Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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Creating raster by randomly choosing cell value from multiple overlapping rasters?

I'm using ArcGIS Desktop 10 with its Spatial Analyst extension. How do I combine multiple rasters into one, always choosing randomly from the values of overlapping cells? I have an image that may ...
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How can I export raster data from Arcmap to an R *.grd file format?

I want to work with raster data in R, but I have problems exporting my raster dataset from ArcMap. By "export data"/GRID I get a file with an *.aux extension. What I need is *.grd. Can anybody help ...
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Make several rasters more uniform

I have imported some rasters that is supposed to be continuously connected but instead they create some sort of bordered grid between them. I may assume that this is a matter of calibration between ...
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How to compare areas in scanned historical land use maps

I am a relative beginner to using GIS, and am running QGIS 2.0.1 in Linux. I have two historical maps which I want to analyze, that show land use patterns in the same area at two different moments in ...
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Creating randomly shaped clumps of cells in a raster from seeds of 1 cell/pixel?

As my title says, I wish to "grow" clumps of cells from seeds within a raster. My base raster is full of 1's and 0's, 1's indicate land and 0's sea/NA areas. From the 1's I wish to select 60 random ...
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How to reproject a raster file in QGIS with datum transformation?

I want to reproject a tiff raster file from projection A (ETRS89/UTM Zone 32) to projection B (DHDN/Gauss-Kruger zone 2). The two projections have a different datum so I have to use a datum ...
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Converting point data into gridded dataframe for histogram analysis using R?

I am very new at using GIS data and only modestly experienced with R. I've been reading about how to analyze spatial data using the spatial-analyst.net PDF book, so I'm not completely lost, but I ...
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seeking “Available Sky” implementations

I'm looking for implementations of an algorithm called "Available Sky". ArcGIS (Spatial Analyst or GRID) is preferred, but solutions in GDAL, SAGA GIS or others are perfectly acceptable. The ...
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534 views

Methodology for Hansen classification of Global Forest Watch?

I have just discovered amazing Hansen´s classification about forest loss and re-growth, available at http://www.globalforestwatch.org/, published in Science, 2013 as: Hansen, M. C., Potapov, P. V, ...
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Python, GDAL and building raster attribute tables

I have an integer raster for which I would like to build a raster attribute table using Python and GDAL. I can create a GDAL raster attribute table in Python as follows: >>> rat = ...
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How to crop raster layer?

Can anyone tell me how to crop a raster layer in QGIS? I want to make contours from a section of a layer, and including the whole layer will create far more data than I need and slow down the ...
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Extract the area of a DEM above where 60% of the region lies?

I have a DEM of a mountainous region. I'd like to extract the areas of the DEM above which 60% of the total DEM area lies. So, essentially I'd like to extract the areas representing upper portions of ...
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GeoTIFFs made in GDAL don't have min/max range when loaded in Arc/QGIS

I'm creating some floating point rasters in GDAL with the GeoTIFF driver. When I load the resulting images into QGIS or Arc the default symbology puts the min at -3.40282e38 and max to 3.40282e38, so ...
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970 views

Best way to manage large number of geoTiff rasters

I have around 2-3000 1-bit geoTiffs of size 11000x9400. Color 0 should be transparent, and QGis gets it wrong in the first place, so I used a .vrt file to set all the parameters in one single place. ...
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Looking for a fast, open-source raster cost-distance function to use in code

I've been scouring the internet for a fast, open-source cost-distance function that I can embed inside my code. The functionality should basically work like the ArcGIS implementation where I can ...
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How can I align two non-coincident equi-resolution raster grids?

I have two rasters: a digital elevation model (DEM) and a Landsat band. The grid resolution of both is 30 m, but the grids are not coincident (see image: the dark raster on top is the DEM; the light ...
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How should I manage PostGIS Raster data with different projections?

I have a requirement to store and manage archaeological geophysics data that is collected as a rectangular array of samples -- a raster image. Each raster will usually 20x20 or 30x30 floating-point ...
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How to add a band to an existing GeoTiff using GDAL?

This seems like it should be straightforward but I can't for the life of me figure it out. Given an existing GeoTiff containing a single band, how can you add another band to that GeoTiff? Is the ...
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R, rasterVis and RGL: how to prevent reflective surfaces?

I have been experimenting with digital terrain model files in ESRI ASCII grid raster format. Despite zero experience with this type of data I found it very easy to load into R, as per code below. The ...
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Smoothing raster features into polygon

I have raster data representing urbanized areas, which I'd like to trace and convert to a polygon. Using ArcMap's Raster to Polygon tool, I'm able to get something close to that. Unsimplified: ...
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737 views

How to view a 155 MB raster stored in PostGIS?

I am using the following command to load a raster into a postgres database: raster2pgsql -I -C -e -Y -F -s 3086 -I -C -M myraster.tif myraster -F -t 30x30 | psql -U postgres -d database -h localhost ...
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What Open Source (command line/API) method is there to orthorectify and georeference an aerial image given telemetry data?

How can I take an image and orthorectify it automatically with open source software? The information associated with each image is: camera specs latitude, longitude, elevation of the camera ...
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435 views

Identify corrupt shapefiles or rasters via Python or ArcObjects

I'm interested in a way to identify rasters (e.g., ESRI GRID format) or shapefiles that are corrupt that would prevent them from being used in an analysis tool. I have a large number in structured ...
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Scriptable alternative to ArcScan (particularly vectorising lines within tolerances)?

Sadly the answer to Can you access ArcScan from a python script? suggests that it is not possible to script ArcScan from within a python script. Therefore, does anyone know of any alternatives to ...
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How to “clean” and vectorize a raster map?

