Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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Garmin etrex raster maps support

I currently use an excellent set of printed topographic route maps for mountain biking. I would like to scan the maps, georeference them, and upload the maps to a handheld GPS device. Does the etrex ...
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QGIS and Raster Mapping in 'Seamless' layer

I would like to use Ordnance Survey base mapping in QGIS. I would like to set up something like a seamless table in MapInfo. I think that the equivalent in QGIS is a Virtual Raster Table. The files ...
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Modify raster layer display and symbology properties programmatically with arcpy or ArcObjects

I have over 1500 NITF files that I need to be able to modify the layer display and symbology of programmatically from within ArcMap. I need to set the properties outlined in red below: I've looked ...
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855 views

R - How to sampleRandom() from large raster without NA values

I have a number of vary large rasters which need to be randomly sampled with the return value being a matrix of x, y, and value. The raster package sampleRandom(raster,n, na.rm=TRUE, xy=TRUE) will do ...
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373 views

How to compare areas in scanned historical land use maps

I am a relative beginner to using GIS, and am running QGIS 2.0.1 in Linux. I have two historical maps which I want to analyze, that show land use patterns in the same area at two different moments in ...
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512 views

Using ArcGIS to filter cells where 7 or 8 of neighbors are different

I have land cover data that I would like to clean using some generalization tools. Majority filter does almost exactly what I want, but is missing one key option. Majority filter allows you to change ...
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How to crop raster layer?

Can anyone tell me how to crop a raster layer in QGIS? I want to make contours from a section of a layer, and including the whole layer will create far more data than I need and slow down the ...
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How to animate raster time series using open-source GIS?

I have a bunch of rasters taken about 10 minutes apart, and I have a nice QGIS project that produces pretty enough maps of them. I'm wondering if there's a way to animate this raster series, with a ...
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GRASS - Will r.to.vect work on this scanned map?

Total GRASS noob here. I have several very large hand contoured maps to digitize, and this thread intrigues me. In the past I have spent hours upon hours digitizing these maps and revisions in ArcMap. ...
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330 views

How to create points around edge of viewshed results?

Is there a tool or module, or multiple tools, in ArcGIS that will allow you to automate the creation of points around the outer edges of a viewshed? What I am trying to do is gather data about the ...
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ArcMap 10 - Extract raster cells from imagery based on RGB value

I've got some aerial photography (format: IMAGINE Image) which is detailed enough to see to fire hydrants and a shapefile of fire hydrants which was digitized based on some CAD data. My project is to ...
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Are there GIS tools for simulating landscape fragmentation?

I am currently looking for any GIS packages (or add-ons) that allow the simulation of landscape fragmentation on raster data. Maybe also other software than GIS tools? Does anyone of you have had ...
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591 views

What are the rules that the Gdal rasterize function follows to allocate a value to a cell?

How does the rasterize tool decide which value to represent when a cell covers an area which inclueds different values? I need it in this case for polygons but would like to know for lines and points ...
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407 views

How do I display a raster “Background Value” as hollow for more than one set of RGB values?

I have two overlapping .ecw layers of the same area, though one is clipped in the middle, with a white edge. When I set the background value to 255,255,255, and define it as hollow, it only hollows ...
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136 views

How to improve the display of color images?

I've found some really nice color ramps for portraying rasters, but in ArcGIS and QGIS, they don't seem to be easily usable for a finished product because their complexity causes obvious steps rather ...
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How to sum pixel values within a polygon zone in QGIS?

I have two layers: a raster layer and a vector layer (polygon). I can see the values of the raster pixels but I don't know how to combine them with information from the polygon layer. More ...
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How to rasterize SpatialPolygons in R?

I'm trying to extract the bathymetry values of my area of interest from a world bathymetry raster layer using the 'rasterize' function in the {sp} package. *Edits: I found the 'extract' function ...
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195 views

Finding largest number of observations within a given radius

I have the following problem: Given the location of insured properties (say houses with fire insurance), i have to find the largest sum of insured values which fit into a 300m radius. Now, my first ...
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773 views

How to perform enhancement operations on an satellite imagery in QGIS?

I am a new user of QGIS please suggest how to perform image enhancement operations on an satellite imagery like ratioing, contrast stretching, edge engancement, filtering etc. in QGIS?
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803 views

How can I change the class of one pixel in a classified image?

I have a classified image (I did it in ERDAS) with six categories. There are some misclassified pixels (especially high-density urban category). Is there any way that I can choose one pixel and then ...
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Loading geotiffs into PostGIS using raster2pgsql

I have an issue with loading some Ordnance Survey raster data into PostGIS. I have been using the following raster2pgsql command to load a tif that I have placed in my C:\Program ...
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528 views

Confidence interval from raster data

I have raster data that represents a probability distribution, i.e. each cell has a probability value (in my case the probability that an animal may be found in the cell), and all the cells add up to ...
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How to extract road and building features from raster data?

