A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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24
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3answers
537 views

Why are Data Projections relevant?

Sorry for my ignorance - especially after being in this area for a long time. Why is it useful to store data in unusual projections and datums? I understand the value of projections as output ...
3
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2answers
446 views

Project twitter geo data into wgs 84 map

I'm currently working on displaying twitter geo data (currently just long/lat -> cartesian without any analysis). This is the world map (source: naturalearthdata): ...
4
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1answer
2k views

What's up with the GeoJSON spec and CRS as a IRM?

I'm writing a web API to our GIS data, currently revamping our geocoding service. I'm creating the option for folks to specify the output type as GeoJSON so I'm trying to follow the spec. Our data is ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Projection Decision

I'm deciding on whether to use a geographic projection (lat/long) or a lambert conformal conic projection for a web servicing project that will use raster, vector, and point data, for queries, ...
6
votes
1answer
467 views

How does OpenLayers determine a layer's projection?

Could anyone explain the strategy OpenLayers take to determine the layer's projection? For example, if I didn't explicitly specify any projection for a marker layer, what projection would the layer ...
6
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the definition for a geographic coordinate system with east/west bounds of 0 to 360

I need the coordinate system reference or a projection definition that uses geographic (i.e. lat/lon) coordinates but instead of east/west bounds being defined as 180 to -180, I need them to be ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

What projections should I use to make my own Globe?

Searching for an answer to this question, I found instructions posted by Gulf of Maine Research Institute showing how to create a globe. Using manual methods ... What approach would I take to ...
1
vote
1answer
488 views

How to calculate oblique photo scale?

Is it possible to calculate oblique photo scale by given vertical photo scale ? I mean is there any kind formula relation between them or maybe is it possible to calculate rough approximation of ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Automate Projection of multiple shp files using ArcPy

I have been trying to create a Python script that will convert all shape files within a folder from GCS WGS 84 to Web Mercator. Below is the code I have so far but what I'm struggling with is how to ...
5
votes
5answers
7k views

How to convert coordinates from Gauss-Krueger to Longitude/Latitude?

I'm a newbie in the GIS world so please advise me :) In my .NET/C# project I need to show some shapes/points on the Bing Map. The problem is I have the Gauss-Krueger coordinates and need to convert ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

Ogr2ogr projection problem- features are shifted 12 miles to the north?

I have discovered a problem related to the output of an ogr2ogr command line call. My resulting polygon features are 12 miles (.18 degrees) due north of where they should be, but the longitude is ...
36
votes
3answers
12k views

What is the current Web Mercator projection code?

The web mercator projection, popularised by Google Maps, seems to be given a new EPSG code every couple of years. EPSG:900913 (Google in calculator text) was an unofficial code EPSG:3785 - is the ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

QGIS and MapInfo Projections - EPSG 27700 (British National Grid)

I have some data in a PostGIS table with the projection EPSG 27700. If I export this data from QGIS (v1.8) to MapInfo TAB / MIF when I open the data in MapInfo it has a shift on it. Does anyone know ...
1
vote
1answer
401 views

Issues with defining projection to that of the current root file

I am creating a shp file with the extent of all the raster file in a set of directories and it works fine when all the rasters are in the same projection but not when they switch around. So I want to ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How to reproject spatial data using free libraries?

How can I use free libraries to transform spatial data? For example, I want to change the projection of a Shapefile within the code of my C# web application. How do I do that?
5
votes
0answers
100 views

Is there a tool to retrieve the projection system used to create a shapefile when the prj file is missing? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: .shp with unknown coordinate system Are there any tools to help retrieving the projection system used to create a shapefile when there is no .prj file? Given that ...
2
votes
1answer
470 views

How to determine area of pixel in meters with GDAL and Python?

I have a raster loaded in Python using GDAL bindings. I'd like to be able to determine the area of a pixel in meters although I'm not confident that the projection is in meters. On this page I see a ...
30
votes
2answers
1k views

What coordinate system should be used to store geography data for celestial coordinates?

