Statistical computing language and software environment.

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How to build a function that extracts information from a set of polygons at multiple points in R

I am new to R, and trying to build a simple function that calculates an average (mean) of Sum_MVKT extracted from a set of predefined point locations. For this, I have two shapefiles named ...
6
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2answers
5k views

How to make RASTER from irregular point data without interpolation

I was trying to make a raster image from an irregularly spaced point database. The data looks like- > head(s100_ras) x y z 1 267573.9 2633781 213.29545 2 262224.4 2633781 ...
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1answer
307 views

Convert point to grid: Numbers of cells differ

In R I am trying to aggregate points data to a grid. The data for the grid (G-Econ) comes as a csv-file. In this file each row represent a grid-cell at 1x1 degree resolution and the given ...
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0answers
43 views

How to measure similarity of approximately congruent polylines

My initial question was posted here. The answer of whuber provides a nice solution for the case when polylines are congruent. However, the problem is that my polylines are approximately congruent ...
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2answers
97 views

Getting raster values on grid nodes

I have my raster layers of Digital Elevation Model, aspect, slope and curvature for a certain region. In this region I want to apply a grid with a certain spacing in its nodes, and then get the ...
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3answers
444 views

How to measure similarity of SpatialLines objects

I created two SpatialLines objects in R: . These objects were created this way: library(sp) xy <- cbind(x,y) xy.sp = sp::SpatialPoints(xy) spl1 <- sp::SpatialLines(list(Lines(Line(xy.sp), ...
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1answer
77 views

Add a single column to multiple SHP

I was looking for a way to add a new column to several shp (simple polygons) at the same time. I don't know much about batch command. This new attribute is also a little bit tricky : I need to ...
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2answers
342 views

System call gdal function in R on Mac

Hopefully someone can help me figure this issue out. I am trying to system call gdal functions inside of R using the system / system2 functions. Here is an example of the code: > system("gdalinfo ...
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1answer
508 views

How to write every raster from a list of rasters?

I have created a list of rasters - "norm" and run a several loops. Now I would like to write every created raster from "norm" (containing 1 layer) into one raster, having its specific name. # I can ...
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4answers
30k views

How to open a Shapefile in R?

I need to open a shape file from ArcMap in R to use it for further geostatical analysis. I've converted it into ASCII text file, but in R it is recognized as data.frame. Coordinates function doesn't ...
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0answers
102 views

Using the accCost() function in R: questions regarding the transition layer

I am trying to use the accCost() function from the gdistance package in R. I load my cost raster using the raster()function from the raster package. According to the documentation, I need first to ...
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113 views

How to run GAM with raster package?

When I am using the raster package to predict a surface probability map of species distribution using the following functions in R, the following error occurrs: CA132122200=raster("F:/CBG ...
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0answers
302 views

Calculate Euclidean distance to raster WITHIN multiple polygons

I am using ArcGIS 10.1 on a Windows x64 system. I am working in a study area where I have 360 000 locations of about 50 territorial animals. I have a shapefile containing 125 sometimes overlapping ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Whats the best way to convert this tab data to a raster?

I have some grid data that is stored in a xls file. The rows are lattitude and the columns are longitude values in decimal degrees (see image). What would be a quick and efficient way to convert ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Converting character attribute to numeric attribute

I am following the very simple code found in this question Converting shapefile to raster: Character attributes to create a new numeric variable based on a factor. My proble is that the new numeric ...
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1answer
1k views

How to split a polygon using R

I have an irregular polygon which is a spatial object. I want to divide it into multiple polygons (say, n=25) with equal height. To show how I want to divide it, I've plotted grids on the ...
2
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1answer
669 views

How to work with flt & hdr files

I have been working on a vector-based spatial analysis in R using shapefiles. I wish to use some environmental data that is downloadable, however it is only available in raster format (FLT & HDR ...
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1answer
154 views

For loops + boxplot for raster

I have several Rasterstacks (b1_mask, b2_mask,...) of several layers representing only a determined pixel-intensity range. (So point "A" in some layers is "NA" - in others a "value" of that certain ...
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1answer
62 views

Extent from Centroids, Projection, and Resolution?

