A map projection is any method of representing the surface of a sphere or other three-dimensional body on a plane

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Problem with spatial reference system / shapefile projection

I am new to using QGIS and having some problems getting some shapefiles to project correctly. I am using publicly available shapefiles for New York City municipal boundaries found here: http://www.nyc....
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317 views

2 Shapefile vectors will not plot properly in same space

There are slight differences in 2 shapefiles projection information. I have activated on-the-fly, but they do not plot in the same space. I tried to save as new shapefiles with the same CRS, but ...
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Display two layers with OpenLayers at once

How can i display two layers with diferent projections at once? For example i have layer with EPSG:70076 and OSM layer.
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581 views

How do you change the prime meridian of a map?

I am working with the Natural Earth world map as a SHP file, but when I try to change the prime meridian (PRIMEM) of the coordinate system GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["...
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2k views

How to perform datum transformation in ArcGIS server REST API exportmap

I have a ArcGIS server 10.0 mapcontext in one projection (swedish grid sweref99 TM) which uses its own datum, also named Sweref99 . When I use the REST API's map service export function I want to ...
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Rendering a shapefile with a custom projection in GeoTools

I have an image, a shapefile, and a method which can translate an x/y pixel location from the image into a latitude/longitude point or vice versa. I'm trying to use Geotools to render the shapefile on ...
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Overlapping map tiles with mapnik's generate_tiles.py script

I'm trying to generate map tiles using the mapnik's generate_tiles.py script, but the resulting tiles are overlapped. Example The tiles have the following directory structure: zoom_level/...
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2answers
5k views

Why does QGIS scalebar show a wrong scale?

I'm using QGIS 1.7.1 and have added a scalebar. The scalebar usually displays in degrees, unless I switch the map's projection to meters, in which case the units are display in cm. This is not correct....
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410 views

Ogr2ogr projection problem- features are shifted 12 miles to the north?

I have discovered a problem related to the output of an ogr2ogr command line call. My resulting polygon features are 12 miles (.18 degrees) due north of where they should be, but the longitude is ...
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658 views

How to solve Projection Problem at client side

I want to discuss a scenario here to all. I have developed a Web mapping application in OpenLayers and GeoServer. The customer give us shapefiles with native projection SWREFF99_1330 (EPSG:3008). ...
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359 views

Transforming coordinate that lies outside a grid transform (e.g. NADCON)?

As I understand it, a datum transform (e.g. urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::1241) based on a grid interpolation method, e.g. NADCON, is undefined outside of the grid of points. Therefore the lat/...
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61 views

What is wrong with my projection

I am using OpenLayers to plot a point on a map; the point should be located in the UK; but keeps appearing in the middle of the ocean (0,0). I have check my projection and I think this is correct. ...
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108 views

How to calculate the area of a polygon in a WGS84 Shapefile in QGIS?

I am using QGIS 2.12.3 Lyon and I want to calculate the area of my polygon in m2. For that I used the tool provided by QGIS, but the result is not as it should be. I got from QGIS 50 ha, while I got ...
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82 views

Plotting netCDF4 data with the right projection

I guess this will sound simple to you but I just cannot get the right plot within R. I have a netcdf4 file and would like to visualize it within R just like I would do in QGIS and ArcGIS. sample data ...
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118 views

After how much distance does the x,y coordinate system become noticeably distorted?

I'm working with maritime sensors that give information of moving objects it detects, in azimuth, range and elevation, and we convert it to x,y coordinates for our application to be able to process it....
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608 views

Loading projection along with raster in R?

Why the operation myraster = raster("test.asc") does not load the associated projection file test.prj located in the same directory as test.asc? Does raster() need a specific argument? It seems ...
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191 views

USA Contiguous Albers Equal Area Conic to miles

My data is in USA Contiguous Albers Equal Area Conic projection. How can I convert the USA Contiguous Albers Equal Area Conic projection to miles?
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200 views

Proj4js: Is this correct implementation of Azimuthal Equidistant relative to an arbitrary center?

