Process of creating geometric polygon features.

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16
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1answer
5k views

How to divide a polygon into specific sizes using ArcGIS?

I have several thousand irregularly shaped polygons in a shapefile. I want to be able to split each polygon into three areas, and to specify what the size of those areas (they sum to the previous ...
15
votes
4answers
756 views

Why do valid polygons repeat the same start and end point?

In the GIS world, for most modern formats and Standards (e.g., Shapefiles, WKB/WKT, GML, KML, etc.), valid polygons need to have closed linear rings, which is a linestring of coordinates where the ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Producing building shadows?

How would you generate building shadows from building footprints? I have attribute values for the heights of buildings. So would preferably like to have the shadows' sizes vary based on that. The best ...
12
votes
5answers
8k views

How do I create a convex hull in ArcGIS Desktop?

I would like to be able to create a convex hull in ArcGIS Desktop 9.x, but I cannot find an appropriate tool. How does one go about creating one? I am interested in answers for all license levels: ...
11
votes
6answers
3k views

How to find the boundary co-ordinates from a given set of co-ordinates

Given a set of coordinates, How do we find the boundary coordinates. <== Figure 1 Given the coordinates in the above set, How can I get the coordinates on the red boundary. Boundary is the polygon ...
10
votes
4answers
807 views

Algorithm to calculate coverage + overlaps from a set of arcs

I have a shapefile containing arcs representing the path travelled by a truck spreading fertiliser onto a farm. Let's say I know the spread width is 30m, i.e. the truck can spread fertiliser 15m ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Polygon overlay with Shapely

I'm trying to capture all the non-overlapping polygons indicated below using Shapely (given polygons A,B & C). Moreover, I'm hoping to do so without iteration, testing for intersect etc. The ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Postgis - Converting 'geometry_dump' data type to a 'geometry' type

I am working with a dataset of property boundaries that has had ST_Union() run on it, thus all the polygons appear as a multi polygon in one row of a table. I would like to separate these out so I get ...
8
votes
3answers
727 views

How to apply the four colors theorem in a polygon map in ArcGIS/ArcToolBox automatcally?

I need to apply the four colors theorem in a polygonal shape in a way that I do not need to choose manually each color to put in each region. I wish to knows if there is any extension, plug-in, script ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

How to split a polygon into quadrants?

I have a Alberta province (Canada) section polygon shapefile in GCS_NAD83 with 255,000 polygons. I like to split each section into 4 equal quadrants (NW, NE, SW, SE) The Alberta province has ...
8
votes
1answer
761 views

Polygon creation (Clockwise rotation or not)

According to "ESRI Shapefile Technical Description An ESRI White Paper—July 1998", Vertices for a single, ringed polygon are, therefore,always in clockwise order. Otherwise,"Dirty" polygons occur when ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Extract Overlapping Polygon Data to Points

I have a polygon data set of corn yield collected by a combine. However, as the combine drove through the field, there was slight overlap between passes, leading to overlapping polygons within the ...
7
votes
2answers
182 views

Generating polygonal blocks using growing lines

We first generate a set of locations (i.e., points(x,y)), randomly. Then we assign for each point a number showing the angle of a line being centred at that point. The criteria for the length of lines ...
7
votes
2answers
367 views

How to extract vectors from map using QGIS?

I am trying to extract building footprints from a raster map (as shown in the example below). Please note that the maps are out of copyright, have been scanned and georectified by a library and have ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Split polygons programatically

I have looked through several other questions and am still having trouble. I have a set of 103 polygons that span my entire map. Each of those polygons is divided into 36 equal sized polygons. Now ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

ArcScene: creating 3D polygon features from a DEM

I have a DEM with a lot of topographic variance and a separate layer of polygon features (w/o Z values)throughout. When I use 3D Analyst to convert features(polygon) to 3D, only a portion of the ...
5
votes
6answers
11k views

Points to Polygon

I've millions of points collected for lithology layer. They have used a coding for different types of rocks. I need to create a polygon around the extent of similar points. What is the easiest way to ...
5
votes
2answers
159 views

Create polygon from page size

Is there an easy way to create a polygon that matches the data frame in my page layout? I'm trying to set up data driven pages and want to have it key off of polygons that frame the boundaries for ...
5
votes
1answer
339 views

Simplifying polygons made from binary rasters

I'm using MaxEnt to produce a species presence / absence raster layer. It works fine but I have to choose a cut off point for what constitutes presence or absence. As a result I end up with a lot of ...
5
votes
1answer
650 views

Polar grids in ArcGIS

I am looking automate the creation of a polar grid shapefile (polygon). I am currently creating this in a many-step editing process, starting from a concentric buffer. Here is how I think I should be ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to create a polygon from other polygon boundaries?

I want to write an algorithm that creates a polygon inside a hole made by a set of other polygons. It's something like a flood fill and it's like the "boundary" tool in Autocad. The image shows an ...
5
votes
2answers
409 views

ArcMap Draw Camera Range with ArcPy

i am working on some camera data. I have some points which consist of azimuth, angle, distance, and of course coordinate field attributes. In arcmap I want to draw shapes like this: The shape is ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

How to grow several concave hulls until they completely fill a larger area without overlap?

This is my problem: I have a very large point layer with polling station locations across one country; each point belongs to a specific constituency (900k points, 4k constituencies). I wish to use ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does this simple Python OGR code create an empty polygon?

Please excuse my ignorance...I am new to Python OGR. I am trying to create a simple square polygon and fail...this produces an empty polygon. Where did I go wrong? from osgeo import ogr driver = ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to find line length in QGIS while editing?

I am using QGIS (before, I used ArcView). I would like to know if there is any way during the editing phase of a vector (line or polygon) to know the length of the line (total and partial) that is ...
4
votes
1answer
981 views

How to programatically populate a shapefile field with polygon areas in OGR?

