On a map, a closed shape defined by a connected sequence of x,y coordinate pairs, where the first and last coordinate pair are the same and all other pairs are unique.

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2k views

How to remove columns in a spatial polygon data frame in R?

My spatial polygon data frame (spdf) contains too many columns (variables) and I want to remove most of the columns entirely. I know how to do this with a regular data frame in R, but I am unsure how ...
4
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2answers
150 views

“Levelling” elevation data coinciding with polygon?

I have a shapefile containing building geometries (polygons) and a elevation dataset. The elevation data doesn't perfectly match the buildings. I want to "flatten" the elevation data so that ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How to Polygonize a polyline shapefile in QGIS 2.2?

When I used QGIS 1.8, I was able to transform polyline layers to polygon layers with the Polygonizer plugin. In QGIS 2.2, this function has been subsumed into the Processing toolbox. Unfortunately, ...
4
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1answer
922 views

How to give elevation information to a polygon feature class using existing TIN file ? (geological mapping)

I'm an ArcGIS 10.1 user. My issue: I have a printed form of a map which depicts geological bodies being surface rock occurence. Additionaly, there are elevation contour lines. I digitized the map by ...
4
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1answer
2k views

ArcMap 10.1 SP Spatial Join Problem (lines within polygon)

I have a line layer (faults) and a polygon layer (fishnet grid). The fishnet has a risk of earthquake attributed to each polygon. I want to take that risk value and give it to the fault lines which ...
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4answers
2k views

How to import polygons from OSM to QGIS?

I am trying to import Polygons from OSM to QGIS 2.0, but so far I have no idea how to do that. E. g.: Kisterseg auf Tatabanya in HU: http://www.openstreetmap.org/?relation=1027806 Is there any fast ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How do I find the average distance within a polygon to a point?

For my purposes, I can assume a homogeneous distribution of points within the polygon. What I want to find is the average distance from points within a polygon to a specified point. I don't know where ...
4
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1answer
374 views

Polygon to Raster taking longer in script than in ArcMap?

I have a large dataset that I am working with. Basically I have a table with 900,000 records that I join to a geodatabase feature layer, then convert that to a raster. This process takes a total of ...
4
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3answers
1k views

How to split features?

I would like to split a shapefile in qgis according to how the polygons overlaps. Don't know how to though? See pic for explanation:
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1answer
373 views

Validating polygons for no gaps/overlaps/slivers using ArcGIS Desktop?

I would like to assess the spatial accuracy of a load of polygon shapefiles which are supposed to show air quality for a bunch of countries. Firstly I want to assess whether each shapefile has a ...
4
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2answers
356 views

How to attribute lines with IDs of touching polygons?

I have two shapefiles: one contains streets of a city and one contains blocks (i.e. polygons bounded by the streets). I would like to have the streets attributed with the IDs of the left and right ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Edit polygon borders in QGIS preserving topological correctness (planar partition)

Given a layer of polygons that is topologically perfect, i.e., has no overlaps or gaps between the polygons, is it possible to manually edit the edges of the polygons in QGIS in a way that preserves ...
4
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2answers
88 views

How to find 2nd order polygon neighbors? (and 3rd, 4th etc.)

I have a shapefile of contiguous polygons and for each pair of polygons, I need to know how many polygons are between them, following an neighboring/bordering approach. The output is likely to be a ...
4
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1answer
59 views

PostGIS point distance from polygon not 0 when on edge

I have a pretty simple problem: SELECT * FROM ST_Distance(ST_GeographyFromText('POLYGON((70 -40,70 -39,71 -39,71 -40,70 -40))'), ST_GeographyFromText('POINT(70.48 -39)'), False) returns 118....
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1answer
118 views

Weighting amount of overlapping polygons in postgis

I have two tables that I join in my existing workflow. One of these includes flood events (was a shapefile that has been imported to PostgreSQL), the other one is a grid that holds the amount of ...
4
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2answers
619 views

Counting number of points in particular polygon for list of individuals using R?

