A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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how to make the translation between latitude/longitude and screen pixels

The earth is three dimension object while our screen is two-dimension. So when we use the gis software to display the geographic data, how do they handle the translation between latitude/longitude ...
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596 views

Using gdal to convert from UTM to equidistant lat/lon

I am getting rather confused with converting a UTM gridded dataset into a equidistant/rectangular latlon gridded dataset. Can anybody help me? I have a UTM set with the following projection: ...
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1answer
502 views

Problem Overlaying layers in OpenLayers

I have a html page with 2 WMS layers. The first is one Base Layer , & the second is my personal WMS feature. I load it from Geoserver. The problem when I add the 2 layers I do not have the ...
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1answer
46 views

Does IDistanceOP.EucDistanceFull require a projected coordinate system?

I have designed an implementation of ArcObjects' IDistanceOP.EucDistanceFull. It takes its input as a feature class and converts it to a GeoDataset with which EucDistanceFull can work with. It works ...
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1answer
286 views

Why do points shift when reprojected from WGS84 to a state plane coordinate? [closed]

We have a Trimble unit we use to collect equipment. We collect the data in WGS84 and differentially correct it and then reproject it to a state plan coordinate system. The points always shift the ...
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20 views

De facto QGIS projection for EPSG4326 / 'unprojected' reference systems? [duplicate]

This is my understanding of projections/datums: To get a map of the earth on a plane you need to project the 3 dimensional earth by 'wrapping' a plane around it in the way that suits you (according ...
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1answer
151 views

Do FeatureLayers reproject their features to adapt them to the map projection?

I'm working with the ArcGIS Flex API. For example, ArcGISDynamicMapLayers do reproject their data in order to make it in the same projection as the map. Do FeatureLayers have the same behaviour?
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31 views

QGIS: Unable to project raster layers correctly on a Toshiba Tecra 64# Win7

I know how to project a raster, I can do it on other machines. On this particular machine the raster loads but are no where near the correct position as if the datum is on another planet.
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347 views

Assign projection to a satellite image

Today I stumbled upon a picture taken from the ISS looking down Europe and it is really beautiful. So, I started thinking I could add more to the picture. Like world borders, cities, road network, ...
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2answers
293 views

define a datum and meridian in a CRS in QGIS

I have a shapefile defined by the source as: "The layer is in geographical (lat-long) coordinates (GCS_Clarke_1866; Datum: D_Clarke_1866; Prime Meridian: 0)." opening the shapefile in QGIS 1.8 the ...
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1answer
319 views

Incorrectly Projected PostGIS data in TileMill

When I bring PostGIS data in EPSG:900913 into TileMill, my layers end up on other continents. This is my workflow: (1) Save shapefiles in QGIS to EPSG:900913 (2) Import the shapefiles using PostGIS ...
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1answer
550 views

Wrong projection on WFS layer with OSM baselayer [duplicate]

I am trying to add a vector layer with a WFS protocol. var wfs = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector("WFS", { strategies: [new OpenLayers.Strategy.BBOX({resFactor: 1})], ...
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1answer
3k views

What are the units of the calculated area from a raster in decimal degree

I'm trying to calculate area for a raster file which contains 2 layers (0 for unsuitable habitat and 1 for suitable). It's been calculated successfully but I don't know what is the unit of the ...
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0answers
55 views

how to get correct geo reference system for a VMap

I am new to GIS, trying to read the GeoRef System for VMap by using the following code: OGRSpatialReference *ref = layer->GetSpatialRef(); if( ref ) { QString georefSystem = ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the approximate error of the Pythagorean Theorem vs. Haversine Formula in measuring distances on a sphere at various scales?

Many people when first trying to calculate distances between two longitude / latitude pairs ask if Pythagorean theorem works as an appropriate distance function. Most often people answer "no, the ...
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102 views

How to get Earth radius in pixels?

