A geometric element defined by a pair of x,y coordinates.

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13
votes
5answers
16k views

Get list of coordinates for points in a layer?

I've got a layer in QGIS that is comprised of points. Its attribute table doesn't have (show) the corresponding x and y coordinates for each point. Is there a way for me to extract a list of ...
15
votes
9answers
6k views

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a shapefile?

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a point shapefile? There are some somewhat optional requirements in addition to the correct creation of a shapefile: Column types (as per ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

algorithm to place maximum number of points within constrained area at a minimum spacing

I have a polygon layer that describes a constraint; I wish to add points within this area. I want to add as many points as possible, but they must have a minimum spacing between them. Is it possible ...
23
votes
7answers
3k views

How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

How to join attributes from nearest point in QGIS?

I have two layers with points, call them A and B, each with different attributes. For each point in A I want to join all the attributes from the nearest point in B. Ideally this would also include ...
13
votes
4answers
10k views

How do I create point features with exact (manually entered) coordinates?

How do I create point features with exact (manually entered) coordinates i Quantum GIS (QGIS)? I get precise gps coordinates from a survey team which I need to add to a point layer. What I want: -Add ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

How to represent several points with same coordinates on map?

I'm working on Arcgis 10. I have a point shapefile representing events with several points having coinciding coordinates (They have the same coordinates). For representing them in a dynamic way, I ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
1
vote
2answers
536 views

How to select all points within a circle in PostGIS?

I have set of points in a PostGIS Table (Type Geometry). Now, I need to filter points that lie in a circle with a center (C) and radius (R)! I expect C to be of type Point or Coordinates.. R to be ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a way to label points in a regular interval in ArcGIS 10?

I'm working with lines on roads represented by a large number of sequencial points. Since labeling all of them would make the points impossible to identify, I'd like to know if there is a way to label ...
6
votes
7answers
3k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to use Distance Matrix tool in QGIS?

I have a point data set. Now there are cluster of points based on a field. So I take out one such cluster which has points with same field.I want to find distance between all the points in cluster and ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy?

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy for a polyline feature class? I expect to pass a segment identifier to a subroutine and have it pass back start and end coordinates. ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

What is quickest way to select polygon by point in ArcGIS 10 using ArcPy?

I keep thinking that I must be missing something, but there does not seem to be a tool in ArcGIS 10 to select features (in particular polygons) from a layer at a point (X,Y) location via ArcPy. The ...
4
votes
6answers
7k views

Points to Polygon

I've millions of points collected for lithology layer. They have used a coding for different types of rocks. I need to create a polygon around the extent of similar points. What is the easiest way to ...
6
votes
1answer
300 views

How to draw shapes with highest possible decimal accuracy

I am trying to read input of lat and long to draw the shape based on condition.The input is standard array of lat and long with 15 decimal accuracy. I am realizing - I am loosing some decimal accuracy ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

OpenLayers: how to save added point in server side

I'm new in OpenLayers. I have simple application, which use a picture as map, on this picture users can add, move, or delte point, and then save. I have implemented adding, moving, deleting ...
5
votes
3answers
610 views

Is there a tool to add “noise” to overlapping X, Y coordinates so they are no longer in the EXACT same place?

I have a series of points representing animal observations. Many of them overlap, having the exact same coordinates, and this is causing me trouble when I want to run some analytical tools which ...
4
votes
3answers
199 views

How to visually sort the order of Points with QGIS, GDAL, …?

The following Points layer is the basis of a rendering in a Android application. Android allows to draw a shape from the provided points. I cannot use LineStrings. However, the order of points ...
4
votes
1answer
480 views

Is it possible to create a point within a Polygon (not a centroid)?

Is it possible (without writing Python code - sorry I'm not a developer) to create a point layer from a polygon layer but ensure the point is within the polygon? The ftools centroid tool is cool but ...
3
votes
3answers
441 views

How to perform a join on simultaneous spatial and attribute criteria in ArcGIS?

I have two point layers and want to perform a spatial join on nearest distance. Normally it is easy with ArcMap. But now I have a restricting condition on the spatial join. The restriction only ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

QGIS calculate distance of point along a line

I have a polyline (movement path) and points recorded along the line. I would like to calculate for each point the distance along the line in Quantum GIS. I hope for a result which will add a new ...
1
vote
3answers
312 views

Can I have two kinds of point geometry in a shapefile or I should create multipoint shapefiles?

Following my previous question, can I have a mixture of two kinds of geometry in a shapefile of type point. Just like I have about shapefiles of type polygon or I should always create a shapefile of ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Can I use Point as the geom type in pgrouting?

in my table i have the field geom(POINT, srid) and its populated, this table also have the source an target field witch is blank(just like pgrouting guide). I tried the function pgr_createTopology() ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I find a point inside a polygon in PostGIS?

How can I find a point that is guaranteed to be within a given polygon in PostGIS? I am aware of the ST_Centroid function. However, the centroid is not always within a polygon, see below: ...
10
votes
2answers
368 views

How to identify and simplify point clusters with regard to time in PostGIS?

I just started to work with spatial databases and I want to write a SQL(PostGIS) query for automatic generalizing of raw GPS-tracks (with fixed tracking frequency). The first thing I am wokring on is ...
9
votes
1answer
508 views

How much sense does it make to average (lat,lon) samples in order to increase 2D accuracy of a GPS location?

