A geometric element defined by a pair of x,y coordinates.

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29
votes
5answers
43k views

Get list of coordinates for points in a layer?

I've got a layer in QGIS that is comprised of points. Its attribute table doesn't have (show) the corresponding x and y coordinates for each point. Is there a way for me to extract a list of ...
19
votes
9answers
13k views

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a shapefile?

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a point shapefile? There are some somewhat optional requirements in addition to the correct creation of a shapefile: Column types (as per Excel'...
14
votes
5answers
10k views

How to create points in a specified distance along the line in QGIS?

I want to use QGIS creating points along the line, but in specified distance. I found two GRASS tools in SEXTANTE Toolbox: v.to.points v.segment I tried v.to.points, setting the maximum distance ...
12
votes
8answers
13k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
12
votes
3answers
13k views

Converting Polygon into single or all Points using QGIS?

I want to convert polygons into points using QGIS. I know how it's done in ArcGIS Desktop.
18
votes
4answers
8k views

Joining attributes from nearest point in QGIS?

I have two layers with points, call them A and B, each with different attributes. For each point in A I want to join all the attributes from the nearest point in B. Ideally this would also include ...
27
votes
7answers
44k views

How do I create point features with exact coordinates?

How do I create point features with exact (manually entered) coordinates in QGIS? I get precise GPS coordinates from a survey team which I need to add to a point layer. What I want: -Add point, type ...
6
votes
2answers
888 views

Normalizing point cloud data

How I can get Digital Height Model (only object heights, DSM - DTM = DHM)? Many applications can do this, but they convert it to GRID or TIN format. I was wondering if it was possible to keep the ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

algorithm to place maximum number of points within constrained area at a minimum spacing

I have a polygon layer that describes a constraint; I wish to add points within this area. I want to add as many points as possible, but they must have a minimum spacing between them. Is it possible ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Adding “noise” to overlapping X,Y coordinates so no longer in EXACT same place?

I have a series of points representing animal observations. Many of them overlap, having the exact same coordinates, and this is causing me trouble when I want to run some analytical tools which ...
30
votes
7answers
9k views

How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy?

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy for a polyline feature class? I expect to pass a segment identifier to a subroutine and have it pass back start and end coordinates. ...
16
votes
5answers
23k views

Finding distance of point along polyline?

We need to find the distance of a series of point along a given polyline. We have a polyline dataset repsenting rivers in a catchment, broken up into river reaches (FID 1 through 35 for example). We ...
10
votes
4answers
9k views

Get all the points of a polyline

I have some polyline feature objects in python. Now I want to get all the points of polylines. For example, if a polyline has start point [0,0] end point [5,5]. Result: [1,1];[2,2];[3,3];[4,4];[5,5]...
10
votes
5answers
19k views

Creating polygons around extent of similar points using ArcGIS Desktop?

I've millions of points collected for lithology layer. They have used a coding for different types of rocks. I need to create a polygon around the extent of similar points. What is the easiest ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

QGIS calculate distance of point along a line

I have a polyline (movement path) and points recorded along the line. I would like to calculate for each point the distance along the line in Quantum GIS. I hope for a result which will add a new ...
5
votes
6answers
13k views

How to represent several points with same coordinates on map? [duplicate]

I'm working on Arcgis 10. I have a point shapefile representing events with several points having coinciding coordinates (They have the same coordinates). For representing them in a dynamic way, I ...
3
votes
3answers
986 views

Performing join on simultaneous spatial and attribute criteria in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have two point layers and want to perform a spatial join on nearest distance. Normally it is easy with ArcMap. But now I have a restricting condition on the spatial join. The restriction only ...
8
votes
1answer
733 views

How can I transform polylines into points every n metres in PostGIS?

Question in pretty much the same as this, but I need to use PostGIS. I have a number of polylines, and want to trasform them into points every n metres along these lines. edit: Thanks a lot to ...
10
votes
5answers
7k views

How to randomly subset X% of selected points?

What methods are available in ArcGIS 10.2 to randomly subset a selection of points. For example, in the attached screenshot I am interested in keeping 20% of the selected points and deleting the rest....
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How to draw lines from two points in a CSV?

I have a CSV file where one line looks like this: Duration, user, lat-start, long-start, lat-end, long-end 298, Casual,38.9101,-77.0444,38.91554,-77.03818 Each row in the CSV has two points and I ...
3
votes
1answer
600 views

Performing Point Distance analysis using Basic level license of ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am using ArcView Version 10.1 and I need to perform a point distance analysis like: What is the distance from A to B-Z, B to A-Z, C to A-Z, etc? What are the steps that I take to do this?
5
votes
3answers
977 views

How to visually sort the order of Points with QGIS, GDAL, …?

The following Points layer is the basis of a rendering in a Android application. Android allows to draw a shape from the provided points. I cannot use LineStrings. However, the order of points ...
3
votes
3answers
470 views

How do I plot points as graduated/proportional circles in R?

