PostGIS is an extension for the PostgreSQL object-relational database that adds support for geographic objects.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

26
votes
6answers
13k views

Shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table?

I was wondering if there is such a thing as an shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table? Something that can translate the most standard shapefile PRJ definitions into the likely SRID. When using ...
66
votes
5answers
23k views

Spatial clustering with PostGIS

I'm looking for spatial clustering algorithm for using it within PostGIS-enabled database for point features. I'm going to write plpgsql function that takes distance between points within the same ...
27
votes
4answers
5k views

Bulk load multiple shapefiles into PostGIS

I've got over a hundred data layers in shapefile format that I want to upload into a PostGIS database. They are all in the same projection, but represent different data layers so they do not have the ...
32
votes
5answers
7k views

Curved point-to-point “route maps”

I have recently been looking at airlines web pages that display their routes departing a certain city to all other cities they service. I would like to be able to create similar curved routes between ...
47
votes
4answers
13k views

What are the pros and cons of PostGIS geography and geometry types?

My company uses geometry (the_geom) data type for storing geospatial data. I've recently been acquainted to the concept of geography (the_geog) data type which, as I understand it, stores the SRID ...
37
votes
2answers
10k views

How to create a regular polygon grid in PostGIS?

How to create, on the shape of a polygon, a regular grid of polygons/squares of an given size, in postgis? I have thought about a function like Create regular point grid in Postgis only for squares, ...
27
votes
11answers
8k views

Alternatives to pgRouting

I was wondering if there are any alternatives to pgRouting tools. Thinking about it for a bit, I think the only alternative is to use R or RPY to do the analysis. Basically I'm trying to solve ...
35
votes
6answers
17k views

How to use PostgreSQL/PostGIS with ArcGIS for Desktop? [duplicate]

Has anyone used PostgreSQL with PostGIS successfully? I am a semi-experienced ArcGIS user and want to build out a database and connect it to ArcCatalog. I've scoured the internet for resources but ...
28
votes
4answers
8k views

Separate polygons based on intersection using PostGIS

I have a PostGIS table of polygons where some intersect with one another. This is what I'm trying to do: For a given polygon selected by id, give me all of the polygons that intersect. Basically, ...
33
votes
2answers
20k views

How to change the SRID of exisisting data in PostGIS?

While importing my shapefile data to PostGIS, I did not select the proper Projection. How do I now change the SRID of the data, without transforming the Coordinates?
35
votes
3answers
16k views

How to make a spatial view in PostGIS and add it as a layer in QGIS?

In PostGIS 2.0, what is the most efficient way to create a spatially enabled view that is viewable in QGIS? I followed the context of Part 2 of @Mike Toews answer to this question, and the view ...
48
votes
2answers
7k views

Acquiring ArcGIS-like speed in Postgis

I have been using Postgis 2.0 for 3/4 of a year now and while I really enjoy using it, excessive query processing time has rendered it basically unusable for my use case. I tend to do heavy ...
31
votes
11answers
19k views

How to connect to PostGIS database from ArcMap?

How can I connect to a PostGIS database from ArcMap? Solutions for ArcGIS 9.3, 10.0 and later are acceptable. Ideally, I would like to be able to perform spatially enabled queries and receive the ...
24
votes
7answers
10k views

Nearest neighbor between point layer and line layer?

I've asked this question several times on stackoverflow and irc between #qgis and #postgis and I also tried to code it or implement it my self in postgis with no real answer. Using programming (most ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

Which function for creating a POINT in PostGIS?

When defining a Point in PostGIS, when do you decide to use which of the following? ST_SetSRID(ST_MakePoint(lon,lat),4326) ST_SetSRID(ST_Point(long,lat),4326) ST_SetSRID(ST_GeomFromText('POINT(lon ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

How to calculate the maximum distance within a polygon in x-direction (east-west direction) in PostGIS?

