A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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2
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2answers
26 views

QGIS doesn't create the correct projections when creating new shp files

I recieved shapefiles exported from ArcGIS with EPSG:2227 as the CRS, which should be: +proj=lcc +lat_1=38.43333333333333 +lat_2=37.06666666666667 +lat_0=36.5 +lon_0=-120.5 +x_0=2000000.0001016 ...
4
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0answers
28 views

How do ESRI and QGIS calculate scale values of geographic projections?

Does anyone know how (from which location) scale values are calculated in ESRI products and QGIS for geographic projections? The only thing I've noticed is that QGIS is changing scales when you pan ...
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2answers
63 views

How do I convert Geo-Coordinates to Pixel-Coordinates on a Map?

I have an image file that is a Robinson Projection Map of the world. I have a list of geo-coordinates. I would like to find the pixel-coordinates on the map that correspond to my the geo-coordinates I ...
8
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2answers
174 views
+250

A global, grid-like projection for creating heatmaps

I'm putting together an application where I need to create a vector grid which will be used to store and display a heatmap. It has the following requirements: Can cover the entire planet. The vast ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Striping Artifact in Aster DEM Mosaic

I'm working with SRTM and ASTER data for a university project. My goal is to delineate watersheds and evaluation of these with ArcGis 10 and ArcHydro. But a striping error occurs with the flow ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Change projections depending on the zoom level

Is it possible in ArcGis (from a technology/performance/… point of view) to switch projections depending on the zoom level? For example, Is it possible when zooming at some extent to the poles, my ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Crop and reproject shapefile based on GeoTIFF sample

I have GeoTIFF with these attributes: Size is 495, 309 Coordinate System is: PROJCS["unnamed", GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse", DATUM["unknown", SPHEROID["unnamed",6370000,0]], ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

1944 Cyprus Grid coordinate data projection problem in MapInfo

I have coordinate data from the 1944 British Army General Staff, Geographical Section (GSGS) Cyprus map which was cast on the Cassini projection, but was referenced to the Clarke 1880 ellipsoid where ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Tiled raster image to be placed in an OSM/ Leaflet.js map

I have a mapoverlay in a custom projection which I need to add as a layer to an Openstreet map within a website. Since I was not able to change the projection earlier, I decided to manipulate the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Issue with gdal getprojection and setprojection returning different information

I am using Landsat imagery from the USGS. Those who use them may know that the projection attribute is wrong (everything is in the Northern hemisphere). I have a script to process tar.gz files and ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

GDAL - projection from pixels to geo coordinates

I am using GDAL library in C++. On my dataset, I have obtained geo transform with GetGeoTransform to GT array (GCP is NULL). Than I use this values for this equation (Source): Xgeo = GT(0) + ...
2
votes
2answers
324 views

How do I reproject one raster to match another's in GRASS

I have two raster layers, A and B, which have information about the same location but have different projections and datums. How can I reproject layer A to match the projection and datum of layer B? ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Equal Area Projection for Central Ethiopia (37N)

Can anybody please tell me what is the best equal area projection for central highlands of Ethiopia. I am assuming Albers Equal Area Projection. Any suggestions?
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to transform data points from WGS84 to NAD27?

Preface: I have a set of lat and long data points from Google Maps, which I believe are in WGS84. My project data is in NAD27(BLM14). These points are in West Texas, where NAD27 differs from WGS84 by ...
4
votes
2answers
46 views

Projected coordinate system for South America

Does anybody have any suggestions for a projected coordinate system for the Northern part of South America? I have a data set that reaches from Venezuela to Southern Peru and I'd like to do some ...
-2
votes
1answer
51 views

Identifying projection for shapefile with unknown coordinate system, no z values and no measures? [duplicate]

I am attempting to create a GIS Project with multiple Brazilian cities. I have been collecting, and am interested in, shapefiles that delineate the neighborhood boundaries of said cities. One city's ...
29
votes
10answers
8k views

Identifying Coordinate System of Shapefile when Unknown?

