it using r.mapcalc in GRASS?

I'm in the process of learning on how to remove clouds and cloud-shadows from Landsat images using GRASS. So far I was able to remove a lot of clouds from those images using i.landsat.acca, but it ...
5
votes
6answers
644 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Which methods are most suited to classifying urban areas from Landsat imagery?

I am trying to use Landsat data to map urban extents over time. I need to perform a classification into built up / non built up areas. I am new to image classification. I have access to the following ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Moisture Interpretation from Landsat Images

I am working on a "land suitability for crop" project. Can anyone let me know how to get any type of information which can be related to moisture index of soil? I have Landsat 5 data with band 3 and ...
5
votes
2answers
976 views

How to color-balance false-composites of pan-sharpened Landsat images in GRASS?

Whenever I try to pan-sharpen composites of some Landsat images in GRASS using i.pansharpen, i.fusion.brovey or the IHS sharpening method, the output will have some or all of the following ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Atmospheric Corrections for Landsat 8 OLI Using Orfeo Toolbox

I am trying to correct some Landsat 8 OLI imagery using the Orfeo Toolbox Optical Calibration tool via QGIS. I've retrieved data from Aeronet as well as relative spectral response data for the OLI ...
5
votes
3answers
404 views

Polygonize vegetation area from Landsat7 RGB using QGis / Bilko?

I'm trying to extract the areas with vegetation as a polygon-shape from a landsat7-image, 30m resolution, RGB, using QGis 1.8 or Bilko or (hopefully in the near future) ArcGIS. The area is in Northern ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to trim Landsat 5 scene edges

I have a bunch of Landsat 5 scenes that I want to mosaic together. However Landsat 5 scenes have a zigzag pattern on the left and right edges as well as some bad data values along these edges. Is ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

Best Landsat-5 TM band combination for detecting fire scars

I am looking for the best band combination with Landsat 5 imagery to detect fire scars.
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What proportion of the 240m area sensed by MODIS must be forest before it is defined as forest?

MOD12 is a MODIS product at 240m resolution. Landsat produces 30m resolution products, which I resampled to 240m resulting in a raster of proportion forest cover in each 240m pixel (based on the mean ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

Estimating Landsat 7 azimuth (heading)

I am trying to understand if the Landsat 7 satellite ETM+ orbit has any significant azimuth or if it could be assumed as 0° (as it is not a pointable sensor). I searched in the web but could not find ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

How to pansharpen LANDSAT 8 in GRASS?

Having used QGIS for quite some time for mapping, I was 'forced' to dig into GRASS as pansharpening is not directly executable in QGIS. After understanding more or less the structure, I did some ...
4
votes
1answer
307 views

Atmospheric Calibration for Landsat 7 ETM+ Gap Filling

This is for thesis work involving mapping of above-ground mangrove forest biomass using Landsat 7 ETM+ imagery. I am assessing correlations between biomass with vegetative indices, e.g. NDVI, and ...
3
votes
2answers
619 views

Are there Python packages for Landsat 8 processing?

While there are a number of python projects for MODIS acquisition and processing (pyModis and get_modis), I have yet to encounter a toolset for automating Landsat 8 processing in Python. There's ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Landsat in ArcGIS

I need to learn how to download, import and compose Landsat 8 in ArcGIS for natural colors (preferably in a GEOTIFF format). I have tried on my own but it seems that I am doing something wrong... can ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Estimate forest stand height from Landsat imagery?

Is it possible to estimate the height of forest stands using optical (preferably Landsat) imagery? I came across this article while researching this, but it's over 20 years old and there doesn't ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Using GDAL in python to stack Landsat bands

I am processing a large amount of landsat data. Landsat scenes ship as a collection of tiffs- one file for each spectral band, plus a bunch of masks. I need to stack some of the bands into a single ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Questions regarding the processing of mosaic Landsat 8

Approximate Translation of Original Question: A question of theoretical and practical about the mosaic of satellite images. I have 3 different months of Landsat images, which need to accomplish the ...
3
votes
2answers
581 views

How to convert Landsat L1G raster to Geotiff?

Is it possible to convert a Landsat L1G raster file like L71001070_07020000728_B30.L1G to Geotiff using free software?
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Is it possible to highlight water steam sources on Landsat 7 image?

I am trying whether it is possible to view hot steam sources like power plant cooling towers and resulting cloud using satellite images. I was advised to try Landsat (needed free data for initial ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Merge different Landsat scenes in Grass GIS

I am new to Grass GIS, and I really need some help in solving this issue. I have 17 scenes from Landsat8 covering an area. I have created color infrared images of bands 5,4,3 and now I want to merge ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

At surface reflectance values

I have calculated at sensor reflectance for a multispectral image and preformed atmospheric correction. The reflectance values for the visible and NIR bands are between 0.2 to 0.01 for surface eg veg, ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What's this line in Landsat MSS image?