I need Earth radius in pixels for use in Mercator projection. Well let's say that our map's height is 1478 pixels and distance between 0 pixel and 1478 pixel is 2.52 degree. Radius is distance from ...
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1answer
161 views

Compute global DEM topographic indices and compromise projections

I would like to compute global topographic indices based on SRTM elevation data. These indices are computed along river/channel networks extracted from a DEM and are a functions of both local slope ...
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1answer
1k views

openlayers multiple layers with different projection

My page contains two layers: 1. Open Street Map as a basic layer and WMS layer from mapserver as a overlay layer. My map show this two layers but in a wrong position. I spent a lot of time trying ...
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1answer
84 views

What is displayed when I am using a geographic CRS for my project

I understand that each geographical dataset has a CRS, and that in order to overlay them, you need to either make sure that all datasets use the same CRS, or re-project some of them (or use on-the-fly ...
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2answers
323 views

Should point data be equidistant projected when using ArcGIS IDW spatial interpolation?

I am wondering if anyone can clarify whether point data should be projected to an equidistant projection when using ArcGIS IDW spatial interpolation? I am working on a dataset from Western North ...
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2answers
531 views

OpenLayers WMS - TypeError: this.resolutions is undefined

I'm trying to setup a map with WMS and WFS Layers by using Geoserver. However, when I'm combining WFS and WMS (with some Google basemaps) together in one map I got following error in Firebug: ...
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148 views

I want to change EPSG:4326 to EPSG:900913 using C# for a set of uploaded shapefiles

I have written some code (using help from these pages) that uploads a directory full of shapefiles to a geoserver using C#. The uploaded shapefiles are set to EPSG:4326 however I would like them to be ...
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219 views

Reprojecting raster data from a rotated pole grid

I have some raster data (ASCII grid files) that use a custom rotated-pole projection, that I'd like to reproject into something more useful, such as lon/lat WGS84. A description of the grid projection ...
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2answers
598 views

WFS reprojection problems

In geoserver i have a layer in EPSG:4326. In OpenLayers i add it on map as WFS: markerLayer = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector('Markers',{ strategies: [new OpenLayers.Strategy.BBOX()], ...
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1answer
282 views

How to Extract Data from U.S. National Landcover Dataset (NLCD) dataset?

I am working with U.S. National Landcover Dataset (NLCD) to classify habitat type at more than 150 sites across the northeast U.S. The dataset is very large (15GB) so I cannot upload it here, but it ...
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1answer
96 views

Imported GPS data does not overlap with map

I´m working on QGIS and I geocoded 2 addresses of a city in Germany and tried to input the text-file as a layer. It worked, but the 2 points must be in the map of the city and if I zoom to the ...
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1answer
371 views

Transformation of user-defined projected coordinatesystems

I want to transform from one projected coordinate system (pcs) to another using ArcGIS 10. Unfortunatelly the starting system is not predefind by ESRI and thus I´m not sure the software is doing what ...
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1answer
88 views

Ok to measure and union a projected-on-the-fly shapefile in ArcMap?

I have a dataframe in arcMap 10.0.4 that is of Africa Albers Equal Area Conic PCS. I bring in a census shapefile of WGS 1984 CS and it is projected on the fly. I do 2 things: I use the calculate ...
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2answers
115 views

Getting a “square” of lat/lon for database query [duplicate]

So I want to get the square formed by a single point of lat/lons, my plan was to take that point's latitude, divide by 360, and multiply by the circumference of earth. Giving us the distance from the ...
9
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2answers
312 views

How do I perform a 3 parameter geotransformation and projection in Sql Server 2012?

I have a table with latitude longitude (NAD27) columns in it. I compute two other columns, X and Y, representing Web Mercator (WGS84) location. Currently I'm using a Arcmap to do this, by applying ...
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1answer
445 views

Find projection of a point to a line

I have a segment defined by 2 LatLon points(A and B) and a third LatLon point (C). I need an alghorithm, formulae, or some code to find the projection point of C on the segment AB (call this point D) ...
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3answers
72 views

Trying to match delimited text layer to my shapefile

I'm pretty new to QGIS and having a bit of trouble getting a text layer to match my shapefile. I'm trying to plot Canadian cities on a shapefile I have of Canada provinces. The provinces shapefile is ...
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0answers
128 views

How to join edge of International Date Line in world file?

