On a map, a closed shape defined by a connected sequence of x,y coordinate pairs, where the first and last coordinate pair are the same and all other pairs are unique.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to perform a true GIS clip of polygons layer using a polygon layer in R?

I would like to do a true GIS Clip in R of soils polygons using a series of single boundary polygons, but I cannot find an R function to properly do it. It should work just like the CLIP function in ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

maximum circle inside an irregular polygon from a random point

I am trying to work out an algorithm for creating the maximum radius circle within an irregular polygon (a census tract) based on a given center of the circle. The motivation for this is to obscure ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How to sum pixel values within a polygon zone in QGIS?

I have two layers: a raster layer and a vector layer (polygon). I can see the values of the raster pixels but I don't know how to combine them with information from the polygon layer. More ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to select WFS features by polygon in OpenLayers?

I need to be able to select features on a wfs layer using a polygon instead of a box. I was hoping this would be a standard option in the SelectFeature class. Too bad this isn't the case. Any ...
7
votes
1answer
677 views

How to compute Straight Skeletons using Python?

Is there a Python package which provides an implementation of a Straight Skeleton algorithm? I'm aware that the open source (C++) project CGALcontains an implementation but it seems like ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Tips for minimizing shapefile size without compromising geographical detail?

I work for a state government's fisheries service, and lately we've been digitizing a lot of our regulatory boundaries within the state's waters that we'd like to service out on web maps. ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Should I split MultiPolygons into Polygons?

In the system I'm implementing I have a table T1 with an associated geometry. Most of the geometries are a set of n polygons, with 10 < n < 100. At the moment in the table T1 I have a geometry ...
7
votes
1answer
199 views

Find and destroy duplicate OSM multipolygon/polygons in TileMill/PostGIS

In OpenStreetMap there are sometimes multipolygons where attributes are present on both the polygon and the multipolygon relation, such as the Grampians National Park: ...
7
votes
2answers
516 views

How do different GIS systems determine a Polygon's interior?

I'm interested in understanding how real-world GIS systems and their data encode Polygons. Specifically, how do they resolve the ambiguity of a Polygon's interior on a sphere? Background: in 2D, ...
7
votes
0answers
608 views

Grouping analysis of points to divide polygon into n number of sub-regions using QGIS?

I'm attempting to create n sub-regions from a polygon based on a cluster analysis of a bunch of overlapping raster layers (physical layers, eg: depth, currents, waves). Briefly, I can create a ...
7
votes
0answers
392 views

How to write a script to square polygon corners?

I'm looking for a script that will square the corners of polygons that are near 90 degrees but not exactly. Near could be dealt with via a variable, for example within 5 degrees of 90 (85 - 95 ...
6
votes
2answers
370 views

Breaking apart a polygon layer by unique values, creating many new layers

I have a large dataset of habitat information that I need to calculate distances from animal locations to the closest polygon of each habitat type. The way to do this, that I understand, would be to ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

How to export polygon coordinates to CSV (not WKT)?

I am new to QGIS, and I am now trying to export polygon coordinates from a shape file to a csv file, but so far all my attempts have failed. I have found numerous questions and answers about this, but ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

Filling in Donut Polygons using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a set of polygons that represent bodies of water. In the same feature are polygons that are the islands in the body of water. So for a given lake, there are smaller polygons within that ...
6
votes
4answers
834 views

Exporting polygon features to individual image pngs

I have a shapefile with a few thousand polygons, ArcGIS [9.3] (and even PostGIS). I would like to export each of those polygons into its own thumbnail image file without any real context. What is the ...
6
votes
2answers
268 views

Deleting polygons smaller than certain dimension using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I've made a model in modelbuilder in Arcmap 10.3, what it basically does is creating polygons over open areas such as farm-lands, grass-lands, marshes etc that has a low slope. My challenge is that I ...
6
votes
2answers
417 views

Automate Splitting Polygons Into Sections

I've searched for similar problems on this topic but can't find a solution. I need to split many, many, many cemetery sections into 8 (mostly) equal pieces each. Each section is for the most part ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Dissolve polygons in QGIS (GEOS) with tolerance

I have a polygon vector layer representing the area inundated in a flood. The layer has been produced in a such a way that some of the areas are composed of multiple smaller touching polygons (see ...
6
votes
3answers
77 views

Select all polygons that are completely within a circular buffer

I made several buffers around some points. Now I want to select all polygons that are completely within this buffer. My problem is that I also get the polygons that are partially outside of the ...
6
votes
4answers
16k views

How to Merge/Dissolve Polygons By Common Attribute Field in QGIS?

I have joined corresponding Local Enterprise Partnerships table data into a polygon shape file containing UK Local Authorities. How do I Dissolve or Merge the the Local Authorities polygons by ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Python OGR: convert a point geometry into polygon

I'm writing a routine for creating the convex hull envelop around shapefiles of islands. I could read the data, extract polygons vertices into a geometry and then compute the convex hull. Now I need ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How to disable polygon Label on the vertices (OpenLayers) in Edit Mode

I added the style on the polygon layer like so. var style = $.extend(true, {}, OpenLayers.Feature.Vector.style['default']); // get a copy of the default style style.label = "1233456 ha" ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the size of a particular area below a buffer in QGIS

I have a point shapefile of villages where data was collected in Northern Kenya. I created a buffer around those villages. The second vector layer contains polygons defining areas according to ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Why doesn't the split tool return any records in the attribute table?

I've been trying to split a large land use shapefile using a set of study area polygons as the split feature, but when the function finally finishes running (the land use dataset is quite large), all ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Easily calculate “roundness/compactness” of a polygon

I am trying to find ways to quantitatively describe the shapes of various polygons. For my project, these polygons represent lakes, rivers, lagoons, and parks. So they can be almost any shape. One ...
6
votes
2answers
189 views

Summing up over area based on distance related function?

