Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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21k views

How can I join several raster files using QGIS?

I'm new to QGIS. How can I combine multiple raster layers into one layer? The raster images are of different areas with very little overlap. The goal is to bring numerous town plats into one project. ...
10
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7answers
20k views

How to get X Y coordinates and cell value of each pixel in a raster using Python?

I’m really new to Python and I would like to know whether there is a quick method to get cell values of a raster pixel by pixel and the coordinates (map X Y coordinate of centre of each pixel) using ...
16
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3answers
10k views

Differences between Raster Dataset, Raster Catalog, and Raster Mosaic

I have about 40 scanned, colorful Geology maps that are GeoTiffs. I want to bring them into an Esri FileGeodatabase to lower their size, combine them as one and display them with a mostly transparent ...
14
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5answers
4k views

Is Hillshade option in ArcMap rubbish or is it me?

Here is a pretty pic of the raster I am using - with no effects applied - just the color ramp and historgram adjusted to show out all the relief - all be it in a very 2D way! I have a raster layer ...
10
votes
1answer
492 views

How do I randomly alter a raster map of habitat types?

I have a raster of habitat types for a specific area in Scotland. I need to create future habitat scenarios with changes in habitat to assess the population viability of a bird species. For example, ...
8
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2answers
6k views

How to extract values from rasters at location of points in R?

My question is about extracting values from rasters at the location of points. With the function extract this is very easy, and the function gives me a dataframe with the values of all the variables ...
8
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3answers
3k views

GDAL and Python: How to get coordinates for all cells having a specific value?

I've got an Arc/Info Binary Grid---specifically, an ArcGIS flow accumulation raster---and I'd like to identify all cells having a specific value (or in a range of values). Ultimately, I'd like a ...
7
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1answer
4k views

How to resample a batch of rasters using OGR/GDAL?

I'm looking for a function similar to GRASS r.resample. I have a folder full of TIF files and want to reduce their resolution ("scale them down") to reduce file size.
9
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2answers
988 views

Creating randomly shaped clumps of cells in a raster from seeds of 1 cell/pixel?

As my title says, I wish to "grow" clumps of cells from seeds within a raster. My base raster is full of 1's and 0's, 1's indicate land and 0's sea/NA areas. From the 1's I wish to select 60 random ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

How to import a raster into PostGIS?

I'm trying to follow the instructions here to load a raster into a PostGIS database: python raster2pgsql.py -s 4269 -I -r *.tif -F myschema.demelevation -o elev.sql I understand that I replace * ...
4
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4answers
716 views

Checking if polygon fits inside another polygon using ArcGIS or QGIS?

How do I check if one polygon fits inside another polygon? Furthermore how do I automatically check if one polygon fits in other polygons of my shapefile? I have a shapefile with thousands of ...
1
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1answer
705 views

Gdal: How to get a pixel's value from raster image?

Given a topographic raster image. Given a pixel's coordinate in pixel/lines or geocoordinate. How to get it's pixel value ?
9
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3answers
1k views

Creating raster by randomly choosing cell value from multiple overlapping rasters?

I'm using ArcGIS Desktop 10 with its Spatial Analyst extension. How do I combine multiple rasters into one, always choosing randomly from the values of overlapping cells? I have an image that may ...
9
votes
2answers
870 views

Scriptable alternative to ArcScan (particularly vectorising lines within tolerances)?

Sadly the answer to Can you access ArcScan from a python script? suggests that it is not possible to script ArcScan from within a python script. Therefore, does anyone know of any alternatives to ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Measuring area of raster classes?

Are there any tools or methods in ArcMap that can measure the area of each level of the kernel density output? Note this is just a kernel density plot (not a shape file or polygon). Kernel Density ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Is there a Raster Equivalent of the Split tool?

I have the DEM of a State in ERDAS Imagine (.img) format. I have a shapefile containing the counties of that state. I want to split the whole raster into DEMs of the individual counties. The counties ...
4
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2answers
2k views

How to store raster data in spatialite?

