A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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ArcPy 10.1 PointGeometry.projectAs()

I'm trying to reproject an X,Y passed in from an Add-in. So far this works fine: pointGeometry = arcpy.PointGeometry(arcpy.Point(x,y),srIn,False, False) projectedPoint = ...
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How to I create a .prj file with the following projection parameters?

I have received shape files that are missing .prj files. The documentation for the shape files describes the projection system as Lambert Conformal Conic and provides the following "Projection ...
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298 views

How can I clean up this OpenLayers code by correctly doing a transform or projection, for an array of features?

I have some features I've created via some Kml data. Now, to display these features on a Google Map, I need to project them from 'EPSG:4326' to 'EPSG:3857'. This works great. Now, i need to convert ...
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How to transform World data from EPSG 4326 to EPSG 3857

I have tryed different opensource tools to transform a world data shapefile from 4326 to 3857 but I always have an error. Im not sure, but is it because of Antartica? I have tryed with GDAL and QGIS ...
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How to scale/reduce my polygon without changing the central lat & long?

I am writing a VBA code to resize my polygon, I get a input as vector points(Shape file). The code below resizes it as according to my scale factor but my central latitude and longitude are also ...
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387 views

Pseudo Mercator error?

I'm mapping on QGIS, I have a vector layer and his CRS is on EPSG:4326 - WGS 84, but also I wanted to put a satellite image, so when I do it, the image use WGS 84 / Pseudo Mercator. The problem is, ...
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331 views

Why do ArcGIS Area Calculations not match Official Statistics?

I am trying to calculate area of polygons using a shapefile from the world bank where countries are defined. When however I am trying to calcuate the area, the numbers that emerge are different from ...
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270 views

How to find out what projection my data is using?

I have a set of data that I created from gps locations of images. The locations are in decimal. I don't know what projection was used when the data was captured. I used QGIS to display the data with a ...
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118 views

need info on GeoTIFF projection keys

I am a programmer (not a cartographer!!) developing an application which needs to read and write GeoTIFF files. I have a number of questions about those GeoTIFF keys which are related to projections. ...
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59 views

Editor and projections ArcGIS

When opening an edit session Arc is telling me that some of my shape files' coordinate systems do not match the data frame. Here is the data frame coordinate system: Stereo_70 Projection: ...
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4answers
401 views

Coordinates conversion doubt

In QGIS do I have a EPSG:4326 shapefile that shows the coordinates "-7148300 -3688500" and I need them in the format -64º -31º for further processing in a geodjango app. However using ogrinfo I get ...
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892 views

What projection to use in ArcMap for a map that extends over Wgs84 Utm31 and 32

Please i have a Wgs84 Utm map that extends over 2 utm zones(31N and 32N). Using either of them distorts my map and ArcGIs allows you to choose only one projection per map. Please what can i do? Thank ...
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923 views

Tile script (Mapnik) with OpenLayers - Problem with projection (900913)

I use Mapnik python bindings in a geodjango application to render tiles in openlayers with datasource stored in postGIS in 900913 projection. The feature seems to be rendered correctly in the ...
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733 views

Evaluating map projection scale error

This is related to a previous question I posted. I am trying to quantitatively evaluate scale distortion associated with choosing different projection center, center azimuth, and scale factor values ...
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1answer
81 views

Some terms related to coordinate

I was googling coordinate related information all the day. Now I am confused with some concepts and terms. I hope some one can help me to make it clear. Geographic coordinate system Geographic ...
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Why don't my Shapefiles and OSM data overlap in Quantum GIS?

So I'm pretty new to GIS, and I'm working on a mapping project using data for Vancouver, Canada. I want to combine Open Street Map data along with data provided by the City of Vancouver. But the City ...
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1answer
410 views

If I've given two different layers the same CRS, why won't they overlay one another?

I have a "towns" and "state" shapefile for Massachusetts as two separate vector layers in QGIS. I've set the project coordinate system to WGS 84 at the bottom of the screen (next to the "coordinate" ...
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406 views

Why does map display like it is in Isometric when everything is in EPSG:4326?

