A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
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75 views

Calculate length of line across zones with at least m accuracy

I have created lines between multiple points that are across MGA 54 and 55S (EPSG 28355). I am trying to calculate the distance between points but different methods give different answers (~1km ...
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414 views

Stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane[python]

I would like to ask you for help in following task. What I need to do is to derive local x,y coordinates from latitude, longitude, applying stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane, ...
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59 views

I have a WKT How can i put it to MAPINFOW.prj file [closed]

I have this WKT file: PROJCS["PRS92 / Philippines zone 3" ,GEOGCS["PRS92" ,DATUM["D_Phillipine_Reference_System_1992" ,SPHEROID["Clarke_1866",6378206.4,294.9786982138982]] ,PRIMEM["Greenwich",0] ...
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28 views

Determing which Which georeference system was used on an Ecuadorian Topo Baselayer

I'm creating a map in Western Ecuador, and am attempting to use a military topo baselayer for it. The map comes with UTM grid lines on it so georeferencing it was easy but I'm unsure of what ...
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35 views

Assign Projection to multiple shapefile

I have multiple shape files in a folder. I want to assign projection to all the files inside the folder at one go. In batch file i am able to assign projection to all the shapefiles, but i want to ...
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2answers
55 views

Define a projection for one point

I'm new to ArcGIS and am using ArcMap 10.1. I wanted to find the distance from a point (lat 36N long 12E) to all the polygons in my shape file. People on this forum helped me out and said that I ...
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2answers
190 views

Why does Transverse Mercator projection have scale factor?

Why does the Transverse Mercator projection have a scale factor in ArcGIS and the standard Mercator projection not? In other words what is the difference between these two projections beside being a ...
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23 views

QGIS - unable to change projections [duplicate]

I am relatively new to QGIS (version! 2.0.1) and having trouble changing projections. No matter what I choose the view is the same. For example, in the attached screen shot I have chosen Alaska Albers ...
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54 views

Define Projection for an autocad transferred data

If I had a cadastral map on an Autocad file and i convert it to a dxf extension in order to open it in QGIS. I Added The Parcels borders and text in QGIS. Can you please list the steps which I should ...
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4answers
170 views

Buffer in QGIS/R is 650-670 m wide instead of 500 m

I am trying to make a 500 m buffer for my polyline layer. Unexpectedly, I receive buffer varying from 650 to 670 m, depending on location. As many resources recommend to use UTM before making a ...
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1answer
38 views

Equal (ish) areas Map Projection at the Tropics

What map projection (non-interrupted) preserves areas well for the entire tropical region? I am thinking of using a Cylindrical Equal Area or a sphere based version of a Cylindrical Equal Area or ...
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171 views

Convert land-based camera image pixel x,y to ground lat/long or x,y,z

I have a number of cameras at various known locations (x,y,z) and directions that are above ground about 20 feet pointed at different ground locations about 100 feet away from each camera, and whose ...
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1answer
72 views

How to find out projection code for the sid file?

I have a miami.sid file and miami.sdw and miami.sid.aux.xml files. How to find out the projection code? This question is similar to: I have a .sid image but can't figure out the CRS GDALInfo ...
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1answer
345 views

r openproj to plot in open street map in a different projection

I am very new to geographic data, so I am sorry for the stupidity of the question. I need to plot some data that are in this projection EUREF_FIN_TM35FIN Projection: Transverse_Mercator ...
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1answer
47 views

QGis points distance from shore in metres

I have a grid of depth points in the Irish Sea that i'm trying to add other data fields to, in this case distance from shore. I've tried both of these suggestions to no avail, but am having some ...
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1answer
56 views

Using QGIS, features are suddenly placed 7.5 thousand kms off correct location

I've been counting an muskrat dens on lakes with aerial photos by creating a feature in a separate shapefile. I checked my progress after doing about 80 small lakes and suddenly, half of the lakes ...
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2answers
29 views

Comparing projections of two datasets when SRID not available

Similar to this question: How to test if two GDAL datasets are in the same projection? However, the above does not cover cases where an SRID is not available. It can often be the case that an SRID is ...
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2answers
1k views

Meridian convergence. True north, magnetic north and grid north

I'm having difficulty wrapping my mind around meridian convergence, the horizontal angular distance between true north and grid north. Say I want to determine if a feature lies to the east or west ...
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77 views

Kartograph - “projection not named”

The Kartograph package looks very promising, so I have been trying play around with it. As it turns out, I have been able to get the most basic map to work (the "world.json" example), but I could not ...
2
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1answer
84 views

How do I set the projection and coordinate system for a TIFF file?

I have a topographic map of California (obtained from CAL-Atlas) as a TIFF file. I tried importing it into QGis, but it displays the map using a pixel based coordinate system rather than ...
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1answer
113 views

Which projection is being used in this figure?

I would like to use the projection being used in this figure. Does anyone know which one it is? Esp helpful if it is available in ArcGIS. From plant stress page thanks!
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2answers
274 views

Is GeoServer getting coordinate output in GeoJSON WFS wrong?

When I do a WFS request to GeoServer and specify the SRS like this: http://myserver.com/geoserver/wfs? service=wfs& version=2.0.0& request=GetFeature& ...
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1answer
66 views

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection Inverse Transform after Fitting Ellipse to Noisy LLA Data

I'm using Python and Basemaps to convert some Lat Lon data to the LCC projection and back again. Since it is noisy data representing the footprint of a satellite, I am filtering it and fitting an ...
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1answer
134 views

In Ogr2OGR: what is SRS?