I have a Shapefile but its coordinate system is Unknown, and there is no *.prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Custom projection with mapnik

I would like to superimpose openstreetmap data over a raster image, using mapnik. My problem is that this image is not in a projection being defined by a SRS, I have some non-linear algorithm to run ...
1
vote
2answers
591 views

Calculating bounding box coordinates based on center and radius

I need to calculate a bounding box for osm query. I get coordinates of center of the area (WGS84) and radius (meters). How can I do it? I though about using some kind of projection, calculating ...
2
votes
1answer
338 views

OpenLayers and custom Proj4 Projection

ok so I'm a newbee in using OpenLayers. I try to map some planetary data on my webMap server using OpenLayers. I defined a proj4 projection as follow: Proj4js.defs["MYDATUM"] = "+proj=longlat ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

How to generate map tiles with TileStache and a custom projection

I would like to generate my own map tiles using TileStache and a custom projection. I have been struggling with this for quite some time and am hoping I can get some advice to get the tiles to ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Help projecting Austria data with QGIS

I'm trying to reproject this dataset from Austria Statistik Geodata. Data comes in "MGI_Austria_Lambert", and I'm trying to reproject to WGS84 What I'm doing is Saving layer as... and selecting ...
8
votes
3answers
738 views

What kinds of line segments/edges require high accuracy in a true surface-of-the-ellipsoid representation?

I've been musing (and doing prototype coding) for a 'projection free' geographic codebase with your basic point, line & polygon primitives. Rather than dealing with all the sacrifices that come ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How do you clip a gnomonic or stereographic azimuthal projection?

I have polygons comprised of lat/lon coordinates and I want to project them onto a plane that's appropriate for polygon operations (such as checking for intersections). In some cases, the polygons ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Changing map projection and adding graphic features in projected coordinate system using ArcGIS API for JavaScript?

I'm having some problems with the ArcGIS API for JavaScript. I have a web service that traces an electric network and sends back JSON with point and polyline (path) geometry. I've created a function ...
1
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0answers
41 views

ArcGIS WGS84 Web Mercator Vs. WGS84 UTM zone 15N: Very different distance dimensions

I am working in ArgGIS 10.1 with a field (raster layer in tif format) in which I have placed two points (.shp layer). I have two versions of both layers, resulting four layers: one tif+shp set in CRS ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Pyproj: converting WGS84 to Robinson

I have a WGS84 coordinate pair (37.7749295, -122.4194155). I have an image that is a Robinson Map Projection of the world. I'm trying to write a python script to locate my WGS84 coordinate on my ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Google layers not matching

I'm working in a project with whole Europe data. I'm working with WGS84 (4326), and sometimes I overlay my polygons with Google maps layer (in QGIS) to see some details. When I do this, I have to ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection Inverse Transform after Fitting Ellipse to Noisy LLA Data

I'm using Python and Basemaps to convert some Lat Lon data to the LCC projection and back again. Since it is noisy data representing the footprint of a satellite, I am filtering it and fitting an ...
31
votes
2answers
16k views

EPSG 3857 or 4326 for GoogleMaps, OpenStreetMap and Leaflet

The discussion at What is the difference between WGS84 and EPSG4326? shows that 4326 is just the EPSG identifier of WGS84.. Wikipedia entries for Google Maps and OpenStreetMap shows that they both ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

using PostGIS to calculate distance of a route over a large area

I'm new to PostGIS and looking to measure the distance of the Pacific Crest Trail which spans western North America from Canada to Mexico. I have a data set containing the lat lon and dates from GPX ...
20
votes
6answers
13k views

Defining projections for multiple shapefiles in ArcMap?

I have over 100 shape files that don't have .prj file and thus when I bring them into ArcMap 10 they show the coordinate system as unknown. I know all of the shape files coordinate system is GCS WGS ...
7
votes
1answer
114 views

What are the pros and cons of forcing square pixels on reprojection?

