On a map, a closed shape defined by a connected sequence of x,y coordinate pairs, where the first and last coordinate pair are the same and all other pairs are unique.

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3answers
4k views

Intersecting a raster with a polygon using PostGIS - artefact error

I'm using PostGIS2.0 to do some raster/polygon intersections. I'm having difficulty understanding which operation I should use, and what the quickest way of performing this is. My problem is as ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

Converting point sets to polygon boundaries?

I'm trying to convert sets of points to their respective polygon boundaries. I think this is something like a Voronoi diagram or Convex Hull, but not quite. I'm sure there's a technical term for it, ...
10
votes
5answers
36k views

How to split a polygon into multiple equal-width polygons in ArcMap 10?

I am adding parking spaces into a parking lot, and I need them to be exactly the same shape and not overlap each other or have spaces between. In ArcMap 9.3, there was an editing task that allowed you ...
10
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4answers
4k views

Finding centrelines from polygons in QGIS?

I was wondering if there is a way to create centre lines from polygons in QGIS? I have a polygon layer, but ideally need the centrelines as a separate file.
10
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4answers
9k views

using shapely: translating between Polygons and MultiPolygons

[EDIT: the solution to this was simply to use OGR to read shapefiles. See geographika's example.] In an ESRI shapefile, there is no distinction between Polygons and MultiPolygons. Furthermore, there ...
10
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1answer
3k views

How to take polygon centroid in Postgis

I have table with column name,Latitude and Longitude.I want to update this with polygon name and its centroid latitude longitude.I know there is a function in postgis st_centroid(geometry). But I want ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Using polygons to apply unique value to all raster cells within those polygons?

In ArcGIS 9.3, I have a raster file that I would like to "mask" with polygons, giving a single value to all the raster cells that overlap the polygons. How can I do this? Here's a screen shot, ...
10
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3answers
499 views

From polygon to continuous measure of diversity?

First of all; I have tried to find a similar question, without success. Maybe it's because I'm quite new to GIS and I don't really know what exactly I'm looking for. If someone points me to a similar ...
10
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4answers
3k views

OpenStreetMap Neighborhood Boundaries

Is it possible to download neighborhood boundaries from OpenStreetMap? I see on maps that they often indicate neighborhood names; is there a way to retrieve their coordinates and boundary polygon ...
10
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2answers
1k views

PostGIS: split a polygon in a given ratio

Is there a convenient way to split a polygon into n parts, more-or-less equal in size in PostGIS?
10
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3answers
869 views

Polygons from Polylines in either ArcView or FOSS

I have 20,000 polylines in a .gdb that represent about 5,000 building footprints. Some of the building footprints have pretty substantial gaps (image below). I would like to snap the polylines closed ...
10
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2answers
3k views

How to smooth large vector polygons from Raster

I have a landuse classification raster file (6 classes) of a large area. But I need it in vector polygons so I vectorised it. No problem so far, but the result is - of course - that every pixel is ...
9
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3answers
4k views

Order of polygon vertices in general GIS: clockwise or counterclockwise

Two days ago I asked a question about the internal storing order for the vertices of a polygon in ESRI shapefiles. That question was answered (Are polygons stored clockwise or counterclockwise in a ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How to remove small “salt & pepper” polygons from a layer?

I have a map made up of multiple polygons, with a few hundred thousand points very small polygons on within it. I need the larger polygons, but not the points small polygons. How do I select and ...
9
votes
2answers
473 views

Creating an “average” polygon

I found this thread in the old ESRI forums with the same type of problem I am facing today. The solution to the problem is explained in little detail and since I am not an expert, I was wondering if ...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

Postgis - Converting 'geometry_dump' data type to a 'geometry' type

I am working with a dataset of property boundaries that has had ST_Union() run on it, thus all the polygons appear as a multi polygon in one row of a table. I would like to separate these out so I get ...
9
votes
2answers
644 views

POSTGIS get the max length of the polygon and the average width

I have in postgis a polygon type table. I need to calculate automatically the maximum length of the polygon: And the second one is the average width: I am doubting rigth now if this is possible ...
9
votes
1answer
649 views

How exactly is the centroid of polygons calculated?

