A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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32 views

connecting ecw to its projection and grid data in an xml file

I'm new to mapping please go easy on me:) I have a bunch of ecw files with 2 xml file one is a file ending with *.ecw.xml and one with *.ecw.aux.xml I am trying to load the ecw files into ...
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18 views

calculating ratio of areas on a sphere

I have 2 shapefiles and after identifying their intersections I'd like to know the ratio of intersecting areas, e.g. a given shape S in file1 intersects with shapes (x1,...,xn) in file2 with ...
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1answer
1k views

Can Mars be mapped in ArcGIS

Can I use ArcGIS to map planets in particular Mars? Where would I start in terms of basemapping and projection?
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153 views

Displaying X, Y coordinates on ArcGIS not working

I am trying to geocode some coordinates I have from my Excel sheet onto ArcGIS but everytime I do so, it doesn't show up on the screen. When I right click on the sheet layer to see where it went, it ...
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1answer
50 views

Correct Projection for calculating centroids of a group of points?

I have a long list of points covering all of North America for which I would like to calculate the centroid (by grouping points based on the "Name" column). My approach is to take the WGS84 ...
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1answer
98 views

convert lat/lng to pixel and vice versa

This had been asked previously on Stack Overflow. I've tried different methods/formulas but results are not correct. 40.764296,-73.97302 should result into 930,3590 pixel on map image. I've Manhattan ...
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1answer
4k views

What's up with the GeoJSON spec and CRS as a IRM?

I'm writing a web API to our GIS data, currently revamping our geocoding service. I'm creating the option for folks to specify the output type as GeoJSON so I'm trying to follow the spec. Our data is ...
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1answer
70 views

Why do my layers that are in the same projection not align?

According to the data frame properties window, all of the layers are in the same projection. However, the Snowplow Routes don't align properly with the lakes and bella_vista_roads layer. Are there any ...
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304 views

Fisheye-like projection

I need a special projection for the purpose of effective presentation on a poster. I'd like to present the study area (Czech republic) in a context of whole Europe in such a way, that the Czech ...
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1answer
48 views

What projection to use in POSTGIS for LAT/LONG and 'contains' queries

I would like to store latitude / longitude information in a POSTGIS database. I will need to query that data with simple contains query (for display on a map, so the bounding will be simple box) and ...
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1answer
78 views

projection (WGS84, UTM) issue

I have a question about projections. I have a hillshade raster with UTM 31N projection (I reprojected this from WGS 84). I also have a satellite image that I need to georeference. For georeferencing I ...
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3answers
6k views

Is it possible to reproject spatial data using SQL Server?

SQL Server takes an SRID when creating spatial data, but is it possible to retrieve an object as a different spheroid? For example, let's say I have a bunch of spatial polygons using SRID 4258, but ...
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2answers
60 views

Projection for using ArcGIS as CAD [closed]

I want to use ArcGIS to map my apartment. How can I create a projection file (with which parameters)?
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14 views

Intersect Iso_rectangle_2 with Polygon_2 where Polygon_2 uses Projection_traits_xy_3

I have a set of [Point_3][2] that constitute a Polygon_2 using the Projection_traits_xy_3 typedef CGAL::Exact_predicates_inexact_constructions_kernel K; typedef CGAL::Projection_traits_xy_3<K> ...
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1answer
33 views

Plot image on map based on corner coordinates

I have a color image and I know geographic coordinates of its 4 corners. Now I'd like to place this image on basemap in GMT using any projection. Any idea how to do that?
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71 views

The drawing of Thiessen/Voronoi polygon boundaries - are the bisecting lines truly perpendicular?

I am concerned with how QGIS (version 2.8.1) and ArcGIS (version 10.0) draw "perpendicular bisecting lines" when Thiessen/Voronoi polygons are created. When using either program to create these ...
3
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2answers
70 views

How to re-project a shapefile to be compatible with another shapefile or raster?

I have a polygon shapefile and a raster. The shapefile and raster have different coordinate systems. Coordinate System for the shapefile: NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_19N WKID: 26919 Authority: EPSG ...
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1answer
56 views

Shapefile projections not matching up in QGIS?