I am doing an astronomy project. I want to have the information about our images stored in a spatially enabled database. This, I would think, should be a very easy special case for GIS functions ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

What was the rationale for the non-standard UTM zones near Norway?

UTM zones 30V, 31V, 32V, 31X, 33X, 35X, and 37X do not line up with the rest of the UTM zone grid. Why was this allowed? According to Wikipedia, UTM was developed by the U.S. Army Corps of ...
1
vote
1answer
233 views

Lambert cylindrical projection support in PostGis

Does PostGis support Lambert cylindrical projection or is there a way to add support for it? I'm probably searching the wrong terms, but google isn't bringing up anything useful. Any help is ...
5
votes
2answers
301 views

Does the Chamberlin trimetric projection map (some) great circles to straight lines?

I know that, in general, the Chamberlin trimetric projection maps most great circles on the sphere to some sort of non-straight curve on the flat map. But what about the 3 special great circles ...
2
votes
1answer
477 views

How to generate a grid of horizontal equal-area rectangles in a Mercator projection?

I'm new to GIS so pardon my ignorance and bear with me. I'm generating a grid relative to a LonLat point. To make the cells all equal area, I'm creating it in 2163 projection. The problem is that when ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Get relative north aligned point 2163 (US Equal Area)

What I'm trying to do is create a grid where the y axis is north aligned. I have a origin Lat/Lon point which is the bottom left corner of the grid and each cell should be 100 by 100 meters. So I ...
1
vote
2answers
650 views

Can I project 3D DXF vertical cross section into a “plan view projection plane” for display in ArcMap?

Below is the lenghty explanation but simply put my question is: How can I project a 3D DXF file (vertical cross section) into a "plan view projection" for use in ArcMap? I am using Target (by ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a simple way to compute the UTM Zone from a lat/long point?

I am trying to convert a latlong point to UTM. To define UTM projection, I need to calculate zone for the point. I am trying to figure out the best way to do this. One way to do this would be use ...
6
votes
4answers
8k views

How to reproject base layers in OpenLayers?

The issue is: I have vector/topo/image tiled maps for some places in north america which were published as ArcGIS Server REST service. These maps (A) are based in EPSG26912 projection. Now I wanna ...
0
votes
2answers
861 views

How would I convert this point to WKID 4326?

This is a point in Brewster, MA, USA. How would it be converted to WKID 4326? 324299.3348436486, 832511.5939650714
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to “calculate” distance-to-ground of all 18 OSM zoom levels?

Assuming I'm building a 3D solution with the "world" being mapped to global geo-data supplied by OSM / Cloudmade... think http://www.webglearth.com but with completely different goals and use-cases. ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

What projection is this in GDAL classification

I need to re-project a PNG from a given projection to the Google maps projection. I have a grid of the source projection, looks like a Mercator projection. What is the exact name of this projection in ...
2
votes
1answer
598 views

Rendering 3D timezones KML on a 2D map

I'm trying to render a KML layer (with timezones) in Google Maps API v3. The KML layer works fine in 3D (in Google Earth), but when I render it in 2D, the timezone lines that meet at the North Pole ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Coords not aligning

The two shp files are not aligning like they should (note the img). The layer and the two shps all have the same coords - NAD_1983_StatePlane_North_Dakota_North_FIPS_3301_Feet The surface shp came ...
2
votes
1answer
759 views

How to provide transform information to openlayers on Image layer

I would like to include an overlay raster layer into my OpenLayers map. I've pre-transformed the image into the correct projection (EPSG:900913) and saved as a png using the gdal_translate command: ...
6
votes
1answer
658 views

SRID error in mapserver

I've created a network topology using QGIS, saved it as a shp, imported it into PostGIS using shp2pgsql and I'm now trying to output some of the geometry using mapserver. Unfortunately mapserver is ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

