A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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How to point out a city from a map image of world with longitude and latitude?

have a map image 800px wide. How can I figure out a city. like New York has 40.75 latitude and -73.98 longitude. I have to pin a mark over this point. Before I have done with x_axis and y_axis which ...
2
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2answers
462 views

Error when setting projection of a tif file in QGIS. Any ideas to solve this? [closed]

I get this error when trying to define a projection for a tif file in QGIS: ERROR 1: Too many points (3249 out of 3249) failed to transform, unable to compute output bounds. How do i work this out? ...
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1answer
482 views

How to resize layer using .prj (WKT) projection? (Geographic Coordinate System)

Briefly: How to parametrize .prj WKT file so that I can perform 7 point tranformation (wiki). I know how false_easting and false_northing params work, but how can I adjust scale? I do not mean ...
2
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2answers
396 views

Shapefile CRS changed after exporting from QGIS. Are they equivalent?

I added a shapefile as a vector layer in qGIS 1.7 so that I could join in additional attribute data (not geodata) from another DBF file. The Shapefile that I added has this CRS (as far as I can tell ...
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4answers
4k views

Export to new projection in QGIS 1.7

Suppose I have layers A and B. I don't know their projections but by the looks of the map I know they are not the same. In QGIS 1.6 I would use one of my favorite features: Vector> Data ...
4
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4answers
592 views

Determine Projection

I was given a shapefile at work with the information that it is in Lambert Azimuth Equal Area (LAEA) projection (EPSG 9820). After some research on the web, I found out that EPSG 9820 is a generic ...
12
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1answer
551 views

How is a “conformal latitude” used in ellipsoidal stereographic projections?

At my work, I've been doing some maintenance on internal software that claims to implement a Stereographic projection whose formulas were copied from an old system a long time ago. From what I've ...
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2answers
256 views

How to realign misplaced GeoTiffs?

I have bought a few (30) GeoTiff maps from my country's Geo-department - South Africa. They all have a date in the filename and the newest one was created in 2004, I see one is dated 1977 - that old! ...
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1answer
347 views

Defining custom projection for moving all objects on X and Y coordinates

I have a map project wih layers in WGS1984 UTM projection. I also have a bunch of layers without .prj files. When I add it on top of my layers, it's placed with a huge offset on X and Y coordinates ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Mapserver, TMS, Scales zoom levels and how to deal with all of it

I have a whole bunch of data in my db that I need to draw at different zoom levels using Mapserver. Everything uses a 4326 SRID. My (custom) client, will fetch the data using 20 TMS zoom levels and ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Problem reprojecting data from personal geodatabase using QGIS

I have a dataset in the form of a personal geodatabase (mdb) and am interested in using certain feature classes for further processing. My problem is - I am using USGS data orthoimagery which comes ...
5
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1answer
285 views

Mapserver tiles - trouble with projection

I'm trying to render tiles with shp2img tool from Mapserver suite and my tiles aren't matching. Tiles are numbered like in openstreetmaps.org. This is an attempt to draw tile (level 1, x=1, y=0) which ...
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1answer
295 views

How to reproject a noaa bsb nautical chart?

I have some nautical charts in .BSB format. GDAL can read bsb and I successfully imported them to qgis. But I can't figure out what is the coordinate system they use. Does anyone has some experience ...
3
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1answer
787 views

How to provide transform information to openlayers on Image layer

I would like to include an overlay raster layer into my OpenLayers map. I've pre-transformed the image into the correct projection (EPSG:900913) and saved as a png using the gdal_translate command: ...
4
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1answer
236 views

Access is Denied error on ProjectEx call

I need to be able to convert a lat/long coordinate into a point coordinate and am having trouble getting my code to work. I created a test app isloating the code that is giving me problems. I'm ...
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6answers
847 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
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1answer
347 views

How to project the result of a QueryTask in ArcGIS Javascript API?

I have created a web map that displays point features based on a given date range. Our current projection is Oregon State Plane South. My boss wants me to change the map to use a Web Mercator ...
2
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1answer
920 views

Geowebcache does not displaying map tiles in EPSG:900913 from a remote WMS server

I connect Geowebcache to a remote WMS service through their Getcapability request by adding the url in geowebcache-servlet.xml document. Geowebcache demo page displays the list of wms layers from ...
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2answers
552 views

Why are there both square and rectangle world maps?

When i search for images of earth divides to longitude ans latitudes seems that the are 2 major types: is a perfect square and the latitudes in it are grow a different rate from the equator to up ...
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2answers
4k views

How to read projection information from .dwg file

I have got an Audocad .dwg file which is based on some location of sweden. But i dont know what is the internal projection of this file? how i get projection information from this .dwg file. Actually ...
4
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4answers
10k views

Getting shapefile in right projection using ArcGIS Desktop? [duplicate]

I have an older map that I didn't create. I'm just trying to get everything to line up on it, and having a hard time. The data frame is in NAD_1927_UTM_Zone_12N, as are the point shapefiles (derived ...
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1answer
715 views

How can I programmatically project the Z value of a z-aware feature point, using ArcObjects in .NET/C#?

