Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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How to animate raster time series using open-source GIS?

I have a bunch of rasters taken about 10 minutes apart, and I have a nice QGIS project that produces pretty enough maps of them. I'm wondering if there's a way to animate this raster series, with a ...
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GRASS - Will r.to.vect work on this scanned map?

Total GRASS noob here. I have several very large hand contoured maps to digitize, and this thread intrigues me. In the past I have spent hours upon hours digitizing these maps and revisions in ArcMap. ...
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321 views

How to create points around edge of viewshed results?

Is there a tool or module, or multiple tools, in ArcGIS that will allow you to automate the creation of points around the outer edges of a viewshed? What I am trying to do is gather data about the ...
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ArcMap 10 - Extract raster cells from imagery based on RGB value

I've got some aerial photography (format: IMAGINE Image) which is detailed enough to see to fire hydrants and a shapefile of fire hydrants which was digitized based on some CAD data. My project is to ...
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900 views

Are there GIS tools for simulating landscape fragmentation?

I am currently looking for any GIS packages (or add-ons) that allow the simulation of landscape fragmentation on raster data. Maybe also other software than GIS tools? Does anyone of you have had ...
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559 views

What are the rules that the Gdal rasterize function follows to allocate a value to a cell?

How does the rasterize tool decide which value to represent when a cell covers an area which inclueds different values? I need it in this case for polygons but would like to know for lines and points ...
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How do I display a raster “Background Value” as hollow for more than one set of RGB values?

I have two overlapping .ecw layers of the same area, though one is clipped in the middle, with a white edge. When I set the background value to 255,255,255, and define it as hollow, it only hollows ...
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481 views

Using ArcGIS to filter cells where 7 or 8 of the neighbors are different

I have land cover data that I would like to clean using some generalization tools. Majority filter does almost exactly what I want, but is missing one key option. Majority filter allows you to change ...
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136 views

How to improve the display of color images?

I've found some really nice color ramps for portraying rasters, but in ArcGIS and QGIS, they don't seem to be easily usable for a finished product because their complexity causes obvious steps rather ...
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How to sum pixel values within a polygon zone in QGIS?

I have two layers: a raster layer and a vector layer (polygon). I can see the values of the raster pixels but I don't know how to combine them with information from the polygon layer. More ...
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How to rasterize SpatialPolygons in R?

I'm trying to extract the bathymetry values of my area of interest from a world bathymetry raster layer using the 'rasterize' function in the {sp} package. *Edits: I found the 'extract' function ...
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193 views

Finding largest number of observations within a given radius

I have the following problem: Given the location of insured properties (say houses with fire insurance), i have to find the largest sum of insured values which fit into a 300m radius. Now, my first ...
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680 views

How to perform enhancement operations on an satellite imagery in QGIS?

I am a new user of QGIS please suggest how to perform image enhancement operations on an satellite imagery like ratioing, contrast stretching, edge engancement, filtering etc. in QGIS?
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782 views

How can I change the class of one pixel in a classified image?

I have a classified image (I did it in ERDAS) with six categories. There are some misclassified pixels (especially high-density urban category). Is there any way that I can choose one pixel and then ...
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Loading geotiffs into PostGIS using raster2pgsql

I have an issue with loading some Ordnance Survey raster data into PostGIS. I have been using the following raster2pgsql command to load a tif that I have placed in my C:\Program ...
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Graphically depict statistical difference between thematic rasters

The graph shows a regression between two raster datasets with classified tree canopy cover: class 1 = 0-10%, class 2 = 10 - 20% ...class 6 = >60% (Figure 1, Figure 2). The spatial resolution for ...
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How to remove long linear strips from polygons?

I have a polygon layer representing impervious land cover. This was taken from a land cover raster dataset. The impervious data represents all impervious surface that is not buildings or roads. I ...
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969 views

What Open Source (command line/API) method is there to orthorectify and georeference an aerial image given telemetry data?

How can I take an image and orthorectify it automatically with open source software? The information associated with each image is: camera specs latitude, longitude, elevation of the camera ...
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How to extract vectors from map using QGIS?

I am trying to extract building footprints from a raster map (as shown in the example below). Please note that the maps are out of copyright, have been scanned and georectified by a library and have ...
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264 views

Raster smoothing

I am an italian student. I'm using ArcMap 10. For my thesis I need to simulate a debris avalanche, but in my elevation raster the avalanche deposit is included so I'd need to take it off to simulate ...
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How to calculate the flood volume using a LiDAR DEM and a HEC-RAS floodplain polygon

I’ve got a vexing GIS analysis problem which is conceptually fairly straightforward, but in reality more challenging to figure out…. Basically, I need to calculate the VOLUME of floodwater within a ...
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228 views

Phenological event extraction in IDL

I’m doing phenological study using a threshold method in IDL. I have a twelve-band image in 2005 (format is in .tiff not ENVI format). Twelve-band means that monthly images (Jan to Dec) have been ...
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Looking for US National Grid to Lon/Lat Converter in Python, C, or C++

I see here that there is Fortran source code for going from USNG to lon/lat: http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PC_PROD/USNG/ Is there some python or C/C++ code that does the same? My understanding that this ...
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242 views

How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Analysis using an exponential decay function?

