A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
56 views

Convert decimal latitude/longitude bounding box to SRID 26910

I have a bounding box specified in decimal latitude/longitude, and need to convert this into a bounding box in the SRID 26910 coordinate system. I've never had to work with different GIS co-ordinate ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Is it safe to store coordinates on NFC tags always in one CRS and rely on conversion for others

I'm involved in NFC (Near Field Communication) standardization of a record structure for geographic point locations. That will allow to put coordinates on NFC memory tags which can be read with a ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

OpenLayers Projection and Datum Question

I had a conversation with a co worker that was asking about an OL map I am developing. She asked me what the 'projection' was and I said EPSG:4326. She didn't know what that means, so I said it's ...
27
votes
11answers
7k views

Best practices for identifying the unknown coordinate system of a Shapefile

I got a Shapefile but it's coordinate system is unknown and there is no .prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
3
votes
2answers
114 views

QGIS DXF file projection match

I need to use this file on a map but I am not able to match the projection with the others I have, primarily data downloaded from OSM (city of Boston). I read many articles, I have repeatedly tried to ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Buffer is giving me a different distance [closed]

I'm using ArcGIS 10.1. When I Buffered I changed the environments to compare the two different projections. WyLAM is a statewide Lambert Conformal Conic projection used for Wyoming. State plane in ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Shorcut to apply selected shapefile projection to the data frame in arc gis

What is the shortcut to apply selected shapefile or the newly added data's projection to the data frame in arc gis, well not the traditional way of Dataframe--->Properties--->CS system "This could be ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Are ellipsoid and datum the same? [duplicate]

Are the datum and the ellipsoid the same? Please help me. What is a Datum? The Earth is shaped like a flattened sphere. This shape is called an ellipsoid. A datum is a model of the earth that is ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

I want to reproject data from 0-360 to -180 - 180 [duplicate]

I've been downloading data from NOAA in a CRS that goes from 0-360. The rest of my data is in -180 to 180. What's the easiest way to reproject or shift the data in QGIS? It took 30 seconds in ArcMap, ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Is it possible to use JTS for calculations on data in geographic coordinates?

I have some spatial data that has all of its coordinates as lat/lon pairs (with about 10 digits decimal precision), it's stored in a database as WGS84 data. Some of the data is represented as polygons ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

buffer in qgis from layer text delimited

I have a layer of polygons in British Columbia, Canada in WGS 84 which is fine. Later I created shapefile of three points (using decimals for lat and long) through the add shapefile as text delimited ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Why is it important to ensure that the shapefiles have a spatial reference system when created?

Why is it important to ensure that shapefiles have a spatial reference system when created?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

CartoDB - problem trying to add a geoserver WMS as a basemap and it says it doesn't contain supported projections (3857,900913)

I had suspected that the version of geoserver (2.0.2) did not support these 2 EPSG's . However, when I then look at the getcapabilities - I find that both EPSG's are present. ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

How to automatically transform between base layer and vector layer in OpenLayers

I have a simple example on http://jsfiddle.net/29bsw/ I have a map with an OSM layer as base layer and an additional vector layer. The projection of the map is defined as EPSG:900913 and the ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

gdal2tiles generates small picture inside 256x256 tile

I've used gdal2tiles for generating tiles in number of different polar projections and always experienced the same problem — strange small picture inside normal 256x256 png with the rest of space ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Comparing features in GIS interface with Google Maps/Bing Basemaps - Which Co-ordinate system to use?

I want to compare some Geographic features in my data with Google maps in ArcGIS platform using a third party application. But I prefer the output to be in Local UTM cordinates. What is the best ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Adding a Z Unit [duplicate]

I'm struggling with the Z Unit conversion of some data. Both the NHD data and my DEM are in a GCS with Decimal Degrees. These data sets project perfectly on the fly, but after I adjust the Z Unit of ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Calculate length of line across zones with at least m accuracy

I have created lines between multiple points that are across MGA 54 and 55S (EPSG 28355). I am trying to calculate the distance between points but different methods give different answers (~1km ...
5
votes
2answers
324 views

Stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane[python]

I would like to ask you for help in following task. What I need to do is to derive local x,y coordinates from latitude, longitude, applying stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane, ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

I have a WKT How can i put it to MAPINFOW.prj file [closed]

I have this WKT file: PROJCS["PRS92 / Philippines zone 3" ,GEOGCS["PRS92" ,DATUM["D_Phillipine_Reference_System_1992" ,SPHEROID["Clarke_1866",6378206.4,294.9786982138982]] ,PRIMEM["Greenwich",0] ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Determing which Which georeference system was used on an Ecuadorian Topo Baselayer

I'm creating a map in Western Ecuador, and am attempting to use a military topo baselayer for it. The map comes with UTM grid lines on it so georeferencing it was easy but I'm unsure of what ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Assign Projection to multiple shapefile

I have multiple shape files in a folder. I want to assign projection to all the files inside the folder at one go. In batch file i am able to assign projection to all the shapefiles, but i want to ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Define a projection for one point

I'm new to ArcGIS and am using ArcMap 10.1. I wanted to find the distance from a point (lat 36N long 12E) to all the polygons in my shape file. People on this forum helped me out and said that I ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Why does Transverse Mercator projection have scale factor?

