Statistical computing language and software environment.

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7
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Dissolve ploygons in QGIS or Grass to new polygons of defined population sizes

I have a shapefile with 3800 polygons representing the smallest administrative areas in Ireland. Many of these, in rural areas, have tiny populations, under 100 people. In urban areas, all would have ...
14
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4answers
2k views

How can I generate irregular grid containing minimum n points?

Given a large (~ 1 million) sample of unevenly distributed points - is it possible to generate irregular grid (in size, but could also be irregular in shape if that is possible?) that will contain ...
19
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2answers
9k views

How can I convert data in the form of lat, lon, value into a raster file using R?

I have a data set of values over a km grid in the continental U.S. The columns are "latitude", "longitude", and "observation", e.g.: "lat" "lon" "yield" 25.567 -120.347 3.6 25.832 ...
14
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1answer
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How to perform Random Forest land classification?

This is a follow-up to a previous post: Machine Learning Algorithms for Land Classification. It seems that the Random Forest (RF) classification method is gaining much momentum in the remote ...
7
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4answers
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How to split a vector in equal smaller parts in QGIS or similar?

i want to divide a shapefile with many tiles into a lot of smaller tiles. I am searching for a smart solution, because manual edits are out of questions Anyone can help or know a nice function?
6
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1answer
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Shortest distance from point to line (big dataset)

What is the best method to calculate the distance from the nearest road for a series of address points in QGIS, having a very big dataset? (QGIS 2.0.1, Win XP) I read the answers to previous similar ...
16
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2answers
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Performing Raster Noise Reduction and Edge Smoothing?

I have a raster image like this I want to delete the isolated noise point and smooth the edge (say the white single points, and I want the edges of the entity look smooth). How can I do this in ...
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7answers
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How to implement value-by-alpha map in GIS?

I've been doing some background reading about cartograms recently and stumbled upon interesting alternative - value-by-alpha maps. Concept is described in more details here and full paper is ...
10
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1answer
763 views

How to visualize azimuthal data with uncertainties?

I am trying to make a figure showing azimuthal data with a different range of uncertainties at each point. This oldschool figure from a 1991 paper captures the "bowtie plot" idea that I'm aiming for: ...
5
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2answers
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How to calculate area of 1 x 1 degree cells in a raster

I have a simple array (not geo-referenced in any way) in Matlab (which is not a language I know a huge amount about...so I can export it to other languages if needed) which has the dimensions 180 x ...
26
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7answers
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How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
18
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6answers
958 views

What are sources for current geo-statistical analysis classes/events: open or proprietary

I am keenly interested in geo statistics (and many other words with 3 t's :). I am not very programatically inclined but have been following several lists with this theme. One being the R filter on ...
24
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4answers
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How to open a Shapefile in R?

I need to open a shape file from ArcMap in R to use it for further geostatical analysis. I've converted it into ASCII text file, but in R it is recognized as data.frame. Coordinates function doesn't ...
14
votes
2answers
8k views

Clipping a raster in R

I am building a map for the northeastern U.S.A. The map background needs to be either an altitude map or a mean annual temperature map. I have two rasters from Worldclim.org which give me these ...
13
votes
1answer
8k views

Projecting sp objects in R

I have a number of shapefiles in different CRSs (mostly WGS84 lat/lon) that I'd like to transform into a common projectly (likely Albers Equal Area Conic, but I may ask for help on choosing in another ...
3
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3answers
317 views

Assigning RGB values from Geotiff image to LiDAR data, using R

I have given a Geotiff image and its corresponding Lidar data (x,y,z) in UTM coordinates. I need to merge the Lidar data with the RGB values from the image. That means, at the end, I need to plot ...
5
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2answers
866 views

QGIS affine - form of equation

I am at the mercy of a govt authority who have provided utility information in a cad format with a 0,0 origin and a nonsense grid. About a dozen files, the grid and origin are entirely arbitrary. To ...
12
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5answers
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Get Raster Values from a Polygon Overlay in Opensource GIS Solutions

I have two layers. A polygon-shape-layer with many tiles and a raster-layer containing CORINE 2006 land cover with many categories in a colourmap. I want to obtain for each polygon in the shapelayer a ...
42
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10answers
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What is the most useful spatial R trick?

R is becoming pretty strong tool for handling and analyzing spatial data. I learned some useful things through questions like these at SO and thought it might be useful to have something simmilar, but ...
27
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2answers
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How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Principal Component Analysis using ArcGIS, Python and SPSS/R?

I am after a description/methodology for conducting a Geographically Weighted Principal Components Analysis (GWPCA). I am happy using Python for any portion of this and I imagine SPSS or R being used ...
10
votes
1answer
457 views

How do I randomly alter a raster map of habitat types?

I have a raster of habitat types for a specific area in Scotland. I need to create future habitat scenarios with changes in habitat to assess the population viability of a bird species. For example, ...
8
votes
2answers
771 views

Creating randomly shaped clumps of cells in a raster from seeds of 1 cell/pixel?

As my title says, I wish to "grow" clumps of cells from seeds within a raster. My base raster is full of 1's and 0's, 1's indicate land and 0's sea/NA areas. From the 1's I wish to select 60 random ...
7
votes
2answers
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How to extract values from rasters at location of points in R?

My question is about extracting values from rasters at the location of points. With the function extract this is very easy, and the function gives me a dataframe with the values of all the variables ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

GIS, R and shapefiles

I have some data that encodes locations in certain countries, such as the US and China, that I would like to map. The data includes location name in Latin, extended Latin and other scripts (Japanese, ...
3
votes
1answer
964 views

ggmap: create circle symbol where radius represents distance (miles or km)

I am trying to add a circle around a given latitude and longitude point where the circle size (radius) reflects distance in miles or km. I managed to come up with this example using ggmap, where I ...
3
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1answer
1k views

How to perform a true GIS clip of polygons layer using a polygon layer in R?