I am currently using world file (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/shorelines/gshhs.html) for international boundary information. Now I have difficulty with map projection that the map ends with ...
2
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2answers
261 views

Data points Imported into QGIS are in the middle of ocean

I'm new to QGIS and tried importing some GTFS data in the CSV format (stops.txt). The project CRS, base map CRS and GTFS CRS have all been set to Google Mercator, but the points that are supposed to ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Get Lon Lat values from a GEOGRAPHY data type in PostGIS

After storing lon lat values as a GEOGRAPHY data type, how do I retrieve the individual lat lon values? Failed attempt: SELECT id, geog, ST_X(geog), ST_Y(geog) FROM locations; Error: No function ...
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0answers
38 views

Determining the SRID of a dataset in PostGIS [duplicate]

Sometimes the dataset provides some information about its projection. For example, it can mention Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983, Ellipsoid_Name: GRS1980, ...
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2answers
2k views

What Spatial Reference System do I store Google Map's Lat/Lng in

I am new to PostGIS, Spatial Reference Systems and projections and want to store lat/lng coordinates retrieved from Google Maps and Openstreetmap and its services like the Geocoder/Nominatim. I'm ...
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1answer
265 views

What's the difference between Geographic coordinate system 4019 and 4121?

I have a DEM with cell size 100,100 with geographic coordinate system GRS_1980_Transverse_Mercator, Datum: D_GRS_1980. I created some extra shapefiles with projected coordinate system: Greek_grid, ...
2
votes
2answers
392 views

What's the correct transformation for Lambert Conformal Conic for Wyoming?

I am a newb in QGIS. I have loaded QGIS 1.8 (Lisboa) and practicing with a number of maps for portions of the state of Wyoming. My maps are mostly in UTM 12N NAD 27 & NAD 83 some are in decimal ...
2
votes
1answer
426 views

Correct coordinate systems, but trustworthy distance between points?

I have limited GIS experience with projections and I have some questions about trying to accurately display point data from two different sources in ArcGIS 10.1 in order to do a proximity analysis. ...
2
votes
2answers
433 views

How do I reproject one raster to match another's in GRASS

I have two raster layers, A and B, which have information about the same location but have different projections and datums. How can I reproject layer A to match the projection and datum of layer B? ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

QPJ files on ESRI software

We have some GIS data, which was converted from AutoCAD dwg to TAB using mapinfo, then converted to shapefiles as that's what we are required to create. Editing the data fields was done in the shape ...
3
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0answers
46 views

Projection string for GOES-WEST

Full-res, full-disk GOES-WEST images are available from goes.gsfc.nasa.gov. Is it possible to rig up a projection string for these images? We know the center pixel is at (0N, 135W) and the satellite ...
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4answers
318 views

Coordinates conversion doubt

In QGIS do I have a EPSG:4326 shapefile that shows the coordinates "-7148300 -3688500" and I need them in the format -64º -31º for further processing in a geodjango app. However using ogrinfo I get ...
6
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3answers
6k views

How can I get the proj4 string or EPSG code from a shapefile .prj file? [duplicate]

I have to work with a shapefile defined in an unusual projection, which my GIS software does not know about. How can I get the proj4 definition or the EPSG code for the projection?
3
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1answer
385 views

Which Geographic Transformation to use for WGS_84 to D_Sphere?

I have a shapefile for world countries and I want to reproject it from GCS_WGS_1984 to Sphere_Eckert IV. However, it asks for Geographic Transformation; it says this is optional but it is required in ...
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0answers
87 views

How to import multiple shapefiles each with different source projections to postgis

I have a couple thousand .zip files each with a .shp, .dbf, .shx, and .prj inside them that I want to load into postgis. The problem is, they have many different source projections (each defined in ...
1
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1answer
553 views

Reprojecting coordinates and geoJSON in leaflet

I have a Leaflet map in default projection and a wms layer also in default (web mercator) projection. I would like to add polylines and a geoJSON layer to my map, but the coordinates are in EPSG4326. ...
0
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1answer
235 views

Why do ArcGIS Area Calculations not match Official Statistics?

I am trying to calculate area of polygons using a shapefile from the world bank where countries are defined. When however I am trying to calcuate the area, the numbers that emerge are different from ...
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2answers
1k views

Layers with same coordinates not lining up [QGIS]

I have a project where I have a few layers (State of Texas, cities, roads, etc.). They are all resaved and projected to NAD83 / UTM zone 14N EPSG: 26914. The project CRS is also NAD83 / UTM zone 14N ...