A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
0answers
324 views

ArcGIS WGS84 Web Mercator Vs. WGS84 UTM zone 15N: Very different distance dimensions

I am working in ArgGIS 10.1 with a field (raster layer in tif format) in which I have placed two points (.shp layer). I have two versions of both layers, resulting four layers: one tif+shp set in CRS ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Difference between NAD83 Indiana SPW in QGIS and ArcGIS for Desktop?

It seems ESRI and QGIS don't have the same definition for my most commonly used projection, NAD83 StatePlane Indiana West (US ft). When I create data in an ESRI product the projection shows up in ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Is there a standard for the specification of .prj files?

We use shape files for data exchange. I've looked at the .prj files: different programs produce different prj files. Is there a standard how the parameters must be specified in a prj file? AFAIK the ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Proper projected coordinate system for Minnesota for measuring areas

I have seen in ArcGIS many different State Plane systems for Minnesota (location coordinates in WGS84: 44,07 lat/-94,61 long) within the Projected Coordinate system group: NAD 1983 (CORS 96) ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Pros and Cons of a latitude adjustment grid vs other methods of area calculations

When working with high resolution global raster data in WGS 1984 I often need to calculate areas. Now the traditional way for me to achieve this has been to reproject the data to an equal area ...
19
votes
7answers
1k views

Spatial reference for dummies?

Can anyone recommend a good reference or tutorial that explains the principles of spatial references, projections, and coordinate systems? We are a small team of programmers working with GIS ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How can I reproject a layer in a spatialite database

I'm writing an android mobile application and, for performance reasons, I want to reproject my layers to match the basemap's projection. Is there a command to do that?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

How can one use Google Maps API to mimic QGIS projection/CRS

I used QGIS to find the extents of a list of features. However, the resulting data auto-generates the CRS and changes it from WSG84 to a custom one. Is there a way to use the autogenerated CRS in ...
0
votes
0answers
131 views

TileStache : Unknown geometry type in geoJSON file

I'm currently trying to set up a TilSstache server on Ubuntu 12.04 to serve some GeoJSON tiles from a shapefile/JSON file (administratives boundaries) for a web mapping project using the Leaflet ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Difference between source SRS and target SRS in Raster Warp function

Hello I am trying to change a raster layer projections from WGS84 to a custom Lambert layer using 'Raster' --> 'Projections' --> 'Warp' function. I have been asked for source SRS and get SRS. what is ...
22
votes
6answers
8k views

Shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table?

I was wondering if there is such a thing as an shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table? Something that can translate the most standard shapefile PRJ definitions into the likely SRID. When using ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Custom projection problem with proj.4

I have some vector files that come without projection. So I have to define my own projection in QGIS. The information that comes with the data reads as following: Projection: Lambert Azimuthal Units: ...
2
votes
1answer
362 views

openlayers display projection

I'm displaying coordinates in epsg:900913 using ol.control.MousePosition() with OSM. I'd like to convert these on the fly in another epsg:2154. I call in the header : <script ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Precision loss when transforming coordinates systems in GDAL (vector layers)

Anybody knows the order of magnitude of the error introduced when transforming coordinates using GDAL? More specifically, I would like to know if significant error is introduced when the ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

ArcMap Area Calculations vs MultiNet FEATAREA Field Discrepancy

I'm finding a huge discrepancy between the values supplied in the FEATAREA field in my MultiNet data and the area calculation results from ArcMap v10.2.2. In this case, I'm looking at the area of ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Is the bilinear resampling technique appropriate for the projection of ASTER data?

I need to project some ASTER data from a geographic coordinate system to a projected one. I have read online that the cubic resampling technique is the most appropriate for this purpose. However, ...
0
votes
0answers
298 views

Transforming between epsg:3857 and Google Maps Tile coordinates

Hio, I used to use a simple python project (https://github.com/hrldcpr/mercator.py) to convert between wgs84 and google maps tile coordinates. This project doesn't have a license, and looks like it ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Guessing a map projection by its values [duplicate]

This is more a theoretical question and not an actual problem that I have. Is it possible to identify or classify projections by their numerical coordinates? Or alternatively rule out in some sort of ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Projecting Data with Transformations - Alignment Issue

Problem: I am having problems getting data to align properly with basemaps layers. The image below shows the difference between roads. The centerlines shapefile's coordinate system is ...
9
votes
1answer
202 views

Mercator bias plot in Leaflet

I was inspired by this wikipedia image from the mercator projections page to hack around with leaflet. The idea was to interactively have your cursor move a continent and that it would be corrected ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How to get ASTER level 1B data to overlay correctly on google earth/ bing maps/ arcmap imagery basemap

I have recently purchased Two granules of ASTER 1B data from ERSDAC. Upon importing this data into arcmap 10.2, the layers representing each band were specified as being projected in: ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How to import and project ASTER 1B data into Arcmap?

I recently purchased a granule of ASTER 1B data from ERSDAC, when I import any of the associated rasters into ArcGIS, the image is displayed as being only 1m across, when the actual area represented ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Short list of .prj options in .pyt

I'm tasked with creating a .pyt to distribute across our office and field computers (state geological survey) for converting .gpx to features but constraining the choice of projections/datums to seven ...
2
votes
3answers
214 views

Problem with Geometry SRID in PostGIS

I ceated my table (borne) in PostGIS id_borne serial NOT NULL, num_borne character varying, shape_borne geometry I successfully changed the SRID of my table using select ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

Choosing projection to use for Least-Cost Path analysis at continental scale?

I am trying to find least cost paths from the southern USA to the Great Lakes region (for example). My resistance layers are currently in an equal area projection but I'm wondering if I should convert ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

correct projection of GADM data

I'm trying to use a map of Austrias districts from the GADM project. The Shapefile can be found here: AUT_adm.zip (All other formats provided by the project appear exectly equal.) The coordinate ...
0
votes
2answers
275 views

GDAL for Python: extracting subdomains from NetCDF file?