I have a file that defines a raster, although all the metadata was lost. I know the lat/long coordinates of the grid centroids, and that the grid is in a Mercator projection with a 1/12deg equatorial ...
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1answer
131 views

GME: could not open input point data source

I can not get this for loop to run in GME because i is being changed to 1 and , out is not recognized: wd <- "C:\Users\name\Desktop\KDE\2011\"; for (i in 1:15) { ...
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1answer
111 views

R: distance from one point to many polygons

OK so I have a spatial polygons data frame, and I have a point of interest. I want to add a row to the SPDF that contains the distance from the centroid of each polygon to this given point. How do I ...
3
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2answers
368 views

Create lines from polygon borders with polygons attributes

I have a shapefile of polygons that border each other perfectly, each with a numerical attriubte. I'd to create a shapefile of lines, where every line is created from the border between two polygons, ...
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0answers
131 views

Subset two rasters with different extent and origin (and resolution) only where there are data in both in R

in R, I have two rasters with different extents and origins (and possibly even resolution). How to efficiently take the subset of each of them only where there are data in both of them? Here is a ...
2
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1answer
146 views

How to infer a relationship between two spatial points using R

I am quite new to the area of spatial statistics, but I'm very interested. For learning and demo purposes, I've created three datsets. Dataset - Persons: This describes individuals at a certain ...
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1answer
187 views

Export to images subsets of Spatial Points Data Frame

I have a csv file, which I converted it to Spatial Points Data Frame. And I want to split the spatial data and export each map to a jpg file. I did the following: SB <- read.csv("SB_040914.csv", ...
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2answers
308 views

R - What is the purpose of .GAL lattice file?

Could someone please explain to me what the purpose of a .GAL lattice file is? I want to see if my data are spatially autocorrelated and I've been following Bivand (2013). I have loaded my polygon ...
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130 views

Identify nearest neighbor in grid in R (spatial)

I would like to create a square grid and identify the grid cells that border a set of other grid cell for which a binary variable takes a 1. In the following example, I would like to generate a vector ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Plotting spatial data when two spatial objects have different CRS

I have a spatial polygon object and a spatial points object. The latter was created from xy latlong data vectors (called latitude and longitude, respectively) in a dataframe, while the former was ...
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0answers
162 views

Performing Moran Test using R? [closed]

I’m very new to R so please Bear with me: I have a set of data containing AREA Infested for each region ! and I want to know if there are any spatial autocorrelation between the regions! Here a sample ...
2
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1answer
638 views

Cannot properly import MODIS MOD07_L2 .hdf files into R using rgdal

I've been trying to accurately import and process some .hdf files from the MODIS Atmospheric Profile product (MOD07_L2) in R for several days now. Still, there's something going wrong during data ...
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1answer
206 views

How to clear areas outside map in R

I succeeded thanks to the eblonde in the disscution (problem with polygon smoothing in R) to smoothing polygons in R. Code: inter1= read.table("c:/inter2.csv", header=TRUE) #add a category ...
3
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1answer
1k views

How to remove columns in a spatial polygon data frame in R?

My spatial polygon data frame (spdf) contains too many columns (variables) and I want to remove most of the columns entirely. I know how to do this with a regular data frame in R, but I am unsure how ...
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2answers
380 views

Counting number of points in particular polygon for list of individuals using R?

