The abstract study of topics encompassing quantity, structure, space, change, and other properties

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2
votes
1answer
31 views

Find Intersection of Two Circle given Lat/Lon and radius

I am attempting to calculate the intersection of two circle on the Earth with a given latitude, longitude and radius. I started with this post. These circle will never be more than 100 km in diameter ...
0
votes
3answers
240 views

How to calculate the center and radius of a circle based on points

I have a set of lat/long points. I need to calculate the center point and radius of a circle that will encompass all the points. The co-ordinate system used is latitude/longitude as per google maps. ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

What mathematical processes does a GPS receiver use to determine position?

I'm writing a report on the mathematics of GPS, but I'm wondering what methods the GPS actually uses. What I've done is set up the four sphere equations and solve them using the Newton-Raphson method ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Project location on a (great circle) path

I've been searching this SE site for quite a few hours now, and I'm still struggling to find a solution to my question. My goal is that given a way in OSM and my location (lat/lon coordinates), I want ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

How to convert latitude, longitude to EPSG 3857?

I'm looking to study the math involved to see how a given latitude and longitude in decimal degrees can be converted to epsg 3857. Can anybody point to a good reference or a possible python/c/c++/java ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to “calculate” distance-to-ground of all 18 OSM zoom levels?

Assuming I'm building a 3D solution with the "world" being mapped to global geo-data supplied by OSM / Cloudmade... think http://www.webglearth.com but with completely different goals and use-cases. ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

how do calculate nearest point in earth map with coords

I am having trouble calculating nearest point for another point with earth coordinates. I am particularly interested in calculating the intersection of linestring vector with earth coordinates. I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Movement along a path with inaccurate location updates

Given a path and a vehicle traveling along that path. At intervals (~1 sec) the location and speed of the vehicle along that path is provided. The location of the vehicle is not accurate, a noise ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Check if a point cordinate is between linestring cordinates

I know that, linestring is a vector and if i want to check that, if point cordinates are between linestring begginning and ending cordinates then i need to use vector comparison (x2 > x && ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Aerial photogrammetry book with all the math

Can anyone recommend a book that hits all the math for the general situation of doing serious photogrammetry calculations on aerial photographs? Particularly an inexpensive book or one I can get ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How do I compute uncertainties in the positions transformed using Helmert transformation?

I am familiar with Python, MATLAB and Mathematica. My data is given by Cartesian coordinates (positions in X,Y,Z (meters), standard deviations XX, YY, ZZ (meters) and a correlation matrix (XY, YZ, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How to organize/cluster nodes moving on the same direction

The Problem I am working on a problem of clustering for mobile nodes. Initially, I though of clustering the nodes based on their angle of movement (relative to the x-axis). However this situation ...
1
vote
3answers
945 views

How to do Math within ArcMap Dynamic Text?

Is it posssible to perform any math on ESRI ArcMap dynamic text? For example I have the area of a SDE park layer's SHAPE.AREA, but it is in m2 because the layer is in NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_17N. I want ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Distance with Bearing Calculation not working

I have this function in Python that calculate distance from a point with bearing. Problem is the latitude part is generating the wrong answer and i cannot figure out where i went wrong: def ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Comparing compass bearings

I have several compass bearings: bTrue = 190° b1 = 250° b2 = 100° b3 = 170° b4 = 90° I want to compare b1 - b4 and find out how close they are to bTrue. So bTrue is 100%. How much percent is then ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there a method to tell which hemisphere a point belongs to, in WGS84 geoid, where the equator is an arbitrary ellipsis?

I use the WGS84 geoid (because I'm working with a GPS chip). I define an ellipsis that splits the surface in two parts, lets name these 'A' and 'B'. This ellipsis is defined by two points 'a' and ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

mathematics of spatial diffusion models

There are different types of spatial diffusion such as contagious model, migration model, etc. What are the good books to learn about the mathematics behind these spatial diffusion models?
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Getting GPS coordinates perpendicular and parallel to AB

I already posted this question here And I got the solution thanks to Fang but the problem is that the coordinates I need to use are GPS coordinates and apparently GPS needs a different formula than ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Convert Raster into Cell by Cell Table

I'm hoping to run some Python mathematics on a raster, outside of ArcGIS. It's important to have a cell by cell table for the analysis I want to run. I plan to store it in a python dictionary similar ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

How to take cosine squared of raster using python

I have an equation y = cos^2(x) where x is a raster. How can I write this equation in python?
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Comparing two maps with two different libraries

I'm currently making a demonstration to compare the two OpenLayers libraries (2 and 3). For doing this, I have made two div elements and put the different maps on each other. The goal is to make a map ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Formula for charting a course around the globe, given a location and degree heading?

I'm looking for a formula that takes a long/lat coordinate and a degree heading, (e.g. "I'm standing in San Francisco and I'm facing 45º from north"), and which can draw a line across a map projecting ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Finding the shortest distance between a point and a line

I read and understood the following GIS question and the accepted answer, calculating-the-distance-between-a-point-and-a-virtual-line-of-two-lat-lngs I can return the value in the ShortestLength ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Calculating the distance between a point and a virtual line of two lat/lngs

Please refer to the example and corresponding image. I would like to achieve the following: provide two locations (lat/lng), which are shown below as A and B. From this, a virtual line would be drawn ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How can i add script with math functions to model builder?

