A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
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2answers
925 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
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3answers
15k views

Calculating projected area of polygons with field calculator in ArcMap?

I've got a polygon featurelayer in ArcMap 10. The coordinate system of the featurelayer's featureclass is web mercator. The dataframe of the map uses an equal-area projected coordinate system. I've ...
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2answers
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what is the best way to programmatically convert between WKT and Proj4 string?

some shapefiles have a .prj file associated with it. and the .prj file contains the projection info of the shapefile in the format of WKT. Sometimes I need to convert WKT to proj4 string, and ...
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10answers
11k views

Batch convert lat longs to UTM?

I've got a .csv file that contains a long list of latitude and longitude points. Is there an efficient way to batch convert the list into a projected UTM coordinate system? Thanks.
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1answer
951 views

Error assessment of calculation done using unprojected vs. projected data

This question builds off of the one with the subject line "Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected Data.": Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins ...
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4answers
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Distort image to Mercator Projection view

i have an image that rendered from data i have on my DB. i need to convert this image, with Mercator Projection method, to distorted image that when i'll wrap a 3d sphere with it it'll looks realistic....
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Calculating Flow Direction and Delineating Basins from Projected vs. Unprojected DEM Data

This is somewhat of a theoretical question stemming from some discussions with colleagues on the topic of implications with delineating basins with projected (e.g., Albers Equal Area) vs. unprojected (...
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Identifying Coordinate System of Shapefile when Unknown?

I have a Shapefile but its coordinate system is Unknown, and there is no *.prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
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2answers
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What is the standard Mercator projection?

I'm using QGIS in order to re-project a shapefile I have into "Mercator" so that something like protoviz understands my co-ordinates. Protoviz tells me "Mercator" (http://vis.stanford.edu/protovis/ex/...
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2answers
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Setting the map projection in the flex API to an overlay layer

I'd like to use a basemap containing world map data as a backdrop to some point and outline data that I'm hosting in ArcGIS server in the ESRI Flex API, but I would like the map control to share a ...
26
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6answers
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Shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table?

I was wondering if there is such a thing as an shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table? Something that can translate the most standard shapefile PRJ definitions into the likely SRID. When using ...
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2answers
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Measuring distance in spherical Mercator vs zoned UTM

I've got points in WGS84 lat/long and I'd like to measure "small" (less than say 5km) distances between them. I can use the haversine formula from http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/latlong.html ...
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1answer
332 views

Which projection casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder?

What is the name of a map projection that casts rays from a point on the surface of the globe to a cylinder? Some people who make sundials put a map of Earth on the sundial. I want to use the "right" ...
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2answers
836 views

Bertin 1953 map projection settings

I am trying to use the Bertin 1953 map projection, as described in the book "Semiology of graphics" by Jacques Bertin. But I can't find the settings in any of my GIS software. Does anybody have a ...
5
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2answers
358 views

Does the Chamberlin trimetric projection map (some) great circles to straight lines?

I know that, in general, the Chamberlin trimetric projection maps most great circles on the sphere to some sort of non-straight curve on the flat map. But what about the 3 special great circles that ...
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6answers
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Why is the 'straight line' path across continent so curved?

This is the result of mapping the straight line path from a point in US to Poland using Distance Measurement Tool. Also, planes from Asia to US would travel almost over North Pole. Why is the path ...
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1answer
317 views

Using projections to obtain perspective views

I understand that a perspective view is essentially a type of projection. Is it possible to create projection definitions for a typical GIS system that will mimic a perspective view from a particular ...
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2answers
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albers projection to Lat, Lon

Thanks in advance for helping me with my issue. This GIS stuff is using parts of my brain that have remained idle since high school, and some parts are working faster than others. I have land data ...
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1answer
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Converting Lambert Conformal Conic to WGS84 using Proj.4

I am attempting to transform data from Lambert Conformal Conic lat/long and I am having some issues with the results. The shapefile I am attemtping to transform can be found here: http://tfr.faa.gov/...
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1answer
666 views

How can I specify a PROJ.4 projection with the north pointing *down*?

I would like to create a world map "upside down", with the south on top (in Mapnik). Can I take an existing projection string, e.g. Robinson projection +proj=robin +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=...
8
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1answer
777 views

QGIS- “On the fly” projection ON by default?

In QGIS 1.6, can users set "on the fly projection" to be checked ON by default (at application launch)? I know how to turn it on, but some users find they use it more often than not, and would like ...
3
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1answer
2k views

OpenLayers doesn't show an overlay with a different SRS than the base layer

I need to add an overlay layer that uses EPSG:4326 to a map with a base layer that uses EPSG:32628. Every time I add the overlay OpenLayers automatically switches the SRS param of the overlay to EPSG:...
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3answers
857 views

What kinds of line segments/edges require high accuracy in a true surface-of-the-ellipsoid representation?

I've been musing (and doing prototype coding) for a 'projection free' geographic codebase with your basic point, line & polygon primitives. Rather than dealing with all the sacrifices that come ...
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2answers
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Basic proj4 conversion UTM grid -> longlat and back

I'm a GIS novice, and am struggling to understand how to drive proj4 to accomplish what seems like a simple thing. I've googled for a couple of days, but everything I find seems to presuppose quite ...
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3answers
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What is the right solution (and map projection) to compute distances between points located all over the World?

After my study on map projection I realized that it is very difficult to choose a projection that allows to compute simultaneously the distances between a great deal of points if these points are ...
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2answers
633 views

How to add new projection using ArcObjects of ArcGIS for Desktop?

