A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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115 views

Best practices and examples of web maps of polar regions

I am looking for examples of web maps focusing on polar regions (Arctic or Antarctic) preferably using a polar projection. What could be best practices to follow for such web mapping applications? Any ...
7
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1answer
199 views

Which training courses in Geodetics can you recommend?

Can anyone recommend any training courses in geodesy which would cover the following objectives: Case studies on coordinate issues Overview of geodetic datums, coordinate reference systems and ...
7
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1answer
3k views

Leaflet and EPSG 4326 Projections

UPDATE: LEAFLET fixed support for EPSG 4326 (LL84) in the latest betas: https://github.com/Leaflet/Leaflet/issues/1207 Leaflet says it supports EPSG 4326 (Plate Carree, aka ll84) projections. I think ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

How to add a projection to a Shapefile using open-source tools?

I have been given some shapefiles WITHOUT a projection. So I need to add the projection in order to display it on google map. I found the projection information I need at ...
6
votes
3answers
880 views

How does ArcGIS determine which transformation to use when projecting on the fly?

How does ArcGIS determine which transformation to use when projecting on the fly? Where this would come in would be going from NAD 83 to WGS 84. Multiple transformations could be considered so how is ...
6
votes
2answers
444 views

What projection does the global climate region map from Wikipedia use?

I would like to use this global climate region map from Wikipedia as a "basemap" (by plotting over the image in R). Is it possible to determine the projection of this map?
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Computing UTM Zone from lat/long point?

I am trying to convert a latlong point to UTM. To define UTM projection, I need to calculate zone for the point. I am trying to figure out the best way to do this. One way to do this would be ...
6
votes
2answers
681 views

Identify what projection this Australian map uses?

Im looking to put this map into google maps as custom tiles, but i now learn what projection is and that this map does not use the same format as google's default. You can create custom projections i ...
6
votes
4answers
10k views

How to reproject base layers in OpenLayers?

The issue is: I have vector/topo/image tiled maps for some places in north america which were published as ArcGIS Server REST service. These maps (A) are based in EPSG26912 projection. Now I wanna ...
6
votes
2answers
819 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Transformation parameters for Everest datum to WGS84

I have a shapefile with the following projection information: ...
6
votes
2answers
790 views

Ortho Projection produces artifacts

I`m trying to create a sphere-like view using qgis and the "world from space"-projection http://spatialreference.org/ref/sr-org/6980/ (essentialy an ortho-projection). ArcGIS wraps the shapes ...
6
votes
2answers
148 views

Why has an orthographic projection been used in this NatGeo map?

I'm wondering why this maps uses an orthographic projection, resulting in 3 maps to view the whole world. What were the requirements or the reasons to choose this projection (why not Mercator ) ? ...
6
votes
3answers
595 views

How can I obtain the same area values provided by the Census for TIGER boundaries using PostGIS functions?

In PostGIS, how can I compute the area of Census Boundaries and obtain the same results as are provided by the Census? For example, most Census Boundaries include attributes for Land Area and Water ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

How can I transform GCS_North_American_1983 to GCS_WGS_1984?

I posted a thread today describing a shift in some of the NRC data (not all). Apparently, this shift has to do with conversion between Geographic coordinates, latitude and longitude and Transverse ...
6
votes
2answers
86 views

Define projection at the record level

Hopefully this isn't too dumb a question, but is it possible to define projection at the record level, instead of a whole layer or table? I want to create a "project" database for all the work my ...
6
votes
1answer
604 views

Create Mercator map with arbitrary center/orientation?

I want to see a Mercator map where I choose what latitude/longitude is in the center and what direction is "north". In some sense, a Mercator map of a rigid rotation of the globe. Does such a ...
6
votes
1answer
497 views

How does OpenLayers determine a layer's projection?

Could anyone explain the strategy OpenLayers take to determine the layer's projection? For example, if I didn't explicitly specify any projection for a marker layer, what projection would the layer ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Basic proj4 conversion UTM grid -> longlat and back

I'm a GIS novice, and am struggling to understand how to drive proj4 to accomplish what seems like a simple thing. I've googled for a couple of days, but everything I find seems to presuppose quite ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

ArcGIS 10 British National Grid Transformation

In ArcGIS 10 a new transformation has been added for converting between WGS84 and British National Grid. What is OSGB_1936_To_WGS_1984_NGA_7PAR? How should it be used when compared with the other ...
6
votes
2answers
554 views

Calculating projected distance using ArcObjects?

I am pretty new to this and I am not sure I understand all the concepts, so I might be using words wrongly or obviously not getting some details right. We mean to do those calculations within our ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Problems with lat long projection

I have a .xls spreadsheet with about 60,000 rows. Most of them have Latitude and Longitude. I simply want to display these as points in Arc10. I've tried making a .dbf in arccatalog and creating a ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Python script to convert Lat Long to ITM (Irish Transverse Mercator)

I am currently working on a python script that converts Lat Long (WGS84) to ITM. The formulas used are based on a paper published by OSGB (Appendix B): ...
6
votes
2answers
662 views

Using Python, Batch Project output won't drop into feature dataset?

When attempting to batch project in ArcGIS 9.3 or 10 (using either arcpy or arcgisscripting), I cannot get my geoprocessing results to drop into the feature dataset that I specify. The results ...
6
votes
1answer
777 views

SRID error in mapserver

I've created a network topology using QGIS, saved it as a shp, imported it into PostGIS using shp2pgsql and I'm now trying to output some of the geometry using mapserver. Unfortunately mapserver is ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Lambert conformal conic isn't actually conformal?

