A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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466 views

Create Mercator map with arbitrary center/orientation?

I want to see a Mercator map where I choose what latitude/longitude is in the center and what direction is "north". In some sense, a Mercator map of a rigid rotation of the globe. Does such a ...
6
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1answer
467 views

How does OpenLayers determine a layer's projection?

Could anyone explain the strategy OpenLayers take to determine the layer's projection? For example, if I didn't explicitly specify any projection for a marker layer, what projection would the layer ...
6
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2answers
1k views

ArcGIS 10 British National Grid Transformation

In ArcGIS 10 a new transformation has been added for converting between WGS84 and British National Grid. What is OSGB_1936_To_WGS_1984_NGA_7PAR? How should it be used when compared with the other ...
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1answer
1k views

Python script to convert Lat Long to ITM (Irish Transverse Mercator)

I am currently working on a python script that converts Lat Long (WGS84) to ITM. The formulas used are based on a paper published by OSGB (Appendix B): ...
6
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2answers
351 views

Projections appropriate for global analysis that preserve area and that preserve distance (but not necessarily in the same projection)

I am looking for a projection (or a set of projections) that decently preserve distances so that I can buffer every country in the world and have a similar level of minimal distortion for each. I ...
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1answer
655 views

SRID error in mapserver

I've created a network topology using QGIS, saved it as a shp, imported it into PostGIS using shp2pgsql and I'm now trying to output some of the geometry using mapserver. Unfortunately mapserver is ...
6
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1answer
285 views

Geometry Projection Speed Test

Lately I've been using the OGR projection classes that come with ogr/gdal, but pyproj was recommended to me, so I thought I'd give it a try. To help me decide if I should make the switch, I did a ...
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120 views

Is there a name for map projections that produce two disks?

I've seen lots of world maps in the shape of two disks that touch, each one a separate projection of one hemisphere onto a disk -- usually the Western Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere -- so ...
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793 views

projection/pyproj puzzle, and understanding SRS format

I have a shapefile that has a .prj file, with the following wkt contents: ...
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491 views

Coordinate system in aerial imagery

I am calculating WGS84 coordinates of points in an aerial image, given the WGS84 coordinates of the center of the image and the ground distance width and height (calculated from altitude and lens ...
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164 views

Is there a difference between projecting shapefiles then rasterizing & rasterizing shapefiles then projecting?

I currently have a project where I rasterize shapefiles into simple presence/absence (1 & 0) rasters and then add each one to a running total to create a total richness raster at the end. The ...
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1answer
195 views

What is the definition for a geographic coordinate system with east/west bounds of 0 to 360

I need the coordinate system reference or a projection definition that uses geographic (i.e. lat/lon) coordinates but instead of east/west bounds being defined as 180 to -180, I need them to be ...
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2answers
555 views

Are there tools in ArcGIS for drawing compass bearings, and which projection should be used to create a map showing them?

I have a requirement to create a map (or multiple maps) showing four different locations with a bearing compass drawn around each one, oriented towards Grid North. I was told that each of the ...
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106 views

Should I Reproject Data Which Has Been Captured Incorrectly?

I'm working on a project for a client which is migrating data from an Oracle database to an ESRI Geodatabase. When data for this project was initially captured over 15 years ago, the coordinate ...
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1answer
7k views

Openlayers and Geoserver: OSM/Google Maps and WMS Overlay

I am experiencing projection problems with the following set up: GeoServer with ESPG:4326 based shapefiles (*.shp) OpenJump to edit my shapefiles Openlayers with EPSG:900913 base layers GeoServer ...
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1answer
192 views

How do I change an existing srs in QGis?

I am showing postgis data with srid 28992 (Amersfoort / RD New). But when I plot the geospatial data on a map (with openlayers plugin), the data is shown a hunderd meters off because the datum shift ...
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221 views

What's a robust strategy for displaying 3D map data for navigation?

