A geometric element defined by a pair of x,y coordinates.

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18
votes
5answers
23k views

Get list of coordinates for points in a layer?

I've got a layer in QGIS that is comprised of points. Its attribute table doesn't have (show) the corresponding x and y coordinates for each point. Is there a way for me to extract a list of ...
17
votes
9answers
8k views

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a shapefile?

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a point shapefile? There are some somewhat optional requirements in addition to the correct creation of a shapefile: Column types (as per ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

algorithm to place maximum number of points within constrained area at a minimum spacing

I have a polygon layer that describes a constraint; I wish to add points within this area. I want to add as many points as possible, but they must have a minimum spacing between them. Is it possible ...
17
votes
5answers
18k views

How do I create point features with exact coordinates?

How do I create point features with exact (manually entered) coordinates in QGIS? I get precise GPS coordinates from a survey team which I need to add to a point layer. What I want: -Add point, type ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

How to create points in a specified distance along the line in QGIS?

I want to use QGIS creating points along the line, but in specified distance. I found two GRASS tools in SEXTANTE Toolbox: v.to.points v.segment I tried v.to.points, setting the maximum distance ...
7
votes
7answers
4k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
13
votes
3answers
5k views

How to join attributes from nearest point in QGIS?

I have two layers with points, call them A and B, each with different attributes. For each point in A I want to join all the attributes from the nearest point in B. Ideally this would also include ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I convert a polygon into a point?

I want to convert polygons into points. I know how it's done in ArcGis and I think this may sound trivial but it's a serious issue :/. I'll appreciate any hints :)
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Adding “noise” to overlapping X,Y coordinates so no longer in EXACT same place?

I have a series of points representing animal observations. Many of them overlap, having the exact same coordinates, and this is causing me trouble when I want to run some analytical tools which ...
5
votes
6answers
5k views

How to represent several points with same coordinates on map? [duplicate]

I'm working on Arcgis 10. I have a point shapefile representing events with several points having coinciding coordinates (They have the same coordinates). For representing them in a dynamic way, I ...
25
votes
7answers
4k views

How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
12
votes
5answers
15k views

Finding distance of point along polyline?

We need to find the distance of a series of point along a given polyline. We have a polyline dataset repsenting rivers in a catchment, broken up into river reaches (FID 1 through 35 for example). We ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How to horizontally align irregularly shaped point symbol to vector layer in QGIS?

Fairly new to QGIS and searching a method to graphically align my point symbols in the direction of the vector. The symbol represents a water valve in an irregular shape in close proximity to a vector ...
5
votes
3answers
329 views

How to visually sort the order of Points with QGIS, GDAL, …?

The following Points layer is the basis of a rendering in a Android application. Android allows to draw a shape from the provided points. I cannot use LineStrings. However, the order of points ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy?

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy for a polyline feature class? I expect to pass a segment identifier to a subroutine and have it pass back start and end coordinates. ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Get all the points of a polyline

I have some polyline feature objects in python. Now I want to get all the points of polylines. For example, if a polyline has start point [0,0] end point [5,5]. Result: ...
5
votes
6answers
11k views

Points to Polygon

I've millions of points collected for lithology layer. They have used a coding for different types of rocks. I need to create a polygon around the extent of similar points. What is the easiest way to ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to select all points within a circle in PostGIS?

I have set of points in a PostGIS Table (Type Geometry). Now, I need to filter points that lie in a circle with a center (C) and radius (R)! I expect C to be of type Point or Coordinates.. R to be ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Label points at regular intervals using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm working with lines on roads represented by a large number of sequencial points. Since labeling all of them would make the points impossible to identify, I'd like to know if there is a way to label ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to use Distance Matrix tool in QGIS?

I have a point data set. Now there are cluster of points based on a field. So I take out one such cluster which has points with same field.I want to find distance between all the points in cluster and ...
3
votes
3answers
651 views

Performing join on simultaneous spatial and attribute criteria in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have two point layers and want to perform a spatial join on nearest distance. Normally it is easy with ArcMap. But now I have a restricting condition on the spatial join. The restriction only ...
1
vote
3answers
825 views

Can I have two kinds of point geometry in a shapefile or I should create multipoint shapefiles?

Following my previous question, can I have a mixture of two kinds of geometry in a shapefile of type point. Just like I have about shapefiles of type polygon or I should always create a shapefile of ...
1
vote
1answer
828 views

arcpy points in polygon check

I have a list of points and a list of polygons both in a separate shape files. I am trying to write a ArcPy script to loop through the points, and then the polygons respectively and tell me when a ...
6
votes
1answer
377 views

How to draw shapes with highest possible decimal accuracy

I am trying to read input of lat and long to draw the shape based on condition.The input is standard array of lat and long with 15 decimal accuracy. I am realizing - I am loosing some decimal accuracy ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

QGIS calculate distance of point along a line

I have a polyline (movement path) and points recorded along the line. I would like to calculate for each point the distance along the line in Quantum GIS. I hope for a result which will add a new ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Create a point at the highest value in a raster ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to find the location of the highest value pixel in my Direct Solar Radiation Raster. I can see the extent of the data in my raster but don't know where the highest value pertains to. Is ...
4
votes
1answer
554 views

How to create linestrings with a definite angle and length, that are fixed to a point

I want to create linestrings with a definite angle (e.g. 160°) and length (e.g. 2m) that are fixed to a number of points of another linestring. So, I want to use the ST_DumpPoints function to find the ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Arcgis 10: Point layer, polygon line layer, draw points to the nearest polygon point or other nearest line?

