Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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Converting a polygon into a raster using R

I'm trying to convert a shapefile into a raster within R. My approach is to read in the raster as follows: library(rgdal) # Loads SP package by default demo <- readOGR('F:/data/', 'shapefile') # ...
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Extracting roads out of Landsat raster images

For a study into the expansion of road networks in the rainforest I am trying to extract roads out of Landsat images. We already have sharp and cloud-free composites on which the roads are clearly ...
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Method to shade or overlay a raster map to reflect time of day and ambient light

I have a daytime raster of my study area. I have 20+ counters in the study area that count "stuff" with a timestamp. Using PyEphem I determined the type of ambient light for each collected data point. ...
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What resampling technique should be used when projecting aerial photos?

I'm doing some time-intensive projecting of aerial photos, and I'm curious - what resampling technique is best to use on aerial photos? In ArcMap, my options are NEAREST, BILINEAR, CUBIC, and MAJORITY....
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525 views

How to compare areas in scanned historical land use maps

I am a relative beginner to using GIS, and am running QGIS 2.0.1 in Linux. I have two historical maps which I want to analyze, that show land use patterns in the same area at two different moments in ...
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How can I align two non-coincident equi-resolution raster grids?

I have two rasters: a digital elevation model (DEM) and a Landsat band. The grid resolution of both is 30 m, but the grids are not coincident (see image: the dark raster on top is the DEM; the light ...
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Splitting raster into smaller chunks using GDAL?

I have a raster (USGS DEM actually) and I need to split it up into smaller chunks like the image below shows. That was accomplished in ArcGIS 10.0 using the Split Raster tool. I would like a FOSS ...
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Best Way to Handle Many Raster Files in QGIS?

I have a project with a large number of raster files, but it is becoming very slow. I wonder which is the best way to handle all this. I'm simply georeferencing these files creating .wld file (geoTiff ...
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Merging hundreds of Aerial Photos into one big file?

I have tried to merge my 405 Aerial Photos into one. I have FME and ArcInfo 10.0 at my disposal on Windows 7 64bit. I have tried the following: create a mosaic; export all images from a rastercatalog;...
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Raster: How to get elevation at lat/long using python?

I was wondering if anyone has some experience in getting elevation data from a raster without using ArcGIS, but rather get the information as a python list or dict? I get my XY data as a list of ...
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604 views

Random-Forest Classification of 10cm Imagery for species-distribution in R (no point-shapes)

I'm actually trying to classify 10cm-resolution images with the RF-package. I do this to separate some species in the forest, seen on my images. While I was searching for an answer, I found the ...
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Dikes extraction from DEM

I do have DEM of 1x1 meter and original LiDAR point cloud in .las, that DEM is made of. I need to extract river dikes (highest points of the dikes) to vector feature (point, polyline). Any idea for ...
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How can I improve my Georeferencing results?

Background This is my second question related to georeferencing naked raster maps in order to re-visualize them on different coordinate systems and in conjunction with other data layers. The previous ...
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Creating randomly shaped clumps of cells in a raster from seeds of 1 cell/pixel?

As my title says, I wish to "grow" clumps of cells from seeds within a raster. My base raster is full of 1's and 0's, 1's indicate land and 0's sea/NA areas. From the 1's I wish to select 60 random ...
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Creating shapefile of satellite image footprints?

I'm looking for a tool or a workflow to compute satellite image footprints, for a large number of images across directories, and produce a shapefile. Ideal work flow would be: fire up tool point to ...
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How to reclassify a very large land cover dataset?

Consider the NLCD2001 Land Cover dataset for Alaska (download link). I need to reclassify this dataset so that only pixels of value 41, 42, and 43 are preserved; all other pixel values should become ...
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How do I layer stack rasters in QGIS?

I have some multi-spectral data, where the individual bands are separate Raster files. How do I layer stack these rasters so that I get one raster with 3 bands instead of 3 different rasters? This ...
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Loading raster from PostGIS DB into QGIS: succeeded yesterday, fails now [closed]

I have a PostgreSQL(v.9.2)/Postgis(v.2.0.3) database which includes raster layers (added through raster2pgsql). To open them in QGIS (v.1.8.0-Lisboa), the "Add Postgis layer" menu will not work; ...
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How to create points around edge of viewshed results?

Is there a tool or module, or multiple tools, in ArcGIS that will allow you to automate the creation of points around the outer edges of a viewshed? What I am trying to do is gather data about the ...
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2answers
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Easily find centre point of a raster in ArcMap 10 document?

If I have, say, a rectangular and georeferenced raster file loaded in an ArcMap 10 document (.tiff w/ associated tfw), how do I easily find its centre point and store that point in a points vector ...
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167 views

How to speed up this script in QGIS?

I am a new in PyQGIS, I want to create a Point layer from a raster layer. In table of point layer created, there is 3 fields by name of "X_coord", "Y_coord" and "Azimuth", each point in Point layer ...
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Python equivalent of gdalbuildvrt

Is there a way to perform the same task as the gdalbuildvrt utility using GDAL Python bindings? So far I have not found any way to do this other than creating a vrt of a single dataset and manually ...
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How to extract pixel value counts from a raster in QGIS?

How does one go about obtaining a summary of the counts of cell values within a raster in QGIS? I know QGIS is doing this, in order to provide the summary statistics and histogram in the properties of ...
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Loading raster data to postgis

I'm a newbie in GIS technology and need some help in loading a rainfall radar raster data into PostGIS. The raster image is shown here: What I need is to store in the database the radar ...
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399 views

Unknown Coordinate System on old drawing

I work with many old civil engineering documents, and occasionally I'll need to georeference one which has coordinates pairs listed at many given points but does not list which coordinate system these ...
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Advanced colour palette for raster data

I'm working with satellite date namely chlorophyll and sst. Each geophysical parameter generally has standard colours to represent them. I'm importing geotiffs into Qgis and I'm having difficulty ...
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How to Merge Raster Datasets of Different Resolutions?