I would like to know how exactly QGIS Geometry tools -> polygon centroid is calculating the point coordinates. For example does it divide the boarder of the polygon into small points, take two pairs ...
9
votes
4answers
22k views

How to Merge/Dissolve Polygons By Common Attribute Field in QGIS?

I have joined corresponding Local Enterprise Partnerships table data into a polygon shape file containing UK Local Authorities. How do I Dissolve or Merge the the Local Authorities polygons by ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Polygon label repeated for each tile

I'm using the standalone GeoWebCache to serv tiles from a remote GeoServer. My problem is that the polygon label is added to each one of the tiles served, instead of only once in the polygon centroid. ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How to sum up values of neighbouring polygons?

I hope that you can help me with the following problem: I have a vector (polygon) layer. I would like to add an attribute to the layer that - for every polygon - sums the values of a specific field of ...
9
votes
1answer
363 views

PostGIS polygon edge analysis (orientation, edge length)

I am rather new to the world of GIS and especially PostGIS, so please excuse me if the answer seems evident... I would like to do analysis on a number of buildings. One thing I am interested in is ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

How to perform a true GIS clip of polygons layer using a polygon layer in R?

I would like to do a true GIS Clip in R of soils polygons using a series of single boundary polygons, but I cannot find an R function to properly do it. It should work just like the CLIP function in ...
9
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4answers
14k views

Getting polygons of all countries and ISO-3166-2 subdivisons

In order to do reverse geocoding lookups to find a country (as ISO-3166-1) and the subdivision (as ISO-3166-2) for given coordinates I am looking for a way to get all polygons of all countries and ...
9
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5answers
3k views

How to get an ocean shapefile from a very detailed land area shapefile?

I am looking for a possibility to "invert" a shapefile. What I want to do is to convert a shapefile with the continents and islands into a shapefile that has water polygons. The existing ocean ...
9
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1answer
451 views

Efficient raster sampling of billions of polygons (bounding boxes)

How can a raster be computed efficiently (in Python), given a set consisting of billions of bounding boxes (read sequentially from a file), and given that the raster values for each cell should give ...
9
votes
1answer
244 views

Cutting out the world into polygons of equal population size

I would like to cut out the world into polygons of equal population size, say 100 million persons (starting for example with raster data of population density as provided by the NASA). I know that ...
9
votes
1answer
894 views

Compare spatial cluster/agglomeration patterns for polygon data

I have agricultural data in form of polygons which I would like to test for spatial clusterings/spatial agglomerations. All in all I have about 40 variables which I can aggregate and standardize in ...
9
votes
0answers
721 views

Grouping analysis of points to divide polygon into n number of sub-regions using QGIS?

I'm attempting to create n sub-regions from a polygon based on a cluster analysis of a bunch of overlapping raster layers (physical layers, eg: depth, currents, waves). Briefly, I can create a ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Creating regularly spaced, defined # of points within polygon in QGIS

I used the research tool "Regular Points" to produce a certain number of points within a polygon, but it forms a rectangular grid of points rather than only within the shape of the polygon. Since I ...
8
votes
7answers
3k views

Intersection algorithm that correctly handles the 180° meridian and poles?

