A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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What coordinate system should be used to store geography data for celestial coordinates?

I am doing an astronomy project. I want to have the information about our images stored in a spatially enabled database. This, I would think, should be a very easy special case for GIS functions ...
20
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3answers
2k views

What was the rationale for the non-standard UTM zones near Norway?

UTM zones 30V, 31V, 32V, 31X, 33X, 35X, and 37X do not line up with the rest of the UTM zone grid. Why was this allowed? According to Wikipedia, UTM was developed by the U.S. Army Corps of ...
1
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1answer
229 views

Lambert cylindrical projection support in PostGis

Does PostGis support Lambert cylindrical projection or is there a way to add support for it? I'm probably searching the wrong terms, but google isn't bringing up anything useful. Any help is ...
5
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2answers
296 views

Does the Chamberlin trimetric projection map (some) great circles to straight lines?

I know that, in general, the Chamberlin trimetric projection maps most great circles on the sphere to some sort of non-straight curve on the flat map. But what about the 3 special great circles ...
2
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1answer
465 views

How to generate a grid of horizontal equal-area rectangles in a Mercator projection?

I'm new to GIS so pardon my ignorance and bear with me. I'm generating a grid relative to a LonLat point. To make the cells all equal area, I'm creating it in 2163 projection. The problem is that when ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Get relative north aligned point 2163 (US Equal Area)

What I'm trying to do is create a grid where the y axis is north aligned. I have a origin Lat/Lon point which is the bottom left corner of the grid and each cell should be 100 by 100 meters. So I ...
1
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2answers
643 views

Can I project 3D DXF vertical cross section into a “plan view projection plane” for display in ArcMap?

Below is the lenghty explanation but simply put my question is: How can I project a 3D DXF file (vertical cross section) into a "plan view projection" for use in ArcMap? I am using Target (by ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Is there a simple way to compute the UTM Zone from a lat/long point?

I am trying to convert a latlong point to UTM. To define UTM projection, I need to calculate zone for the point. I am trying to figure out the best way to do this. One way to do this would be use ...
6
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4answers
8k views

How to reproject base layers in OpenLayers?

The issue is: I have vector/topo/image tiled maps for some places in north america which were published as ArcGIS Server REST service. These maps (A) are based in EPSG26912 projection. Now I wanna ...
0
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2answers
846 views

How would I convert this point to WKID 4326?

This is a point in Brewster, MA, USA. How would it be converted to WKID 4326? 324299.3348436486, 832511.5939650714
4
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1answer
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How to “calculate” distance-to-ground of all 18 OSM zoom levels?

Assuming I'm building a 3D solution with the "world" being mapped to global geo-data supplied by OSM / Cloudmade... think http://www.webglearth.com but with completely different goals and use-cases. ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

What projection is this in GDAL classification

I need to re-project a PNG from a given projection to the Google maps projection. I have a grid of the source projection, looks like a Mercator projection. What is the exact name of this projection in ...
2
votes
1answer
584 views

Rendering 3D timezones KML on a 2D map

I'm trying to render a KML layer (with timezones) in Google Maps API v3. The KML layer works fine in 3D (in Google Earth), but when I render it in 2D, the timezone lines that meet at the North Pole ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Coords not aligning

The two shp files are not aligning like they should (note the img). The layer and the two shps all have the same coords - NAD_1983_StatePlane_North_Dakota_North_FIPS_3301_Feet The surface shp came ...
2
votes
1answer
752 views

How to provide transform information to openlayers on Image layer

I would like to include an overlay raster layer into my OpenLayers map. I've pre-transformed the image into the correct projection (EPSG:900913) and saved as a png using the gdal_translate command: ...
6
votes
1answer
646 views

SRID error in mapserver

I've created a network topology using QGIS, saved it as a shp, imported it into PostGIS using shp2pgsql and I'm now trying to output some of the geometry using mapserver. Unfortunately mapserver is ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

Converting projected coordinates to google maps pixels

I have a single polygon in a local projection system. I would like to convert that polygon into an image that can be used as an overlay on google maps. I understand that it may be better to use ...
0
votes
1answer
401 views

How to point out a city from a map image of world with longitude and latitude?

have a map image 800px wide. How can I figure out a city. like New York has 40.75 latitude and -73.98 longitude. I have to pin a mark over this point. Before I have done with x_axis and y_axis which ...
4
votes
4answers
547 views

Determine Projection

I was given a shapefile at work with the information that it is in Lambert Azimuth Equal Area (LAEA) projection (EPSG 9820). After some research on the web, I found out that EPSG 9820 is a generic ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

How to resize layer using .prj (WKT) projection? (Geographic Coordinate System)

Briefly: How to parametrize .prj WKT file so that I can perform 7 point tranformation (wiki). I know how false_easting and false_northing params work, but how can I adjust scale? I do not mean ...
2
votes
2answers
390 views

Shapefile CRS changed after exporting from QGIS. Are they equivalent?

I added a shapefile as a vector layer in qGIS 1.7 so that I could join in additional attribute data (not geodata) from another DBF file. The Shapefile that I added has this CRS (as far as I can tell ...
5
votes
4answers
11k views

Convert latitude and longitude into northings and eastings

Hi I have the following UK postcode dy8 3xt and know that the latitude and longitude is:- 54.452772 -2.156082 I also know that the Eastings, Northings for the postcode is:- 389490 283880 ...
1
vote
1answer
337 views

Defining custom projection for moving all objects on X and Y coordinates

I have a map project wih layers in WGS1984 UTM projection. I also have a bunch of layers without .prj files. When I add it on top of my layers, it's placed with a huge offset on X and Y coordinates ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Problem reprojecting data from personal geodatabase using QGIS

I have a dataset in the form of a personal geodatabase (mdb) and am interested in using certain feature classes for further processing. My problem is - I am using USGS data orthoimagery which comes ...
5
votes
1answer
279 views

Mapserver tiles - trouble with projection

I'm trying to render tiles with shp2img tool from Mapserver suite and my tiles aren't matching. Tiles are numbered like in openstreetmaps.org. This is an attempt to draw tile (level 1, x=1, y=0) which ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

How to reproject a noaa bsb nautical chart?

