On a map, a closed shape defined by a connected sequence of x,y coordinate pairs, where the first and last coordinate pair are the same and all other pairs are unique.

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26
votes
7answers
29k views

Removing small spaces (slivers) between polygons?

I have a set of polygons representing administrative districts. The districts were digitized by hand, and there are small spaces (slivers) between polygons where the polygons should be touching. How ...
7
votes
2answers
15k views

How to calculate polygon areas and perimeters using QGIS?

Using QGIS, if I load a polygon layer and make a new column, how do I fill that column with the: area of each polygon and another column with length of the perimeter of each polygon?
25
votes
4answers
7k views

Separate polygons based on intersection using PostGIS

I have a PostGIS table of polygons where some intersect with one another. This is what I'm trying to do: For a given polygon selected by id, give me all of the polygons that intersect. Basically, ...
11
votes
3answers
12k views

Converting Polygon into single or all Points using QGIS?

I want to convert polygons into points using QGIS. I know how it's done in ArcGIS Desktop.
16
votes
8answers
29k views

Extracting coordinates of polygon vertices in ArcMap?

I've got about a dozen polygons in a feature class loaded in ArcMap 10, all in geographic WGS 1984. How do I easily obtain the coordinates associated with each vertex of each polygon in that feature ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Packing Polygons within polygon

I have a Boolean raster. In the grey areas of the raster I would like to fit a given size polygon within a contiguous extent. Basically, I have an irregular polygon, and i would like to "fit" a ...
12
votes
2answers
7k views

How to check Topology in QGIS?

I have two Shapefiles with Polygons ( City and Forerst) Is there a Plugin who is able check the topology (QGIS)? Like "Knots do not overlap" or something like that? I dont want that they overlap. ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Finding centrelines from polygons in QGIS?

I was wondering if there is a way to create centre lines from polygons in QGIS? I have a polygon layer, but ideally need the centrelines as a separate file.
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How can I transform a polygon to a linestring in QGIS?

I have a polygon, imported from a shapefile in QGIS. I would like transform it to a linestring instead so I can save it as a GPX file later. How can I transform a polygon to a linestring in QGIS?
14
votes
4answers
25k views

How to convert .shp to .csv including attributes AND geometry?

I have a .shp file with 60k+ entries, all of which are polygons with corresponding attributes (acreage totals, landowner names, tax ID #s, etc.). What I ultimately need is a .csv file with all of ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Using polygons to apply unique value to all raster cells within those polygons?

In ArcGIS 9.3, I have a raster file that I would like to "mask" with polygons, giving a single value to all the raster cells that overlap the polygons. How can I do this? Here's a screen shot, ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

Joining polygons in R

I am wondering how to join spatial polygons using R code? I'm working with census data where certain areas change over time and I wish to join the polygons and the corresponding data and simply ...
8
votes
4answers
38k views

How to create polygons from lines?

I am trying to create polygons from a line layer of lots and concessions (large blocks of land in rural areas). The lines are mainly grid style as they intersect mostly at right angles. I need to ...
23
votes
3answers
7k views

How can I calculate the average width of a polygon?

I'm interested in examining the average width of a polygon that represents the road surface. I also have the road centerline as a vector (which is sometimes not exactly in the center). In this example ...
13
votes
4answers
9k views

How to insert a GeoJSON polygon into a PostGIS table?

I need to insert a polygon from GeoJSON to my PostGIS table. This is how the SQL query looks like. INSERT INTO tablename (name, polygon) VALUES ( 'Name', ST_GeomFromGeoJSON ( { ...
6
votes
4answers
16k views

How to Merge/Dissolve Polygons By Common Attribute Field in QGIS?

I have joined corresponding Local Enterprise Partnerships table data into a polygon shape file containing UK Local Authorities. How do I Dissolve or Merge the the Local Authorities polygons by ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Creating Multi-Part Polygons that touch internally using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a set of parcels as illustrated in the image below. There are currently no multi-part features in dataset. What I would like to do is to merge (not the right word) all of the parcels with same ...
2
votes
3answers
444 views

Convert surveyor's calls in excel table to polygon shapefile

Do you know of a way to take surveyor's calls from an excel file (for example: N35-45-15W 60.0 ft, etc) and have them generate polygon shapefiles point by point in GIS? I know you can easily do this ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Identify Polygons on raster image

I have OS street view mapping as raster images. Is it possible (without the obvious of tracing each dwelling) to identify all polygons on each tile. To clarify, My ultimate aim is to produce a ...
1
vote
1answer
902 views

How to go with…somewhat complex geological maps in QGIS?

Just a follow-up to this question QGIS: Line to polygon conversion. Not sure do i have to continue there itself... We are currently digitizing a geological map...which has 36 features in total. Some ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to spatially join polygon fields onto a point layer in QGIS?

I have gridded depth points in CSV format that I'm trying to add other map data to, in additional columns. I've tried joining fields, hoping that I could link the Shapefile data to the csv, but when I ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Splitting all polygon features in a shapefile into smaller equal width polygons

I have a shapefile of thousands of polygon features, that i would like to break up into smaller pieces (i.e. break a square into 8 equal pieces). I have read all over these boards for the right ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

Instantiating spatial polygon without using a shape file in R

So, the usual way we read a shapefile in R is via the maptools package, like this: sfdata <- readShapeSpatial("/path/to/my/shapefile.shp", proj4string=CRS("+proj=longlat")) However, I have a use ...
12
votes
9answers
26k views

Get boundary of raster image as polygon in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a rectangular raster image in ArcGIS. My question is: how can I produce a polygon which is just the extent of the raster image? That is, I want to have a polygon layer with a single ...
10
votes
5answers
31k views

How to split a polygon into multiple equal-width polygons in ArcMap 10?