I have distribution points for a set of individuals and a file of polygons-with matching IDs. What I would like to do is to go through and for each individual find the total number of points and the ...
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1answer
336 views

(R)SAGA: saga_cmd 2.1.0 error? inconsistency?

frequently I am using (R)SAGA, but after SAGA became >2.1.0 the R package is no longer working. The last update for RSAGA was 07/2013. Thus I downgraded SAGA to 2.1.0 (first try was skipping the ppa ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Rgeos drops associated values when intersecting polygons

I am trying to intersect two SpatialPolygonsDataFrames and get a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame as the result. Unfortunately, using the gIntersection function from rgeos (which works impressively quickly ...
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0answers
186 views

Defining the boundary of a catchment area

I digitized contour lines from topographic maps and created a DEM. With the DEM, I estimated the boundary of a catchment area. Estimated positional accuracy of topographic maps is RMSE = 65 m, with a ...
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2answers
977 views

QGIS affine - form of equation

I am at the mercy of a govt authority who have provided utility information in a cad format with a 0,0 origin and a nonsense grid. About a dozen files, the grid and origin are entirely arbitrary. To ...
3
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1answer
865 views

Polygon fill colour specified by column R spplot

I am trying to plot a geological map using the spplot function in R. For every unit I already assigned a specific color in the col-column of the SpatialPolygonsDataFrame. Now I would like to plot the ...
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183 views

Creating the Regions based on spatial clusters

I need to create areas for my shapefiles for spatial analysis for each. So I have a number of stations and I created 5 clusters based on the distance. code: Al <- ...
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2answers
345 views

Test for spatial randomness with Ripley's K or L function in R

I have a spatial point pattern that I would like to test against complete spatial randomness. I managed to plot a Ripley's K function for my data and a function for a random distribution with a ...
3
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1answer
554 views

LSA-SAF data reprojection with GDAL and R

The Land Surface Analysis Satellite Applications Facility (LSA SAF) distributes several products derived from the EUMETSAT satellites data. I am working with R to read and process the data (the file ...
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4answers
29k views

How to convert zip codes to latitude and longitude?

I have a data set that includes a list of zip codes. Is there a way in R to convert these zip codes to latitude and longitude coordinates?
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2answers
405 views

In ESRI ArcGIS, is there an equivalent to the RStudio Console Windows?

UPDATED I know ESRI provides scripting capacity, via the Python window, but I've had a hard time with it. Making the jump from the Field calculator to the Python window was too much to me. Trying to ...
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2answers
146 views

projection differences in R

I am trying to reproject some climate data that I downloaded from http://gdo-dcp.ucllnl.org/downscaled_cmip_projections/dcpInterface.html#Welcomein The BCSD-CMIP5 data is found under the tab ...
2
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2answers
484 views

Is there an R equivalent of NEAR in ESRI ArcGIS?

I have 54 points in one data set A I have 300+ data points in a dataset B. I wish to find the distance for each point in dataset-set B, to points in dataset A. Nearest Neighbor packages appear to ...
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1answer
898 views

Produce raster map using universal kriging as interpolation method

I want to do kriging with external drift(universal kriging) in R. The covariate I use is in WGS84 refrence system. Because of nature of kriging which calculates distance in planar surface I have to do ...
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2answers
976 views

Calculate a polygon around a point - and conver to WKT

The use case I have is this: I want to take points (in my case a data.frame of lat/long coordinates) and calculate a polygon around each point of a given radius (in km, miles, whatever). To be clear, ...
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0answers
131 views

How to define the output raster resolution when rasterizing a vector?

I have a vector file which I want to rasterize and adjust its resolution to the reference map, in QGIS. I tried spatial_sync_raster function in R to set all the rasters into the same resolution as ...
3
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1answer
213 views

comparing and finding inaccuracies in two raster layers

I have two raster layers with urban cells and rural cells. I used an overlay function to compare these two raster layers and see the differences. Before overlaying I gave urban cell the value 1 and ...
3
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1answer
435 views

Given a Lat and Lon, identify if the point is over land or ocean?

In R, what is the quickest way to identify if a point is over land or ocean? e.g. for: set.seed(0) lat <- runif(10, -80, 80) lon <- runif(10, -180, 180) points <- expand.grid(lat, lon) ...