I have a Landsat MSS image file that contains a vertical string of incorrect pixels. Does anybody know what this might be?
3
votes
0answers
73 views

How to analyze the signatures for a Landsat clasification with Sextante in Quantum Gis

I’m defining my training data for a Landsat classification. I´m digitalizing the polygons with the field data in QGis and I want to analyze the signatures of the Landsat images to avoid errors. In ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Open source solutions for Landsat-8 mosaicing and correction?

I am familiar with the major commercial remote sensing packages (ENVI, IDRISI ERDAS, etc), but I haven't previously had the opportunity to utilize open-source solutions. I have a several new ...
2
votes
2answers
350 views

How to detect burned areas from Landsat or MODIS datasets using ILWIS?

I'm trying to find a simple tutorial on how to detect and map burned areas from/with ILWIS . I use Landsat 5/7 or MODIS for detection. Any idea?
2
votes
2answers
211 views

cloud shadow detection

I am trying to detect cloud shadows in Landsat images. I came up with producing good shadows and cloud masks. Now I'd like to implement my cloud mask adding cloud shadows. Do You have a good idea to ...
2
votes
2answers
330 views

LANDSAT Image classification and open source solution(s)

I have some experience with ERDAS IMAGINE in doing some supervised/unsupervised LANDSAT imagery classifications and now find myself in the position of needing to do the same but without the access to ...
2
votes
4answers
837 views

How can I Destripe Landsat Images?

I am working with Landsat 7 ETM+ SRC-off imagery. I'm doing some land-cover classification for a place in Kenya. My problem is the no-data stripes in the image. Is there a way in which I can ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

NDVI time series in R — how do I create a time series object from a data frame?

I am doing a time series analysis of NDVI using the bfast package in R. Bfast requires a time series (TS) object. I have successfully created a data frame with the NDVI at various point locations ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

How to use the same ROI for multiple LANDSAT images in ENVI?

Suppose that I have 3 landsat images with the same datum ( WGS-84 ) and projection system ( UTM, Zone 39N ) as follows: TM LANDSAT 5 image for July 1987 ETM+ LANDSAT 7 image for July 2001 OLI_TIRS ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Convert map to use space oblique mercator projection

I have a map document in ArcMAP which I want to convert to using Space oblique mercator projection, but not sure if ArcMap supports it. Any hints on how to achieve this? thanks!
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Best Landsat band for forest classification?

Using Qgis and the Semi-Automatic Plugin for Classification, which are the best Landsat bands to use to classify trees species (in central Argentina)? In Landsat 5, 7 and 8?
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Calculating NDVI using Landsat ETM+ band values

I have sample points (shape file converted from a .xls file which contains XY coordinates,nnx,nny and canopy density) and a landsat etm+ image. First I applied 'SpatialAnalyst Tools>Extraction ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

R-Studio - Bare Soil Line using landsat data in R

I am using R-studio with landsat package for computing and plotting the Bare Soil Line (BSL) on landsat tif image running on my HP Pavilion i7 laptop. The codes for running the BSL() function is as ...
2
votes
0answers
313 views

Problem with Create Fishnet on a Landsat footprint

I have a Landsat footprint polygon shapefile that I simply want to create a 6 x 6 fishnet on. I thought this would be simple, but every time I run the tool I get a fishnet output that extends longer ...
1
vote
4answers
112 views

Looking for simple software to compare two Landsat Images

At uni I used ERDAS imagine to view two rasters at the same time and it had various viewers for comparing them. I'm looking for something that has a slider so that I can see the differences between ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Landsat images with more than 3 colored bands

I’m looking for a website where I can find Landsat images (or similar to it) with more than just 3 color bands. http://glovis.usgs.gov/ only gives me 3 bands. Is there a way to obtain more band? ...
1
vote
2answers
462 views

Extract the spectral signature of Landsat 7 and Landsat 8

I have some polygons and I want to extract the spectral signature of the adjacent satellite images. The satellite images that i use are the NDVI from Landsat 7 and 8 and I want to compare the spectral ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

Landsat Observation Zenith and Azimuth Angles

I am doing a project with Landsat which needs to find out 2 Landsat images of the same area for different time, have both the same observation zenith and azimuth angles. But I can not find any ...
1
vote
5answers
678 views

Fix Landsat 7 SLC-off in ENVI?

I have a couple of Landsat 7 images and they all have striping as a result of the SLC failure. Does anyone have any suggestions as to how to destripe the image using ENVI? I plan to use these images ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Convert Landsat image to polygon

I downloaded Landsat image and used composite band toolbox. Now, I produced color map but I need to create boundaries across urban area. Is there any way to create polygons among that area and how?