I have distribution points for a set of individuals and a file of polygons-with matching IDs. What I would like to do is to go through and for each individual find the total number of points and the ...
4
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1answer
490 views

intersection between two multipolygons yielding anomalous GeometryCollection object full of LineString's & Polygon's (trying to get intersect area)

Normally when I call the #intersection method on a multipolygon to find the intersection shape on another multipolygon I get a multipolygon returned back to me. Either that or something else I can ...
4
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1answer
434 views

Raster to vector with gaps in Landsat ETM

I need to find size of water area from a raster (jpg) using QGIS 1.8.0-Lisboa. The raster is a Landsat image with gaps of data in it. I used Polygonize, but the output file shows wrong polygon size ...
4
votes
1answer
697 views

Sub-dividing a polygon into smaller polygons

In OpenStreetMap data, some large areas are tagged with a residential=yes tag. Actually within this large polygon there are multiple smaller (rectangular) houses (which are actually not drawn as yet). ...
4
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1answer
400 views

Determining if Polygon Contains Negative Space using ArcGIS SOAP Web Service?

I am running queries against a polygon layer using the ArcGIS SOAP Web Service. A user selects a point within that layer and the resulting feature set contains PolygonN objects. Occasionally, the ...
4
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3answers
9k views

How can I calculate the center point inside a polygon in ArcGIS 9.3?

I'm using the JavaScript API 1.6 on ArcGIS 9.3. I have a polygon geometry in an ArcGIS map, and I'm trying to find a way to get the point that lies in the exact center of the geometry. What is the ...
4
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1answer
49 views

Find polygons that does not contain (any) polygons with PostGIS

New to PostGIS, I have a polygon layer of water catchment areas which are formed by the specific monitoring points along the river upstream. For example, on one river, there could be multiple areas, ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Altering elevation of specific cells in raster layer of QGIS?

I'm looking to alter the height of some cells within a raster and it's been suggested that I do this by creating a polygon layer and use that as a mask to alter only the heights of cells within the ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Add column to point data of whether point falls inside polygon

This seems like it should be fairly simple, but have been having quite a bit of trouble. I am no expert in ArcGIS for Desktop I have: one layer of points, and 4 polygons, which partly overlap I can ...
4
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4answers
189 views

Google Earth Polygon surface area to follow the curvature of the earth model

Question: When drawing a polygon in Google Earth with latitude, longitude and elevation values at each node, how do you ensure that the surface area of the polygon also represents the desired ...
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2answers
1k views

How to programmatically delete all inner rings of a polygon layer?

I have many polygon layers, each layer containing many polygons with inner rings. I know that you can delete a ring manually with QGis (Edit -> Delete ring). I need the python equivalent to ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

Showing Linestring from SQL statement with CartoDB

I have cartodb sql statement to return what polygons are intersected by a linestring, but I'd like to have the linestring visualized over the polygons on the results. Also not add the linestring to ...
4
votes
3answers
327 views

How to compute the outline of multiple tracks?

I have multiple gps tracks with depth data gathered from the lake. The tracks are overlapping/intersecting. I want to get an outline polygon. I have a multi-line shp. I've tried to diffuse it in qgis ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

How to map flood areas from a set of points containing surface and height of water?

I am working on the damages made by the typhoon Haiyan. I use QGIS 2.0 with extensions and toolbox, and MapInfo. I have vectors, rasters of the place. I want to map the flood area along the ...
4
votes
1answer
560 views

How to delete one polygon from a multi polygon record in a spatialite database using QGIS

I have a spatialite database with multi polygon records within the database. When i try to edit these records i cannot delete just one of the polgons for a specific record. It only allows me to delete ...
4
votes
1answer
357 views

Splitting polygons leaves null values

I'm trying to split polygons with overlaping line features, using Split Polygons tool from Topology toolbar. The problem I encounter is that only one from new polygons have old attributes and others ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Arcgis 10: Point layer, polygon line layer, draw points to the nearest polygon point or other nearest line?