I need to make a script that processes a NetCDF file that contains 3 days of hourly forecast data from the norwegian meteorological office. The NetCDF file contains various data I need ...
43
votes
3answers
26k views

EPSG 3857 or 4326 for GoogleMaps, OpenStreetMap and Leaflet

The discussion at What is the difference between WGS84 and EPSG4326? shows that 4326 is just the EPSG identifier of WGS84.. Wikipedia entries for Google Maps and OpenStreetMap shows that they both ...
1
vote
0answers
303 views

How to overlay a flat image onto google maps with two points of reference?

The Android API allows for images to be superimposed onto a map. To do so, the developer specifies a set of lat/long coordinates for an "anchor point" within the image, the width (or height) of the ...
3
votes
2answers
45 views

QGIS doesn't create the correct projections when creating new shp files

I received shapefiles exported from ArcGIS with EPSG:2227 as the CRS, which should be: +proj=lcc +lat_1=38.43333333333333 +lat_2=37.06666666666667 +lat_0=36.5 +lon_0=-120.5 +x_0=2000000.0001016 ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

What's the purpose of the reference latitude in Lambert Conformal Conic?

Going through flight school I got acquainted with the Lambert Conformal Conic projection, as it's the common projection for VFR sectional charts, and I think I have pretty good grasp of it, ...
1
vote
2answers
249 views

How do I convert Geo-Coordinates to Pixel-Coordinates on a Map?

I have an image file that is a Robinson Projection Map of the world. I have a list of geo-coordinates. I would like to find the pixel-coordinates on the map that correspond to my the geo-coordinates I ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Striping Artifact in Aster DEM Mosaic

I'm working with SRTM and ASTER data for a university project. My goal is to delineate watersheds and evaluation of these with ArcGis 10 and ArcHydro. But a striping error occurs with the flow ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Change projections depending on the zoom level

Is it possible in ArcGis (from a technology/performance/… point of view) to switch projections depending on the zoom level? For example, Is it possible when zooming at some extent to the poles, my ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Crop and reproject shapefile based on GeoTIFF sample

I have GeoTIFF with these attributes: Size is 495, 309 Coordinate System is: PROJCS["unnamed", GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse", DATUM["unknown", SPHEROID["unnamed",6370000,0]], ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Issue with gdal getprojection and setprojection returning different information

I am using Landsat imagery from the USGS. Those who use them may know that the projection attribute is wrong (everything is in the Northern hemisphere). I have a script to process tar.gz files and ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Equal Area Projection for Central Ethiopia (37N)

Can anybody please tell me what is the best equal area projection for central highlands of Ethiopia. I am assuming Albers Equal Area Projection. Any suggestions?
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to transform data points from WGS84 to NAD27?

Preface: I have a set of lat and long data points from Google Maps, which I believe are in WGS84. My project data is in NAD27(BLM14). These points are in West Texas, where NAD27 differs from WGS84 by ...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

Projected coordinate system for South America

Does anybody have any suggestions for a projected coordinate system for the Northern part of South America? I have a data set that reaches from Venezuela to Southern Peru and I'd like to do some ...
-2
votes
1answer
113 views

Identifying projection for shapefile with unknown coordinate system, no z values and no measures? [duplicate]

I am attempting to create a GIS Project with multiple Brazilian cities. I have been collecting, and am interested in, shapefiles that delineate the neighborhood boundaries of said cities. One city's ...
33
votes
10answers
11k views

Identifying Coordinate System of Shapefile when Unknown?

I have a Shapefile but its coordinate system is Unknown, and there is no *.prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Custom projection with mapnik

I would like to superimpose openstreetmap data over a raster image, using mapnik. My problem is that this image is not in a projection being defined by a SRS, I have some non-linear algorithm to run ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Calculating bounding box coordinates based on center and radius

I need to calculate a bounding box for osm query. I get coordinates of center of the area (WGS84) and radius (meters). How can I do it? I though about using some kind of projection, calculating ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

How to generate map tiles with TileStache and a custom projection

I would like to generate my own map tiles using TileStache and a custom projection. I have been struggling with this for quite some time and am hoping I can get some advice to get the tiles to ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Help projecting Austria data with QGIS

I'm trying to reproject this dataset from Austria Statistik Geodata. Data comes in "MGI_Austria_Lambert", and I'm trying to reproject to WGS84 What I'm doing is Saving layer as... and selecting ...
8
votes
3answers
797 views

What kinds of line segments/edges require high accuracy in a true surface-of-the-ellipsoid representation?

I've been musing (and doing prototype coding) for a 'projection free' geographic codebase with your basic point, line & polygon primitives. Rather than dealing with all the sacrifices that come ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

How do you clip a gnomonic or stereographic azimuthal projection?

I have polygons comprised of lat/lon coordinates and I want to project them onto a plane that's appropriate for polygon operations (such as checking for intersections). In some cases, the polygons ...
2
votes
1answer
326 views

Changing map projection and adding graphic features in projected coordinate system using ArcGIS API for JavaScript?

I'm having some problems with the ArcGIS API for JavaScript. I have a web service that traces an electric network and sends back JSON with point and polyline (path) geometry. I've created a function ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Pyproj: converting WGS84 to Robinson

I have a WGS84 coordinate pair (37.7749295, -122.4194155). I have an image that is a Robinson Map Projection of the world. I'm trying to write a python script to locate my WGS84 coordinate on my ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Google layers not matching

I'm working in a project with whole Europe data. I'm working with WGS84 (4326), and sometimes I overlay my polygons with Google maps layer (in QGIS) to see some details. When I do this, I have to ...