I'm beginning with Geoserver and try to display a map of my country (Belgium) is an openlayer map (embedded into a MapPanel object). I've downloaded the municipalities limits from gadm.org and copied ...
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43 views

what is the difference between the Geographic coordinate, transformed coordinate and screen coordinate [duplicate]

What is the difference between the Geographic coordinate, transformed coordinate(projected) ,cartesian coordinate, and screen coordinate? Is there a live example? And what is the association between ...
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9k views

Which CRS to use for Google Maps?

I am trying to map a Shapefile (download) onto a Google Map using the Javascript API. The Shapefile describes the boundaries of NYC School Districts. The file's projection was Lambert Conformal ...
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1answer
633 views

Blank MapServer WMS image at low zoom levels in OpenLayers

I have an OpenLayers map using OSM as the baselayer with several layers coming from MapServer via WMS. The OL map is in EPSG:3857 and my mapfile (and shapefiles) are in EPSG:4326. In my mapfile I ...
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460 views

Assign projection to a satellite image

Today I stumbled upon a picture taken from the ISS looking down Europe and it is really beautiful. So, I started thinking I could add more to the picture. Like world borders, cities, road network, ...
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645 views

how to make the translation between latitude/longitude and screen pixels

The earth is three dimension object while our screen is two-dimension. So when we use the gis software to display the geographic data, how do they handle the translation between latitude/longitude ...
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1answer
49 views

Does IDistanceOP.EucDistanceFull require a projected coordinate system?

I have designed an implementation of ArcObjects' IDistanceOP.EucDistanceFull. It takes its input as a feature class and converts it to a GeoDataset with which EucDistanceFull can work with. It works ...
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1answer
225 views

Do FeatureLayers reproject their features to adapt them to the map projection?

I'm working with the ArcGIS Flex API. For example, ArcGISDynamicMapLayers do reproject their data in order to make it in the same projection as the map. Do FeatureLayers have the same behaviour?
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De facto QGIS projection for EPSG4326 / 'unprojected' reference systems? [duplicate]

This is my understanding of projections/datums: To get a map of the earth on a plane you need to project the 3 dimensional earth by 'wrapping' a plane around it in the way that suits you (according ...
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422 views

define a datum and meridian in a CRS in QGIS

I have a shapefile defined by the source as: "The layer is in geographical (lat-long) coordinates (GCS_Clarke_1866; Datum: D_Clarke_1866; Prime Meridian: 0)." opening the shapefile in QGIS 1.8 the ...
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QGIS: Unable to project raster layers correctly on a Toshiba Tecra 64# Win7

I know how to project a raster, I can do it on other machines. On this particular machine the raster loads but are no where near the correct position as if the datum is on another planet.
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673 views

Why isn't valid geometry not valid in NetTopologySuite when close to poles?

I have a Polygon which crosses the south pole: Polygon in WKT: POLYGON((5.86826073458095 75.6638564054071,-16.5436836399021 63.2220742891438,-19.3664667294083 59.846221066959,-21.7009816876343 ...
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1answer
367 views

Incorrectly Projected PostGIS data in TileMill

When I bring PostGIS data in EPSG:900913 into TileMill, my layers end up on other continents. This is my workflow: (1) Save shapefiles in QGIS to EPSG:900913 (2) Import the shapefiles using PostGIS ...
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779 views

Wrong projection on WFS layer with OSM baselayer [duplicate]

I am trying to add a vector layer with a WFS protocol. var wfs = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector("WFS", { strategies: [new OpenLayers.Strategy.BBOX({resFactor: 1})], ...
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63 views

how to get correct geo reference system for a VMap

I am new to GIS, trying to read the GeoRef System for VMap by using the following code: OGRSpatialReference *ref = layer->GetSpatialRef(); if( ref ) { QString georefSystem = ...
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210 views

Compute global DEM topographic indices and compromise projections

I would like to compute global topographic indices based on SRTM elevation data. These indices are computed along river/channel networks extracted from a DEM and are a functions of both local slope ...
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What is the approximate error of the Pythagorean Theorem vs. Haversine Formula in measuring distances on a sphere at various scales?

