Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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Grid vs TIF vs IMG

As the title suggests both of the above three formats are raster files. In ArcGIS, apparently there's no difference between them. So what's the difference between these three formats?
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How to scan large paper maps without a large format scanner?

Is there a way people have used to import a paper map as a raster without using a large format scanner. I do not want to cut my map. I'm wondering how much success people have gotten using things like ...
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Web mapping software for a huge raster time series?

I'm an ArcGIS Desktop user who is stepping into the world of web mapping for the first time. Following advice I found here on GIS.SE, I started with the free tutorials from OpenGeo. However, I ...
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PostGIS raster value of a lat/lon point

I have a tiff raster in my PostGIS 2.0 database. I want to get the value of the raster at a specified lat/lon point. I have: postgresql-9.1 postgis-2.0-svn with raster support a raster imported ...
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Understanding min and max values with Mosaic to New Raster?

I have to combine several DEM rasters into one from this source: http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org/SELECTION/inputCoord.asp, so I use Mosaic to New Raster tool. I set up the tool: I input the rasters (all ...
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How to smooth / “reinterpolate” a raster with GDAL?

Short: I want to change the resolution of a raster and smooth the gray ramp like shown in the images bellow. The preference is to use GDAL, PIL or Numpy. Description: I'm kriging points into rasters ...
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How sensitive is Landsat to atmospheric correction?

How important is it to correct Landsat for atmosphere, haze and convert DN to reflectance? What impact does it have on the results, say for many of the vegetation indices?
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QGis raster terrain analysis - The curvature filter puzzles me

I am a french Master student at university Grenoble INP, and during my master project I have worked on DEM (raster) terrain analysis. Thus, I have read the source code of several QGis-1.7.4 raster ...
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Method to shade or overlay a raster map to reflect time of day and ambient light

I have a daytime raster of my study area. I have 20+ counters in the study area that count "stuff" with a timestamp. Using PyEphem I determined the type of ambient light for each collected data ...
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Intersecting a raster with a polygon using PostGIS - artefact error

I'm using PostGIS2.0 to do some raster/polygon intersections. I'm having difficulty understanding which operation I should use, and what the quickest way of performing this is. My problem is as ...
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How can I improve my Georeferencing results?

Background This is my second question related to georeferencing naked raster maps in order to re-visualize them on different coordinate systems and in conjunction with other data layers. The previous ...
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How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
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How to get X Y coordinates and cell value of each pixel in a raster using Python?

I’m really new to Python and I would like to know whether there is a quick method to get cell values of a raster pixel by pixel and the coordinates (map X Y coordinate of centre of each pixel) using ...
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How to get raster image as array in Python with ArcGIS

When starting to work with Python and ArcGIS 9.3, I assumed there would be a simple way to get a raster image into a Python array so that I can manipulate it before storing it back as another raster ...
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Problems with NA values when reading .DEM file with R 'raster' package in Windows

I am trying to read a raster file in a .DEM format on windows using the 'raster' package in R. I get problems with NA values, when loading the data into R in Windows 7, but I do not have the problem ...
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How do I iterate through every cell in a continuous raster?

See this link for more details. The Problem: I want to loop through a continuous raster (one that has no attribute table), cell by cell, and get the value of the cell. I want to take those values ...
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Multicriteria Analysis : how to?

I have to do a multi-criteria analysis to answer the question : "which is the best lot to develop". A few of the criterias are : distance of the nearest bus stop (point layer with bus stops) ...
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Creating a multispectral image from scratch

I want to make a multispectral image from cero to do some tests on it. Something really simple like 5 completely uniform bands with salt and pepper noise on them or a square of different values at the ...
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How to speed up queries for raster databases?

I have a raster database in postgresql/postgis with these columns: (ID, rast, data_of_data). 'rast' is the column that has raster files in WKT format. An example query to find the DN value of a ...
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How do I randomly alter a raster map of habitat types?

I have a raster of habitat types for a specific area in Scotland. I need to create future habitat scenarios with changes in habitat to assess the population viability of a bird species. For example, ...
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Aggregating points to grid using R

I have a question with regard to spatial aggregation in R. What I am trying to do is aggregate a point dataset to a grid. I am unsure however how to do this as I have little experience with this sort ...
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How to keep spatial reference using arcpy.RasterToNumPyArray?

I am using ArcGIS 10.1, and want to create a new raster based on two preexisting rasters. The RasterToNumPyArray has a good example which I want to adapt. import arcpy import numpy myArray = ...
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From polygon to continuous measure of diversity?

First of all; I have tried to find a similar question, without success. Maybe it's because I'm quite new to GIS and I don't really know what exactly I'm looking for. If someone points me to a similar ...
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317 views

Count raster value in a bounding box (spatial extent)

I have simple question: given a bounding box, how can I count the number of specific values (say, I am interested in the number of value == 1 ) in a raster in 1) arcpy, or 2) raster package in R?
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What is some theory on the number of GCP when georeferencing?

Just wondering, is it always better to have more than 3 GCPs? Should the GCPs be spread out evenly? Where can I find some general resources on the theory of this? Other than trial an error, which ...
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How to extract breaklines from a given DEM?

Breaklines are very useful for describing a terrain - for example to build an exact TIN. My question is, how to extract these breaklines from a given DEM? I calculated the curvature (vertical) - ...
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What are the advantages/disadvantages of populating a PostGIS database with Raster information?