If I wanted to interpolate points along a Great Circle Arc, it makes sense that either endpoint of the Great Circle is a satisfactory starting place. Next, I suppose I'll need a projection to preserve ...
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205 views

Trouble calculating areas in QGIS using field calculator

I am testing various projections to calculate areas using ICES statistical shapefiles and the QGIS field calculator. I am using ICES areas downloadable from the following link: http://geo.ices.dk/...
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1k views

openlayers display projection

I'm displaying coordinates in EPSG:900913 using ol.control.MousePosition() with OSM. I'd like to convert these on the fly in another EPSG:2154. I call in the header : <script src="./proj4js-1-1-0/...
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1answer
172 views

Is the bilinear resampling technique appropriate for the projection of ASTER data?

I need to project some ASTER data from a geographic coordinate system to a projected one. I have read online that the cubic resampling technique is the most appropriate for this purpose. However, ...
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Reprojecting a base map in ArcGIS

I am new to ArcGIS. I have the EDN license (Desktop and Server); have setup ArcGIS for Server in our offline environment; have published several base maps (with caches that ESRI provided me on a DVD) ...
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QGIS doesn't create the correct projections when creating new shp files

I received shapefiles exported from ArcGIS with EPSG:2227 as the CRS, which should be: +proj=lcc +lat_1=38.43333333333333 +lat_2=37.06666666666667 +lat_0=36.5 +lon_0=-120.5 +x_0=2000000.0001016 +...
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94 views

Change projections depending on the zoom level

Is it possible in ArcGis (from a technology/performance/… point of view) to switch projections depending on the zoom level? For example, Is it possible when zooming at some extent to the poles, my ...
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57 views

Why are Google Mercator and UTM rotated towards each other?

Being a self-taught GIS user, I struggled a while before getting the grips on map projections. But now this: because I like to use OpenStreetMap as a background layer for orientation, I have saved my ...
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124 views

Which projection is being used in this figure?

I would like to use the projection being used in this figure. Does anyone know which one it is? Esp helpful if it is available in ArcGIS. From plant stress page thanks!
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276 views

Convert planar distance to ellipsoid (real) distance

I have the following linestring which approximately marks an airport runway: LINESTRING(-381578.819887 6574044.360475, -378513.534443 6574799.475787) # EPSG 3857 LINESTRING(-3.427781 50.732117, -3....
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37 views

Equidistant projection for northern Delaware

I'm just getting started on a long-term project involving northern Delaware. Most of my distances will use great circle distances from the lat/lon, but for a few applications I'll wind up using ...
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2answers
851 views

Variation of algorithms to find point from another point with bearing and distance

There are several algorithms to calculate distance between two latitude/longitude points. Haversine Hubeny Lambert-Andoyer Vincenty's formulae for inverse problem But there are not so many ...
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149 views

Rhombus shaped pixels when viewing an image referenced in WGS84

Following the Question What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?, in the comments section of the answer http://gis.stackexchange.com/a/73578/5256, Jake very well explains that Because the ...
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104 views

Projectionless shapefile with unknown source

I have a bunch of maps that are output from a land use model in .asc format, but none have a projection file associated. The person who originally ran the LU model is long gone, so I don't have access ...
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699 views

Get the geotransform in Mercator given a pixel size away from the origin

I have a radar image with the following information: The projection is Mercator (Mercator_1SP in GDAL) The projection origin is 0º lat 0º lon At a given geographic coordinates (e.g. lon=10º lat=40º),...
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655 views

How to reproject a raster to Winkel Tripel projection?

I'm trying to project a raster map (in ASCII grid format) from longlat to the Winkel Tripel projection. But I'm running into errors, for instance gdalwarp won't accept the proj-string. $ gdalwarp -...
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349 views

Is there no EPSG code to use for Behrmann equal-area projection in ogr2ogr?