I have been using arcGIS for a while now but I often get frustrated with it :( I have version 10.0 arcGIS and I'm have two layers 1) Point data (building locations) 2) a polygon shape file (outline ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Performing Point Distance analysis using Basic level license of ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am using ArcView Version 10.1 and I need to perform a point distance analysis like: What is the distance from A to B-Z, B to A-Z, C to A-Z, etc? What are the steps that I take to do this?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

OpenLayers: how to save added point in server side

I'm new in OpenLayers. I have simple application, which use a picture as map, on this picture users can add, move, or delte point, and then save. I have implemented adding, moving, deleting ...
0
votes
3answers
353 views

splitting a lines layer using points

I'm looking to accomplish a similar task to this thread: How to split a line at point positions? Using QGIS and the Processing and GRASS toolboxes available, I'm looking to split a vector layer ...
0
votes
2answers
871 views

PGROuting 2 : Getting nearest node to a given point (with lat - long given)

I have a point whose latitude and longitude (only) are known, and a table of nodes with their geom. I want to find the closest node in the table to the given point. I think I can achieve this with ...
0
votes
2answers
612 views

Is there a way to have a single point feature with multiple records?

Is there a way to have a single point feature and have multiple attributes records associated with it? Multipoint approach won't work as it gives me one attribute set (database row). I am trying to ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to remove small “salt & pepper” polygons from a layer?

I have a map made up of multiple polygons, with a few hundred thousand points very small polygons on within it. I need the larger polygons, but not the points small polygons. How do I select and ...
4
votes
1answer
756 views

Is it possible to create a point within a Polygon (not a centroid)?

Is it possible (without writing Python code - sorry I'm not a developer) to create a point layer from a polygon layer but ensure the point is within the polygon? The ftools centroid tool is cool but ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Calculate distance between point and linestring and how to represent that on QGIS?

I have loaded my data with osm2pgrouting and I have my network with ways (Linestring) and nodes (Point). The problem is : I have a database of doctors addresses (point) and I should calculate the ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Select points approx. 2000 metres from another point along a river?

I have a series of points representing a river network (See Image Above). Each point contains attributes on Latitude, Longitude, Z value and Length calculated using flow accumulation. The river ...
2
votes
1answer
903 views

Getting polygon shapefile node coordinates and point order

I am trying to get the coordinates of each node of a polygon in QGIS. What I basically did is use the following tools: Vector -> Geometry tools -> Extract nodes Vector -> Geometry tools -> Export ...
1
vote
2answers
902 views

Layers with same coordinates not lining up [QGIS]

I have a project where I have a few layers (State of Texas, cities, roads, etc.). They are all resaved and projected to NAD83 / UTM zone 14N EPSG: 26914. The project CRS is also NAD83 / UTM zone 14N ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Can I use Point as the geom type in pgrouting?

in my table i have the field geom(POINT, srid) and its populated, this table also have the source an target field witch is blank(just like pgrouting guide). I tried the function pgr_createTopology() ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I find a point inside a polygon in PostGIS?

How can I find a point that is guaranteed to be within a given polygon in PostGIS? I am aware of the ST_Centroid function. However, the centroid is not always within a polygon, see below: ...
7
votes
1answer
257 views

How can I transform polylines into points every n metres in PostGIS?

Question in pretty much the same as this, but I need to use PostGIS. I have a number of polylines, and want to trasform them into points every n metres along these lines. edit: Thanks a lot to ...
11
votes
1answer
691 views

How much sense does it make to average (lat,lon) samples in order to increase 2D accuracy of a GPS location?

Several GPS applications, like this one, or this one, acquire multiple (lat,lon) samples of a given location, assuming that the GPS unit is not moving, and then take an average of the samples in order ...
10
votes
2answers
438 views

How to identify and simplify point clusters with regard to time in PostGIS?

I just started to work with spatial databases and I want to write a SQL(PostGIS) query for automatic generalizing of raw GPS-tracks (with fixed tracking frequency). The first thing I am wokring on is ...
8
votes
2answers
855 views

Creating a line (closest vertex to line)

I am working in reorganising our utility data. Two years ago, we have started collecting Private Service water line. We still have a lot of them to extract from old Record Drawings. I was ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Calculate min distance between points in PostGIS

I have point layer in PostGIS database. Help please with query which add for each points in layer distance in attribute table between this point and another nearest point. Thanks! Update Calculate ...
3
votes
2answers
753 views

Total great circle distance along a path of points (PostGIS)

I am looking for an SQL query that sums the distances between a series of points using PostGIS. The situation is as follows: I have 2 tables: tracks and points. Points belong to a track and thus ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

How to filter wrong GPS points?

I have a database of GPS points. There aren't any tracks, only points. I need to calculate some value for every 100 meters, but sometimes GPS gave a wrong coordinates that lies far from real GPS ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I create random points along a polyline in QGIS?

I am trying to create random points along a polyline shapefile in QGIS. Basically, like the 'random points' tool in 'research tools' but for polylines instead of polygons. I have tried converting ...