I am interested in the maximum width of a polygon, e.g. a lake, in the east-west direction. Bounding boxes will help only in simple polygons but not in complex concave polygons.
46
votes
7answers
6k views

Best practices for PostGIS production environments?

What PostGIS documentation have you come across that has been helpful when tuning PostGIS for a production environment? I would like to get together with my DBA to setup a Postgresql/PostGIS ...
22
votes
5answers
5k views

How to create regular point grid inside a polygon in Postgis?

How to create, inside a polygon, a regular grid of point spaced x,y in postgis? Like the example:
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Simplifying polygons to linestring

I would like to simplify some polygons that represent rivers into linestrings. I assume that holes in polygons can be omitted. Anybody has some good idea how to simply do it? It would be nice, if it ...
75
votes
9answers
9k views

Getting started with PostGIS?

I have been reading a lot about PostGIS, but I am struggling to find a good beginner's guide. Which tutorials/books do you recommend?
30
votes
4answers
8k views

How can I calculate the average width of a polygon?

I'm interested in examining the average width of a polygon that represents the road surface. I also have the road centerline as a vector (which is sometimes not exactly in the center). In this example ...
24
votes
4answers
19k views

Select bounding box using postgis

I want to create a query to select all ways and their nodes that exist within a bounding box using postGIS. The bounding box shall includes all details as osmosis "--bounding-box" command will ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

How to create one-sided buffers or parallel lines in PostGIS?

I'm looking for a way to create so-called one-sided buffers or parallel lines in PostGIS. Example: 1. buffer, 2. one-side, 3. both-sides I've found some discussion on the mailing list from 2009 and ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I convert geomagnetic coordinates to geographic coordinates without doing the math myself?

I have some data which are in geomagnetic coordinates; that is, they are latitude and longitude, but in reference to the magnetic north pole in Canada rather than the geographic north pole. As you ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Nearest Neighbor calculation in PostGIS

I'm learning how to use PostGIS and spatial databases for analysis. What I am trying to do is perform a calculation to get the distance for the nearest polygon in a file, using the edge calculation, ...
20
votes
6answers
6k views

Dealing with data that spreads across UTM Zones?

I have data that spreads across two UTM Zones GDA/MGA94 UTM Zone 55 and 56. I have layers such as a cadastre, roads, pipelines etc where I want to store measurements like lengths and areas in metres ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How to emulate Google Maps driving directions using pgRouting?

Would like to emulate google maps' driving directions functionality but use pgRouting instead. google's data over the project area & scale is quite a bit off so we want to use our own transport ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Split lines into non-overlapping subsets based on points

Given a table with line geometry, and one or more points that are snapped to this line in a separate table, I would like to split each line with one or more intersecting points at each of the ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How to use ST_DelaunayTriangles to construct a Voronoi diagram?

With PostGIS 2.1+ we can use ST_DelaunayTriangles() to generate a Delaunay triangulation, that is a dual graph of its Voronoi diagram, and, in theory, they have an exact and reversible conversion. ...
13
votes
4answers
12k views

How to insert a GeoJSON polygon into a PostGIS table?

I need to insert a polygon from GeoJSON to my PostGIS table. This is how the SQL query looks like. INSERT INTO tablename (name, polygon) VALUES ( 'Name', ST_GeomFromGeoJSON ( { ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Using PostgreSQL with QGIS and ArcGIS?

Is it possible to use PostgreSQL with QGIS and ArcGIS? i.e. one database for different clients. Is it anything that I have worry or any problems to use the DBMS from two different software? I know ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

PostGIS nearest point with ST_Distance

I need to obtain on each element on one table the closest point of another table. The first table contains traffic signs and the second one the Entrance Halls of the town. The thing is that I can't ...
19
votes
2answers
15k views

How can I get a shapefile from a postgis query?

My data is in a PostGIS database. I would like to generate a shapefile from a query. How can I do that?
25
votes
2answers
54k views

How to insert a point into postgis?