I'm trying to programatically populate a shp field with polygon areas: import sys import ogr ds = ogr.Open( 'tttttttttt.shp', update = 1 ) if ds is None: print "Open failed./n" sys.exit( 1 ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

Best way to get a bounding polygon of all features in a file .gdb

I have an arcpy script that dynamically creates a filegeodatabase and its featureclasses from uploaded spatial data, currently point and line features and possibly polygons in the future. I am ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Creating collection of polygons from collection of points?

I have a set of points, which are spread over a wide geographical area. I need to be able to create a set of polygons which best represent the clustered points. In parts, some points may simply lie ...
4
votes
1answer
225 views

How to generate overlapping polygons from lines output from Table To Ellipse tool?

I have a feature class of line-based ellipses generated by the Table to Ellipse tool that looks like this: What I want is polygons of the individual ellipses, however tools like Feature to Polygon ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to draw polygons in QGIS perfectly aligned

I would like to draw polygons for an indoor map test and would like to draw perfect rectangles (horiz. and vertical edges). How to set QGIS options on polygon edit /draw to do that ? thank you for ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

ArcGIS 10.0/arcpy: How to create a polygon geometry from inner and outer ring point arrays?

I have two arrays, each containing a closed ring of points, one for an outer ring and the other for an inner ring, the latter running counterclockwise, of course. I am using the arcpy.Polygon() ...
4
votes
2answers
60 views

How do I create blocks from a road network?

I have a road network and for every enclosed area within the network I want to create a polygon that represents that area. How does one do this?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Cleaning up OpenStreetMap data, building polygons and trying to improve appearance

I'm currently going through my first project with OpenStreetMap data and I'm struggling to see how certain features can be made to look anywhere near as good as in OpenStreetMap.org. I downloaded a ...
4
votes
2answers
399 views

How to create a smallest quadrilateral concave polygon around GPS points?

I have this GPS track in a metric grid (Symbology by elevation, if anyone wonders): I need to define it's general area - for registrations and permits, with just 4 points. Therefore, I assume that ...
4
votes
2answers
663 views

Extract all pixels of given RGB value and render as MultiPolygons

Given a geotiff image with a colortable in it, what is the easiest way to extract each color as its own "layer or shapefile or multipolygon object"? Specifically, I am looking for a programmatic ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Create overlapping polygons from contour lines

Working in ArcGIS 10, I have a set of contour lines representing density of commercial square footage, and I have a set of points representing local maxima for each peak of the dataset. For each ...
4
votes
1answer
608 views

create grid cells of fixed dimension around a point acting as a centroid

I've been trying to solve a problem for the last few days but not having much luck. I'm hoping someone here can point me in the right direction. I'm new to ArcGIS so I hope my explanation makes ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Colouring areas between (vector) contours?

Is it possible to colour areas between (vector) contours without making it a DEM first? Joshdoe seems to have done so in Create filled contour map with GRASS but does not say how.
3
votes
2answers
8k views

Create polygon layer from polyline layer

Our systems expect polygon shapefiles, representing a collection of non-intersecting and geometrically valid (multi)polygons. Specifically, farm fields. We often receive our representations of farms ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

drawing boundaries in google earth

I want to trace administrative borders as a layer in Google Earth. The problem is that although I know how to draw and save a polygon,I don't know how to draw contiguous shapes using the polygon tool. ...
3
votes
2answers
734 views

How to create a polygon based on view extent in QGIS 1.8 ?

I am looking for a very simple thing. I want to create a polygon based on the current view extent of my project. In fact I want to 1) open google satellite layers 2) zoom to my area of interest ...
3
votes
3answers
830 views

Remove slivers from merged polygons

I am creating a single polygon by merging different polygons in ArcMap. When I merge them, slivers are created. So I have to delete those slivers manually. I don't have a license for ArcInfo so tools ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How to create a polygon buffer from a line?

I have connected a series of points into a line in ArcMap 10 with the Points to Line tool in the ArcToolbox. The line is, of course, in its own layer, and I added a 5 meter buffer around the line. It ...
3
votes
3answers
489 views

What Is The Ideal Workflow To Map (British) Postcode Territories

I'm looking for the best workflow for mapping postcodes and calculated territories, but being relatively new to mapping I'm struggling on a few details and also the best practices for displaying these ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to digitize polygons from georeferenced raster file

I used QGIS to georeference a raster file of a custom US map. The map has features which are not strictly defined by state borders. I would like to digitize the map by creating contiguous borders for ...
3
votes
5answers
588 views

Create a Polygon

I'm working with ArcGis to create a habitat mapping, so I have digitized the most part of my area with different polygons. I would like to create another one but it's really difficult because it is ...
3
votes
0answers
196 views

Postgis - extrude a polygon

I want to extrude a polygon shape in postgis to create a pseudo 3D effect. To this end I have written a crude function to achieve it. This is very much test code and it creates a new Y vertice for ...
3
votes
0answers
186 views

building larger polygons from smaller ones *without* a common id in PostGIS

I am looking for a means, using PostGIS, of reconstituting a set of polygons from tens of thousands of smaller polygon 'pieces'. This is a simplified example, with the pieces shaded: Unfortunately ...
3
votes
4answers
355 views

Creating Polys and Displaying geo points within. ( Where to start? ) [closed]

Hey all, I'm somewhat of a newb when it comes to creating mapping solutions. I've stayed on a pretty high level playing with openlayers and pulling data from various webservices. The first part of ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

ArcGIS: Create polygon using file containing point coordinates

I have a text file containing the projected coordinates of the points that define a single polygon. The X, Y coordinates are separated by Tab Is there a tool in ArcGIS similar to "Add X,Y Data" in ...