3D map data, specifically the kind you see on GPS units, or more recently on smart phones, almost always features a 'HUD' like view, which I'm trying to implement in an application of mine. I have ...
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5answers
7k views

How to convert coordinates from Gauss-Krueger to Longitude/Latitude?

I'm a newbie in the GIS world so please advise me :) In my .NET/C# project I need to show some shapes/points on the Bing Map. The problem is I have the Gauss-Krueger coordinates and need to convert ...
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6answers
700 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
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4answers
11k views

Convert latitude and longitude into northings and eastings

Hi I have the following UK postcode dy8 3xt and know that the latitude and longitude is:- 54.452772 -2.156082 I also know that the Eastings, Northings for the postcode is:- 389490 283880 ...
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2answers
106 views

Transformation parameters for Everest datum to WGS84

I have a shapefile with the following projection information: ...
5
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4answers
2k views

Automate Projection of multiple shp files using ArcPy

I have been trying to create a Python script that will convert all shape files within a folder from GCS WGS 84 to Web Mercator. Below is the code I have so far but what I'm struggling with is how to ...
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3answers
5k views

How can I get the proj4 string or EPSG code from a shapefile .prj file? [duplicate]

I have to work with a shapefile defined in an unusual projection, which my GIS software does not know about. How can I get the proj4 definition or the EPSG code for the projection?
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2answers
403 views

Mass-update the projection in compressed GeoTIFF files

I have a huge set of compressed GeoTIFF files. Someone forgot to set the projection while creating the GeoTIFF files and I would like to add it now. If I use gdalwarp -t_srs source.tif ...
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2answers
255 views

Arcmap: Create a projection to emphasize a given direction?

Suppose one had a dataset (centered on a given coordinate) of lines that were very close together in terms of longitude but also had important turns/bends far separated by latitude. In order to map ...
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115 views

Is there a standard for the specification of .prj files?

We use shape files for data exchange. I've looked at the .prj files: different programs produce different prj files. Is there a standard how the parameters must be specified in a prj file? AFAIK the ...
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786 views

Stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane[python]

I would like to ask you for help in following task. What I need to do is to derive local x,y coordinates from latitude, longitude, applying stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane, ...
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1answer
148 views

Good projection for covering most of the world

I'm writing an application for building navigation routes thru the city streets, and not quite sure what projection would be best. I tried EPSG:3587, however, the tools I'm using - GeoTools and ...
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1answer
2k views

Mercator projection: problem with latitude formula

I'm trying to get the position of a coordinate on this map (source Wikipedia): If I'm correct than the formula for the position of the latitude would be: R * ln(tan(pi/4 + latitude / 2)) But ...
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2answers
5k views

Basic proj4 conversion UTM grid -> longlat and back

I'm a GIS novice, and am struggling to understand how to drive proj4 to accomplish what seems like a simple thing. I've googled for a couple of days, but everything I find seems to presuppose quite ...
5
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1answer
295 views

Which projection casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder?

What is the name of a map projection that casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder? Some people who make sundials put a map of Earth on the sundial. I want to use the "right" ...
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2answers
301 views

Does the Chamberlin trimetric projection map (some) great circles to straight lines?

I know that, in general, the Chamberlin trimetric projection maps most great circles on the sphere to some sort of non-straight curve on the flat map. But what about the 3 special great circles ...
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433 views

Equal Area SRID for Australia

This has been bothering me for some time so I figured I would put it out there. Does anyone know the SRID for an equal area projection that is suitable for the whole of Australia? I realize that I ...
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1answer
696 views

Problems with lat long projection

Hi this seems like it should be an easy problem, but its been giving me a headache. I have a .xls spreadsheet with about 60,000 rows. Most of them have Latitude and Longitude. I simply want to ...
5
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1answer
558 views

Custom Geographic Transformation on QGIS

Is there a way to create a custom geographic transformation with specifics parameters in QGIS like in ArcGIS? Okay, I want to tranform SAD69 system into WGS84. Well, I'm in doubt because in ArcGIS ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Having trouble finding out what coordinate system a map is using, and how to convert it