To start off with, I'm very new to QGIS. I'm attempting to place a shapefile with locations for 3 substations on a map of Peniche, Portugal. The locations for the substations are given in latitude and ...
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2answers
102 views

Inaccurate Buffer Distances

When buffering a point, the result is inaccurate to the basemap. I specify a 200 foot buffer around a point however the resulting buffer has a distance from the point of about 260 feet. Both the ...
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2answers
280 views

How to reproject from Clarke_1880_RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA?

I am unable to reproject Marseille shapefiles from Clarke 1880 RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA. I know that Clarke is a geographic coordinate system and it has no datum. I have tried ...
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1answer
36 views

How to describe a MODIS Tile's distortion

When looking at the MODIS grid [1] and compare it to how the sinusoidal projection is distorted, I wonder how to both practically and formally describe the distortion factor for each MODIS grid tile. ...
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1answer
59 views

Which map projection should I use for a country land cover map?

I am currently completing a piece of GIS work and I am a bit stuck, even after doing some reading. What would the appropriate map projection and co-ordinate system be for a land cover map for a ...
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22 views

Converting Grid to Geographic?

My project specifications are as below: utilise geodetic and shift parameters between WGS84 and specified datum (ED50), local projection (UTM 31N, CM 3 East) and transformation (EPSG1613) for all ...
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2answers
80 views

Does Oracle Spatial calculate geodetic distance?

I've got to migrate a PostGIS database to Oracle Spatial, and am stuck on a problem: In a view, I have a column that amounts to ST_Distance(geography(geom_1), geography(geom_2)), effectively ...
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1answer
519 views

Calculating Grid Convergence for Lambert Conformal Conic

What is the formula to calculate Grid Convergence angle (angle between true north and grid north) for Lambert Conformal Conic projection for a given location. Searching online, I have been able to ...
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0answers
98 views

OpenLayers 3 - in-house tiled ArcGIS basemap not visible

I am new to openLayers. I am trying to display an in-house cached basemap from an ArcGIS REST service. I can see the basemap if I use "ol.source.TileArcGISRest" for the source property, but the ...
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2answers
69 views

Inferring lat/lon based on known location coordinates

I have a point dataset with a set of coordinates that is in an unknown projection. For some of these points I know the unprojected latitude and longitude. Based on these known data points, would it be ...
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1answer
53 views

Reprojecting and retiling a large set of tiles

I am trying to understand the process to re-project and re-tile a set of raster (GeoTiff) but can't wrap my head around how to use the different GDAL tools to achieve my goal. More concretely, I ...
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1answer
40 views

Defining the correct AEA proj4string for FEWSnet Rainfall Data (Southern Africa) in R [closed]

I have some general questions about how to go about solving this problem: I am trying to incorporate FEWSnet's monthly Rainfall Estimate data from 2014-2015 for Southern Africa into an analysis where ...
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0answers
43 views

Taudem - Failed to execute while processing projected raster

At the moment I'm trying out some tools in ArcGIS 10.3 with the TauDEM toolbox. I want to process a raster with tools like Pit Removal, Flow direction etc. (Creating a watershed based on DEM). It ...
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1answer
94 views

Choosing projection to make Arizona look “normal”?

I am having issues projecting my AZ state boundary from looking like this: to looking like this: I found that I could use the U.S. National Atlas Equal Area to get the shape I want, but when I ...
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1answer
472 views

How to access Leaflet EPSG:3857 coordinates?

I read everywhere that Leaflet is internally using a spherical web mercator (EPSG:3857), but whatever I try I get either Lat/Lon (EPSG:4326) or strange coordinates I dont understand: ...
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2answers
56 views

What is the SRID of LCC projection?

I have a raster file with LCC projection and a point dataset with SRID 4326. I want to extract raster value to point. When I use the query SELECT ST_Value(rast, geom) val FROM testraster5, ...
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10 views

mapnik.Gdal(file=my_latlon_raster_file_path) returns a datasource with an empty all_features() list

When I get my mapnik layer datasource like that for a raster file: layer = mapnik.Layer(my_raster_layer_name) layer.srs = my_srs layer.datasource = mapnik.Gdal(file=full_path_to_my_raster_file) and ...
3
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49 views

Transforming lat and long to Mercator x and y

I've been trying to plot a set of lat and long coordinates to a Mercator map using the following set of equations; x = long - long0 y = ln(tan(pi/4 + lat/2)) These equations are from a page on ...
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1answer
408 views

Minimizing error when buffering unprojected data in ArcGIS Desktop?

