A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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Are ellipsoid and datum the same? [duplicate]

Are the datum and the ellipsoid the same? Please help me. What is a Datum? The Earth is shaped like a flattened sphere. This shape is called an ellipsoid. A datum is a model of the earth that is ...
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35 views

I want to reproject data from 0-360 to -180 - 180 [duplicate]

I've been downloading data from NOAA in a CRS that goes from 0-360. The rest of my data is in -180 to 180. What's the easiest way to reproject or shift the data in QGIS? It took 30 seconds in ArcMap, ...
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3answers
163 views

How to use PROJ4 to reproject a file

Unfortunately, GDAL does not support a particular projection I am trying to achieve (the ob_tran rotated pole projection), so I am trying to use PROJ4 to convert a geotiff file to the projection I ...
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21 views

buffer in qgis from layer text delimited

I have a layer of polygons in British Columbia, Canada in WGS 84 which is fine. Later I created shapefile of three points (using decimals for lat and long) through the add shapefile as text delimited ...
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59 views

Why is it important to ensure that the shapefiles have a spatial reference system when created?

Why is it important to ensure that shapefiles have a spatial reference system when created?
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CartoDB - problem trying to add a geoserver WMS as a basemap and it says it doesn't contain supported projections (3857,900913)

I had suspected that the version of geoserver (2.0.2) did not support these 2 EPSG's . However, when I then look at the getcapabilities - I find that both EPSG's are present. ...
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1answer
133 views

How to automatically transform between base layer and vector layer in OpenLayers

I have a simple example on http://jsfiddle.net/29bsw/ I have a map with an OSM layer as base layer and an additional vector layer. The projection of the map is defined as EPSG:900913 and the ...
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1answer
147 views

Is it possible to use JTS for calculations on data in geographic coordinates?

I have some spatial data that has all of its coordinates as lat/lon pairs (with about 10 digits decimal precision), it's stored in a database as WGS84 data. Some of the data is represented as polygons ...
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1answer
115 views

gdal2tiles generates small picture inside 256x256 tile

I've used gdal2tiles for generating tiles in number of different polar projections and always experienced the same problem — strange small picture inside normal 256x256 png with the rest of space ...
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17 views

Adding a Z Unit [duplicate]

I'm struggling with the Z Unit conversion of some data. Both the NHD data and my DEM are in a GCS with Decimal Degrees. These data sets project perfectly on the fly, but after I adjust the Z Unit of ...
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1answer
87 views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
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2answers
97 views

Calculate length of line across zones with at least m accuracy

I have created lines between multiple points that are across MGA 54 and 55S (EPSG 28355). I am trying to calculate the distance between points but different methods give different answers (~1km ...
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1answer
72 views

I have a WKT How can i put it to MAPINFOW.prj file [closed]

I have this WKT file: PROJCS["PRS92 / Philippines zone 3" ,GEOGCS["PRS92" ,DATUM["D_Phillipine_Reference_System_1992" ,SPHEROID["Clarke_1866",6378206.4,294.9786982138982]] ,PRIMEM["Greenwich",0] ...
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1answer
36 views

Determing which Which georeference system was used on an Ecuadorian Topo Baselayer

I'm creating a map in Western Ecuador, and am attempting to use a military topo baselayer for it. The map comes with UTM grid lines on it so georeferencing it was easy but I'm unsure of what ...
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2answers
241 views

Given a flight path given in latitudes and longitudes, how do I find another flight path that is parallel to the path given?

Given a flight route that is given in latitudes and longitudes, how do I find another route that is "parallel" to the route given (find a perpendicular line to each waypoint given)? I think the best ...
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1answer
36 views

Assign Projection to multiple shapefile

I have multiple shape files in a folder. I want to assign projection to all the files inside the folder at one go. In batch file i am able to assign projection to all the shapefiles, but i want to ...
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2answers
277 views

Why does Transverse Mercator projection have scale factor?