I would like to do a true GIS Clip in R of soils polygons using a series of single boundary polygons, but I cannot find an R function to properly do it. It should work just like the CLIP function in ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Superimpose grid on points, then aggregate points within each grid cell

I have a vector of presence/absence values (1,0) and a matrix of x,y coordinate data (projected) specifying the spatial position of each value (about 25,000 in total). I'd like to aggregate the point ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Is it possible to create a scatterplot with icons (svg or png) instead of points

I'm just starting with R and I wanted to know if it's possible to create a scatterplot with custom icons (svg or png) instead of points. I started to import a shapefile, and then I have a set of ...
14
votes
1answer
6k views

How to create an attractive choropleth map in R?

I've been experimenting with choropleth mapping techniques in R, having reaped the benefits of ggplot2 for creating beautiful graphs within a powerful data analysis package. When it comes to mapping ...
14
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5answers
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Which is the best way of working with PostGIS data in R?

I work with R almost all the time, and now I am using it for doing spatial data mining, but I have this question: I have a PostGIS database with (obviously) GIS data, If I want to make statistical ...
12
votes
1answer
4k views

Instantiating spatial polygon without using a shape file in R

So, the usual way we read a shapefile in R is via the maptools package, like this: sfdata <- readShapeSpatial("/path/to/my/shapefile.shp", proj4string=CRS("+proj=longlat")) However, I have a use ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Random sampling of raster using R

Is there a straightforward way of randomly sampling a raster so that the output of the process is a raster? I'm using an example that I found on the r-sig-geo list and I have also tried the ...
7
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3answers
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Overlay a spatial polygon with a grid and check in which grid element specific coordinates are located

How can one use R to split a shape file in 200 meter squares/sub-polygons, plot this grid (incl. ID numbers for each square) over the original map below, and evaluate in which square specific ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Removing rows in shapefile in R

I've imported a shapefile into R, and joined it to a table. My shapefile contains all the census ids, while my table only contains selected census ids. I'm now trying delete all the rows didn't get a ...
14
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2answers
3k views

Using R with ArcGIS Desktop

In response to comments below, a re-phrasing of the question. I've used the integration of R with QGIS, and found it a very uesful tool. Having taken a look at the R toolbox extension for 9 and the ...
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4answers
23k views

How to convert zip codes to latitude and longitude?

I have a data set that includes a list of zip codes. Is there a way in R to convert these zip codes to latitude and longitude coordinates?
8
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1answer
6k views

Converting a polygon into a raster using R

I'm trying to convert a shapefile into a raster within R. My approach is to read in the raster as follows: library(rgdal) # Loads SP package by default demo <- readOGR('F:/data/', 'shapefile') # ...
2
votes
2answers
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How to create a map with states by attribute value?

I'm using Qgis, but I am quite familiar with R and python. So I could use any of these. I want a map of mexico but want to color the stats according to a certain variable. It goes from 0 to 100. So ...
6
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2answers
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creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Joining polygons in R

I am wondering how to join spatial polygons using R code? I'm working with census data where certain areas change over time and I wish to join the polygons and the corresponding data and simply ...
6
votes
2answers
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How to implement bivariate Ripley's K function in ArcGIS 10?

The attached image shows a forest gap with red pine represented as circles and white pine represented as crosses. I am interested in determining if there is a positive or negative association between ...
3
votes
4answers
360 views

Convert line shapefile to raster, value=total length of lines within cell

I have a line shapefile representing a road network. I wish to rasterize this data, with the resulting values in the raster showing the total length of the lines that fall within the raster cell. The ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Incorporating terrain data to predict canopy cover using randomForest in R

This is a subjective question. Thank you bearing with me. I have a 5.8 m resolution satellite image (LISS IV by IRS-P6, in bands 4, 3 and 2) of a densely forested region in the Eastern Himalayas. My ...
7
votes
3answers
631 views

Making county-level shapefile from set of points at 30 x30 km spacing using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a data set in csv form, like: latitude, longitude, value -45, 45, 10 .... I would like to calculate county level means from these data, using either ArcGIS or R+grass. I have the ArcGIS USA ...
5
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2answers
683 views

Rgeos drops associated values when intersecting polygons

I am trying to intersect two SpatialPolygonsDataFrames and get a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame as the result. Unfortunately, using the gIntersection function from rgeos (which works impressively quickly ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Processing large amounts of Rasters in R

I have 6500 processed and clipped rasters that indicate snow levels on a daily basis in the northern hemisphere. I need to create a raster that represents a sum of the snow for the season. The winter ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

How to create randomly points within polygons for each row of a dataframe matching a Polygon ID with R

My question is similar to this post, but because there are no "perfect" answer and above all no reproducible example I open this question. I have a "SpatialPolygonsDataFrame" and a data frame. Both ...
3
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1answer
431 views

remove land area from marine region polygons

In my pursuit to merge multiple polygons for the purpose of calculating the surface area of marine species distributions, using shapefiles from Marineregions, I am now trying to remove potential land ...
2
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2answers
447 views

Join CSV file to shapefile

I wanted to join a CSV file to a shapefile. When I identified a field to facilitate the join, e.g., map <- spChFIDs(map, as.character(map$ID)) it returned Error in spChFIDs(SP, x) : ...
2
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1answer
360 views

Splitting strings into new rows, retaining geometry

UPDATED BELOW I have 9 shapefiles, each shapefile has 700,000+ rows and I have roughly 12 attribute fields in each shapefile. There are three attribute fields, common to every shapefile, that I am ...