If I buffer hundreds of unprojected WGS84 points across the US by say, 3 miles, will I get accurate areas returned (3 x pi x r) for each of the circles created? I suspect not. If not, what would be ...
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3answers
132 views

Area units for output polygon in WGS 84 UTM Zone 32N using QGIS

I am calculating the area of my polygon and I have used WGS 84 UTM zone 32N to calculate the area (using geometry on the field calculator) of my polygon, and I obtained 745461 (without units). How ...
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1answer
1k views

ArcGIS WGS84 Web Mercator Vs. WGS84 UTM zone 15N: Very different distance dimensions

I am working in ArgGIS 10.1 with a field (raster layer in tif format) in which I have placed two points (.shp layer). I have two versions of both layers, resulting four layers: one tif+shp set in CRS ...
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1answer
37 views

Alternative to Web Mercator projection that does not look too small on phone?

My issue with Web Mercator as a projection to use online is that I think it gives people an unrealistic perception of space. Greenland looking massive is a good example. One benefit of Web Mercator, ...
3
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1answer
74 views

What is the real distance between positions?

I'm trying to figure out what gives me the most accurate distance between positions: Measuring distance directly (using Geod.inv)? Measuring distance in 2D (after transforming to a known projected ...
3
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2answers
108 views

What is a suitable map projection for the entire state of Idaho?

I am working with some sample GIS data for Idaho. The data is in geographic coordinates but I want it in projected coordinates. I am unsure how to address the issue of projection as Idaho crosses ...
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1answer
52 views

Polygon Surface Area Calculator in different map projection(s)

I'm simply looking for an online tool or a utility to calculate the surface area of the same polygon (i.e shapefile) in different projection (projected and geographic projection system) systems. It ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Choosing projection for routes that fall within two UTM zones? [duplicate]

I'm creating charts for routes that fall within two UTM zones; 30S and 31S. The offshore routes are in the Alboran / Balearic Sea - connecting Spain to Algeria. What projection should I use?
13
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2answers
7k views

API documentation for Gdal/Ogr with C#

I want to assign projection to shapefile in my web C# application, for this i am using Gdal/OGR/OSR C# bindings and add osr_csharp.dll and ogr_csharp.dll references. But i am facing some difficulty ...
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1answer
30 views

Using map units to define radius of point feature in styles in QGIS: not getting it right

I have a point feature in a map which is in EPSG32723 (WGS84 - UTM zone 23s) and I need to style it as follows: A center point in red and a circle below it which has a particular size in meters. I ...
3
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0answers
54 views

Wrong area using Albers Equal Area Projection in GRASS for Java, Indonesia

I am just getting to know GRASS 7.0 and I am struggling finding a good projection to work on a spatial analysis of Java, Indonesia. I am new to the forum, so if information's are missing for a better ...
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1answer
37 views

Projection of WMS in MapInfo

I am using the OSM open Roads WMS layer that comes included with MapInfo. I have noticed that when I load this layer the projection of the Map window changes to 'Popular Visualization CRS.' All the ...
2
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2answers
866 views

How to transpose the lat/lon coordinates of a shapefile?

I need X to be Y and Y to be X (switching lat/long) within the polygon shapefile. If it were a point shapefile I know I could simply reverse the lat/long or x/y parameter and import from a table. I'm ...
2
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2answers
167 views

are these two proj4 utm projection strings equivalent?

I have a list of proj4 calls. Some of them have one format and some have another, I've been told they are equivalent. Is that so? If so, which one should I use? for example, for ETRS89 / UTM zone ...
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5 views

The effect of setting the reference system as “Unknown” when building stereo block

I couldn't figure out what is the effect of setting the reference system as “Unknown” when building stereo block in Erdas.