Why does the Transverse Mercator projection have a scale factor in ArcGIS and the standard Mercator projection not? In other words what is the difference between these two projections beside being a ...
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24 views

QGIS - unable to change projections [duplicate]

I am relatively new to QGIS (version! 2.0.1) and having trouble changing projections. No matter what I choose the view is the same. For example, in the attached screen shot I have chosen Alaska Albers ...
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75 views

Define Projection for an autocad transferred data

If I had a cadastral map on an Autocad file and i convert it to a dxf extension in order to open it in QGIS. I Added The Parcels borders and text in QGIS. Can you please list the steps which I should ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Equal (ish) areas Map Projection at the Tropics

What map projection (non-interrupted) preserves areas well for the entire tropical region? I am thinking of using a Cylindrical Equal Area or a sphere based version of a Cylindrical Equal Area or ...
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257 views

Convert land-based camera image pixel x,y to ground lat/long or x,y,z

I have a number of cameras at various known locations (x,y,z) and directions that are above ground about 20 feet pointed at different ground locations about 100 feet away from each camera, and whose ...
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1answer
98 views

How to find out projection code for the sid file?

I have a miami.sid file and miami.sdw and miami.sid.aux.xml files. How to find out the projection code? This question is similar to: I have a .sid image but can't figure out the CRS GDALInfo ...
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1answer
59 views

Using QGIS, features are suddenly placed 7.5 thousand kms off correct location

I've been counting an muskrat dens on lakes with aerial photos by creating a feature in a separate shapefile. I checked my progress after doing about 80 small lakes and suddenly, half of the lakes ...
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2answers
47 views

Comparing projections of two datasets when SRID not available

Similar to this question: How to test if two GDAL datasets are in the same projection? However, the above does not cover cases where an SRID is not available. It can often be the case that an SRID is ...
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66 views

Define a projection for one point

I'm new to ArcGIS and am using ArcMap 10.1. I wanted to find the distance from a point (lat 36N long 12E) to all the polygons in my shape file. People on this forum helped me out and said that I ...
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102 views

Kartograph - “projection not named”

The Kartograph package looks very promising, so I have been trying play around with it. As it turns out, I have been able to get the most basic map to work (the "world.json" example), but I could not ...
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112 views

How do I set the projection and coordinate system for a TIFF file?

I have a topographic map of California (obtained from CAL-Atlas) as a TIFF file. I tried importing it into QGis, but it displays the map using a pixel based coordinate system rather than ...
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114 views

Which projection is being used in this figure?

I would like to use the projection being used in this figure. Does anyone know which one it is? Esp helpful if it is available in ArcGIS. From plant stress page thanks!
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1answer
98 views

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection Inverse Transform after Fitting Ellipse to Noisy LLA Data

I'm using Python and Basemaps to convert some Lat Lon data to the LCC projection and back again. Since it is noisy data representing the footprint of a satellite, I am filtering it and fitting an ...
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1answer
58 views

QGis points distance from shore in metres

I have a grid of depth points in the Irish Sea that i'm trying to add other data fields to, in this case distance from shore. I've tried both of these suggestions to no avail, but am having some ...
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1answer
152 views

In Ogr2OGR: what is SRS?

I am trying to understand this command: ogr2ogr -f "MapInfo File" original.tab wgs84.shp -s_srs EPSG:27700 -t_srs EPSG:4326 I don't understand the s_srs and t_srs paramaters. The help file says ...
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1k views

How to convert a NetCDF file to GeoTIFF using GDAL

I have a NetCDF file which contains data for the number of rain days in the UK. I'd like to convert it to a GeoTIFF, but can't get GDAL correctly georeference it. See dumps from gdalinfo below. I ...
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1answer
49 views

does Pseudo Mercator Projection causes problem while clipping rasters

I tryed to clip a Raster file using an ESRI shapefile using gdalwarp command, but i always get an empty output file or a wrong clip with wrong location. this the command bellow: gdalwarp -dstnodata ...
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46 views

How can I obtain the unit of a projection SRID?

Given a projection SRID, is there a way I can obtain the coordinates unit string (meter, degree, ...) ? In PostGIS for example, it looks like it is present in the srtext column of spatial_ref_sys. ...
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1answer
107 views

Shapefiles from Nationalgrid without a .prj file - what projection are they in?