I want to cache my raster data(large geotiff files) on local database. I thought to use spatialite. I found librasterlite which provide functionality to do that. Can anybody point to some tutorial on ...
3
votes
4answers
814 views

Convert line shapefile to raster, value=total length of lines within cell

I have a line shapefile representing a road network. I wish to rasterize this data, with the resulting values in the raster showing the total length of the lines that fall within the raster cell. The ...
9
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6answers
1k views

seeking “Available Sky” implementations

I'm looking for implementations of an algorithm called "Available Sky". ArcGIS (Spatial Analyst or GRID) is preferred, but solutions in GDAL, SAGA GIS or others are perfectly acceptable. The ...
8
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1answer
4k views

GDAL RasterizeLayer Doesn't Burn All Polygons to Raster

I am trying to burn a shapefile to a raster using GDAL's RasterizeLayer. I pre-create an area of interest raster from a different shapefile, given a specific pixel size. This AOI then serves as a base ...
6
votes
1answer
772 views

Create a point at the highest value in a raster ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to find the location of the highest value pixel in my Direct Solar Radiation Raster. I can see the extent of the data in my raster but don't know where the highest value pertains to. Is ...
6
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2answers
927 views

How to generate TFW files for a list of images?

I have a few digital images that are not georeferenced. E.g.: Img01.tif Img02.tif ... Img99.tif On the other hand, I have a text file, which contains georeferencing information for these ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Convert an arbitrary meta-data-free map image into QGIS project

My background: experienced programmer, amateur historian, complete beginner to GIS (so I'm using QGIS). I did learn to use the QGIS georeferencer tool though. The input: suppose I have an image like ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Exporting DEM-derived rasters to CSV from QGIS?

I have been able to import into QGIS a set of raster topographic maps and the associated DEM raster maps. It registered the two for me. From there I have calculated the associated slope raster map. ...
5
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3answers
5k views

How to combine information from raster and vector layers?

in QGIS I have 1 raster-layer (elevation) and 1 vector-layer (administrative units). Now I would like to be able to query one of the administrative units and see the mean and min/max of the elevation ...
2
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3answers
12k views

How to calculate Raster Area per Polygon?

In ArcMap, I have a raster file that contains 6 classes of landcover and a shapefile that is the census data (OA boundaries and their population). I want the area of each class in each OA? For ...
8
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1answer
1k views

How to add a band to an existing GeoTiff using GDAL?

This seems like it should be straightforward but I can't for the life of me figure it out. Given an existing GeoTiff containing a single band, how can you add another band to that GeoTiff? Is the ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Counting NoData values in raster using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have created a raster in ArcGIS Desktop 10 with a large number of holes (NoData) in it. I want to fill the holes using something like the the following: rOut = ...
4
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2answers
609 views

What is the source of horizontal and vertical striping in USGS DEMs?

When processing 30m and 10m DEM data downloaded through the National Map Viewer from the National Elevation Dataset, we noticed horizontal and vertical striping not only in the produced results, but ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Getting a constant background color for transparency

I am creating a series of tif files at 1:10k scale over a vast area (760 tiles) using arcpy.mapping.ExportToTIFF and then stitch them together to create a single ecw. The output looks ok but when I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to find the area of raster values within polygon zones?

I'm using ArcGIS 9.3 and I just can't seem to get this right - I've tried tabulate areas, zonal stats, converting to polygons, etc. I'm missing something somewhere. I have a USGS impervious surface ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Standardising DEM raster for a MCE

I'm trying to complete a Multi-Criteria Evaluation for an MSc assessment and am in the process of standardising my factor maps. Unfortunately, my DEM layer (ASCII file) keeps changing from this: ...
3
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2answers
604 views

Raster map in different zone () than region ()

I am new to QGIS (just installed QGIS 2.0.1) and am having problems running any spatial analysis tools. I followed the instructions on how to call GRASS tools into QGIS, but when I try to run the ...
3
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2answers
2k views

How to calculate the area of rasters in QGIS?

