A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

4
votes
5answers
2k views

How to add a projection to a Shapefile using open-source tools?

I have been given some shapefiles WITHOUT a projection. So I need to add the projection in order to display it on google map. I found the projection information I need at ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?

WGS84 is a reference ellipsoid that determines coordinates of every point on Earth using latitude, longitude and height about the its surface. This ellipsoid is often used as a base to make maps. ...
4
votes
3answers
828 views

How do I specify a CRS for a fictional game map in QGIS?

I am about to start playing a steampunk RPG game called The Iron Realm, which uses a fictional world map. I have recently started using QGIS v1.7 and have no real experience with GIS sysstems. I have ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a simple way to compute the UTM Zone from a lat/long point?

I am trying to convert a latlong point to UTM. To define UTM projection, I need to calculate zone for the point. I am trying to figure out the best way to do this. One way to do this would be use ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to re-project shapefiles?

I wanted to re-project a QGIS project, but there is no such option. When searching for an answer I see ogr2ogr suggested for this task, by re-projecting each vector layer (shapefile in this example). ...
4
votes
3answers
228 views

Does a projection's WKT reflect the computer's locale?

This should be quick - we're trying to determine if there are problems parsing some WKT text because the system locale considers the decimal separator to be a comma instead of a period. Anyone know? ...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

Identify what projection this Australian map uses?

Im looking to put this map into google maps as custom tiles, but i now learn what projection is and that this map does not use the same format as google's default. You can create custom projections i ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Arcmap 10 feature with undefined coordinate system projects incorrectly when projecton is defined

I'm fairly new to GIS, and am slowly feeling my way through ArcMap 10. I have run across a problem defining the Geographic Coordinate System and projection for a feature (the feature currently has an ...
4
votes
1answer
382 views

How to convert WGS84 to UTM when the study area covers 4 UTM Zones: 43- 46?

I'm working in ARCGIS 10.2, my area of interest falls in 4 UTM zones 43,44,45,46 equally distributed so i can't use the option of majority of area's UTM zone. Since i need to carryout varies analysis ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Why is it not advisable to perform spatial analysis on layers with source datasets having same datum but different projections?

I have read that it is not advisable to perform spatial analysis on two layers with source datasets having the same datum but different projections loaded in ArcMap. Since the second layer should ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I get the proj4 string or EPSG code from a shapefile .prj file? [duplicate]

I have to work with a shapefile defined in an unusual projection, which my GIS software does not know about. How can I get the proj4 definition or the EPSG code for the projection?
4
votes
1answer
909 views

Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
4
votes
2answers
580 views

GEOTIFF explanation of .aux xml and tfw world file

I want to know how raster images work, I have a set of geotiffs that has no aux, tfw or xml when I check the spatial information in arccatalog, they do have an projection. and they shows correctly. ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Convert an arbitrary meta-data-free map image into QGIS project

My background: experienced programmer, amateur historian, complete beginner to GIS (so I'm using QGIS). I did learn to use the QGIS georeferencer tool though. The input: suppose I have an image like ...
4
votes
2answers
376 views

How to efficiently project datasets of varying coordinate systems into one coordinate system?

I am working on streamlining data processing at my organization. Currently we are using various large-scale Models that we will gradually bring into Python. The gist of our data processing is as ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Using ArcMap, how may I convert a shapefile to use decimal degrees?

I have a shapefile that currently uses meters as the measure for its coordinate system, but the map framework I wish to use expects decimal degrees. I'd like to reproject my shapefile to use decimal ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What's up with the GeoJSON spec and CRS as a IRM?

I'm writing a web API to our GIS data, currently revamping our geocoding service. I'm creating the option for folks to specify the output type as GeoJSON so I'm trying to follow the spec. Our data is ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

Correcting a table's projection in MapInfo

Occasionally I have a MapInfo TAB file that doesn't match up with others. Presumably this is because MapInfo is interpreting it as a different projection to the one it was saved as. I am also assuming ...
4
votes
2answers
52 views

Projected coordinate system for South America

Does anybody have any suggestions for a projected coordinate system for the Northern part of South America? I have a data set that reaches from Venezuela to Southern Peru and I'd like to do some ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

How to translate WIGeoEU projection from ArcGIS to Qgis?

I have a Layer with this projection in ArcGIS: ...
4
votes
2answers
745 views

Cartesian world sized projection WKT/EPSG code?

I am after the EPSG code or Well Known Text (WKT) of a projection that puts the centre of the earth a 0,0,0 and each point is a cartesian XYZ distance from that. My existing data is in WGS84 ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to re-project ease( Equal Area Scalable Earth) grid with a ~25 km cylindrical projection to WGS84 0.25 degree? [duplicate]

I have nc (NetCDF) files for global soil moisture. From the metadata, the projection is cylindrical and the resolution is 25 km (it is based on authalic sphere based on International 1924 ...
4
votes
1answer
427 views

No difference between distances measured in projected and non-projected data

I'm performing measurements of distances in Km between a lot of localities by using the "Point Distance" in ArcGis 9.3. I realized that the results obtained after using projected coordinate system are ...
4
votes
1answer
410 views

Equal Area SRID for Australia

This has been bothering me for some time so I figured I would put it out there. Does anyone know the SRID for an equal area projection that is suitable for the whole of Australia? I realize that I ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Parameters for ED50 -> ETRS89/WGS84 seven-parameter transformation which are good for Denmark?

I am looking for parameters for a seven-parameter transformation (Rx, Ry, Rz, Tx, Ty, Tz, s) from ED50 UTM (zone 32U) to ETRS89 and/or WGS84. The best match I could find is here: ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

How to re-project coordinates in a gml on-the-fly in Geoserver?