I'm back again with more R mapping questions! This one is concerning symbolizing points by a certain attribute with graduated/proportional circles. DATA: My full code can be found here if you're ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Group points and compute area

In a point vector layer, how to compute area for 4 defined ranges of values of one attribute? On the example below, I want the total area for each of the 4 colours.
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Moving points onto lines (~neighborhood)

I do have two vector layer, of which one is a point layer based on "events" by remote sensing and the second one is a line layer from local research. In my case these are earthquakes and tectonic ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

PGROuting 2 : Getting nearest node to a given point (with lat - long given)

I have a point whose latitude and longitude (only) are known, and a table of nodes with their geom. I want to find the closest node in the table to the given point. I think I can achieve this with ...
6
votes
1answer
536 views

How to draw shapes with highest possible decimal accuracy

I am trying to read input of lat and long to draw the shape based on condition.The input is standard array of lat and long with 15 decimal accuracy. I am realizing - I am loosing some decimal accuracy ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Create a point at the highest value in a raster ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to find the location of the highest value pixel in my Direct Solar Radiation Raster. I can see the extent of the data in my raster but don't know where the highest value pertains to. Is ...
4
votes
1answer
393 views

How to horizontally align irregularly shaped point symbol to vector layer in QGIS?

Fairly new to QGIS and searching a method to graphically align my point symbols in the direction of the vector. The symbol represents a water valve in an irregular shape in close proximity to a vector ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How to remove small “salt & pepper” polygons from a layer?

I have a map made up of multiple polygons, with a few hundred thousand points very small polygons on within it. I need the larger polygons, but not the points small polygons. How do I select and ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Label points at regular intervals using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm working with lines on roads represented by a large number of sequencial points. Since labeling all of them would make the points impossible to identify, I'd like to know if there is a way to label ...
4
votes
2answers
9k views

How to use Distance Matrix tool in QGIS?

I have a point data set. Now there are cluster of points based on a field. So I take out one such cluster which has points with same field.I want to find distance between all the points in cluster and ...
1
vote
2answers
636 views

Distance between points along polyline ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm using ArcGIS 10.3 (Desktop), and I'm trying to measure the distance between points following a path determined by a set of polylines. Hand measurement is not a viable option-- there are ~7500 ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Can I have two kinds of point geometry in a shapefile or I should create multipoint shapefiles?

Following my previous question, can I have a mixture of two kinds of geometry in a shapefile of type point. Just like I have about shapefiles of type polygon or I should always create a shapefile of ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Can I use Point as the geom type in pgrouting?

in my table i have the field geom(POINT, srid) and its populated, this table also have the source an target field witch is blank(just like pgrouting guide). I tried the function pgr_createTopology() ...
18
votes
2answers
7k views

How can I find a point inside a polygon in PostGIS?

How can I find a point that is guaranteed to be within a given polygon in PostGIS? I am aware of the ST_Centroid function. However, the centroid is not always within a polygon, see below: ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How much sense does it make to average (lat,lon) samples in order to increase 2D accuracy of a GPS location?

Several GPS applications, like this one, or this one, acquire multiple (lat,lon) samples of a given location, assuming that the GPS unit is not moving, and then take an average of the samples in order ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Creating a line (closest vertex to line)

I am working in reorganising our utility data. Two years ago, we have started collecting Private Service water line. We still have a lot of them to extract from old Record Drawings. I was ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

arcpy points in polygon check

I have a list of points and a list of polygons both in a separate shape files. I am trying to write a ArcPy script to loop through the points, and then the polygons respectively and tell me when a ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

How to extract POINT from a [LINE|MULTILINE]STRING

I'd like to create a vectorLayer in QGIS to display all the points that form a LINESTRING or a MULTILINESTRING stored in a PostGIS DB. I think that I need to transform all points of LINESTRING (or ...
6
votes
9answers
11k views

ArcGIS: Create a line layer from a point layer and csv data file

UPDATED DECEMBER 20 I have a Regular point layer and a csv file that has the same ids as the point layer. The csv file is organized as ID From To Weight -- ---- -- ------ 01 ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

How to speed up this script in QGIS?

I am a new in PyQGIS, I want to create a Point layer from a raster layer. In table of point layer created, there is 3 fields by name of "X_coord", "Y_coord" and "Azimuth", each point in Point layer ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to create linestrings with a definite angle and length, that are fixed to a point

I want to create linestrings with a definite angle (e.g. 160°) and length (e.g. 2m) that are fixed to a number of points of another linestring. So, I want to use the ST_DumpPoints function to find the ...
4
votes
1answer
349 views

Calculate distance between point and linestring and how to represent that on QGIS?

I have loaded my data with osm2pgrouting and I have my network with ways (Linestring) and nodes (Point). The problem is : I have a database of doctors addresses (point) and I should calculate the ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I create a DEM from Point Data?

my boss gave me a small 3D-point-shape-file and asked me to make an DEM from it, wich I should put together with an older DEM of the same site, wich was made with Surfer. I created a raster-layer ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

OpenLayers: how to save added point in server side

I'm new in OpenLayers. I have simple application, which use a picture as map, on this picture users can add, move, or delte point, and then save. I have implemented adding, moving, deleting ...
2
votes
1answer
580 views

Standalone Python script to split a polyline with a point layer

I have a polyline layer and a layer of points that are on top of the polylines. I do not have the ArcGis advanced license so I can't use the Split Line at Point tool. Can someone help me with a ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

Spatial Join in R

I'm fairly new to using R for spatial work so bear with me. I have found questions similar to this but nothing that answers this question specifically enough for me to implement it. I have point data ...