Statistical computing language and software environment.

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13
votes
2answers
12k views

R : convert a spatial polygon objet to spatial polygon data frame

My goal is to modify an existing shapefile by merging certain polygons. After importing the shapefile and using the UnionSpatialPolygons command, I get the polygon outline that I want. However, this ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Extract Raster from Raster using Polygon shapefile in R

I am new to R and using the raster package. I have a problem extracting polygons from an existing raster file. If I use extract(raster, poly_shape) function on the raster it always creates a list ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I implement 'weighted' kriging in R?

I'm trying to interpolate the values of an attribute (called "disease_rate") that i've sampled at a set of spatial points and i'd like to add 'weights' to the resulting kriging estimates. Basically, ...
18
votes
5answers
9k views

How best to fix a non-noded intersection problem in PostGIS?

I'm using a PL/R function and PostGIS to generate voronoi polygons around a set of points. The function that I am using is defined here. When I use this function on a particular dataset I get the ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Aggregating points to grid using R

I have a question with regard to spatial aggregation in R. What I am trying to do is aggregate a point dataset to a grid. I am unsure however how to do this as I have little experience with this sort ...
10
votes
2answers
339 views

Count raster value in a bounding box (spatial extent)

I have simple question: given a bounding box, how can I count the number of specific values (say, I am interested in the number of value == 1 ) in a raster in 1) arcpy, or 2) raster package in R?
9
votes
1answer
319 views

How to find the most spread out locations?

Probably a very simple question. I have a list of about a thousand potential geographical locations (lat lon), and of those I need to select the 200 locations that are "most spread out". I think that ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Create a ground overlay kml from georeferenced raster

I have a world georeferenced raster (5m resolution, ~4000 x 4000 pixels) that I would like to display in google earth. I am looking for a simple and effective way to generate this kml file. Using ...
6
votes
2answers
624 views

How to make a bivariate colour ramp with QGIS, R or similar?

Many recent maps I have seen have these neat two-way color gradients that can be used to color correlations between continuous estimates. Here is an example taken from a recent publication (Source: ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Extracting intersection areas in R

I have two polygons. One contains fields(X,Y,Z) and the other contains soil types (A,B,C,D). I want to know what area of every field contains which type of soil. I tried the following: library(...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I create a heatmap in ggplot?

I'm using R with ggplot2 to generate maps from shapefiles and from data in SQL Server. I'm trying to get to a stage where I can automate a large chunk of the mapping I do. So far this is working well ...
4
votes
1answer
600 views

Moving window regression (MWR) in R

I'm looking for some package in R to estimate the value of a variable by moving window regression. I have read in Local Models for Spatial Analysis, which is a good method to predict values ​​at ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

R: Download a large DEM, change projection, and adjust to smaller scale

This is a process that takes just a few seconds in GIS software. My attempt to do it in R uses a large amount of memory then fails. Is there something wrong in my code, or is this just something R ...
9
votes
3answers
528 views

R, rasterVis and RGL: how to prevent reflective surfaces?

I have been experimenting with digital terrain model files in ESRI ASCII grid raster format. Despite zero experience with this type of data I found it very easy to load into R, as per code below. The ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Convert several SpatialPointsDataFrames to raster

There are 100 SpatialPointsDataFrames in my Workspace. I loaded them on this way: filenames <- list.files(path="", pattern="XYhectareTravelTimes_ez+.*shp") for(i in ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to run an R script on a layer in QGIS?

I'd like to run an R script on a layer loaded in QGIS (to rotate a set of points created there using the Vector:Research Tools:Regular Points tool). I thought ManageR might work but cannot get it ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
6
votes
2answers
234 views

Transforming geostationary satellite image to lon/lat

The ICARE Data and Services Center distributes the SEV_AERUS-AEROSOL-D3 product in HDF5 format (http://www.icare.univ-lille1.fr/archive/?dir=GEO/MSG+0000/SEV_AERUS-AEROSOL-D3.v1.03/). The main ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Self organizing maps and spatially Constrained Clustering in R

There are a few algorithms to perform spatial clustering in R but most of them focus on point pattern analysis (for example here). I would like to perform spatial constrained clustering for polygon ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Convert ESRI Shapefile to Raster using R - biggest polygon area to raster cell value?

I want to create a raster from an ESRI shapefile. Multiple polygons may exist in one raster cell. If so, I want to assign the attribute variable which occupies the biggest area of the raster cell. If,...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Plotting large numbers of objects on a chart using R and WKT format

I am retrieving thousands of geometry lines in WKT format from a Microsoft SQL Server database. I would like to plot all of those lines in one map, but I am having some difficulty with the code. How ...
3
votes
1answer
907 views

How to speed up band math in R 'raster' package?

I have some GeoTiff rasters with over 100 bands in total, but they are not huge: resolution is about 1200x600 and total size is less than 7 mb. I'm trying to do a simple NDVI calculation: raster <-...
2
votes
1answer
473 views

Filling contour levels with grain (texture) using Leaflet

I created a program to draw temperature contour map of France: This is the code: library(ggplot2) library(gstat) library(sp) library(maptools) require(rgeos) library(rgdal) library(foreign) library(...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Plotting NetCDF file using lat and lon contained in variables

I am trying to plot this NetCDF file (and similar) as a 2d contour map. The file contains a single layer of one variable, "pr". The file has 413x229 X-Y pixel coordinates, and, stored inside the "...
1
vote
4answers
665 views

Detection of geographical trend of a variable

What is the best method to detect and graphically display the spatial trend of a variable? I'm looking for something that tells me the probability that the trend is from "north-west to south-east" or ...
-3
votes
3answers
5k views

How to add a field to a shapefile using R

This question is trying to make sense of a post that already exists that looks good, but is failing in practice. The second ranked answer uses the foreign package to read a shapefile attribute table ...
9
votes
4answers
10k views

How can I export raster data from Arcmap to an R *.grd file format?