Through a field study, we learned that the density of a bird species in the forest was related to the distance to forest edge: ln(density) = 1.89*(distance to edge) + 0.34 Now, for any forest ...
6
votes
1answer
650 views

Filling a polygon with lines using Postgis

i need to calculate a specific distance in an area. The distance is calculated from parallel lines in a polygon, And i need to find out how many parallel lines (with x meters distance to each other) ...
6
votes
2answers
20k views

How to combine adjacent polygons sharing similar trait into single polygon?

I have a large dataset of habitat classes which I have further simplified down into my own unique classes. However, it resulted in there being habitats adjacent to each other with the same forest ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Cut polygon shapefile by line shapefile

I have two shapefiles, a polygon shapefile (lake) and a line shapefile (boudary) I want to create a new shapefile "polygon to the north of the boundary" What tool can I use in QGIS or other free ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Creating square grid polygon shapefile with Python?

I have the following coordinates minx, maxx, miny ,maxy = 448262.080078, 450360.750122, 6262492.020081, 6262938.950073 I wish to create a square grid of size 1 m using python. import math ...
6
votes
4answers
367 views

How to avoid holes in polygons from lines?

I am trying to convert a dataset of lines that contains the coast of New Zealand into a big polygon. However using the vector -> geometry tools -> lines to polygon command in Quantum GIS results in a ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How can I transform a polygon to a linestring in QGIS?

I have a polygon, imported from a shapefile in QGIS. I would like transform it to a linestring instead so I can save it as a GPX file later. How can I transform a polygon to a linestring in QGIS?
6
votes
1answer
188 views

Deleting 'garbage' nodes after polygon dissolve

I work with QGIS 2.10.1 on Windows 7 (x64). I have dissolved polygons from an attribute value and the polygons geometries being not perfectly joined together, I get some 'garbage' nodes I need to ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the best way to connect spatial data with attributes in Excel table?

I have many attributes which are stored in an Excel table. They refer to USA counties. I need to somehow connect those attributes to polygons in some format (don't know which is the best) and ...
6
votes
1answer
703 views

QGIS define hexagon area around mapped points

I am using QGIS to map a number of radio antennas (for mobile network). Once I have the layer of the sites (done), I would like to assign to each site a coverage area (envelope). I could achieve that ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Copy a polygon geometry in Arcpy

This to me sounded very simple so I am probably missing something basic here. What I need to do is to create a copy of a polygon shapefile to a new shapefile with slightly different attributes. Where ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Can Polygons be generalized to MultiPolygons in GeoDjango?

I set up a model with models.PolygonField in geodjango, using postgres as database. I try to import shp into postgres. The problem is, shp (compiled with QGIS) mixes polygon and multipolygon, hence it ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

Easy way to create a boundary polygon shapefile from a set of LAS files using ArcGIS 10?

I have a bunch of LAS file sets that I need to process. The current task at hand is to generate a "footprint" shapefile that contains polygons for each LAS tile. I am looking for a graceful way to ...
6
votes
2answers
419 views

Wrong $area from field calculator (QGIS)

The area of the polygons in a layer, calculated by the field calculator with "$area" is wrong (much too big) for some polygons. If I draw the concerned polygon again, the area is calculated correctly. ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

Create a polygon layer from point data

I'm currently using QGIS 1.8.0 I would like to create a polygon layer from a point dataset, where the size of the polygons relates to the resolution of the grid reference. The ultimate aim would be ...
6
votes
1answer
451 views

Efficiently identifying overlapping polygons with Python

I'm parsing the NOAA severe weather alert feed and using it as a datasource for a weather alerting system. In the feed, I occasionally find a polygon entry for an alert. Unfortunately, counties that ...
6
votes
1answer
496 views

How to draw shapes with highest possible decimal accuracy

I am trying to read input of lat and long to draw the shape based on condition.The input is standard array of lat and long with 15 decimal accuracy. I am realizing - I am loosing some decimal accuracy ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Rgeos drops associated values when intersecting polygons

I am trying to intersect two SpatialPolygonsDataFrames and get a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame as the result. Unfortunately, using the gIntersection function from rgeos (which works impressively quickly ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

can I extract overlap of polygons within the same layer?

I am trying to extract the overlap of polygons that are within the same layer in 10. The layer came from a buffered street centerline and I'm trying to extract and delete the intersections from the ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Count number of unique raster pixels in polygon using ArcMap?

I have a polygon shapefile and I want to generate a table of a count for each pixel value in each polygon. My main goal is to find out what pixel is most abundant in each polygon. I am using ArcMap ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Creating Multi-Part Polygons that touch internally using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a set of parcels as illustrated in the image below. There are currently no multi-part features in dataset. What I would like to do is to merge (not the right word) all of the parcels with same ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Identify polygon overlaps within single shapefile

Using either QGIS (1.9) or ArcInfo (9.3.1) I'm trying to identify unique overlaps of prehistoric building footprints from an archaeological site recorded within a single polygon shapefile. While the ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Openlayers geometry: how to convert area from degrees to square kilometres?

I get a multypolygon from my web service and want to calculate the area of that polygon. I was trying to use this piece of code: var poly = new OpenLayers.Geometry.MultiPolygon(poligon); var area = ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

How to make a wedge shapefile in R?

I'm quite okay at R programming, but fairly new in GIS (especially in R). I have a set of coordinates and I'd like to create a custom shape around them. What I want to do step-by-step: Create a ...
6
votes
3answers
548 views

adjusting polygons to boundary and filling holes

here's the problem: Where: 1: department boundary 3: polygons inside department boundary that "touch" the department boundary(1). They are not necesary fitting well inside 2: holes between 1 and ...