I am using Geoserver to get featureinfo, but sometimes I want to re-project the native SRS in the output gml. The request is a (WMS) "GetFeatureInfo" with INFO_FORMAT: application/vnd.ogc.gml. I am ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Why is tiff different in epsg 3857 and epsg 900913 in gdal

When I transform tiff from 4326 to 3857 and from 4326 to 900913 in gdal, I get different result(when display in Qgis) eventhough these two projections(3857 and 900913) should be the same. What is ...
4
votes
2answers
400 views

Setting coordinate systems in gvSIG: Is the workflow similar to QGIS?

I am still learning how to use coordinate systems and projections, but I hope this basic question will be easy to answer. My goal is to be able to use either QGIS or gvSIG to create a simple county ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Error 000735: Input Dataset or Feature Class: Value is required

I am a true novice when it comes to ArcGIS and computer programs like this one. Am taking a class and cannot get the Project function to work under the tool box. The path I used was ArcTool box --> ...
4
votes
1answer
483 views

How can I specify a PROJ.4 projection with the north pointing *down*?

I would like to create a world map "upside down", with the south on top (in Mapnik). Can I take an existing projection string, e.g. Robinson projection +proj=robin +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

towgs Definition for European Datum 1950

I am new to all things GIS so apologies for a basic questions. I am trying to specify the CRS of a climatic raster layer in R. It is an equal area projection based on Europe Equidistant Conic and the ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Error in Min. Bounding Geometry results

I'm getting consistent, weird results from using Minimum Bounding Geometry to make circle polygons. I'm not sure if a datum issue, but I'm leaning more towards something wrong with Minimum Bounding ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Global projection with zero scale distortion at non-zero latitude

I am looking for a global projection with zero scale distortion at non-zero latitude. I have tried using an Oblique Mercator projection centred at a specific latitude and longitude of centre (with ...
4
votes
2answers
332 views

How do I Capture GDAL projection and create matching output (OGR or GDAL) shape files?

Working in C++, using GDAL and OGR: Depending on what the user has supplied for image input, I need to output point (or other) shape files in the same projection as the input raster images. The ...
4
votes
2answers
135 views

GIS projection for non-geographic data

I am working on two different types of data. One is related to mapping of Genome structure and another is creating a layout of the inventories inside Internet Data Center. What I am confused about is ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

What is the most appropriate Projection for the Gulf coast region?

What are the most appropriate datum and projection I could use for the Gulf coast region - spanning Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida? I have to analyze block group data along the coast. ...
4
votes
1answer
600 views

Openlayers and Geoserver fail to reproject while editing Vector with WFS-T

I can't get the Openlayers and Geoserver work with WFS-T editing a vector layer. I have a layer of points where the Native SRS is EPSG:32639. After trying a lot of combinations, I ended up with two ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

TileCache and Openlayers Problem - Projections?

I have a very known problem, but I can't solve it. I have set the same maxExtents in the config as in the Openlayers init JS. I have done the same thing with the projection (EPSG:900913) and done all ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to “calculate” distance-to-ground of all 18 OSM zoom levels?

Assuming I'm building a 3D solution with the "world" being mapped to global geo-data supplied by OSM / Cloudmade... think http://www.webglearth.com but with completely different goals and use-cases. ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

Access is Denied error on ProjectEx call

I need to be able to convert a lat/long coordinate into a point coordinate and am having trouble getting my code to work. I created a test app isloating the code that is giving me problems. I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Projected maps don't overlap

I am very new to arcGIS and so apologise if this is a really simple question, but it has had me (and what I can find on the internet beat for 2 days now. I am trying to build a series of layers of ...
4
votes
1answer
359 views

what are the main advantages of using a Double Stereo projection?

I'm not per say a GIS guru, I'm more of a user of the technology. On a recent project we were asked to analyze, provide, and submit all our analysis using a Double Stereo projection. What are the main ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

How to rotate sphere when using Vertical Near Side Perspective projection?

Situation Data is currently displayed on a globe using the Vertical Near Side Perspective projection with a blue circle as a backdrop. Problem I would like to 'rotate' the globe by altering the ...
4
votes
1answer
301 views

PostGIS spatial reference ID (SRID) for regular cartesian coordinate system?

I would like to store a polygon as a set of 2D points represented as x, y coordinates of a Cartesian coordinate system. Which spatial reference can I use? Looking at my spatial_ref_sys table, all the ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

What's the difference between Geographic coordinate system 4019 and 4121?

I have a DEM with cell size 100,100 with geographic coordinate system GRS_1980_Transverse_Mercator, Datum: D_GRS_1980. I created some extra shapefiles with projected coordinate system: Greek_grid, ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

How to convert a png with known bounds from Plate Carree to Mercator with GDAL

I have a png image that shows the region defined by the geo bounds UpperLat, LeftLon, BottomLat, RightLon (in degrees & -ve for West Lon and South Lat) in Plate Carree EPSG:4326. I want to convert ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Using projections to obtain perspective views

I understand that a perspective view is essentially a type of projection. Is it possible to create projection definitions for a typical GIS system that will mimic a perspective view from a particular ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Converting Lambert Conformal Conic to WGS84 using Proj.4

I am attempting to transform data from Lambert Conformal Conic lat/long and I am having some issues with the results. The shapefile I am attemtping to transform can be found here: ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

What's the correct way to reproject a population raster?

I'm working with a population raster that is in the WGS84 coordinate system, and I want to get it into a projected coordinate system (Albers Equal Area), using ArcGIS 10.1. According to the metadata, ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to convert a NetCDF file to GeoTIFF using GDAL

I have a NetCDF file which contains data for the number of rain days in the UK. I'd like to convert it to a GeoTIFF, but can't get GDAL correctly georeference it. See dumps from gdalinfo below. I ...