I am trying to understand this command: ogr2ogr -f "MapInfo File" original.tab wgs84.shp -s_srs EPSG:27700 -t_srs EPSG:4326 I don't understand the s_srs and t_srs paramaters. The help file says ...
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1answer
45 views

does Pseudo Mercator Projection causes problem while clipping rasters

I tryed to clip a Raster file using an ESRI shapefile using gdalwarp command, but i always get an empty output file or a wrong clip with wrong location. this the command bellow: gdalwarp -dstnodata ...
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33 views

How can I obtain the unit of a projection SRID?

Given a projection SRID, is there a way I can obtain the coordinates unit string (meter, degree, ...) ? In PostGIS for example, it looks like it is present in the srtext column of spatial_ref_sys. ...
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1answer
95 views

Field Calculator returning incorrect length and area values when QGIS project is reopened

Similar to Field Calculator returning incorrect length and area values, but as always slightly different. I have QGIS 2.0 and when I create a polyline shapefile, the field calculator returns the ...
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1answer
91 views

Shapefiles from Nationalgrid without a .prj file - what projection are they in?

Im working with these shapefiles: http://www2.nationalgrid.com/uk/services/land-and-development/planning-authority/shape-files/ They show pipelines & electricity grid of the UK. They do not ...
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1answer
175 views

Using customized Coordinate System for Archaeological site data

I don't know so much about coordinate systems... In my office we use to deal with spatial data coming from archaeological sites. Each site has its own x-y-z coordinate system (GCS). Three simple ...
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1answer
127 views

Projection problem with ESRI JSAPI and ArcGIS map service

I was trying to obtain a gpx file with some coordinates by drawing on an Openlayers map with an ArcGIS baseMap. When I draw the polyline and create the gpx, if I open it on Google Earth, what I see ...
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50 views

QGIS: Albers projection in lat lng?

I'm trying to make a map of Russia in the Albers projection. My projection string is: +proj=aea +lat_1=45 +lat_2=70 +lat_0=40 +lon_0=100 +x_0=20 +y_0=20 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=m ...
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1answer
108 views

Problem with projection of layers in QGIS

I'm having a problem with projections in QGIS that i hope someone here can help me with. I have been searching and found other people having the same problem, but have not been able to solve mine ...
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1answer
207 views

Can I just swap out a .prj file to reproject a shape file?

I'm an experienced software developer -- but a GIS noob. I have a shape file that I am trying to turn into a SVG map with Kartograph. When I try to run Kartograph I get this error: ERROR 6: No ...
6
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1answer
3k views

What is the default projection in Leaflet?

I've read an API documentation for Leaflet on its site, but I can't realize: what is a default projection to view maps? It was written about spherical and elliptical Mercator and Equirectangular - so ...
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0answers
14 views

Eliminating/minimizing distortion in 200 NM EEZ buffers [duplicate]

I frequently need to calculate buffers of 200 nautical miles from country or baseline polygons in order to map maritime Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs). However, I've noticed that when generating the ...
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245 views

Lines as Great circles on a map

How can I get line features to appear as great circles on a map, instead of straight lines? Thanks,
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15 views

How to Create Consistent Grids using different Projections [duplicate]

I would like to be able to create highly accurate and consistent grids to be used in my simulations. I will need to create 200m2 grids for the UK. The processing software will need data in Lambert ...
2
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2answers
94 views

Problems with transformations in ArcMap

I have files projected in British National Grid. After I have transformed them into WGS_1984. I noticed that if I were to transform them back to BNG the original would not match the new. Is there a ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Measure areas, lenghts in specific regions (Australia, Sout East Asia)

I'm in need to find a suitable projections to measure correctly areas and lenghts for 2 areas of interest. I want to measure both factors for: 1) First region Australia & New Zealand (1st ...
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1answer
130 views

Change coordinate system using SQL or Javascript

Is there any built in function in SQL Server 2008 R2 which can transform the cordinates from 102100 to 4269 coordinate system something equivalent to ST_Transform from postgres. If there is algorithm ...
6
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3answers
229 views

How can I obtain the same area values provided by the Census for TIGER boundaries using PostGIS functions?

In PostGIS, how can I compute the area of Census Boundaries and obtain the same results as are provided by the Census? For example, most Census Boundaries include attributes for Land Area and Water ...
2
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1answer
79 views

How can I transform Real-time Local position system coordinates into GPS/WGS84?

I have a local coordinate system built with Ubisense sensors and tags (it is a real-time locating system used to automatically identify and track the location of objects or people). The local ...
118
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11answers
26k views
3
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1answer
67 views

How to select projection

I have to compare geometries anywhere in the world; mainly between 65N and 40S but also in the Arctic latitudes. I need "commercial accuracy" - not military or navigational. For example does a line ...
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0answers
24 views

alignment of shapefiles in GRASS

I have two shapefiles below. One is in the state plane projection, and the other is not projected. In ArcMap the shapefiles line up perfectly. When I import them to my mapset (using the override ...
4
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1answer
182 views

Why is tiff different in epsg 3857 and epsg 900913 in gdal

When I transform tiff from 4326 to 3857 and from 4326 to 900913 in gdal, I get different result(when display in Qgis) eventhough these two projections(3857 and 900913) should be the same. What is ...
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1answer
33 views

Is it due to irregularity of geoid, we cannot convert the height between spherical datum and local datum by cs2cs?

Is it due to irregularity of geoid, we cannot convert the height between spherical datum and local datum (which uses locally defined geoid and height) by cs2cs? What I mean is that, by using cs2cs, ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Identifying coordinate system for Jersey

I'm trying to plot some X,Y coordinates which should be located on Jersey (the British dependency, not the state). The metadata that came with the points is as follows: Coordinate System: ...
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2answers
248 views

Shp's will NOT line up (coordsys) - shps made using GPSeismic sotftware (client made shp's)

OK, I asked this previously but solved it on my own last time. Same project, but differant shp files. I recieved from a client shp files that were made in GPSeismic 2011. Upon recieving the shp ...