Is there a well known intersection algorithm that correctly handles 180 meridian and poles? For example, let's say we have a list of latitude and longitude values that represent Antarctica. Let's ...
8
votes
3answers
12k views

Filling in Donut Polygons using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a set of polygons that represent bodies of water. In the same feature are polygons that are the islands in the body of water. So for a given lake, there are smaller polygons within that ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Finding minimum edge to edge distance of polygons using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a a map of about 3000 polygons in ArcGIS 10. I'm looking to find the distance between each one of them. I know how to do it using the lat and long coordinates of the centroid, but I'm looking ...
8
votes
1answer
10k views

Joining polygons in R

I am wondering how to join spatial polygons using R code? I'm working with census data where certain areas change over time and I wish to join the polygons and the corresponding data and simply ...
8
votes
6answers
4k views

Lines to Polygons

I have failed to find the "name" of the algorithm that would allow one to convert lines to polygons. Since this issues crosses GIS and the fields of computational geometry and computer science. I am ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

Best way to delete selected mass amounts of old data from a polygon shapefile attribute table?

Dumb problem that for some reason is giving me trouble. I have a polygon shapefile that is loaded with old demographic data in its attribute file, I just received the new data today in xls format. ...
8
votes
2answers
768 views

Splitting polylines using regions with PostGIS

I was wondering if it is possible to split a polyline on polygon boundaries (regions) in PostGIS, the picture below is of what we have at the moment and showing where I need the polylines split: ...
8
votes
4answers
349 views

How to create a polygon connecting the endpoints of multiple lines using python?

I'm trying to figure out how to create a polygon that connects all the endpoints of a shapefile containing a set of polyilnes with pythonscript in ArcGIS, I'm having trouble doing this as the order of ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

How to convert a String to OpenLayers.Geometry.Polygon using javascript?

First let me say that I'm using Javascript, jQuery, Java, GeoServer, OpenLayers and PostGIS. Using java class ResultSet I return this String: POLYGON((516000 2135000,515039.264020162 2125245....
8
votes
1answer
411 views

How to smooth adjacent polygons?

I want to smooth polygons which share a common boundary. How can I smooth them so that the shared boundaries stay shared? I'm using Arcgis 10.3
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Simple way to detect/select border polygons of a shapefile

I am looking for a simple way to detect/select border polygons of a shapefile. Border polygons are here polygons that are not completely surrounded by other polygons i.e. polygons located at the ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Rgeos drops associated values when intersecting polygons

I am trying to intersect two SpatialPolygonsDataFrames and get a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame as the result. Unfortunately, using the gIntersection function from rgeos (which works impressively quickly ...
8
votes
1answer
656 views

How to automatically reduce polygon size?

I am working with two polygon layers (counties & states) which I will 'intersect' to find which counties are within which states. Due to data inaccuracies I have to change all county polygons and ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Splitting landcover polygons (parcels) into equal sizes, while retaining road access for all?

I would like to split landcover polygons which surround a road polygon into equal sizes, while ALL resulting polygons should have access to the road! Is there any chance to do this automatically? ...
8
votes
3answers
544 views

Find Duplicate Polygons Algorithm

I have a group of polygons. My objective is to find the duplicate polygons from these group of polygons. Using NetTopologySuite(A c# port of JTS), it is possible to compare two geometires and check ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Resize polygon along one axis

Using the following example I'm able to resize by scale and origin. polygonFeature.geometry.resize(scale, origin); vectorLayer.redraw(); But does anyone have any suggestions or sample code ...
8
votes
1answer
677 views

How to rectify polygon shapes in QGIS?

I have some polygon-shapes in qgis-1.7.0 and want to ensure that every polygon is a rectangle. See image below. Is there any way I can do this in QGIS (or any other f/oss)? Or how can I improve my ...
8
votes
1answer
258 views

Suitable algorithms for simplifying isochrone polygons

I'm looking for an algorithm for simplifying isochrones which were generated using OSM data. These are generally characterised as having lots of small "holes" mostly due to missing OSM data but also ...
7
votes
2answers
20k views

How to calculate polygon areas and perimeters using QGIS?

Using QGIS, if I load a polygon layer and make a new column, how do I fill that column with the: area of each polygon and another column with length of the perimeter of each polygon?
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a way to “invert” Polygons?

I have a Shapefile with Polygon features representing the world's land areas (continents, islands). Is it possible to invert these, and get a geometry that represents the world's oceans and seas? So ...