Converting projected coordinates to google maps pixels

I have a single polygon in a local projection system. I would like to convert that polygon into an image that can be used as an overlay on google maps. I understand that it may be better to use ...
0
votes
1answer
405 views

How to point out a city from a map image of world with longitude and latitude?

have a map image 800px wide. How can I figure out a city. like New York has 40.75 latitude and -73.98 longitude. I have to pin a mark over this point. Before I have done with x_axis and y_axis which ...
4
votes
4answers
553 views

Determine Projection

I was given a shapefile at work with the information that it is in Lambert Azimuth Equal Area (LAEA) projection (EPSG 9820). After some research on the web, I found out that EPSG 9820 is a generic ...
1
vote
1answer
463 views

How to resize layer using .prj (WKT) projection? (Geographic Coordinate System)

Briefly: How to parametrize .prj WKT file so that I can perform 7 point tranformation (wiki). I know how false_easting and false_northing params work, but how can I adjust scale? I do not mean ...
2
votes
2answers
391 views

Shapefile CRS changed after exporting from QGIS. Are they equivalent?

I added a shapefile as a vector layer in qGIS 1.7 so that I could join in additional attribute data (not geodata) from another DBF file. The Shapefile that I added has this CRS (as far as I can tell ...
5
votes
4answers
11k views

Convert latitude and longitude into northings and eastings

Hi I have the following UK postcode dy8 3xt and know that the latitude and longitude is:- 54.452772 -2.156082 I also know that the Eastings, Northings for the postcode is:- 389490 283880 ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

Defining custom projection for moving all objects on X and Y coordinates

I have a map project wih layers in WGS1984 UTM projection. I also have a bunch of layers without .prj files. When I add it on top of my layers, it's placed with a huge offset on X and Y coordinates ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Problem reprojecting data from personal geodatabase using QGIS

I have a dataset in the form of a personal geodatabase (mdb) and am interested in using certain feature classes for further processing. My problem is - I am using USGS data orthoimagery which comes ...
5
votes
1answer
281 views

Mapserver tiles - trouble with projection

I'm trying to render tiles with shp2img tool from Mapserver suite and my tiles aren't matching. Tiles are numbered like in openstreetmaps.org. This is an attempt to draw tile (level 1, x=1, y=0) which ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

How to reproject a noaa bsb nautical chart?

I have some nautical charts in .BSB format. GDAL can read bsb and I successfully imported them to qgis. But I can't figure out what is the coordinate system they use. Does anyone has some experience ...
5
votes
6answers
701 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Access is Denied error on ProjectEx call

I need to be able to convert a lat/long coordinate into a point coordinate and am having trouble getting my code to work. I created a test app isloating the code that is giving me problems. I'm ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Official term for latitude longitude coordinate system?

May I know what is the correct specific term for latitude longitude coordinate system? With "Geographic Coordinate", it seems to be a general term for every other system?
1
vote
1answer
338 views

How to project the result of a QueryTask in ArcGIS Javascript API?

I have created a web map that displays point features based on a given date range. Our current projection is Oregon State Plane South. My boss wants me to change the map to use a Web Mercator ...
2
votes
1answer
896 views

Geowebcache does not displaying map tiles in EPSG:900913 from a remote WMS server

I connect Geowebcache to a remote WMS service through their Getcapability request by adding the url in geowebcache-servlet.xml document. Geowebcache demo page displays the list of wms layers from ...
8
votes
2answers
502 views

Why are there both square and rectangle world maps?

When i search for images of earth divides to longitude ans latitudes seems that the are 2 major types: is a perfect square and the latitudes in it are grow a different rate from the equator to up ...
18
votes
1answer
4k views

Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected DEM Data

This is somewhat of a theoretical question stemming from some discussions with colleagues on the topic of implications with delineating basins with projected (e.g., Albers Equal Area) vs. unprojected ...