A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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757 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
6
votes
2answers
120 views

Why has an orthographic projection been used in this NatGeo map?

I'm wondering why this maps uses an orthographic projection, resulting in 3 maps to view the whole world. What were the requirements or the reasons to choose this projection (why not Mercator ) ? ...
6
votes
3answers
505 views

How can I obtain the same area values provided by the Census for TIGER boundaries using PostGIS functions?

In PostGIS, how can I compute the area of Census Boundaries and obtain the same results as are provided by the Census? For example, most Census Boundaries include attributes for Land Area and Water ...
6
votes
1answer
9k views

How can I transform GCS_North_American_1983 to GCS_WGS_1984?

I posted a thread today describing a shift in some of the NRC data (not all). Apparently, this shift has to do with conversion between Geographic coordinates, latitude and longitude and Transverse ...
6
votes
2answers
84 views

Define projection at the record level

Hopefully this isn't too dumb a question, but is it possible to define projection at the record level, instead of a whole layer or table? I want to create a "project" database for all the work my ...
6
votes
1answer
464 views

Equal Area SRID for Australia

This has been bothering me for some time so I figured I would put it out there. Does anyone know the SRID for an equal area projection that is suitable for the whole of Australia? I realize that I ...
6
votes
2answers
284 views

Is there a standard for the specification of .prj files?

We use shape files for data exchange. I've looked at the .prj files: different programs produce different prj files. Is there a standard how the parameters must be specified in a prj file? AFAIK the ...
6
votes
1answer
537 views

Create Mercator map with arbitrary center/orientation?

I want to see a Mercator map where I choose what latitude/longitude is in the center and what direction is "north". In some sense, a Mercator map of a rigid rotation of the globe. Does such a ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What's up with the GeoJSON spec and CRS as a IRM?

I'm writing a web API to our GIS data, currently revamping our geocoding service. I'm creating the option for folks to specify the output type as GeoJSON so I'm trying to follow the spec. Our data is ...
6
votes
1answer
478 views

How does OpenLayers determine a layer's projection?

Could anyone explain the strategy OpenLayers take to determine the layer's projection? For example, if I didn't explicitly specify any projection for a marker layer, what projection would the layer ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

Basic proj4 conversion UTM grid -> longlat and back

I'm a GIS novice, and am struggling to understand how to drive proj4 to accomplish what seems like a simple thing. I've googled for a couple of days, but everything I find seems to presuppose quite ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

ArcGIS 10 British National Grid Transformation

In ArcGIS 10 a new transformation has been added for converting between WGS84 and British National Grid. What is OSGB_1936_To_WGS_1984_NGA_7PAR? How should it be used when compared with the other ...
6
votes
1answer
860 views

Problems with lat long projection

I have a .xls spreadsheet with about 60,000 rows. Most of them have Latitude and Longitude. I simply want to display these as points in Arc10. I've tried making a .dbf in arccatalog and creating a ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Python script to convert Lat Long to ITM (Irish Transverse Mercator)

I am currently working on a python script that converts Lat Long (WGS84) to ITM. The formulas used are based on a paper published by OSGB (Appendix B): ...
6
votes
1answer
714 views

SRID error in mapserver

I've created a network topology using QGIS, saved it as a shp, imported it into PostGIS using shp2pgsql and I'm now trying to output some of the geometry using mapserver. Unfortunately mapserver is ...
6
votes
1answer
355 views

Geometry Projection Speed Test

Lately I've been using the OGR projection classes that come with ogr/gdal, but pyproj was recommended to me, so I thought I'd give it a try. To help me decide if I should make the switch, I did a ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Is there a name for map projections that produce two disks?