Im working with these shapefiles: http://www2.nationalgrid.com/uk/services/land-and-development/planning-authority/shape-files/ They show pipelines & electricity grid of the UK. They do not ...
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61 views

QGIS: Albers projection in lat lng?

I'm trying to make a map of Russia in the Albers projection. My projection string is: +proj=aea +lat_1=45 +lat_2=70 +lat_0=40 +lon_0=100 +x_0=20 +y_0=20 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=m ...
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237 views

Can I just swap out a .prj file to reproject a shape file?

I'm an experienced software developer -- but a GIS noob. I have a shape file that I am trying to turn into a SVG map with Kartograph. When I try to run Kartograph I get this error: ERROR 6: No ...
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1answer
192 views

Projection problem with ESRI JSAPI and ArcGIS map service

I was trying to obtain a gpx file with some coordinates by drawing on an Openlayers map with an ArcGIS baseMap. When I draw the polyline and create the gpx, if I open it on Google Earth, what I see ...
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14 views

Eliminating/minimizing distortion in 200 NM EEZ buffers [duplicate]

I frequently need to calculate buffers of 200 nautical miles from country or baseline polygons in order to map maritime Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs). However, I've noticed that when generating the ...
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1answer
228 views

Add EPSG:3857 geometries to map using Leaflet

Right now Leaflet can only add geometries with latitude and longitude values onto the map. If we have a EPSG:3857 point, whose x=-11819829 and y=4200860, how can I add it onto the map? If this point ...
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15 views

How to Create Consistent Grids using different Projections [duplicate]

I would like to be able to create highly accurate and consistent grids to be used in my simulations. I will need to create 200m2 grids for the UK. The processing software will need data in Lambert ...
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2answers
111 views

Problems with transformations in ArcMap

I have files projected in British National Grid. After I have transformed them into WGS_1984. I noticed that if I were to transform them back to BNG the original would not match the new. Is there a ...
2
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2answers
81 views

Measure areas, lenghts in specific regions (Australia, Sout East Asia)

I'm in need to find a suitable projections to measure correctly areas and lenghts for 2 areas of interest. I want to measure both factors for: 1) First region Australia & New Zealand (1st ...
2
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1answer
109 views

How can I transform Real-time Local position system coordinates into GPS/WGS84?

I have a local coordinate system built with Ubisense sensors and tags (it is a real-time locating system used to automatically identify and track the location of objects or people). The local ...
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26 views

alignment of shapefiles in GRASS

I have two shapefiles below. One is in the state plane projection, and the other is not projected. In ArcMap the shapefiles line up perfectly. When I import them to my mapset (using the override ...
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1answer
193 views

Mercator bias plot in Leaflet

I was inspired by this wikipedia image from the mercator projections page to hack around with leaflet. The idea was to interactively have your cursor move a continent and that it would be corrected ...
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3answers
308 views

How can I obtain the same area values provided by the Census for TIGER boundaries using PostGIS functions?

In PostGIS, how can I compute the area of Census Boundaries and obtain the same results as are provided by the Census? For example, most Census Boundaries include attributes for Land Area and Water ...
4
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1answer
248 views

Why is tiff different in epsg 3857 and epsg 900913 in gdal

When I transform tiff from 4326 to 3857 and from 4326 to 900913 in gdal, I get different result(when display in Qgis) eventhough these two projections(3857 and 900913) should be the same. What is ...
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1answer
177 views

Field Calculator returning incorrect length and area values when QGIS project is reopened

Similar to Field Calculator returning incorrect length and area values, but as always slightly different. I have QGIS 2.0 and when I create a polyline shapefile, the field calculator returns the ...
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1answer
36 views

Is it due to irregularity of geoid, we cannot convert the height between spherical datum and local datum by cs2cs?

Is it due to irregularity of geoid, we cannot convert the height between spherical datum and local datum (which uses locally defined geoid and height) by cs2cs? What I mean is that, by using cs2cs, ...