...as opposed to keeping the rasters as locally stored GEOTIFFs? I have a large project that will require making available approximetely 50,000, 10mb GEOTIFFs as WMS to an OpenLayers based web map. ...
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How can I mosaic images in ArcMap without it affecting the colour?

This is 4 images (NE, SE, NW, SW) sections of imagery. They have some overlap between them. Working with 1m 3-band orthoimagery. Different parts are sometime flown at different times/sources hence ...
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how to overlay shapefile and raster?

I have a shapefile with polygons. And I have a global raster file. I want to overlay the shapefile's polygons onto the raster grid and calculate the mean raster value for each polygon. How can I do ...
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How to calculate raster statistics for polygons?

how can I calculate sums, averages etc of raster-points (multi-band) per polygon of a vector-layer. I was told that this is called "zonal statistics". I tried that with QGIS first. There is a way to ...
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How do I layer stack rasters in QGIS?

I have some multi-spectral data, where the individual bands are separate Raster files. How do I layer stack these rasters so that I get one raster with 3 bands instead of 3 different rasters? This ...
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Benefits of *.las vs *.xyz or *.ascii when working with LiDAR in ArcGIS for Desktop?

From time to time, we use LiDAR data for modelling in ArcGIS. Previously, we would be supplied either an .xyz or .ascii of the data, but more recently, we are also being provided .las files in ...
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How to add different sized rasters in GDAL so the result is only in the intersected region

I'm writing a Python method that adds two rasters and generates a single raster output. For reasons beyond my control, the extents of the input rasters are different, but they do overlap. Is it ...
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How to find the locations of the highest values in a raster?

Using ArcGIS 10, I have a raster where I would like to find the pixel with the maximum value in the raster and return its location (center of pixel) in decimal degrees. I would like to iterate through ...
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Best method to aggregate 1m DEM mosaic to 10m DEM

I have a mosaic of a 1m LiDar derived DEM. I need to output a subset of the data as a 10m DEM. I am currently using the aggregate tool in ARCGIS 10 to produce a mean value for each new 10m pixel. ...
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Resample binary raster to give *proportion* within new cell window

I would like to go from a binary raster of forest/non-forest at 30m resolution to a raster at 240m resolution with the value of each cell being the proportion of that cell forested - i.e. the data ...
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Difference between Geoserver stores: ImageMosaic, WorldImage, ImagePyramid

What are the differences between the Geoserver stores ImageMosaic, WorldImage, and ImagePyramid? I noticed that ImagePyramid is no longer included in the latest Geoserver. Is one of these more ...
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Are “gridded data” and “raster data” the same thing?

I'm working on a project that will involve both "raster data" (aerial imagery and DEMs) and "gridded data" which I understand to be other kinds of numerical measurements taken at grid points, and ...
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Make the nodata area of a resampled orthophoto overview white?

I have a set of orthophoto images which are each fully filled with data, but when placed together the coverage does not form a rectangle so there are nodata areas. In MapGuide, I need to be able to ...
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How to get hypsometric curve from elevation data?

I have my elevation data but cannot make an attribute table from it and so I'm not sure how to get any of that data into a table in order to make a hypsometric curve.
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R: Download a large DEM, change projection, and adjust to smaller scale

This is a process that takes just a few seconds in GIS software. My attempt to do it in R uses a large amount of memory then fails. Is there something wrong in my code, or is this just something R ...
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Raster diff: how to check if images have identical values?

Is there a means to check to see if any 2 given raster layers have identical content? We have a problem on our corporate shared storage volume: it's now so big that it takes over 3 days to conduct a ...
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How to extract values from rasters at location of points in R?

My question is about extracting values from rasters at the location of points. With the function extract this is very easy, and the function gives me a dataframe with the values of all the variables ...
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How to reclassify a very large land cover dataset?

Consider the NLCD2001 Land Cover dataset for Alaska (download link). I need to reclassify this dataset so that only pixels of value 41, 42, and 43 are preserved; all other pixel values should become ...
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Creating raster by randomly choosing cell value from multiple overlapping rasters?

I'm using ArcGIS Desktop 10 with its Spatial Analyst extension. How do I combine multiple rasters into one, always choosing randomly from the values of overlapping cells? I have an image that may ...
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How can I export raster data from Arcmap to an R *.grd file format?

I want to work with raster data in R, but I have problems exporting my raster dataset from ArcMap. By "export data"/GRID I get a file with an *.aux extension. What I need is *.grd. Can anybody help ...
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Make several rasters more uniform

I have imported some rasters that is supposed to be continuously connected but instead they create some sort of bordered grid between them. I may assume that this is a matter of calibration between ...
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How to compare areas in scanned historical land use maps

I am a relative beginner to using GIS, and am running QGIS 2.0.1 in Linux. I have two historical maps which I want to analyze, that show land use patterns in the same area at two different moments in ...
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Creating randomly shaped clumps of cells in a raster from seeds of 1 cell/pixel?

As my title says, I wish to "grow" clumps of cells from seeds within a raster. My base raster is full of 1's and 0's, 1's indicate land and 0's sea/NA areas. From the 1's I wish to select 60 random ...
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How to reproject a raster file in QGIS with datum transformation?

I want to reproject a tiff raster file from projection A (ETRS89/UTM Zone 32) to projection B (DHDN/Gauss-Kruger zone 2). The two projections have a different datum so I have to use a datum ...