I discovered the following code leaves the Z coordinate of featurePt untouched: // if not WGS84 project it if (!SpatialRefsEqual(featureSpatialRef, srWgs84)) { // featurePt here is a Z-Aware ...
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4answers
713 views

Repository for .prj files

Do you know any repository where can i find .prj files? I am looking for local coordinate system: Warszawa 75 (Warsaw 75) I found myself this repository but the .prj which i found there seems to be ...
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5answers
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OpenLayers: ALL image layers are out of place on google maps v3 and OSM base layers

Summary: I have 2 different image layers that looked fine with my old mapstraction/google maps based system. Using the same coordinates as bounds in openlayers results in a shift to the north by like ...
4
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1answer
949 views

Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
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2answers
757 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
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3answers
13k views

Calculate projected area of polygons with field calculator in ArcMap 10

I've got a polygon featurelayer in arcmap. The coordinate system of the featurelayer's featureclass is web mercator. The dataframe of the map uses an equal-area projected coordinate system. I've ...
7
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2answers
3k views

what is the best way to programmatically convert between WKT and Proj4 string?

some shapefiles have a .prj file associated with it. and the .prj file contains the projection info of the shapefile in the format of WKT. Sometimes I need to convert WKT to proj4 string, and ...
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10answers
8k views

Batch convert lat longs to UTM?

I've got a .csv file that contains a long list of latitude and longitude points. Is there an efficient way to batch convert the list into a projected UTM coordinate system? Thanks.
10
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1answer
740 views

Error assessment of calculation done using unprojected vs. projected data

This question builds off of the one with the subject line "Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected Data.": Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins ...
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3answers
1k views

Distort image to Mercator Projection view

i have an image that rendered from data i have on my DB. i need to convert this image, with Mercator Projection method, to distorted image that when i'll wrap a 3d sphere with it it'll looks ...
18
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1answer
4k views

Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected DEM Data

This is somewhat of a theoretical question stemming from some discussions with colleagues on the topic of implications with delineating basins with projected (e.g., Albers Equal Area) vs. unprojected ...
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10answers
12k views

Identifying Coordinate System of Shapefile when Unknown?

I have a Shapefile but its coordinate system is Unknown, and there is no *.prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
10
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2answers
1k views

What is the standard Mercator projection?

I'm using QGIS in order to re-project a shapefile I have into "Mercator" so that something like protoviz understands my co-ordinates. Protoviz tells me "Mercator" ...
3
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2answers
985 views

Setting the map projection in the flex API to an overlay layer

I'd like to use a basemap containing world map data as a backdrop to some point and outline data that I'm hosting in ArcGIS server in the ESRI Flex API, but I would like the map control to share a ...
22
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6answers
9k views

Shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table?

I was wondering if there is such a thing as an shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table? Something that can translate the most standard shapefile PRJ definitions into the likely SRID. When using ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Measuring distance in spherical Mercator vs zoned UTM

I've got points in WGS84 lat/long and I'd like to measure "small" (less than say 5km) distances between them. I can use the haversine formula from http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/latlong.html ...
5
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1answer
303 views

Which projection casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder?

What is the name of a map projection that casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder? Some people who make sundials put a map of Earth on the sundial. I want to use the "right" ...
7
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2answers
745 views

Bertin 1953 map projection settings

I am trying to use the Bertin 1953 map projection, as described in the book "Semiology of graphics" by Jacques Bertin. But I can't find the settings in any of my GIS software. Does anybody have a ...
5
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2answers
317 views

Does the Chamberlin trimetric projection map (some) great circles to straight lines?

I know that, in general, the Chamberlin trimetric projection maps most great circles on the sphere to some sort of non-straight curve on the flat map. But what about the 3 special great circles ...
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5answers
10k views

Why is the 'straight line' path across continent so curved?

This is the result of mapping the straight line path from a point in US to Poland using Distance Measurement Tool. Also, planes from Asia to US would travel almost over North Pole. Why is the path ...
4
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1answer
261 views

Using projections to obtain perspective views

I understand that a perspective view is essentially a type of projection. Is it possible to create projection definitions for a typical GIS system that will mimic a perspective view from a particular ...
2
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2answers
908 views

albers projection to Lat, Lon

Thanks in advance for helping me with my issue. This GIS stuff is using parts of my brain that have remained idle since high school, and some parts are working faster than others. I have land data ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Converting Lambert Conformal Conic to WGS84 using Proj.4

I am attempting to transform data from Lambert Conformal Conic lat/long and I am having some issues with the results. The shapefile I am attemtping to transform can be found here: ...
4
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1answer
525 views

How can I specify a PROJ.4 projection with the north pointing *down*?

I would like to create a world map "upside down", with the south on top (in Mapnik). Can I take an existing projection string, e.g. Robinson projection +proj=robin +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 ...
8
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1answer
705 views

QGIS- “On the fly” projection ON by default?

In QGIS 1.6, can users set "on the fly projection" to be checked ON by default (at application launch)? I know how to turn it on, but some users find they use it more often than not, and would like ...
3
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1answer
2k views

OpenLayers doesn't show an overlay with a different SRS than the base layer

I need to add an overlay layer that uses EPSG:4326 to a map with a base layer that uses EPSG:32628. Every time I add the overlay OpenLayers automatically switches the SRS param of the overlay to ...
8
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3answers
802 views

What kinds of line segments/edges require high accuracy in a true surface-of-the-ellipsoid representation?

I've been musing (and doing prototype coding) for a 'projection free' geographic codebase with your basic point, line & polygon primitives. Rather than dealing with all the sacrifices that come ...
6
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2answers
6k views

Basic proj4 conversion UTM grid -> longlat and back

I'm a GIS novice, and am struggling to understand how to drive proj4 to accomplish what seems like a simple thing. I've googled for a couple of days, but everything I find seems to presuppose quite ...
10
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3answers
2k views

What is the right solution (and map projection) to compute distances between points located all over the World?

After my study on map projection I realized that it is very difficult to choose a projection that allows to compute simultaneously the distances between a great deal of points if these points are ...