A geometric element defined by a pair of x,y coordinates.

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25
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7answers
4k views

How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
17
votes
9answers
8k views

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a shapefile?

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a point shapefile? There are some somewhat optional requirements in addition to the correct creation of a shapefile: Column types (as per ...
17
votes
5answers
22k views

Get list of coordinates for points in a layer?

I've got a layer in QGIS that is comprised of points. Its attribute table doesn't have (show) the corresponding x and y coordinates for each point. Is there a way for me to extract a list of ...
16
votes
5answers
17k views

How do I create point features with exact coordinates?

How do I create point features with exact (manually entered) coordinates in QGIS? I get precise GPS coordinates from a survey team which I need to add to a point layer. What I want: -Add point, type ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I find a point inside a polygon in PostGIS?

How can I find a point that is guaranteed to be within a given polygon in PostGIS? I am aware of the ST_Centroid function. However, the centroid is not always within a polygon, see below: ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

algorithm to place maximum number of points within constrained area at a minimum spacing

I have a polygon layer that describes a constraint; I wish to add points within this area. I want to add as many points as possible, but they must have a minimum spacing between them. Is it possible ...
13
votes
3answers
5k views

How to join attributes from nearest point in QGIS?

I have two layers with points, call them A and B, each with different attributes. For each point in A I want to join all the attributes from the nearest point in B. Ideally this would also include ...
12
votes
5answers
14k views

Finding distance of point along polyline?

We need to find the distance of a series of point along a given polyline. We have a polyline dataset repsenting rivers in a catchment, broken up into river reaches (FID 1 through 35 for example). We ...
11
votes
7answers
379 views

Public reprojection services

Are there any free public services where I can send one point in a coordsystem and it returns the point reprojected in a specified coordinate system? I will not be doing many requests, for now it is ...
11
votes
2answers
630 views

Moving points onto lines (~neighborhood)

I do have two vector layer, of which one is a point layer based on "events" by remote sensing and the second one is a line layer from local research. In my case these are earthquakes and tectonic ...
11
votes
1answer
670 views

How much sense does it make to average (lat,lon) samples in order to increase 2D accuracy of a GPS location?

Several GPS applications, like this one, or this one, acquire multiple (lat,lon) samples of a given location, assuming that the GPS unit is not moving, and then take an average of the samples in order ...
10
votes
4answers
726 views

Point Pattern Analysis Algorithms

I'm looking for point pattern analysis algorithms and literature on point pattern analysis, online resources and book titles welcome. The topics may range from general descriptions of algorithms to ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Aggregating points to grid using R

I have a question with regard to spatial aggregation in R. What I am trying to do is aggregate a point dataset to a grid. I am unsure however how to do this as I have little experience with this sort ...
10
votes
2answers
426 views

How to identify and simplify point clusters with regard to time in PostGIS?

I just started to work with spatial databases and I want to write a SQL(PostGIS) query for automatic generalizing of raw GPS-tracks (with fixed tracking frequency). The first thing I am wokring on is ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

How to filter wrong GPS points?

I have a database of GPS points. There aren't any tracks, only points. I need to calculate some value for every 100 meters, but sometimes GPS gave a wrong coordinates that lies far from real GPS ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

PostGIS raster value of a lat/lon point

I have a tiff raster in my PostGIS 2.0 database. I want to get the value of the raster at a specified lat/lon point. I have: postgresql-9.1 postgis-2.0-svn with raster support a raster imported ...
9
votes
1answer
233 views

Proximity in space and time

I have some point data which represent daily lat-lon locations of an animal, with an associated timestamp. I would like to identify all points where STATIONARY = TRUE. A point qualifies as being ...
9
votes
1answer
263 views

Measuring distances between simultaneous points

I am working with GPS data and so I have UTM's with DATE/Time information. I have 2 groups of species (moose and wolves). I want to join the information from moose to wolves that match in time. So, ...
8
votes
6answers
17k views

ERROR 000212: Cannot create XY event source Failed to execute (MakeXYEventLayer)?

I have a csv file that is 133mb in size and has over 1.3 million lines of data. Each line of data has its own lat/long and I was wondering what would be the best way to display those points based off ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I create random points along a polyline in QGIS?

I am trying to create random points along a polyline shapefile in QGIS. Basically, like the 'random points' tool in 'research tools' but for polylines instead of polygons. I have tried converting ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How to view LiDAR data from a web browser?

I am looking to host lidar data on my own server and give clients the ability to view that data through a web browser as a 3D point cloud (file would be in .las format or equivalent), possibly with ...
8
votes
2answers
853 views

Creating a line (closest vertex to line)

I am working in reorganising our utility data. Two years ago, we have started collecting Private Service water line. We still have a lot of them to extract from old Record Drawings. I was ...
8
votes
2answers
781 views

How to add vertices to existing linestrings?

If I have Linestring(1 2, 1 5, 1 9) and a Point(1 3) Is there any function that can merge linestring and point preserving the order so output would be: Linestring(1 2, 1 3, 1 5, 1 9)
8
votes
2answers
188 views

Algorithms for optimally locating points

I am trying to compare locations of where several thousand facilities have been actually built to where they would be optimally located to minimize travel times of the population (represented by ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Creating evenly distributed points within an irregular boundary

I need to create an evenly distributed series of points within a series of oddly shapped polygons (formerly squares, but now squares with donut holes). The way I have solved this problem so far is to ...
8
votes
1answer
152 views

Is “puntal” an accepted and defined geometric term?