I'd like to make use of a geological map as shown in the example below, which is only a pretty small and downsized part of the map, so editing/redrawing doesn't seem to make sense in the end. My idea ...
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How to modify single Pixel values in QGIS?

I would like to modify a raster (pixel values) in QGIS. The plugins "value tools" can easily provide me with the value of the pixel of my raster. However I don't know how to modify it. I have found ...
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How to grid unevenly sampled categorical data?

I am looking for a method for gridding categorical data. I have extracted from nautical charts and field sheets a collection of points specifying the nature of the surface of the bottom of the ocean. ...
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441 views

Efficient raster sampling of billions of polygons (bounding boxes)

How can a raster be computed efficiently (in Python), given a set consisting of billions of bounding boxes (read sequentially from a file), and given that the raster values for each cell should give ...
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556 views

What is the correct way to convert a USGS Orthoimage from WorldImage format to tiled GeoTiff for GeoServer?

USGS provides different resolution orthoimage quadrangles in the WorldImage format (*.tif with an accompanying *.tfw world file). Some of these quadrangles can be used by GeoServer (2.1.0 - 2.1.2) by ...
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Histogram Matching using Python to improve mosaicking process of multiple overlapping rasters?

I am trying to do histogram matching using Python to improve the mosaicking process of multiple overlapping rasters. I am basing my code on that found at: ...
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Finding minimum bounding extent of given pixel value within raster?

I am wondering if there is a way to find the minimum bounding extent for a raster with a particular value. I clipped a raster from a global image and the extent is set as the global extent with a lot ...
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How to ensure uniform colour for DEMs?

This is a silly question, but one I've been trying to figure out for a while. I have two Aster DEM tiles, one next to the other. How do I ensure uniform colour for both?
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How to change null values raster values to 0 in QGIS?

I need help... I'm having problems with QGIS. I have some rasters that appear to have null values, even though I reclassified them to obtain a boolean raster :( How can I change the NULL values to 0?
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How to calculate the number of cells with a given value?

I have a raster file where all cells have values between -3 and 7, no data value is -9999. Have can I calculate the number of cells with a specific value e.g. 6? Can I use the calculator?
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Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
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GDAL and Python: How to get coordinates for all cells having a specific value?

I've got an Arc/Info Binary Grid---specifically, an ArcGIS flow accumulation raster---and I'd like to identify all cells having a specific value (or in a range of values). Ultimately, I'd like a ...
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489 views

More accurate way to calculate area of rasters

In my daily work, I am constantly asked to calculate areas of global raster datasets in geographic projection at 30 arc second resolution. These datasets are normally the result of a Combine operation ...
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Determining statistical relationships between rasters using R vs ArcGIS Desktop?

I am trying to analyze how sets of rasters relate to each other using some statistical techniques. As, I don't have much experience using the spatial statistics tools in ArcGIS I was exporting my ...
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How to resample a batch of rasters using OGR/GDAL?

I'm looking for a function similar to GRASS r.resample. I have a folder full of TIF files and want to reduce their resolution ("scale them down") to reduce file size.
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Extracting roads out of Landsat raster images

For a study into the expansion of road networks in the rainforest I am trying to extract roads out of Landsat images. We already have sharp and cloud-free composites on which the roads are clearly ...
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Converting a polygon into a raster using R

I'm trying to convert a shapefile into a raster within R. My approach is to read in the raster as follows: library(rgdal) # Loads SP package by default demo <- readOGR('F:/data/', 'shapefile') # ...
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Best Way to Handle Many Raster Files in QGIS?

I have a project with a large number of raster files, but it is becoming very slow. I wonder which is the best way to handle all this. I'm simply georeferencing these files creating .wld file (geoTiff ...
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752 views

How to create a solar intensity map for a garden plot?

I'm interested in creating a raster surface that depicts the average solar intensity per unit area for a small garden plot. I imagine the inputs into the model would be the following: Plot ...
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What is the difference between Vector and Raster data models? [duplicate]

From: http://support.esri.com/en/knowledgebase/GISDictionary/term/vector%20data%20model vector data model: [data models] A representation of the world using points, lines, and polygons. Vector ...
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624 views

Reduce extent of raster processing in ArcPy or ArcGIS Desktop?

I need to reduce the processing extent of my raster by some sort of automatic procedure in python. Currently the borders of the dataset I've been using has anomalies (due to the classification of the ...
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Is there a fast way to copy large raster datasets between File Geodatabases?

Why does it take so long to copy a large raster dataset from one file geodatabase to another? I can copy the entire database in windows explorer in minutes but copying a single raster in ArcCatalog ...
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How to apply a Majority filter in GRASS GIS?

I was wondering if someone could help me write a majority filter for GRASS GIS. I have this map (see below) which I need to run a filter over to make the red areas a bit more dominant. I know I can ...
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672 views

What are the rules that the Gdal rasterize function follows to allocate a value to a cell?

How does the rasterize tool decide which value to represent when a cell covers an area which inclueds different values? I need it in this case for polygons but would like to know for lines and points ...
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573 views

Simplest way to limit the memory that the raster package uses in R

What's the easiest way to limit the memory the raster package uses in R to 5GB of RAM? Ideally I want any raster that exceeds this size to be written to the hard drive and analysed from a temporary ...
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139 views

How to improve the display of color images?

I've found some really nice color ramps for portraying rasters, but in ArcGIS and QGIS, they don't seem to be easily usable for a finished product because their complexity causes obvious steps rather ...