I have been working with some rasters and would like to know how to calculate the area occupied by one element of a raster in Qgis.
2
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0answers
330 views

Problem loading output layer QGIS

Every time I run operations with temporary file output from the graphical modeler, I get the following error message: Oooops! The following output layers could not be open CLIP: ...
2
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1answer
717 views

Simple band arithmetic on GDAL virtual rasters (VRT)

I want to calculate the difference of two bands. I have the individual bands stored somewhere, but I was thinking that maybe there's a way of producing a VRT file that is the result of this ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

how to produce a RASTER representing X coordinates [duplicate]

In a journal article I have read that two rasters, representing X and Y coordinates respectively (see attached figure), have been entered as predictors in a GIS-based Logistic Regression for a given ...
1
vote
1answer
774 views

How to build an attribute table in a 3-band raster?

I have a 3-band (RGB) raster file from CORINE and the attribute table hasn't been built. When I try to execute the command BuildRasterAttributeTable I get an error that only single band rasters are ...
1
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0answers
174 views

Correlation between point feature (disease) and elevation

I have a problem! How can I calculate the correlation between point feature and Dem raster? Hypothesis: disease prevalence in high altitude is more than low altitude. I must do this in ArcGIS 10 and ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to clip an Openlayers OSM Background to a Vector Boundary?

I'm new to QGIS. In my project i have two layers: one is my vector (city boundaries) and the other is the OSM (obtained with the plugin). How can I cut the OSM along the edges of the vector? I want to ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

QGIS Raster Calculater Syntax

I am trying to use the raster calculator in QGIS to combine a number of rasters. I want to calculate a mean, this is easy: (raster_1@1 + raster_2@1 + raster_3@1) / 3 I then want to create a max. ...
1
vote
1answer
594 views

How to eliminate small features in a grid?

(Update) My final goal is to take some logged point data (1 point about every 20 ft or so there are over 15,000 points) and interpolate that point data. Then I would like to convert the interpolated ...
0
votes
2answers
323 views

After turning census block data into a raster, how do I redistribute the density to reflect land cover types

I plan on rasterizing (terminology?) census block data relating to density to a regular 30 m by 30 m grid for use with NLCD data. I then hope to distribute the density of the original census block ...
26
votes
3answers
7k views

What is Lanczos resampling useful for in a spatial context?

GDAL includes a resampling method beyond the normal mix of nearest neighbor, bilinear, cubic and splines: "Lanczos windowed sinc resampling". I understand that its a convolution filter, but unlike ...
27
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7answers
3k views

Work flow for georeferencing imagery using open source tools?

Does anyone have a recommendation for a work flow for georeferencing high resolution aerial photography using open source tools? Comparison of user friendliness and robustness between Quantum GIS ...
14
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6answers
1k views

Creating simple image from vector data

Can anyone suggest a quick (and preferably open source) way to create an image from a shapefile. For example, I have a shapefile containing parcel boundaries, I want to create a png file depicting ...
13
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2answers
4k views

How to smooth/interpolate a raster in python using GDAL?

This is my first post so please feel free to critique where necessary. Background: I am developing in Python and using GDAL from OSGEO to manipulate and interact with rasters and shapefiles. ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Random sampling of raster using R

Is there a straightforward way of randomly sampling a raster so that the output of the process is a raster? I'm using an example that I found on the r-sig-geo list and I have also tried the ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Extracting roads out of Landsat raster images

For a study into the expansion of road networks in the rainforest I am trying to extract roads out of Landsat images. We already have sharp and cloud-free composites on which the roads are clearly ...
8
votes
1answer
8k views

Converting a polygon into a raster using R

I'm trying to convert a shapefile into a raster within R. My approach is to read in the raster as follows: library(rgdal) # Loads SP package by default demo <- readOGR('F:/data/', 'shapefile') # ...