Why does the Transverse Mercator projection have a scale factor in ArcGIS and the standard Mercator projection not? In other words what is the difference between these two projections beside being a ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

QGIS - unable to change projections [duplicate]

I am relatively new to QGIS (version! 2.0.1) and having trouble changing projections. No matter what I choose the view is the same. For example, in the attached screen shot I have chosen Alaska Albers ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Define Projection for an autocad transferred data

If I had a cadastral map on an Autocad file and i convert it to a dxf extension in order to open it in QGIS. I Added The Parcels borders and text in QGIS. Can you please list the steps which I should ...
0
votes
4answers
142 views

Buffer in QGIS/R is 650-670 m wide instead of 500 m

I am trying to make a 500 m buffer for my polyline layer. Unexpectedly, I receive buffer varying from 650 to 670 m, depending on location. As many resources recommend to use UTM before making a ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Equal (ish) areas Map Projection at the Tropics

What map projection (non-interrupted) preserves areas well for the entire tropical region? I am thinking of using a Cylindrical Equal Area or a sphere based version of a Cylindrical Equal Area or ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Convert land-based camera image pixel x,y to ground lat/long or x,y,z

I have a number of cameras at various known locations (x,y,z) and directions that are above ground about 20 feet pointed at different ground locations about 100 feet away from each camera, and whose ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How to find out projection code for the sid file?

I have a miami.sid file and miami.sdw and miami.sid.aux.xml files. How to find out the projection code? This question is similar to: I have a .sid image but can't figure out the CRS GDALInfo ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

r openproj to plot in open street map in a different projection

I am very new to geographic data, so I am sorry for the stupidity of the question. I need to plot some data that are in this projection EUREF_FIN_TM35FIN Projection: Transverse_Mercator ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

QGis points distance from shore in metres

I have a grid of depth points in the Irish Sea that i'm trying to add other data fields to, in this case distance from shore. I've tried both of these suggestions to no avail, but am having some ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Using QGIS, features are suddenly placed 7.5 thousand kms off correct location

I've been counting an muskrat dens on lakes with aerial photos by creating a feature in a separate shapefile. I checked my progress after doing about 80 small lakes and suddenly, half of the lakes ...
1
vote
2answers
18 views

Comparing projections of two datasets when SRID not available

Similar to this question: How to test if two GDAL datasets are in the same projection? However, the above does not cover cases where an SRID is not available. It can often be the case that an SRID is ...
2
votes
2answers
947 views

Meridian convergence. True north, magnetic north and grid north

I'm having difficulty wrapping my mind around meridian convergence, the horizontal angular distance between true north and grid north. Say I want to determine if a feature lies to the east or west ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Kartograph - “projection not named”

The Kartograph package looks very promising, so I have been trying play around with it. As it turns out, I have been able to get the most basic map to work (the "world.json" example), but I could not ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

How do I set the projection and coordinate system for a TIFF file?

I have a topographic map of California (obtained from CAL-Atlas) as a TIFF file. I tried importing it into QGis, but it displays the map using a pixel based coordinate system rather than ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Which projection is being used in this figure?

I would like to use the projection being used in this figure. Does anyone know which one it is? Esp helpful if it is available in ArcGIS. From plant stress page thanks!
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Is GeoServer getting coordinate output in GeoJSON WFS wrong?

When I do a WFS request to GeoServer and specify the SRS like this: http://myserver.com/geoserver/wfs? service=wfs& version=2.0.0& request=GetFeature& ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection Inverse Transform after Fitting Ellipse to Noisy LLA Data

I'm using Python and Basemaps to convert some Lat Lon data to the LCC projection and back again. Since it is noisy data representing the footprint of a satellite, I am filtering it and fitting an ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

In Ogr2OGR: what is SRS?

I am trying to understand this command: ogr2ogr -f "MapInfo File" original.tab wgs84.shp -s_srs EPSG:27700 -t_srs EPSG:4326 I don't understand the s_srs and t_srs paramaters. The help file says ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

does Pseudo Mercator Projection causes problem while clipping rasters

I tryed to clip a Raster file using an ESRI shapefile using gdalwarp command, but i always get an empty output file or a wrong clip with wrong location. this the command bellow: gdalwarp -dstnodata ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How can I obtain the unit of a projection SRID?

Given a projection SRID, is there a way I can obtain the coordinates unit string (meter, degree, ...) ? In PostGIS for example, it looks like it is present in the srtext column of spatial_ref_sys. ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Field Calculator returning incorrect length and area values when QGIS project is reopened

Similar to Field Calculator returning incorrect length and area values, but as always slightly different. I have QGIS 2.0 and when I create a polyline shapefile, the field calculator returns the ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Shapefiles from Nationalgrid without a .prj file - what projection are they in?

Im working with these shapefiles: http://www2.nationalgrid.com/uk/services/land-and-development/planning-authority/shape-files/ They show pipelines & electricity grid of the UK. They do not ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

Using customized Coordinate System for Archaeological site data

I don't know so much about coordinate systems... In my office we use to deal with spatial data coming from archaeological sites. Each site has its own x-y-z coordinate system (GCS). Three simple ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Projection problem with ESRI JSAPI and ArcGIS map service

I was trying to obtain a gpx file with some coordinates by drawing on an Openlayers map with an ArcGIS baseMap. When I draw the polyline and create the gpx, if I open it on Google Earth, what I see ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

QGIS: Albers projection in lat lng?

I'm trying to make a map of Russia in the Albers projection. My projection string is: +proj=aea +lat_1=45 +lat_2=70 +lat_0=40 +lon_0=100 +x_0=20 +y_0=20 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=m ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Problem with projection of layers in QGIS

I'm having a problem with projections in QGIS that i hope someone here can help me with. I have been searching and found other people having the same problem, but have not been able to solve mine ...