I want to use "Mars MOLA" { 86 3396000.0 3396000.0 "Mars MOLA" 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 } with my shapefiles.
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2answers
2k views

Converting google map api coordinates into meters

How would I go about converting the results of my map bounding box into meters within javascript? For example, if I have the coordinates 51.52366625446907, -0.07467269897460938 decimal degrees, can I ...
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2answers
987 views

How do I rotate the OSM map before printing?

What is the simplest way to rotate and render Openstreetmap data, and still get a nice render? For example Toronto, would fit best rotated slightly on a page in landscape mode, so the northern ...
4
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1answer
501 views

No difference between distances measured in projected and non-projected data

I'm performing measurements of distances in Km between a lot of localities by using the "Point Distance" in ArcGis 9.3. I realized that the results obtained after using projected coordinate system are ...
26
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1answer
3k views

How to create an accurate Tissot Indicatrix?

A Tissot Indicatrix is useful method for communicating at a glance the kinds of distortion a given projection is prone to (in the figure below, each of the red circles occupies the same area). I've ...
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6answers
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Defining projections for multiple shapefiles in ArcMap?

I have over 100 shape files that don't have .prj file and thus when I bring them into ArcMap 10 they show the coordinate system as unknown. I know all of the shape files coordinate system is GCS WGS ...
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4answers
839 views

World map projection with United States in center

I am creating a map showing flight paths originating in the United States and traveling to Asia and Europe. I need a projection for the world that will focus the United States in the center of the map,...
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1answer
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Conversion of any projection to latlong using proj4 string

I am using a tool which uses proj4 lib to project maps. I have a set of xy coordinates to be converted to latlongs with that tool. as I have the source projection string say +proj=aea +datum=NAD83 +...
8
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6answers
2k views

Real-world example of Affine Transform?

From the Wikipedia article: In geometry, an affine transformation or affine map or an affinity (from the Latin, affinis, "connected with") between two vector spaces (strictly speaking, two affine ...
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1answer
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Projected maps should but do not overlap in ArcMap? [duplicate]

I am very new to ArcGIS and trying to build a series of layers of data in ArcGIS 9.3.1 for a river catchment in Leicestershire, using data from several sources. All data covers at least the area of ...
6
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1answer
12k views

Transforming GCS_North_American_1983 to GCS_WGS_1984 using ArcGIS Desktop?

I posted Is there projection issue with Natural Resources Canada (NRC) Canada Atlas hydrology data? describing a shift in some of the NRC data (not all). Apparently, this shift has to do with ...
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3answers
460 views

Is there projection issue with Natural Resources Canada (NRC) Canada Atlas hydrology data?

I have been using the Natural Resources Canada (NRC) data for various generalized maps but it is not until now when i overlaid higher resolution features obtained from the provincial government (...
5
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3answers
978 views

Plot a EPSG:4326 KML File using Google Maps V3

I have a KML file that uses EPSG:4326. Is there any way to plot this onto a Google Map (v3) which uses Mercator? Here is the page I am working on The district data comes from one source and is ...
4
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3answers
241 views

Does a projection's WKT reflect the computer's locale?

This should be quick - we're trying to determine if there are problems parsing some WKT text because the system locale considers the decimal separator to be a comma instead of a period. Anyone know? ...
10
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2answers
4k views

Derive WGS84 Longitude & Latitude from British Northings & Eastings

I'm looking for a fairly simple way to append columns with WGS84 longitude and latitude to a table containing northings and eastings. The source data is Ordnance Survey's CodePoint Open, which I is ...
6
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2answers
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How do I use GDAL to convert from an arbitrary projection/datum into Equirectangular/WGS84?

I've been trying to use GDAL to convert from an arbitrary projection/datum into Equirectangular (aka Plate Caree, aka Equidistant Cylindrical, aka Geographic, aka Lat/Long) with WGS84 datum. All of ...
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1answer
709 views

Layers are of same area but they do not overlap in ArcMap like they should? [duplicate]

For my GIS project for my class, I have downloaded several vector layers from different websites (polyline of the continental divide, a boundary polygon of New Mexico, a rivers and water bodies layer ...
4
votes
4answers
10k views

Correcting a table's projection in MapInfo

Occasionally I have a MapInfo TAB file that doesn't match up with others. Presumably this is because MapInfo is interpreting it as a different projection to the one it was saved as. I am also assuming ...
7
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3answers
484 views

Method to generate points in any projection

I am writing an application in ArcMap to generate a grid of points. These points have a very defined layout and I have worked out an algorithm that works great under a projected coordinate system. ...
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7answers
454 views

Public reprojection services

Are there any free public services where I can send one point in a coordsystem and it returns the point reprojected in a specified coordinate system? I will not be doing many requests, for now it is ...
7
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1answer
624 views

Equal Area SRID for Australia

Does anyone know the SRID for an equal area projection that is suitable for the whole of Australia? I realize that I could make my own (which I have done) but I am looking for one that is present ...
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7answers
5k views

What strategies, criteria, or rules to use for selecting coordinate systems?

What strategies, criteria, or rules do you use for selecting coordinate systems for (a) storing, (b) analyzing, and (c) displaying GIS data? (I humbly offer my reply to a related question ...
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3answers
6k views

Official term for latitude longitude coordinate system?

May I know what is the correct specific term for latitude longitude coordinate system? With "Geographic Coordinate", it seems to be a general term for every other system?
12
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3answers
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Is it possible to reproject spatial data using SQL Server?

SQL Server takes an SRID when creating spatial data, but is it possible to retrieve an object as a different spheroid? For example, let's say I have a bunch of spatial polygons using SRID 4258, but I'...