I've seen lots of world maps in the shape of two disks that touch, each one a separate projection of one hemisphere onto a disk -- usually the Western Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere -- so ...
6
votes
1answer
874 views

projection/pyproj puzzle, and understanding SRS format

I have a shapefile that has a .prj file, with the following wkt contents: ...
6
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1answer
588 views

Coordinate system in aerial imagery

I am calculating WGS84 coordinates of points in an aerial image, given the WGS84 coordinates of the center of the image and the ground distance width and height (calculated from altitude and lens ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Is there a difference between projecting shapefiles then rasterizing & rasterizing shapefiles then projecting?

I currently have a project where I rasterize shapefiles into simple presence/absence (1 & 0) rasters and then add each one to a running total to create a total richness raster at the end. The ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

What is the definition for a geographic coordinate system with east/west bounds of 0 to 360

I need the coordinate system reference or a projection definition that uses geographic (i.e. lat/lon) coordinates but instead of east/west bounds being defined as 180 to -180, I need them to be ...
6
votes
2answers
739 views

Are there tools in ArcGIS for drawing compass bearings, and which projection should be used to create a map showing them?

I have a requirement to create a map (or multiple maps) showing four different locations with a bearing compass drawn around each one, oriented towards Grid North. I was told that each of the ...
6
votes
2answers
525 views

Is it possible to use the Goode Homolosine projection in QGIS?

Is it possible to use the Goode Homolosine projection in QGIS? Both QGIS and GRASS seem to have trouble with the interruptions, squashing the higher latitudes together. I tried +proj=goode ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Should I Reproject Data Which Has Been Captured Incorrectly?

I'm working on a project for a client which is migrating data from an Oracle database to an ESRI Geodatabase. When data for this project was initially captured over 15 years ago, the coordinate ...
6
votes
1answer
8k views

Openlayers and Geoserver: OSM/Google Maps and WMS Overlay

I am experiencing projection problems with the following set up: GeoServer with ESPG:4326 based shapefiles (*.shp) OpenJump to edit my shapefiles Openlayers with EPSG:900913 base layers GeoServer ...
6
votes
1answer
270 views

How do I change an existing srs in QGis?

I am showing postgis data with srid 28992 (Amersfoort / RD New). But when I plot the geospatial data on a map (with openlayers plugin), the data is shown a hunderd meters off because the datum shift ...
6
votes
1answer
241 views

What's a robust strategy for displaying 3D map data for navigation?

3D map data, specifically the kind you see on GPS units, or more recently on smart phones, almost always features a 'HUD' like view, which I'm trying to implement in an application of mine. I have ...
6
votes
1answer
520 views

Determining Natural Origin for a GeoTIFF file (Lambert Conic)

I am trying to display an existing GeoTIFF file (from the FAA WAC set) in an application that requires the GeoTIFF NaturalOriginLongitude tag (FalconView 5.1.1). There are some older files in that set ...
5
votes
5answers
7k views

How to convert coordinates from Gauss-Krueger to Longitude/Latitude?

I'm a newbie in the GIS world so please advise me :) In my .NET/C# project I need to show some shapes/points on the Bing Map. The problem is I have the Gauss-Krueger coordinates and need to convert ...
5
votes
6answers
847 views

Southern hemisphere projections for Landsat upsets GRASS

Hi All does anyone have the last word on why Landsat scenes don't project in the southern hemisphere. This causes no end of trouble in GRASS, less so in QGIS. What I mean is, take an original scene ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?

WGS84 is a reference ellipsoid that determines coordinates of every point on Earth using latitude, longitude and height about the its surface. This ellipsoid is often used as a base to make maps. ...
5
votes
4answers
12k views

Convert latitude and longitude into northings and eastings

Hi I have the following UK postcode dy8 3xt and know that the latitude and longitude is:- 54.452772 -2.156082 I also know that the Eastings, Northings for the postcode is:- 389490 283880 ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Computing UTM Zone from lat/long point?

I am trying to convert a latlong point to UTM. To define UTM projection, I need to calculate zone for the point. I am trying to figure out the best way to do this. One way to do this would be ...
5
votes
2answers
550 views

Identify what projection this Australian map uses?