There are definitions for the geometric qualities of polygons and lines: polygonal: Having many angles; hence characteristic of a polygon. Ref: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/polygonal ...
7
votes
7answers
4k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
7
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I convert a polygon into a point?

I want to convert polygons into points. I know how it's done in ArcGis and I think this may sound trivial but it's a serious issue :/. I'll appreciate any hints :)
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to remove small “salt & pepper” polygons from a layer?

I have a map made up of multiple polygons, with a few hundred thousand points very small polygons on within it. I need the larger polygons, but not the points small polygons. How do I select and ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy?

How do I retrieve start and end point coordinates with Python/arcpy for a polyline feature class? I expect to pass a segment identifier to a subroutine and have it pass back start and end coordinates. ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Get all the points of a polyline

I have some polyline feature objects in python. Now I want to get all the points of polylines. For example, if a polyline has start point [0,0] end point [5,5]. Result: ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

How to create different diameter circles round points?

I want to map a tree survey. I am thinking that I will plot positional points of the trees and then add other data like tree type etc. to the attribute table later. Is there a way I can have an ...
7
votes
1answer
248 views

How can I transform polylines into points every n metres in PostGIS?

Question in pretty much the same as this, but I need to use PostGIS. I have a number of polylines, and want to trasform them into points every n metres along these lines. edit: Thanks a lot to ...
7
votes
3answers
809 views

Creating raster or vector raster from DEM point file?

i have a point shape of 75.000 elevation points in a regular 5 m grid. We now want to create a polygon grid with the elevation points as "centroids". Unfortunately, all attempts to do so fail: I ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

PostGIS: Find points that lie within a set of coordinates

I have a PostGIS db, and I want to find the points that lie within some region (a bounding box). I have two sets of coordinates, from which I can get all four rectangle points that form the box (if ...
7
votes
4answers
538 views

How to calculate the “depth” of a linestring using postgis

I have linestring features, which look like bent linestrings, hemicycles or convex or concave linestrings. In the moment I can select the distance between the startpoint and endpoint of each feature. ...
7
votes
4answers
963 views

Output PostGIS geometry data as centroid or polygon depending on zoom level (GeoServer)

This is what I want: when I zoom out, cities of the country should appear as points and at a certain level when I zoom in, I want them to appear as polygons (showing the area of the city and ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

For a given feature find the closest point along a given path

Looking for a Java based (foss4g) solution for the following: I am using a path along with a buffer to find features that are along the path. For each of the features returned I want to find the ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Label points at regular intervals using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm working with lines on roads represented by a large number of sequencial points. Since labeling all of them would make the points impossible to identify, I'd like to know if there is a way to label ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

How to create points in a specified distance along the line in QGIS?

I want to use QGIS creating points along the line, but in specified distance. I found two GRASS tools in SEXTANTE Toolbox: v.to.points v.segment I tried v.to.points, setting the maximum distance ...
6
votes
9answers
9k views

ArcGIS: Create a line layer from a point layer and csv data file

UPDATED DECEMBER 20 I have a Regular point layer and a csv file that has the same ids as the point layer. The csv file is organized as ID From To Weight -- ---- -- ------ 01 ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Adding “noise” to overlapping X,Y coordinates so no longer in EXACT same place?

I have a series of points representing animal observations. Many of them overlap, having the exact same coordinates, and this is causing me trouble when I want to run some analytical tools which ...
6
votes
2answers
121 views

Finding lines in point patterns?

I have a point pattern (see below) in which I assume to find "significant" lines of points. However, I did not find any method that is integrated in a GIS or in R that searches for such line pattern ...
6
votes
3answers
672 views

Classifying point coordinates to countries or continents?

I have about 50 000 points (latitude and longitude), and I would like to find out in which country each of the points is located. It does not need to be super precise, though. (Or actually I only ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How can several vector layers have different controls, using Openlayers?

Using openlayers I have two vector layers. One layer is called lineLayer consisting of vector lines, and the other is called pointLayer consisting of points. When I hover on the lines I want to be ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Easily find centre point of a raster in ArcMap 10 document?

If I have, say, a rectangular and georeferenced raster file loaded in an ArcMap 10 document (.tiff w/ associated tfw), how do I easily find its centre point and store that point in a points vector ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

QGIS calculate distance of point along a line

I have a polyline (movement path) and points recorded along the line. I would like to calculate for each point the distance along the line in Quantum GIS. I hope for a result which will add a new ...
6
votes
2answers
435 views

How to Match Point Data in QGIS?

How do I match the same points (WGS84) in two different point layers? I want to get the points that lie exactly upon each other in the two datasets.
6
votes
1answer
371 views

How to draw shapes with highest possible decimal accuracy

I am trying to read input of lat and long to draw the shape based on condition.The input is standard array of lat and long with 15 decimal accuracy. I am realizing - I am loosing some decimal accuracy ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

QGIS or Postgis - How to split polylines with a point layer?

In QGIS, I would like to split the polylines in a layer loaded in the workspace with the points in another loaded layer. If a point intersects a polyline, this polyline should be transformed into two ...