I have two DEMs in .tif format and I am looking to merge the two. The main problem with merging these are that they are different resolutions (one is 10m and one is ~20m). Also, another problem with ...
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220 views

Clip raster by raster with data extraction and resolution change

I need to stack multiple maps (tif) together and clip them all according to extent of one small raster map (second raster at the top of picture below). However, the size of pixels in each map is ...
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How to speed up Postgis raster layer display in QGIS?

i've been importing some digital orthophoto geotif files into postgis 2.0.1 via raster2pgsql tool (i also made 3 levels of an overview table - pyramid). Then i tried to import the layer into qgis via ...
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1answer
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Conditional reclassification of a raster

I am attempting to do a conditional reclassification of an NLCD land-use raster. I specifically want to reclassify all developed areas (classifications 22,23,24) that are near a road (classification ...
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163 views

Why are raster z-values changed when reprojecting?

I have raster data with height values (z). When I try to reproject/warp the raster to Gauss Kruger 3, the z-values are changing (several meters). (The data is already GK3, but I have to reproject them,...
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591 views

Combine raster values for overlapping cells of multiple rasters

How do I combine the values of cells for 3 rasters for cells where they overlap. I want the output raster to cover only the area of the overlap for the 3 rasters and the output cell values to be a sum ...
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How to translate (reposition) a .tif raster layer?

I'm starting to use QGIS for my thesis (environmental physics) and have to admit I'm pretty ignorant about it - I've always used Mathematica or Matlab. My problem is: I have a raster layer, in .tif ...
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1answer
370 views

Is it possible to read raster files by block with rasterio?

I find rasterio much easier to use that plain ogr/gdal, so I'd prefer using it. However, I need to process large rasters, so reading rasters by block as explained in the Python GDAL course is ...
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How to crop raster layer?

Can anyone tell me how to crop a raster layer in QGIS? I want to make contours from a section of a layer, and including the whole layer will create far more data than I need and slow down the ...
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4answers
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Installing 1-band color raster color table?

I would like to use the "1-band raster colour table" extension. I'm using QGIS Wroclaw 1.7.4. In the plugin installer I can't find this extension, even I quote for third party extensions thing. Does ...
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6answers
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Continuous color band for a raster legend in QGIS composer legend

I'm looking for a way to insert continuous colour legend for a raster layer. I managed to create discrete symbols with values along the bar, but I would like to have a continuous bar with some values ...
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Calculating area of vegetation in raster file?

How do I calculate area of several vegetation types in a raster (.img file type) image. They are color coded. Am using QGIS (1.8.0) and ERDAS 9.2.
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Clipping a raster using a polyline or polygon

I have a large raster created from values that cover the whole United States and Alaska which are both polygon and polyline features, this raster was caluclated using Spatial Analyst IDW Interpolation....
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2answers
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How to make RASTER from irregular point data without interpolation

I was trying to make a raster image from an irregularly spaced point database. The data looks like- > head(s100_ras) x y z 1 267573.9 2633781 213.29545 2 262224.4 2633781 ...
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Finding outliers with wrong Z values in LIDAR data

I have more than 2000 XYZ (only ground points) .txt files and I have to do Quality Control (QC). Let's say I have file, which I converted to multipoint (or even singlepart feature). I have mean Z ...
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In ArcGIS 9.3, how do I split a 3-band raster (.tiff) file and summarize the band values?

Using ArcGIS 9.3, I would like to make a new, single-band raster file that includes only one value: a summary of the three existing bands. The composite band is currently a composite .tiff file. ...
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2answers
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Calculating Net Primary Production (NPP)?

When I calculate Net primary production (NPP) for a local scale, what kind of software should I use? I always use ENVI, ERDAS IMAGINE, ArcGIS for Desktop and IDRISI. Is it possible to use these ...
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Re-project raster image from Mercator to Equirectangular

I have a raster image of the world map in Mercator projection, square 1:1 format. I want transform the image into an Equirectangular projection accurately. I assumed from my research that GDAL would ...
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Fill in NoData gaps in raster using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a raster with gaps in it. I want to fill these in with averages of surrounding cells using ArcGIS 10.2 for Desktop. I have tried "Focal Statistics" but it averages EVERY cell and not just the ...
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1answer
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Processing large amounts of Rasters in R

I have 6500 processed and clipped rasters that indicate snow levels on a daily basis in the northern hemisphere. I need to create a raster that represents a sum of the snow for the season. The winter ...
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3answers
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How to get values of each cell in raster attribute table?

How do I get the values of each cell in the raster attribute table. Usually the attribute table gives you the value and number of counts. But, in my case I want each cell listed and corresponding cell ...
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1answer
620 views

Area precipitation using IDW

I'm having the following problem with IDW automation. I have a catchment and several gauging stations measuring daily precipitation amounts. I would like to interpolate the precipitation amounts from ...
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2answers
738 views

Determine density or cover from a raster layer that has been clipped by a polygon

I am a very new GIS user using ArcMap 10. I have a raster layer of tree canopy that I have clipped so that the layer is in a polygon that is a circle with a 2km radius. I have done this for four ...
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1answer
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Raster Version of Spatial Join (one to many) [duplicate]

I have two raster layers that are identical in shape (they overlap exactly) and I need to perform the raster equivalent of a Spatial Join (one to many). My files need to stay in raster format ...