I am very new to model builder + python. (Sorry for my english too) I am trying to make a model. Don't know if it matters to upload it. If you want i can. I want to calculate variance from a ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Calculate end point Height above the MSL of the target point given a starting point, distance, azimuth and elevation [duplicate]

We need to find the end point height (from the earth surface) given the start point lat, lon, azimuth (270 deg), distance (500 km) and elevation above the horizon of start point (10 deg). The ...
18
votes
3answers
3k views

How to calculate the intersection of 2 Circles?

I'm trying to figure out how to mathematically derive the common points of two intersecting circles on earth's surface given a center Lat/Lon and a radius for each point. Ex. Given: Lat/Lon ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Find square with latitude and longitude for given lat and lng and distance [duplicate]

I have the coordinates of some point, lets say lat and lng, I want to find the latitude and longitude of top left and bottom right corners of the square, whose sides are located k kilometers from the ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Do I need to run regression in each samples separately?

I'd like to do smooth NDVI image by regression analysis; response of time series NDVI image to Julian date to represent the seasonal changes in NDVI as a function of Julian day. The time series NDVI ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Calculating raster values from center to edges to represent normal distribution

Edit for simplification/clarification: What I want to do is take a raster and calculate cell values from center to edges such that the center has an arbitrarily determined high value which decreases ...
1
vote
0answers
550 views

Trilateration Math Check

I'm trying to crate an indoor trilateration program working off of N BLE objects. Where I have any number of beacons in a room and my ipad can track its location within them to a sub meter degree of ...
1
vote
0answers
389 views

Trilateration issue

My program isn't making use of any geographical data, but I'm hoping that the users experience in the subject can help me with my current issue. The project I am working is trying to locate a user in ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

T-shaped polygons

Is there any coefficient that can indicate T-shaped polygons ? Examples of T-shaped polygons :
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What formula is used for distance between 2 points in Google Maps?

What formula is used by Google Maps for calculating the shortest distance between 2 points (having their Lat, Lng coordinates)? Is it purely based on Haversine? Or is it something different? Is there ...
3
votes
1answer
716 views

How to calculate angle of polyline at its midpoint using Python/ArcPy?

Trying to calculate the angle of a line at its mid point using python; this will be used to display flow direction on a water network. I've developed this script, which works in terms of generating ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Is it possible to solve Differential Equations in ArcMap and/or ERDAS Imagine?

I would like to know if it is possible to solve differential equations and run them directly in either ArcMap or ERDAS Imagine, similar to the raster calculator in ArcMap?
1
vote
1answer
196 views

How to determine vector between two lat/lon points

For all the math geniuses out there...given two lat/lon points (point A and point B), what is the simplest way to find the vector needed to reach point B from point A. For example, the vector needed ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

What are the set of projections that can be accurately georeferenced using polynomial 2?

Background I'm starting with a map from the internet (Encyclopedia Britannica) and georeferencing it using QGIS 2.0.1, I get really accurate georeference solution using polynomial 2 transformation: ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

How to locate a house on the 3D Map correctly?

I've done my 3D map generation in WebGL/THREE.JS project and have an issue with the building locations. I have the data about building position ( its polygon ) from DB server, but first of all I want ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

RMSE between two rasters step-by-step

Can anyone show how to calculate the RMSE (root mean square error) between following two rasters step-by-step and discuss on the obtained results' min and max values, and how to interpret it. Thanks a ...
0
votes
2answers
905 views

Detecting invalid polygons (self-intersecting or touching)

An invalid polygon can be defined as one that intersects itself, or one where the lines make contact, ie, the two shapes at the top of this picture. Given the XYPoints of a polygon, what logic ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

math related sum distance problem (TSP content)

I hava an interesting problem related with GIS / MATH / TSP. If I calculate the distance between A and B on a x/y-style coordinate system it is obvious to use the following formula: ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Find items within a Bounding Box

Not 100% sure if this is the correct place to ask my question so I apologise if it isn't. Also, I have very limited experience with GIS systems, so please pardon my ignorance if some of my terminology ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Calculating mean slope: Harmonic or Arithmetic Mean?

I have to calculate the average upslope percent slope for a large dataset, the basic method is detailed here. However, I've begun to wonder if harmonic mean might be more appropriate than the ...
4
votes
1answer
890 views

How to sum or even perform more complex mathematical operations (multiply, add a constant, …) two GDAL grids?

I have two grids with same cell size, same starting position (top left) and same grid size. I want to sum the grids and create a sum grid as an result: e.g. grid A + grid B = grid C How can I ...
11
votes
4answers
549 views

Math and Stat for GIS and Computing

I am planning to do an advanced program in spatial science and engineering. It states as a requirement in the program, that the student should have a through understanding in math and statistics. So ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Drawing Ellipse with OpenLayers

I am trying to draw ellipse on the client side using openlayers with some mathematical functions from drawing ellipse with svg. I have achieved drawing it but not rotation what I have written for ...
0
votes
3answers
449 views

Calculate 'Rectangle' Coordinates Given 2 Points and width [closed]

I want to create a rectangular polygon using two points as guides. So let's say a journey starts in Egypt and ends in London, my polygon should have 4 points: 10 miles further from London than Egypt ...
7
votes
1answer
699 views

Find the nearest point on a line

I have a line that exists between two latlon positions, and a point on a certain latlon position. What I want to know is what the nearest point on that line is (in respect to the other point). So a ...
3
votes
1answer
449 views

How to place markers on the outline of a circle in google maps?

I have the center of a circle and it's radius and I need to place variable amount of markers on the outline/stroke of the circle. The distance between this markers should kept same, so if I have 8 ...