I want to work with raster data in R, but I have problems exporting my raster dataset from ArcMap. By "export data"/GRID I get a file with an *.aux extension. What I need is *.grd. Can anybody help ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Converting point data into gridded dataframe for histogram analysis using R?

I am very new at using GIS data and only modestly experienced with R. I've been reading about how to analyze spatial data using the spatial-analyst.net PDF book, so I'm not completely lost, but I ...
8
votes
3answers
869 views

Identification of consecutive points within a specified buffer

I have a point file, hourly relocations of an animal, and I want to be able to place a buffer around each point and calculate the number of subsequent points which are within the buffer zone. I am ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

1km circles around lat-long-points in many places in world

I have hundreds of lat-long-points spread around the world, and must create circle-polygons around each of them, with radius exactly 1000 meters. I understand the points must first be projected from ...
6
votes
3answers
562 views

How to measure similarity of SpatialLines objects

I created two SpatialLines objects in R: . These objects were created this way: library(sp) xy <- cbind(x,y) xy.sp = sp::SpatialPoints(xy) spl1 <- sp::SpatialLines(list(Lines(Line(xy.sp), ID="...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting shapefile to raster: Character attributes

I've got a shapefile that I would like to convert into a raster, but the trick is that the attribute I want a raster version of is character data. I'm familiar with geoprocessing using GDAL (in the ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

How to plot points on maps using ggplot2 and R?

Thanks for help me in GIS 101 Problem #1, now I have geocoded a few hospital in Connecticut using google map, I have able to visualize them in QGIS, now I am trying to do it in R. ct <- ...
3
votes
1answer
749 views

problem with polygon smoothing in R

With R I am looking to smooth my Polygon: inter2.csv code: inter1 <- read.table("c:/inter2.csv", header=TRUE) # add a category (required for later rasterizing/polygonizing) inter1 <- cbind(...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Converting NZMG (or NZTM) to latitude / longitude for use with R map library

I am a statistician with no background in GIS so apologies for the newbie question. We routinely use R for a range of statistical and graphic analysis and are interested in using its map library to ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Are there examples of high-level interfaces to NetCDF

The R raster package and GDAL both have independent wrappers around NetCDF-4* that treat an array variable as a "complete" dataset, i.e. they provide objects or interfaces that seamlessly give access ...
3
votes
2answers
677 views

Replicating QGIS style in R with rgdal

I want to use rgdal to plot a shapefile graduating the colour of features according to the values of one field (density). I couldn't find online detailed indications on how to do it and the package ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Convert 800 .hdf4 files to Tiff using GRASS/QGIS/SAGA/GDAL/R

I've have MODIS ndvi data (MODIS_Grid_16 days NDVI) from the iberian peninsula, from February of 2000 to August of 2012 (really big data). How do I batch convert about 800 .hdf MODIS files to .tif ? ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to assign CRS to RasterLayer in R

I have a layer with coord. ref. : NA. How can I assign coord. ref. : +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0 to coord. ref. : NA? class : RasterLayer dimensions : 127,...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to read feature class in file geodatabase using R?

I have a feature contained in a geodatabase that is larger than 2GB as an exported shapefile. I need to run an extract function in R to attribute the polygons with data from a raster file. Exporting ...
3
votes
2answers
270 views

Spatial Classification

I am not sure what to call my problem. From this image, I have a set of classified polygons (colored). I would like a way to classify the white polygons in the image. I don’t have any attributes to ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How to create random point in according polygon for each dataset entry in a list (with R)

I have an area divided into polygons, and a dataset of observations which has a common field with the polygon layer. I now would like to generate a random point for each dataset entry within the ...
8
votes
2answers
783 views

How to create a solar intensity map for a garden plot?

I'm interested in creating a raster surface that depicts the average solar intensity per unit area for a small garden plot. I imagine the inputs into the model would be the following: Plot area--...
7
votes
3answers
676 views

Making county-level shapefile from set of points at 30 x30 km spacing using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a data set in csv form, like: latitude, longitude, value -45, 45, 10 .... I would like to calculate county level means from these data, using either ArcGIS or R+grass. I have the ArcGIS USA ...
6
votes
2answers
518 views

How to join a table to a shapefile with non-matching IDs and names (similar strings)?

I'm having an annoying problem that I'm trying to find an automated solution for. The shorthand version is that I have a shapefile and a table of created data for regions within countries. The created ...
5
votes
3answers
511 views

Create Zonal Grid in R

Suppose I have a n*n raster, and I want to create k square blocks (k can be divided exactly by n*n ) for zonal analysis: for example, when n = 4 and k = 4 a 4*4 raster is create with value 1 1 2 2 ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

R: How to get latitudes and longitudes from a RasterLayer?

I am an absolute beginner of geographic data, so please, forgive me if the question is not appropriate. I downloaded data from NCDC NARR and managed to load into R using the raster package. I would ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Is it possible to create and run custom R scripts in QGIS 2.0?

I am new to QGIS and most of the tutorials I have found are for 1.x and the overhaul has me confused. I would like to create R scripts and run them in QGIS. I have read here that it's possible using ...
5
votes
4answers
201 views

How to speed up raster to polygon conversion in R?

I've decided to process my Landsat data in R instead or ArcGIS - due to my missing knowledge of python and and because of (assumed) high computation capacities of R. I want to : import r1 raster to ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How to extract values from a raster according to Lat and long of the values?

having 12 files with 12 hdrs for one year: these files are raster (projected WGS84,lat long): samples = 1440 lines = 720 bands = 1 header offset = 0 ...