A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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What is north-up projection?

How do I know what projection to use for north-up or 0 rotation? I have a gtiff (ND83-nf) that gives me the error when importing to Grass. Should I re-project or recreate the image with the rotation ...
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Leaflet and EPSG 4326 Projections

UPDATE: LEAFLET fixed support for EPSG 4326 (LL84) in the latest betas: https://github.com/Leaflet/Leaflet/issues/1207 Leaflet says it supports EPSG 4326 (Plate Carree, aka ll84) projections. I think ...
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603 views

Why are the coordinates transformed with proj.4 off compared to http://valdemar.kms.dk/trf/?

I am trying to transform from epsg:4326 (wgs84) to epsg:25832 (utm ETRS89) using Proj.4. I am comparing the results with results from http://valdemar.kms.dk/trf/ . it seems like the results ...
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277 views

How to manually change from GPS (WGS84) to web based maps projection systems?

I have collected location point data and wish to display this on a web based map. It was collected using a Garmin Etrex GPS using the WGS84 datum. I wish to display the points using Ushahidi and have ...
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544 views

Evaluating map projection scale error

This is related to a previous question I posted. I am trying to quantitatively evaluate scale distortion associated with choosing different projection center, center azimuth, and scale factor values ...
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100 views

Is there a tool to retrieve the projection system used to create a shapefile when the prj file is missing? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: .shp with unknown coordinate system Are there any tools to help retrieving the projection system used to create a shapefile when there is no .prj file? Given that ...
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How to add a projection to a Shapefile using open-source tools?

I have been given some shapefiles WITHOUT a projection. So I need to add the projection in order to display it on google map. I found the projection information I need at ...
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2answers
884 views

How do I specify a CRS for a fictional game map in QGIS?

I am about to start playing a steampunk RPG game called The Iron Realm, which uses a fictional world map. I have recently started using QGIS v1.7 and have no real experience with GIS sysstems. I have ...
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What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?

WGS84 is a reference ellipsoid that determines coordinates of every point on Earth using latitude, longitude and height about the its surface. This ellipsoid is often used as a base to make maps. ...
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Is there a simple way to compute the UTM Zone from a lat/long point?

I am trying to convert a latlong point to UTM. To define UTM projection, I need to calculate zone for the point. I am trying to figure out the best way to do this. One way to do this would be use ...
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How to re-project shapefiles?

I wanted to re-project a QGIS project, but there is no such option. When searching for an answer I see ogr2ogr suggested for this task, by re-projecting each vector layer (shapefile in this example). ...
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228 views

Does a projection's WKT reflect the computer's locale?

This should be quick - we're trying to determine if there are problems parsing some WKT text because the system locale considers the decimal separator to be a comma instead of a period. Anyone know? ...
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409 views

Identify what projection this Australian map uses?

Im looking to put this map into google maps as custom tiles, but i now learn what projection is and that this map does not use the same format as google's default. You can create custom projections i ...
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6k views

Arcmap 10 feature with undefined coordinate system projects incorrectly when projecton is defined

I'm fairly new to GIS, and am slowly feeling my way through ArcMap 10. I have run across a problem defining the Geographic Coordinate System and projection for a feature (the feature currently has an ...
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432 views

How to convert WGS84 to UTM when the study area covers 4 UTM Zones: 43- 46?

I'm working in ARCGIS 10.2, my area of interest falls in 4 UTM zones 43,44,45,46 equally distributed so i can't use the option of majority of area's UTM zone. Since i need to carryout varies analysis ...
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102 views

Geometric Operations in GIS Systems

I have worked with 2D geometry for CAD - My questions are general and relate to understanding operations on geometric entities (lines). Should geometric operations such as line-line intersection be ...
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93 views

Why is it not advisable to perform spatial analysis on layers with source datasets having same datum but different projections?

I have read that it is not advisable to perform spatial analysis on two layers with source datasets having the same datum but different projections loaded in ArcMap. Since the second layer should ...
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553 views

Determine Projection

I was given a shapefile at work with the information that it is in Lambert Azimuth Equal Area (LAEA) projection (EPSG 9820). After some research on the web, I found out that EPSG 9820 is a generic ...
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923 views

Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
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740 views

GEOTIFF explanation of .aux xml and tfw world file

I want to know how raster images work, I have a set of geotiffs that has no aux, tfw or xml when I check the spatial information in arccatalog, they do have an projection. and they shows correctly. ...
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1k views

Convert an arbitrary meta-data-free map image into QGIS project

My background: experienced programmer, amateur historian, complete beginner to GIS (so I'm using QGIS). I did learn to use the QGIS georeferencer tool though. The input: suppose I have an image like ...
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396 views

How to efficiently project datasets of varying coordinate systems into one coordinate system?

I am working on streamlining data processing at my organization. Currently we are using various large-scale Models that we will gradually bring into Python. The gist of our data processing is as ...
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Using ArcMap, how may I convert a shapefile to use decimal degrees?

I have a shapefile that currently uses meters as the measure for its coordinate system, but the map framework I wish to use expects decimal degrees. I'd like to reproject my shapefile to use decimal ...
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81 views

Projected coordinate system for South America

Does anybody have any suggestions for a projected coordinate system for the Northern part of South America? I have a data set that reaches from Venezuela to Southern Peru and I'd like to do some ...
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430 views

Ortho Projection produces artifacts

I`m trying to create a sphere-like view using qgis and the "world from space"-projection http://spatialreference.org/ref/sr-org/6980/ (essentialy an ortho-projection). ArcGIS wraps the shapes ...
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What's up with the GeoJSON spec and CRS as a IRM?