Im looking to put this map into google maps as custom tiles, but i now learn what projection is and that this map does not use the same format as google's default. You can create custom projections i ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Automate Projection of multiple shp files using ArcPy

I have been trying to create a Python script that will convert all shape files within a folder from GCS WGS 84 to Web Mercator. Below is the code I have so far but what I'm struggling with is how to ...
5
votes
2answers
665 views

Transformation parameters for Everest datum to WGS84

I have a shapefile with the following projection information: ...
5
votes
2answers
646 views

Ortho Projection produces artifacts

I`m trying to create a sphere-like view using qgis and the "world from space"-projection http://spatialreference.org/ref/sr-org/6980/ (essentialy an ortho-projection). ArcGIS wraps the shapes ...
5
votes
2answers
422 views

Mass-update the projection in compressed GeoTIFF files

I have a huge set of compressed GeoTIFF files. Someone forgot to set the projection while creating the GeoTIFF files and I would like to add it now. If I use gdalwarp -t_srs source.tif ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

Arcmap: Create a projection to emphasize a given direction?

Suppose one had a dataset (centered on a given coordinate) of lines that were very close together in terms of longitude but also had important turns/bends far separated by latitude. In order to map ...
5
votes
2answers
982 views

Stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane[python]

I would like to ask you for help in following task. What I need to do is to derive local x,y coordinates from latitude, longitude, applying stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane, ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Good projection for covering most of the world

I'm writing an application for building navigation routes thru the city streets, and not quite sure what projection would be best. I tried EPSG:3587, however, the tools I'm using - GeoTools and ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Mercator projection: problem with latitude formula

I'm trying to get the position of a coordinate on this map (source Wikipedia): If I'm correct than the formula for the position of the latitude would be: R * ln(tan(pi/4 + latitude / 2)) But ...
5
votes
1answer
303 views

Which projection casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder?

What is the name of a map projection that casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder? Some people who make sundials put a map of Earth on the sundial. I want to use the "right" ...
5
votes
2answers
317 views

Does the Chamberlin trimetric projection map (some) great circles to straight lines?

I know that, in general, the Chamberlin trimetric projection maps most great circles on the sphere to some sort of non-straight curve on the flat map. But what about the 3 special great circles ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

Coordinate system and projection for georeferencing Google Maps image in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have saved Google Maps image (not Google Earth) of area at latlon(17.692437,83.218689) by some method in jpeg format. It is an exact snapshot of the Google Maps. Now I need to geo-reference it to ...
5
votes
1answer
612 views

Custom Geographic Transformation on QGIS

Is there a way to create a custom geographic transformation with specifics parameters in QGIS like in ArcGIS? Okay, I want to tranform SAD69 system into WGS84. Well, I'm in doubt because in ArcGIS ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Having trouble finding out what coordinate system a map is using, and how to convert it

I'm using Small Area shapefiles in Ireland from the Central Statistics Office (CSO) website. The link to these is here http://census.cso.ie/censusasp/saps/boundaries/ED_SA%20Disclaimer1.htm (Look for ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to convert NAD 27 to WebMercator in using the ESRI Silverlight API? (C#)

I am working with the ESRI Silverlight API. I found THIS post in the ESRI forums and THIS OTHER which show how to convert between WGS84 geographic coordinates and WebMercator coordinates. I want to do ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Convert Nasa's Blue Marble into a cubic projection

I'm looking for a free tool to convert the cylindrical projection map of the Earth's surface that you can get from Nasa (under the Blue Marble project): ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I use GDAL to convert from an arbitrary projection/datum into Equirectangular/WGS84?

I've been trying to use GDAL to convert from an arbitrary projection/datum into Equirectangular (aka Plate Caree, aka Equidistant Cylindrical, aka Geographic, aka Lat/Long) with WGS84 datum. All of ...