I have created one table in my Postgis. But I can not insert point. I do not know what's wrong with my query? CREATE TABLE app ( p_id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ); SELECT AddGeometryColumn('app','...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Selecting by bounding box with PostGIS

I have a large dataset in a PostGIS database. I am viewing it via a web interface that loads the data as GeoJSON. There is too much data to give the client all at once (10s of MBs worth...) so I would ...
25
votes
3answers
10k views

How to reproject all geometries in a PostGIS table?

I created a spatial table with SRID:4326. Now I want to change total projection to SRID:32644 into a new table. The old table should remain unchanged.
8
votes
1answer
744 views

How can I transform polylines into points every n metres in PostGIS?

Question in pretty much the same as this, but I need to use PostGIS. I have a number of polylines, and want to trasform them into points every n metres along these lines. edit: Thanks a lot to ...
15
votes
3answers
10k views

Is there a dissolve function in PostGIS other than st_union?

I'm looking for a function to dissolve shared boundaries between polygon features in a table. ST_UNION() almost does what I'm looking for, but it creates a multipolygon from all polygons in the layer ...
19
votes
4answers
4k views

Generalisation Strategies for Building Outlines

I have a dataset of building footprints vectorised from a raster dataset. The dataset is currently just a vector representation of the raster data. I would like a polygon dataset that only has ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the implications of invalid geometries

I've imported some data in a Postgis database and some of the geometries are reported invalid (ST_IsValidReason reports self-intersection or ring self-intersection). The queries I am performing don't ...
15
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the Difference between Geometric and Geographic columns? [duplicate]

I am a beginner in GIS and Learning PostGIS. I came across this two terms Geom and Geog, Could anyone explain in brief. What is the best to use with map data and Do all functions support both Geom and ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculate distances between series of points in postgis

I have a postgres/postgis table containing a series of sequential points. I want to add a new column to the table which contains the distance between each point and the first one, and so forth until ...
6
votes
2answers
923 views

How to symbolize features with NULL values in graduated symbology?

I have a polygon feature dataset, and an attribute from a different table that I join (one-to-one) within QGIS in order to symbolise the attributes as a choropleth map. However, not all polygon fields ...
9
votes
3answers
15k views

Converting MultiLinestring to Linestring with PostGIS?

I have a multiline string and want to convert it to a linestring in order to use some functions that only work with linestrings. I used ST_Dump() and got a collection of my geometries. If I merge them ...
4
votes
2answers
859 views

Is Shooting Star broken in PGRouting 1.05?

I'm using pgrouting DLL 1.05 with postgresql 9.1. All required function installed. Astar and Dijkstra work fine with sample data but "SHOOTING STAR" is not considering "reverse_cost". Also if i try ...
3
votes
0answers
194 views

How to estimate the average width of a sidewalk? [duplicate]

I have a table with two polygons representing urban block with and without the sidewalk: geomBlock and geomBlockWithSidewalk. On my city we can approximate the polygons of geomBlockWithSidewalk to a ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Connect to postgres localhost in QGIS

I am firly new to actively work with databases. I wanted to try out some stuff on my home computer where I have installed pgadmin and postgres previously. I can connect to my localhost in pgadmin but ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

How to import GeoTIFF via postGIS into GeoServer?

As a simple test case, I'm trying to configure the software stack of OpenGeo such that I can display a GeoTIFF as an overlay to a normal map like OSM. So I perform the following steps: Create a ...
4
votes
4answers
360 views

How to assign geometry to records in a table that contain an ID of a geometry point?

We are looking to map out 'incidents' at schools, but the incident table, which contains a few thousand records, only has a school number (plus the incident data). The table format is an Excel ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How to find nearest line from point using PostGIS?

I have a table of Roads in PostGIS which geometry is "geometry(MultiLineString,4326)". Its attribute are gid osm_id name ref type oneway bridge maxspeed geom Now i want to know ...