I'm writing a web API to our GIS data, currently revamping our geocoding service. I'm creating the option for folks to specify the output type as GeoJSON so I'm trying to follow the spec. Our data is ...
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Correcting a table's projection in MapInfo

Occasionally I have a MapInfo TAB file that doesn't match up with others. Presumably this is because MapInfo is interpreting it as a different projection to the one it was saved as. I am also assuming ...
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122 views

How to translate WIGeoEU projection from ArcGIS to Qgis?

I have a Layer with this projection in ArcGIS: ...
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847 views

Cartesian world sized projection WKT/EPSG code?

I am after the EPSG code or Well Known Text (WKT) of a projection that puts the centre of the earth a 0,0,0 and each point is a cartesian XYZ distance from that. My existing data is in WGS84 ...
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How to re-project ease( Equal Area Scalable Earth) grid with a ~25 km cylindrical projection to WGS84 0.25 degree? [duplicate]

I have nc (NetCDF) files for global soil moisture. From the metadata, the projection is cylindrical and the resolution is 25 km (it is based on authalic sphere based on International 1924 ...
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437 views

No difference between distances measured in projected and non-projected data

I'm performing measurements of distances in Km between a lot of localities by using the "Point Distance" in ArcGis 9.3. I realized that the results obtained after using projected coordinate system are ...
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Parameters for ED50 -> ETRS89/WGS84 seven-parameter transformation which are good for Denmark?

I am looking for parameters for a seven-parameter transformation (Rx, Ry, Rz, Tx, Ty, Tz, s) from ED50 UTM (zone 32U) to ETRS89 and/or WGS84. The best match I could find is here: ...
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How to re-project coordinates in a gml on-the-fly in Geoserver?

I am using Geoserver to get featureinfo, but sometimes I want to re-project the native SRS in the output gml. The request is a (WMS) "GetFeatureInfo" with INFO_FORMAT: application/vnd.ogc.gml. I am ...
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Is there a command line tool for converting projection in .prj and GeoTiff to EPSG codes?

Is there a command line tool to convert a shapefile projection in the .prj file into corresponding EPSG code? I know that there is website http://prj2epsg.org/search for doing this online, but I ...
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314 views

Why is tiff different in epsg 3857 and epsg 900913 in gdal

When I transform tiff from 4326 to 3857 and from 4326 to 900913 in gdal, I get different result(when display in Qgis) eventhough these two projections(3857 and 900913) should be the same. What is ...
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Setting coordinate systems in gvSIG: Is the workflow similar to QGIS?

I am still learning how to use coordinate systems and projections, but I hope this basic question will be easy to answer. My goal is to be able to use either QGIS or gvSIG to create a simple county ...
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Error 000735: Input Dataset or Feature Class: Value is required

I am a true novice when it comes to ArcGIS and computer programs like this one. Am taking a class and cannot get the Project function to work under the tool box. The path I used was ArcTool box --> ...
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How do I include proj4js in openlayers?

in my Openlayers app, since the base map projection is not epsg900913 or 4326, I need to include proj4js in order to use geolocation feature. but i got such a error notice: GET ...
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498 views

How can I specify a PROJ.4 projection with the north pointing *down*?

I would like to create a world map "upside down", with the south on top (in Mapnik). Can I take an existing projection string, e.g. Robinson projection +proj=robin +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 ...
4
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2answers
120 views

Why is the Google Maps circle shape not matching to the distance calculated with PostgreSQL?

I am running a PostgreSQL 9.1 Database with PostGIS 1.5 extension. Several coordinates are stored in there with type GEOMETRY (SRID 4326). I'm building a web-application with Google Maps Javascript ...
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90 views

towgs Definition for European Datum 1950

I am new to all things GIS so apologies for a basic questions. I am trying to specify the CRS of a climatic raster layer in R. It is an equal area projection based on Europe Equidistant Conic and the ...
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1answer
166 views

Error in Min. Bounding Geometry results

I'm getting consistent, weird results from using Minimum Bounding Geometry to make circle polygons. I'm not sure if a datum issue, but I'm leaning more towards something wrong with Minimum Bounding ...
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1answer
138 views

Global projection with zero scale distortion at non-zero latitude

I am looking for a global projection with zero scale distortion at non-zero latitude. I have tried using an Oblique Mercator projection centred at a specific latitude and longitude of centre (with ...
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2answers
346 views

How do I Capture GDAL projection and create matching output (OGR or GDAL) shape files?

Working in C++, using GDAL and OGR: Depending on what the user has supplied for image input, I need to output point (or other) shape files in the same projection as the input raster images. The ...
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GIS projection for non-geographic data

I am working on two different types of data. One is related to mapping of Genome structure and another is creating a layout of the inventories inside Internet Data Center. What I am confused about is ...
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149 views

What is the most appropriate Projection for the Gulf coast region?

What are the most appropriate datum and projection I could use for the Gulf coast region - spanning Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida? I have to analyze block group data along the coast. ...
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622 views

Openlayers and Geoserver fail to reproject while editing Vector with WFS-T

I can't get the Openlayers and Geoserver work with WFS-T editing a vector layer. I have a layer of points where the Native SRS is EPSG:32639. After trying a lot of combinations, I ended up with two ...
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TileCache and Openlayers Problem - Projections?

I have a very known problem, but I can't solve it. I have set the same maxExtents in the config as in the Openlayers init JS. I have done the same thing with the projection (EPSG:900913) and done all ...
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How to “calculate” distance-to-ground of all 18 OSM zoom levels?

Assuming I'm building a 3D solution with the "world" being mapped to global geo-data supplied by OSM / Cloudmade... think http://www.webglearth.com but with completely different goals and use-cases. ...
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231 views

Access is Denied error on ProjectEx call

I need to be able to convert a lat/long coordinate into a point coordinate and am having trouble getting my code to work. I created a test app isloating the code that is giving me problems. I'm ...