Mathematically a conformal map has the property that the Jacobian of the transformation is a scaled version of a rotation matrix. The transformation involved in a spherical Lambert conformal conic ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Is there a name for map projections that produce two disks?

I've seen lots of world maps in the shape of two disks that touch, each one a separate projection of one hemisphere onto a disk -- usually the Western Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere -- so ...
6
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1answer
961 views

projection/pyproj puzzle, and understanding SRS format

I have a shapefile that has a .prj file, with the following wkt contents: ...
6
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1answer
666 views

Coordinate system in aerial imagery

I am calculating WGS84 coordinates of points in an aerial image, given the WGS84 coordinates of the center of the image and the ground distance width and height (calculated from altitude and lens ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

Is there a difference between projecting shapefiles then rasterizing & rasterizing shapefiles then projecting?

I currently have a project where I rasterize shapefiles into simple presence/absence (1 & 0) rasters and then add each one to a running total to create a total richness raster at the end. The ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

What is the definition for a geographic coordinate system with east/west bounds of 0 to 360

I need the coordinate system reference or a projection definition that uses geographic (i.e. lat/lon) coordinates but instead of east/west bounds being defined as 180 to -180, I need them to be ...
6
votes
2answers
928 views

Are there tools in ArcGIS for drawing compass bearings, and which projection should be used to create a map showing them?

I have a requirement to create a map (or multiple maps) showing four different locations with a bearing compass drawn around each one, oriented towards Grid North. I was told that each of the ...
6
votes
2answers
631 views

Is it possible to use the Goode Homolosine projection in QGIS?

Is it possible to use the Goode Homolosine projection in QGIS? Both QGIS and GRASS seem to have trouble with the interruptions, squashing the higher latitudes together. I tried +proj=goode ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Should I Reproject Data Which Has Been Captured Incorrectly?

I'm working on a project for a client which is migrating data from an Oracle database to an ESRI Geodatabase. When data for this project was initially captured over 15 years ago, the coordinate ...
6
votes
1answer
8k views

Openlayers and Geoserver: OSM/Google Maps and WMS Overlay

I am experiencing projection problems with the following set up: GeoServer with ESPG:4326 based shapefiles (*.shp) OpenJump to edit my shapefiles Openlayers with EPSG:900913 base layers GeoServer ...
6
votes
1answer
348 views

How do I change an existing srs in QGis?

I am showing postgis data with srid 28992 (Amersfoort / RD New). But when I plot the geospatial data on a map (with openlayers plugin), the data is shown a hunderd meters off because the datum shift ...
6
votes
1answer
261 views

What's a robust strategy for displaying 3D map data for navigation?

3D map data, specifically the kind you see on GPS units, or more recently on smart phones, almost always features a 'HUD' like view, which I'm trying to implement in an application of mine. I have ...
6
votes
1answer
576 views

Determining Natural Origin for a GeoTIFF file (Lambert Conic)

I am trying to display an existing GeoTIFF file (from the FAA WAC set) in an application that requires the GeoTIFF NaturalOriginLongitude tag (FalconView 5.1.1). There are some older files in that set ...
5
votes
5answers
8k views

How to convert coordinates from Gauss-Krueger to Longitude/Latitude?

I'm a newbie in the GIS world so please advise me :) In my .NET/C# project I need to show some shapes/points on the Bing Map. The problem is I have the Gauss-Krueger coordinates and need to convert ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I specify a CRS for a fictional game map in QGIS?

I am about to start playing a steampunk RPG game called The Iron Realm, which uses a fictional world map. I have recently started using QGIS v1.7 and have no real experience with GIS sysstems. I have ...
5
votes
6answers
959 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?

WGS84 is a reference ellipsoid that determines coordinates of every point on Earth using latitude, longitude and height about the its surface. This ellipsoid is often used as a base to make maps. ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How to re-project shapefiles?

I wanted to re-project a QGIS project, but there is no such option. When searching for an answer I see ogr2ogr suggested for this task, by re-projecting each vector layer (shapefile in this example). ...
5
votes
4answers
14k views

Convert latitude and longitude into northings and eastings

Hi I have the following UK postcode dy8 3xt and know that the latitude and longitude is:- 54.452772 -2.156082 I also know that the Eastings, Northings for the postcode is:- 389490 283880 ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Automate Projection of multiple shp files using ArcPy

I have been trying to create a Python script that will convert all shape files within a folder from GCS WGS 84 to Web Mercator. Below is the code I have so far but what I'm struggling with is how to ...
5
votes
2answers
438 views

Mass-update the projection in compressed GeoTIFF files

I have a huge set of compressed GeoTIFF files. Someone forgot to set the projection while creating the GeoTIFF files and I would like to add it now. If I use gdalwarp -t_srs source.tif ...
5
votes
3answers
10k views

Using ArcMap, how may I convert a shapefile to use decimal degrees?

I have a shapefile that currently uses meters as the measure for its coordinate system, but the map framework I wish to use expects decimal degrees. I'd like to reproject my shapefile to use decimal ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

GEOTIFF explanation of .aux xml and tfw world file

I want to know how raster images work, I have a set of geotiffs that has no aux, tfw or xml when I check the spatial information in arccatalog, they do have an projection. and they shows correctly. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Convert an arbitrary meta-data-free map image into QGIS project

My background: experienced programmer, amateur historian, complete beginner to GIS (so I'm using QGIS). I did learn to use the QGIS georeferencer tool though. The input: suppose I have an image like ...
5
votes
2answers
258 views

Arcmap: Create a projection to emphasize a given direction?

Suppose one had a dataset (centered on a given coordinate) of lines that were very close together in terms of longitude but also had important turns/bends far separated by latitude. In order to map ...