I'm using Small Area shapefiles in Ireland from the Central Statistics Office (CSO) website. The link to these is here http://census.cso.ie/censusasp/saps/boundaries/ED_SA%20Disclaimer1.htm (Look for ...
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2answers
6k views

Coordinate system and projection for georeferencing Google Maps image in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have saved Google Maps image (not Google Earth) of area at latlon(17.692437,83.218689) by some method in jpeg format. It is an exact snapshot of the Google Maps. Now I need to geo-reference it to ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How to convert NAD 27 to WebMercator in using the ESRI Silverlight API? (C#)

I am working with the ESRI Silverlight API. I found THIS post in the ESRI forums and THIS OTHER which show how to convert between WGS84 geographic coordinates and WebMercator coordinates. I want to do ...
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3answers
948 views

Convert Nasa's Blue Marble into a cubic projection

I'm looking for a free tool to convert the cylindrical projection map of the Earth's surface that you can get from Nasa (under the Blue Marble project): ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I use GDAL to convert from an arbitrary projection/datum into Equirectangular/WGS84?

I've been trying to use GDAL to convert from an arbitrary projection/datum into Equirectangular (aka Plate Caree, aka Equidistant Cylindrical, aka Geographic, aka Lat/Long) with WGS84 datum. All of ...
5
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3answers
827 views

Plot a EPSG:4326 KML File using Google Maps V3

I have a KML file that uses EPSG:4326. Is there any way to plot this onto a Google Map (v3) which uses Mercator? Here is the page I am working on The district data comes from one source and is ...
5
votes
1answer
145 views

Azimuthal Equidistant - 40,000 Km range

I've been looking at making an azimuthal equidistant map. There are several web sites that offer to make one, based on my location, but they all have the same problem. They assume my antenna rotates ...
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2answers
219 views

How do I get the projection of an LAS file using liblas?

I am using the python api of liblas to read/write las files. I would like to get the spatial reference information of the las file using liblas, but have been unable to figure it out. Can anyone ...
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votes
1answer
144 views

What projection is this and how to use it in a GIS?

I have a request to do a map in non-standard projection: (source: http://www4.agr.gc.ca/AAFC-AAC/display-afficher.do?id=1263246127905&lang=eng) I couldn't manage to find it my materials. As well ...
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3answers
1k views

Using arcpy what is the most efficient way of projecting a selection from a large data set?

I have a large data set X(x1-xn) from which I must select consecutively the attributes A(a1-an) from X.fieldsSRC or X.fieldDST and project the selections. I have a functioning arcpy script that does ...
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2answers
451 views

Is it possible to use the Goode Homolosine projection in QGIS?

Is it possible to use the Goode Homolosine projection in QGIS? Both QGIS and GRASS seem to have trouble with the interruptions, squashing the higher latitudes together. I tried +proj=goode ...
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2answers
3k views

How to display KML image overlays in OpenLayers?

I am working on displaying Ground Overlays on OpenLayers by parsing KML manually. To do so, I was trying to add an image on top of Google Map by looking at GroundOverlay section from ...
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1answer
281 views

Mapserver tiles - trouble with projection

I'm trying to render tiles with shp2img tool from Mapserver suite and my tiles aren't matching. Tiles are numbered like in openstreetmaps.org. This is an attempt to draw tile (level 1, x=1, y=0) which ...
5
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1answer
627 views

What is north-up projection?

How do I know what projection to use for north-up or 0 rotation? I have a gtiff (ND83-nf) that gives me the error when importing to Grass. Should I re-project or recreate the image with the rotation ...
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1answer
2k views

Leaflet and EPSG 4326 Projections

UPDATE: LEAFLET fixed support for EPSG 4326 (LL84) in the latest betas: https://github.com/Leaflet/Leaflet/issues/1207 Leaflet says it supports EPSG 4326 (Plate Carree, aka ll84) projections. I think ...