I have been using arcGIS for a while now but I often get frustrated with it :( I have version 10.0 arcGIS and I'm have two layers 1) Point data (building locations) 2) a polygon shape file (outline ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How can i select a polygon in MS SQL 2008

I am very new to MS SQL 2008. I got a task to select a polygon from the polygon layer by giving the X-Y coordinates. I already got the script for PostgreSQL for the same thing, but i need it for MS ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Create overlapping polygons from contour lines

Working in ArcGIS 10, I have a set of contour lines representing density of commercial square footage, and I have a set of points representing local maxima for each peak of the dataset. For each ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

How to create random points in overlapping polygons?

I have a shapefile with ~1840 polygons, many of which overlap. I'm trying to find a way to create 1000 random points per polygon, based on polygon ID. I don't see a way to this using the GUI Random ...
4
votes
2answers
58 views

Display multiple identical polygons (with different attributes) on map

I need to create maps of multiple species in a certain area. However sometimes multiple species occurr in the exact same area. This results in two identical polygons on top of each other. Many of ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

How to extract a buffer layer from a vast amount of individual buffers around polygons using ArcMap?

I have a vector layer containing nearly 8000 singlepart polygons. It looks like this: I want statistics on the area that is further than 2,5m away from any border. I thought I could do this by ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

Remove sliver gaps between polygons with R

Is there a way to eliminate the small "slivers" between polygons using R? The desired solution would create a new SpatialPolygonsDataFrame where the shared boundaries between polygons are coincident. ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

How to find the distance from a point to a polygon, via another point, in R

I am trying to calculate the distances between a central point, and the edge of a polygon, along straight lines drawn between the central point and another set of points (where necessary extended ...
4
votes
1answer
857 views

Edit existing polygons to include several new nodes

I want to define catchments which are quite large from vector contour data. I normally start zoomed out to define the catchment generally as it is easier to see. I then zoom in and refine the ...
4
votes
2answers
904 views

Find all street names or addresses within a polygon

I have a geojson list of lat/long coordinates that make up a custom polygon of a section of my county. Ideally I would like to be able to find all the addresses that are within the polygon boundaries. ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting shapefile to raster: Character attributes

I've got a shapefile that I would like to convert into a raster, but the trick is that the attribute I want a raster version of is character data. I'm familiar with geoprocessing using GDAL (in the ...
4
votes
1answer
321 views

Merge polygon without attribute (in field) with nearest polygon with attribute

In the image you can see districts in BLUE with attributes (name of district) and small pieces in RED. The red polygons belong to the blue and I want to merge them. The RED are only towards the ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Postgis 2.0 geographic polygon has max longitudinal range

My problem is that I have a load of geographic point data (srid 4326) in a table. A user may do a bounding box search - essentially create a polygon as follows: l_poly geography(Polygon,4326):= '...
4
votes
1answer
835 views

Merging partially overlapping polygons into a table in PostGIS

I have a couple of tables (three) with polygons (landuse coverage in this case). Within each table, there is no overlap, but between tables there might be a lot of overlap. I would like to combine ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to split a polygon using R

I have an irregular polygon which is a spatial object. I want to divide it into multiple polygons (say, n=25) with equal height. To show how I want to divide it, I've plotted grids on the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

GDAL - creating vector from raster

[SOLVED] Good day! I'm looking at either gdal_contour or gdal_polygonize.py to create a vector layer file from a raster file. I can create the vector file using either method, but it's upside down ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Convert shapefile lines to a polygon in GRASS

I have a shapefile of a map that is the outline of a number of islands. I would like to convert the lines into polygons (ie all islands filled in) using GRASS. I searched on how to do this with GRASS ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Change feature class from ESRI native geometry to SQL Server geography

Original question: I have found a lot of documentation on importing and using query layers from SQL Server into ArcCatalog/ArcMap/etc. However, when you change the projection of a feature class or use ...
4
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1answer
61 views

Reshape polygon to boundary of other polygon

I have two polygons. The first one has a white background and brown boundary. To othr has the pink background. how is it possible to reshape to first polygon to the boundary of the other polygon?