I'm trying to use ogr2ogr to reproject some shapefiles. The projection I wish to use is Behrmann equal-area. I cannot find an EPSG code to use for the '-t_srs' part of the syntax. Is there any way ...
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2answers
1k views

Image tiling math

I've been looking at MapTiler for the logic on how to render an image as tiles on a (google) map. Instead of storing the single tiles locally in a folder structure I want to use Djatoka. I'm able to ...
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1answer
880 views

How to provide transform information to openlayers on Image layer

I would like to include an overlay raster layer into my OpenLayers map. I've pre-transformed the image into the correct projection (EPSG:900913) and saved as a png using the gdal_translate command: ...
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1answer
38 views

Plot a world heat map with mollweide projection in R

I have a data set with global observations with lat/lon information. There are 288 longitudes from -179.375 to 179.375 with spacing 1.25, 180 latitudes from -89.5 to 89.5 with spacing 1. There is one ...
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28 views

How to obtain attributes of a point layer that falls within a polygon layer of different CRS

I have created my own vector grid polygons in QGIS 2.12.2. This creates a new layer to my project, but it's projected in a "generated projection". I want to view the attributes of points that fall ...
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69 views

How to calculate area in sq m - troubleshooting projection issues in a global dataset in QGIS

I am using QGIS version 2.12.3. I have 3 polygon shapefiles: A, B and the intersect of A and B, which we can call C. All I want is to add a field to the attributes table of each shapefile giving ...
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2answers
59 views

What is the SRID of LCC projection?

I have a raster file with LCC projection and a point dataset with SRID 4326. I want to extract raster value to point. When I use the query SELECT ST_Value(rast, geom) val FROM testraster5, ...
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86 views

What is the real distance between positions?

I'm trying to figure out what gives me the most accurate distance between positions: Measuring distance directly (using Geod.inv)? Measuring distance in 2D (after transforming to a known projected ...
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1answer
67 views

Geo-Referencing an image from google maps with gdal_translate

I am trying to geo-reference an image using gdal_translate in a command prompt. Currently I have the following gdal_translate.exe -of GTiff -a_nodata 0 --config GDAL_DATA "Config location" -a_ullr -...
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128 views

Projection for Calculating Distances in Continental United States?

TL;DR Question: I want to calculate distance from point to edge of nearest polygon for 2,000 points in Continental United States. What is the best projection to use? Full Question: I have two ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Disparity between QGIS and ArcGIS for Desktop georeference results?

I am georeferencing a static map in JPEG format. I would prefer to use QGIS for a variety of reasons. I've never georeferenced with QGIS before, so I may not have the process quite right. I ...
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211 views

MMQGIS:Create:Hub Distance: Output shapefile in wrong coordinate system

I have a QGIS-project that is completely in EPSG:31467 - DHDN / Gauss-Kruger zone 3. It consists of random points (camera traps) surrounded by a polygon (forest edge). I already converted the polygon ...
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93 views

Equatorial Scale

I have seen Equatorial Scale written along with the RF on the World Map in many Atlases, for eg., "Equatorial Scale 1:95 000 000". What does this Equatorial Scale mean and what is the significance of ...
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2answers
125 views

Google layers not matching

I'm working in a project with whole Europe data. I'm working with WGS84 (4326), and sometimes I overlay my polygons with Google maps layer (in QGIS) to see some details. When I do this, I have to ...
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2answers
119 views

Choosing projection to use for Least-Cost Path analysis at continental scale?

I am trying to find least cost paths from the southern USA to the Great Lakes region (for example). My resistance layers are currently in an equal area projection but I'm wondering if I should convert ...
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1answer
590 views

QGIS not interpreting Lambert Conformal Conic projection correctly

I'm a fairly new user of QGIS and I've run into an issue that I can't seem to solve on my own. I'm trying to work with the NRCan Atlas of Canada Waterbodies SHP file but I'm having an issues re-...
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1answer
240 views

How to get projected centroids in QGIS?

I am trying to get a centroid for several polygons on a global scale, in a way that it would correctly represent the common centre of all the polygons, taking Earth's curvature into account. The ...