I have some nautical charts in .BSB format. GDAL can read bsb and I successfully imported them to qgis. But I can't figure out what is the coordinate system they use. Does anyone has some experience ...
5
votes
6answers
693 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Access is Denied error on ProjectEx call

I need to be able to convert a lat/long coordinate into a point coordinate and am having trouble getting my code to work. I created a test app isloating the code that is giving me problems. I'm ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Official term for latitude longitude coordinate system?

May I know what is the correct specific term for latitude longitude coordinate system? With "Geographic Coordinate", it seems to be a general term for every other system?
1
vote
1answer
337 views

How to project the result of a QueryTask in ArcGIS Javascript API?

I have created a web map that displays point features based on a given date range. Our current projection is Oregon State Plane South. My boss wants me to change the map to use a Web Mercator ...
2
votes
1answer
893 views

Geowebcache does not displaying map tiles in EPSG:900913 from a remote WMS server

I connect Geowebcache to a remote WMS service through their Getcapability request by adding the url in geowebcache-servlet.xml document. Geowebcache demo page displays the list of wms layers from ...
8
votes
2answers
495 views

Why are there both square and rectangle world maps?

When i search for images of earth divides to longitude ans latitudes seems that the are 2 major types: is a perfect square and the latitudes in it are grow a different rate from the equator to up ...
18
votes
1answer
4k views

Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected DEM Data

This is somewhat of a theoretical question stemming from some discussions with colleagues on the topic of implications with delineating basins with projected (e.g., Albers Equal Area) vs. unprojected ...
10
votes
1answer
661 views

Error assessment of calculation done using unprojected vs. projected data

This question builds off of the one with the subject line "Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected Data.": Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins ...
2
votes
4answers
9k views

I'm having trouble with getting a shapefile in the right projection. What am I doing wrong?

I have an older map that I didn't create. I'm just trying to get everything to line up on it, and having a hard time. The data frame is in NAD_1927_UTM_Zone_12N, as are the point shapefiles (derived ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How to read projection information from .dwg file

I have got an Audocad .dwg file which is based on some location of sweden. But i dont know what is the internal projection of this file? how i get projection information from this .dwg file. Actually ...
3
votes
1answer
648 views

How can I programmatically project the Z value of a z-aware feature point, using ArcObjects in .NET/C#?

I discovered the following code leaves the Z coordinate of featurePt untouched: // if not WGS84 project it if (!SpatialRefsEqual(featureSpatialRef, srWgs84)) { // featurePt here is a Z-Aware ...
-3
votes
4answers
681 views

Repository for .prj files

Do you know any repository where can i find .prj files? I am looking for local coordinate system: Warszawa 75 (Warsaw 75) I found myself this repository but the .prj which i found there seems to be ...
4
votes
1answer
920 views

Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
6
votes
2answers
704 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

what is the best way to programmatically convert between WKT and Proj4 string?

some shapefiles have a .prj file associated with it. and the .prj file contains the projection info of the shapefile in the format of WKT. Sometimes I need to convert WKT to proj4 string, and ...
0
votes
3answers
967 views

Distort image to Mercator Projection view

i have an image that rendered from data i have on my DB. i need to convert this image, with Mercator Projection method, to distorted image that when i'll wrap a 3d sphere with it it'll looks ...
3
votes
2answers
938 views

Setting the map projection in the flex API to an overlay layer

I'd like to use a basemap containing world map data as a backdrop to some point and outline data that I'm hosting in ArcGIS server in the ESRI Flex API, but I would like the map control to share a ...
5
votes
1answer
295 views

Which projection casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder?

What is the name of a map projection that casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder? Some people who make sundials put a map of Earth on the sundial. I want to use the "right" ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Using projections to obtain perspective views

I understand that a perspective view is essentially a type of projection. Is it possible to create projection definitions for a typical GIS system that will mimic a perspective view from a particular ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Converting Lambert Conformal Conic to WGS84 using Proj.4

I am attempting to transform data from Lambert Conformal Conic lat/long and I am having some issues with the results. The shapefile I am attemtping to transform can be found here: ...
4
votes
1answer
496 views

How can I specify a PROJ.4 projection with the north pointing *down*?

I would like to create a world map "upside down", with the south on top (in Mapnik). Can I take an existing projection string, e.g. Robinson projection +proj=robin +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

OpenLayers doesn't show an overlay with a different SRS than the base layer

I need to add an overlay layer that uses EPSG:4326 to a map with a base layer that uses EPSG:32628. Every time I add the overlay OpenLayers automatically switches the SRS param of the overlay to ...
8
votes
1answer
681 views

QGIS- “On the fly” projection ON by default?

In QGIS 1.6, can users set "on the fly projection" to be checked ON by default (at application launch)? I know how to turn it on, but some users find they use it more often than not, and would like ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Basic proj4 conversion UTM grid -> longlat and back

I'm a GIS novice, and am struggling to understand how to drive proj4 to accomplish what seems like a simple thing. I've googled for a couple of days, but everything I find seems to presuppose quite ...