I am using Erdas Imagine 2014 to reproject 4-band raster data from GRS 1980 NAD83 Lambert Conformal Conic (ft) to UTM GRS 1980 NAD83 North UTM Zone 11 (m). Unlike ArcGIS, Erdas provides the option to ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Unable to save to in Geojson format with the correct projection

I have a shape file (Polygon) in Qgis that I wish to save in Geojson in order to display it with the mapbox javascript api. Original projection is in POSGAR 97 My issue is that it does not reproject ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Cause of MODIS Reprojection Tool errors?

I have installed the MODIS Reprojection Tool (mrt) and it says the installation completed successfully but it does not mosaic my images properly. However, there seems to be some projection errors. ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Arcmap: transform an image from Web Mercator Projection to Simple Cylindrical (Plate Carree) projection

I have an image that is projected using the Web Mercator projection. Does anybody know how to transform (in Arcmap) this image from the Web Mercator projection to the Simple Cylindrical (Plate Carree) ...
8
votes
1answer
175 views

Mercator bias plot in Leaflet

I was inspired by this wikipedia image from the mercator projections page to hack around with leaflet. The idea was to interactively have your cursor move a continent and that it would be corrected ...
125
votes
12answers
28k views

What's the difference between a projection and a datum?

What's the difference between a projection and a datum?
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Vector seems to be only a pixel of a raster after reprojection

I have the South America hydro1k data for slopes and I am trying to extract the data using point sampling tool with a grid in Brazil's map. My problem is that, even though vector and raster seem to ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

How to reproject from Clarke_1880_RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA?

I am unable to reproject Marseille shapefiles from Clarke 1880 RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA. I know that Clarke is a geographic coordinate system and it has no datum. I have tried ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

How to re-project the EASE (Equal Area Scalable Earth) grid with a ~25 km cylindrical projection to WGS84 0.25 degree?

I have nc files ,here is one file https://echange-fichiers.inra.fr/get?k=LUfqiyO1Dl7az5bihnS. from the metadata ,the projection is cylindrical and the resolution is 25 km: ...
5
votes
1answer
416 views

Determining Natural Origin for a GeoTIFF file (Lambert Conic)

I am trying to display an existing GeoTIFF file (from the FAA WAC set) in an application that requires the GeoTIFF NaturalOriginLongitude tag (FalconView 5.1.1). There are some older files in that set ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Misaligned GADM shapefiles and the NE dataset

I am very new to using GIS programs, so please excuse me if this is a trivial question. I'm having the following problem: When adding a GADM shapefile layer for Uganda onto the Natural Earth set of ...
20
votes
4answers
14k views

Layers with same coordinate system should align/overlap but do not?

I put 4 different layers into my ArcMap document, but only one of them will show up on the map! I should be seeing the other 3 layers as well. When I do a Zoom to layer, I can see one layer, but I ...
0
votes
2answers
404 views

OpenLayers WMS - TypeError: this.resolutions is undefined

I'm trying to setup a map with WMS and WFS Layers by using Geoserver. However, when I'm combining WFS and WMS (with some Google basemaps) together in one map I got following error in Firebug: ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Projecting INEGI shapefiles from Mexico - not lining up [duplicate]

I have two INEGI shapefiles from Mexico (2000 and 2010) that I want to line up with one another. The 2010 file projects in the right location and I would like the 2000 file to match/line up with the ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

image rectification with Mercator projection

I have written an image rectification function which allows a user to select 2 points on an image and 2 points on a map. The function will then rectify the image so it is translated, scaled and ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How to find Latitudes and Longitudes of projections of the vertices of a rectangular plane below earth's surface? [closed]

I want to find out the latitudes and longitudes of projections of the vertices of a rectangular plane inside the earth's surface. I know dimensions of rectangle, angles of orientation and latitude and ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Accurate local map projections

Is there a map projection that can accurately represent reality at a local area, i.e. when transforming the map could I choose an area that I care about accuracy and allow distortions elsewhere? Like ...
1
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2answers
376 views

GDAL/proj4 equirectangular projection coordinate system units assumed by OGRSpatialReference and GDALDataset::GetGeoTransform()?

How do I configure my OGRSpatialReference object to specify an equirectangular projection system http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equirectangular_projection where the affine geo-transform matrix (provided ...