I have some points (representing 30 study sites) and I want to calculate the weighted mean of several variables (landscape layers) using a negative exponential decay (weights function) to give more ...
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Breaking apart a polygon layer by unique values, creating many new layers

I have a large dataset of habitat information that I need to calculate distances from animal locations to the closest polygon of each habitat type. The way to do this, that I understand, would be to ...
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How can I select vector features that overlay raster in arcpy?

I have two datasets: point feature class and raster (stored in file geodatabase). The spatial extent of the raster is smaller than the point dataset. Is there a way I could select (or create new, ...
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Clipping a raster using a polyline or polygon

I have a large raster created from values that cover the whole United States and Alaska which are both polygon and polyline features, this raster was caluclated using Spatial Analyst IDW ...
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Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
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Moving raster to different mapset GRASS GIS

I have a raster DEM that I created in one mapset but I would like to copy it to another mapset for another purpose. Is this possible within GRASS or can I just copy some files over in the ...
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Reclassify raster values of 9999 to NoData, leaving all other values alone, in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster in ArcGIS which has a number of cells with the values 9999, showing that the data could not be generated for that cell. I want to convert all of these 9999 values to NoData, so that ...
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Manipulate .asc files in qgis

I have an .asc file and I want to import in QGIS. The standard way to open it is from "add Raster layer" ("import Raster Layer"), there is another way? I know is strange that ask but I need it. And I ...
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Insert Raster to MXD using arcpy.mapping (ArcGIS 10)

What i want to do seems simple. But again i can't even find a workaround... I have got a lot of Raster-files (ESRI-GRID) which i need to insert into a layout mxd-file and then export the map to ...
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Is there a way to clip an image with the basic ArcView package (9.3)?

Is there a way to trim a geo-referenced air photo to an irregularly shaped boundary? I tried the clip tool shown in my attachment, but it didn't work. It looks as though the output extent field ...
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Raster mosaic not displaying raster values ArcGIS 10

I have eight DEM tiles that I downloaded from the USGS National Elevation Dataset. The individual rasters are displaying correctly, but when I try to combine them in a Raster Mosaic I get arbitrary ...
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creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
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668 views

How to generate TFW files for a list of images?

I have a few digital images that are not georeferenced. E.g.: Img01.tif Img02.tif ... Img99.tif On the other hand, I have a text file, which contains georeferencing information for these ...
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How to simply label raster cells?

I think the title says everything but: I want to generate a small sample raster (eg. euclidean distance or cost distance) to explain the method of cost-distance analysis, and I'd like to label the ...
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ArcGIS Export Selected Raster Graphics

I'm having a problem exporting raster graphics using ArcGIS 10. It seems simple enough, but for some reason I cannot get ArcMap to work with me. Here are my steps: Add a raster to ArcMap Open the ...
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How can I convert a DEM into areas of “flatness”, with an arbitrary fill/cut to area ratio?

I want to find areas of relative "flatness" in a DEM. How can I find flat areas? I want to find a neighbourhood of contiguous cells that have an elevation variance that is within a certain ...
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How to extract values from rasters at location of points in R?

My question is about extracting values from rasters at the location of points. With the function extract this is very easy, and the function gives me a dataframe with the values of all the variables ...
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Raster: How to get elevation at lat/long using python?

I was wondering if anyone has some experience in getting elevation data from a raster without using ArcGIS, but rather get the information as a python list or dict? I get my XY data as a list of ...
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Easily find centre point of a raster in ArcMap 10 document?

If I have, say, a rectangular and georeferenced raster file loaded in an ArcMap 10 document (.tiff w/ associated tfw), how do I easily find its centre point and store that point in a points vector ...
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FOSS method to split raster into smaller chunks

I have a raster (USGS DEM actually) and I need to split it up into smaller chunks like the image below shows. That was accomplished in ArcGIS 10.0 using the Split Raster tool. I would like a FOSS ...
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766 views

How to modify the colors of a raster map to use only one color in varying shades?

I have a raster map in GRASS containing elevation values. I want to display the elevation values in only one color (specificaly blue) but in varying shades of blue. I tried the options in r.colors, ...
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How to decide how to “stretch” raster imagery?

I have to symbolize a digital elevation model. ArcMap offers many different setting for stretching the symbology which all give widely different results. Some stretch methods symbolize the data so ...
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How to efficiently read and reclassify many rasters in R

I've been tasked to create a suitability analysis of wave conditions in the Gulf of Mexico. I have 2 thousand or so raster files that are about 8 MB each (2438 columns, 1749 rows, 1km cell size). ...
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Suggestions for an efficient way to store raster files for lab use?

I'm trying to create a repository for our raster files from various sources and Im exploring the possibilities on how to store them and deliver them in our local intranet. I have come across rasdaman ...
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Raster to Vector

I want to map out moisture availability using satellite image but I do not know how to convert the raster image to a thematic map with limiting boundaries like state boundaries. I am using ArcGIS 9.3 ...
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How to de-noise a DSM

I have created a DEM, DSM, and nDSM from a LiDAR Point Cloud using SAGA-GIS. I extracted the appropriate returns from the point cloud, then converted to grid, and then closed gaps to fill in any ...
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Impossible to sum rasters because of nodata pixels

I have a set of rasters (.vrt) with daily soil moisture data. I want to sum the pixels of all rasters in order to have a measure by month. However, the whole world is not covered each day, which ...