Many people when first trying to calculate distances between two longitude / latitude pairs ask if Pythagorean theorem works as an appropriate distance function. Most often people answer "no, the ...
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124 views

How to get Earth radius in pixels?

I need Earth radius in pixels for use in Mercator projection. Well let's say that our map's height is 1478 pixels and distance between 0 pixel and 1478 pixel is 2.52 degree. Radius is distance from ...
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1answer
2k views

openlayers multiple layers with different projection

My page contains two layers: 1. Open Street Map as a basic layer and WMS layer from mapserver as a overlay layer. My map show this two layers but in a wrong position. I spent a lot of time trying ...
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2answers
414 views

How do I perform a 3 parameter geotransformation and projection in Sql Server 2012?

I have a table with latitude longitude (NAD27) columns in it. I compute two other columns, X and Y, representing Web Mercator (WGS84) location. Currently I'm using a Arcmap to do this, by applying ...
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97 views

What is displayed when I am using a geographic CRS for my project

I understand that each geographical dataset has a CRS, and that in order to overlay them, you need to either make sure that all datasets use the same CRS, or re-project some of them (or use on-the-fly ...
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184 views

I want to change EPSG:4326 to EPSG:900913 using C# for a set of uploaded shapefiles

I have written some code (using help from these pages) that uploads a directory full of shapefiles to a geoserver using C#. The uploaded shapefiles are set to EPSG:4326 however I would like them to be ...
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210 views

Which training courses in Geodetics can you recommend?

Can anyone recommend any training courses in geodesy which would cover the following objectives: Case studies on coordinate issues Overview of geodetic datums, coordinate reference systems and ...
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318 views

Reprojecting raster data from a rotated pole grid

I have some raster data (ASCII grid files) that use a custom rotated-pole projection, that I'd like to reproject into something more useful, such as lon/lat WGS84. A description of the grid projection ...
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2answers
859 views

WFS reprojection problems

In geoserver i have a layer in EPSG:4326. In OpenLayers i add it on map as WFS: markerLayer = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector('Markers',{ strategies: [new OpenLayers.Strategy.BBOX()], ...
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1answer
106 views

Imported GPS data does not overlap with map

I´m working on QGIS and I geocoded 2 addresses of a city in Germany and tried to input the text-file as a layer. It worked, but the 2 points must be in the map of the city and if I zoom to the ...
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1answer
107 views

Ok to measure and union a projected-on-the-fly shapefile in ArcMap?

I have a dataframe in arcMap 10.0.4 that is of Africa Albers Equal Area Conic PCS. I bring in a census shapefile of WGS 1984 CS and it is projected on the fly. I do 2 things: I use the calculate ...
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1answer
609 views

Transformation of user-defined projected coordinatesystems

I want to transform from one projected coordinate system (pcs) to another using ArcGIS 10. Unfortunatelly the starting system is not predefind by ESRI and thus I´m not sure the software is doing what ...
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132 views

Getting a “square” of lat/lon for database query [duplicate]

So I want to get the square formed by a single point of lat/lons, my plan was to take that point's latitude, divide by 360, and multiply by the circumference of earth. Giving us the distance from the ...
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109 views

Setting coordinate systems in gvSIG: workflow or transformation issues

I am learning how to use gvSIG 1.10 (Mac OS 10.6.8 Snow Leopard). My goal is to create a simple county map of Illinois using the base data shapefiles available from the Illinois Natural Resources ...
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167 views

How to join edge of International Date Line in world file?

I am currently using world file (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/shorelines/gshhs.html) for international boundary information. Now I have difficulty with map projection that the map ends with ...
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3answers
91 views

Trying to match delimited text layer to my shapefile

I'm pretty new to QGIS and having a bit of trouble getting a text layer to match my shapefile. I'm trying to plot Canadian cities on a shapefile I have of Canada provinces. The provinces shapefile is ...
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38 views

Determining the SRID of a dataset in PostGIS [duplicate]

Sometimes the dataset provides some information about its projection. For example, it can mention Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983, Ellipsoid_Name: GRS1980, ...