Several GPS applications, like this one, or this one, acquire multiple (lat,lon) samples of a given location, assuming that the GPS unit is not moving, and then take an average of the samples in order ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to create points in a specified distance along the line in QGIS?

I want to use QGIS creating points along the line, but in specified distance. I found two GRASS tools in SEXTANTE Toolbox: v.to.points v.segment I tried v.to.points, setting the maximum distance ...
9
votes
5answers
11k views

How to find the distance of a point along a polyline?

We need to find the distance of a series of point along a given polyline. We have a polyline dataset repsenting rivers in a catchment, broken up into river reaches (FID 1 through 35 for example). We ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Aggregating points to grid using R

I have a question with regard to spatial aggregation in R. What I am trying to do is aggregate a point dataset to a grid. I am unsure however how to do this as I have little experience with this sort ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How to filter wrong GPS points?

I have a database of GPS points. There aren't any tracks, only points. I need to calculate some value for every 100 meters, but sometimes GPS gave a wrong coordinates that lies far from real GPS ...
7
votes
2answers
571 views

How to add vertices to existing linestrings?

If I have Linestring(1 2, 1 5, 1 9) and a Point(1 3) Is there any function that can merge linestring and point preserving the order so output would be: Linestring(1 2, 1 3, 1 5, 1 9)
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Creating evenly distributed points within an irregular boundary

I need to create an evenly distributed series of points within a series of oddly shapped polygons (formerly squares, but now squares with donut holes). The way I have solved this problem so far is to ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

How to detect duplicates and keep only one?

I've got a table with lots of points (200.000). Some of them are duplicates (not exactly but e.g. a metro station has eight entrances) and I want to keep only one of these metro entrances. I am able ...
5
votes
9answers
8k views

ArcGIS: Create a line layer from a point layer and csv data file

UPDATED DECEMBER 20 I have a Regular point layer and a csv file that has the same ids as the point layer. The csv file is organized as ID From To Weight -- ---- -- ------ 01 ...
2
votes
3answers
682 views

Calculate min distance between points in PostGIS

I have point layer in PostGIS database. Help please with query which add for each points in layer distance in attribute table between this point and another nearest point. Thanks! Update Calculate ...
1
vote
1answer
563 views

PostGIS, create line from points

I have a PostGIS table with position data of numerous vehicles and want to create lines from these points. Data can be selected by vehicle id and ordered by timestamp but how to create lines from the ...
5
votes
4answers
541 views

How do I fill in serial letters (AA, AB,AC…,BA,BB,BC…ZZ) to a shape?

(I am using ArcGIS software, ArcMap...) MY PROBLEM I have a shape file containing points. The shape file contains 3 columns named FID, Shape* and Label. In the column I want to fill in AA, AB, ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Arcgis 10: Point layer, polygon line layer, draw points to the nearest polygon point or other nearest line?

I have been using arcGIS for a while now but I often get frustrated with it :( I have version 10.0 arcGIS and I'm have two layers 1) Point data (building locations) 2) a polygon shape file (outline ...
4
votes
5answers
19k views

How to connect points with a polyline in ArcMap 10?

I have a layer containing a few hundred points representing a survey track. The points are laid out in chronological order in the corresponding attribute table. How can I have ArcMap 10 automatically ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

How to horizontally align irregularly shaped point symbol to vector layer in QGIS?

Fairly new to QGIS and searching a method to graphically align my point symbols in the direction of the vector. The symbol represents a water valve in an irregular shape in close proximity to a vector ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

How to create linestrings with a definite angle and length, that are fixed to a point

I want to create linestrings with a definite angle (e.g. 160°) and length (e.g. 2m) that are fixed to a number of points of another linestring. So, I want to use the ST_DumpPoints function to find the ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Convert polygons to a number of randomly located points based on polygon size

ArcMap 10.1 on a PC. Working with a large shapefile with ~50,000 poygons with a wide range of size from 1,000+m. to <1m. I would like to convert these polygons into points so I can do some analysis ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

convert list of points to line or polygon

I have a list of Points in a PostGIS table. The rows can be grouped by a date something like: myTable id INT date DATE lat NUMBER lng NUMBER geom GEOMETRY(POINT) now I need a table where all ...
2
votes
1answer
680 views

Is it possible to place a point at a coordinate in QGIS?

Is it possible to place a point at a coordinate in qgis? I have a map, using irish grid reference and wish to place a point at an exact 6 digit coordinate. Is it possible to do it. Previous to this ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

QGIS 2.0 Automatic generation of a vector layer out of a point layer

I am an environmental engineer and the aim of my QGIS 2.0 project is to visualize the results of a sewage water system inspection. In a first step I included the hoppers from a csv file and added a ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Draw line between points from multiple datasets

I have 2 point datasets and want a tool or script to draw a line between all points in one dataset to all the points in the 2nd dataset. Is it possible? I have tried ESRI "Point Distance" and ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

PostGIS raster value of a lat/lon point

I have a tiff raster in my PostGIS 2.0 database. I want to get the value of the raster at a specified lat/lon point. I have: postgresql-9.1 postgis-2.0-svn with raster support a raster imported ...
6
votes
2answers
443 views

How to remove small “salt & pepper” polygons from a layer?

I have a map made up of multiple polygons, with a few hundred thousand points very small polygons on within it. I need the larger polygons, but not the points small polygons. How do I select and ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How to calculate new point coordinates from distance and angle?

I want to calculate the coordinates of a new point. What I have: The source point coordinates, the distance (meters) and the angle For example: I want to create a point within 100 meters and 45 ...