I am adding parking spaces into a parking lot, and I need them to be exactly the same shape and not overlap each other or have spaces between. In ArcMap 9.3, there was an editing task that allowed you ...
3
votes
0answers
194 views

How to estimate the average width of a sidewalk? [duplicate]

I have a table with two polygons representing urban block with and without the sidewalk: geomBlock and geomBlockWithSidewalk. On my city we can approximate the polygons of geomBlockWithSidewalk to a ...
12
votes
5answers
5k views

Get Raster Values from a Polygon Overlay in Opensource GIS Solutions

I have two layers. A polygon-shape-layer with many tiles and a raster-layer containing CORINE 2006 land cover with many categories in a colourmap. I want to obtain for each polygon in the shapelayer a ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Easily calculate “roundness/compactness” of a polygon

I am trying to find ways to quantitatively describe the shapes of various polygons. For my project, these polygons represent lakes, rivers, lagoons, and parks. So they can be almost any shape. One ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Rgeos drops associated values when intersecting polygons

I am trying to intersect two SpatialPolygonsDataFrames and get a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame as the result. Unfortunately, using the gIntersection function from rgeos (which works impressively quickly ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Clip raster using shapefile into multiple rasters using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster file representing a large area and a shapefile of 30 polygons representing watersheds. I would like to clip the raster with the shapefile to create 30 rasters representing each ...
8
votes
6answers
4k views

Lines to Polygons

I have failed to find the "name" of the algorithm that would allow one to convert lines to polygons. Since this issues crosses GIS and the fields of computational geometry and computer science. I am ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Cut polygon shapefile by line shapefile

I have two shapefiles, a polygon shapefile (lake) and a line shapefile (boudary) I want to create a new shapefile "polygon to the north of the boundary" What tool can I use in QGIS or other free ...
4
votes
4answers
943 views

Creating polygons as % of original area using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a polygon shapefile and need to create new polygons, within the originals, as % of original area. I used buffer by field (Field= new area as %) but the buffers are created in circles around ...
17
votes
6answers
8k views

Generate points that lie inside polygon

I have polygon feature and want to be able to generate points inside it. I need this for one classification task. Generating random points until one is inside the polygon wouldn't work because it's ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Creating Thiessen (Voronoi) polygons using lines (rather than points) as the input features?

I have a set of line features inside a particular polygonal boundary. For each line, I'd like to generate a polygon inside which every possible point is closer to the given line than to any other line ...
9
votes
6answers
8k views

How to remove only donut holes from polygons using ArcGIS Desktop?

I am using ArcGIS Desktop 10.0. I have a trick for removing the donut holes, which is converting the polygon to line and then creating polygon out of the lines and in the end merging all of them. ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to perform a true GIS clip of polygons layer using a polygon layer in R?

I would like to do a true GIS Clip in R of soils polygons using a series of single boundary polygons, but I cannot find an R function to properly do it. It should work just like the CLIP function in ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Creating square grid polygon shapefile with Python?

I have the following coordinates minx, maxx, miny ,maxy = 448262.080078, 450360.750122, 6262492.020081, 6262938.950073 I wish to create a square grid of size 1 m using python. import math ...
11
votes
6answers
5k views

How to find the boundary co-ordinates from a given set of co-ordinates

Given a set of coordinates, How do we find the boundary coordinates. <== Figure 1 Given the coordinates in the above set, How can I get the coordinates on the red boundary. Boundary is the polygon ...
2
votes
1answer
525 views

Optimizing ArcPy code to cut polygon?

There is a lot of nested loops and wondering of ways I could speed up this code? Any ideas? Note: This requires ArcMap 10.2 def cut_geometry(to_cut, cutter): """ Cut a feature by a line, ...
8
votes
4answers
173 views

How to create a polygon connecting the endpoints of multiple lines using python?

I'm trying to figure out how to create a polygon that connects all the endpoints of a shapefile containing a set of polyilnes with pythonscript in ArcGIS, I'm having trouble doing this as the order of ...
6
votes
1answer
497 views

How to draw shapes with highest possible decimal accuracy

I am trying to read input of lat and long to draw the shape based on condition.The input is standard array of lat and long with 15 decimal accuracy. I am realizing - I am loosing some decimal accuracy ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I rotate the polygon about an anchor point using python script?

I know there would be no tool in arcpy module as such but mignt have in third party modules. I however tried taking the vertices of the polygon and moving using the below formula. but did not get the ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How to remove small “salt & pepper” polygons from a layer?

I have a map made up of multiple polygons, with a few hundred thousand points very small polygons on within it. I need the larger polygons, but not the points small polygons. How do I select and ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Polygon label repeated for each tile

I'm using the standalone GeoWebCache to serv tiles from a remote GeoServer. My problem is that the polygon label is added to each one of the tiles served, instead of only once in the polygon centroid. ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the size of a particular area below a buffer in QGIS

I have a point shapefile of villages where data was collected in Northern Kenya. I created a buffer around those villages. The second vector layer contains polygons defining areas according to ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Converting Longitude and Latitude Coordinates to Square Miles?

I have a set of Long and Lat co-ordinates making up a five point polygon which I have converted in excel using the following formula: ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to Select “Inverse” of intersection of two polygon layers?

I'm wondering if there's a way to intersect two polygon layers, take the intersection, and remove that from one of the polygon layers, making a new layer out of whatever is left over? Basically, the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

find polygon corner coordinates

I am trying to get the coordinates of each node of the polygon I create. I would like the attribute table to display the name of the polygon (ex. address) and then the coordinates of the nodes (ex. ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to perform a cascaded combine from python script in QGIS?

I'm working with a large dataset, and I need to be able to combine up to 400,000 polygons. I have been using the QgsGeometry::combine(QgsGeometry* geometry) function and simply looping over all ...