I work with raster data and my task is to digitize a big image. This consumes much time just for digitizing roads and buildings! I'm looking for tools to simplify working on raster data to digitize ...
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213 views

Graphically depict statistical difference between thematic rasters

The graph shows a regression between two raster datasets with classified tree canopy cover: class 1 = 0-10%, class 2 = 10 - 20% ...class 6 = >60% (Figure 1, Figure 2). The spatial resolution for ...
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435 views

How to remove long linear strips from polygons?

I have a polygon layer representing impervious land cover. This was taken from a land cover raster dataset. The impervious data represents all impervious surface that is not buildings or roads. I ...
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What Open Source (command line/API) method is there to orthorectify and georeference an aerial image given telemetry data?

How can I take an image and orthorectify it automatically with open source software? The information associated with each image is: camera specs latitude, longitude, elevation of the camera ...
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How to extract vectors from map using QGIS?

I am trying to extract building footprints from a raster map (as shown in the example below). Please note that the maps are out of copyright, have been scanned and georectified by a library and have ...
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275 views

Raster smoothing

I am an italian student. I'm using ArcMap 10. For my thesis I need to simulate a debris avalanche, but in my elevation raster the avalanche deposit is included so I'd need to take it off to simulate ...
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How to calculate the flood volume using a LiDAR DEM and a HEC-RAS floodplain polygon

I’ve got a vexing GIS analysis problem which is conceptually fairly straightforward, but in reality more challenging to figure out…. Basically, I need to calculate the VOLUME of floodwater within a ...
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232 views

Phenological event extraction in IDL

I’m doing phenological study using a threshold method in IDL. I have a twelve-band image in 2005 (format is in .tiff not ENVI format). Twelve-band means that monthly images (Jan to Dec) have been ...
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285 views

Looking for US National Grid to Lon/Lat Converter in Python, C, or C++

I see here that there is Fortran source code for going from USNG to lon/lat: http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PC_PROD/USNG/ Is there some python or C/C++ code that does the same? My understanding that this ...
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How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Analysis using an exponential decay function?

I have some points (representing 30 study sites) and I want to calculate the weighted mean of several variables (landscape layers) using a negative exponential decay (weights function) to give more ...
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Selecting vector features that overlay raster in ArcPy?

I have two datasets: point feature class and raster (stored in file geodatabase). The spatial extent of the raster is smaller than the point dataset. Is there a way I could select (or create new, ...
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Breaking apart a polygon layer by unique values, creating many new layers

I have a large dataset of habitat information that I need to calculate distances from animal locations to the closest polygon of each habitat type. The way to do this, that I understand, would be to ...
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Clipping a raster using a polyline or polygon

I have a large raster created from values that cover the whole United States and Alaska which are both polygon and polyline features, this raster was caluclated using Spatial Analyst IDW ...
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1answer
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Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
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Moving raster to different mapset GRASS GIS

I have a raster DEM that I created in one mapset but I would like to copy it to another mapset for another purpose. Is this possible within GRASS or can I just copy some files over in the ...
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Reclassify raster values of 9999 to NoData, leaving all other values alone, in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster in ArcGIS which has a number of cells with the values 9999, showing that the data could not be generated for that cell. I want to convert all of these 9999 values to NoData, so that ...
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Manipulate .asc files in qgis

I have an .asc file and I want to import in QGIS. The standard way to open it is from "add Raster layer" ("import Raster Layer"), there is another way? I know is strange that ask but I need it. And I ...
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Insert Raster to MXD using arcpy.mapping (ArcGIS 10)

What i want to do seems simple. But again i can't even find a workaround... I have got a lot of Raster-files (ESRI-GRID) which i need to insert into a layout mxd-file and then export the map to ...
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Is there a way to clip an image with the basic ArcView package (9.3)?

Is there a way to trim a geo-referenced air photo to an irregularly shaped boundary? I tried the clip tool shown in my attachment, but it didn't work. It looks as though the output extent field ...
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Calculating Shannon's diversity using moving window in R

I have a raster where each pixel is a particular vegetation type. I'm interested in the diversity of vegetation types around each pixel. I'd like to assign a Shannon's diversity index value (see ...
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How to label raster cells using ArcGIS Desktop or QGIS?

I want to generate a small sample raster (eg. euclidean distance or cost distance) to explain the method of cost-distance analysis, and I'd like to label the pixels with the corresponding cost-value. ...
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creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
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How to resample a batch of rasters using OGR/GDAL?

I'm looking for a function similar to GRASS r.resample. I have a folder full of TIF files and want to reduce their resolution ("scale them down") to reduce file size.
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How can I convert a DEM into areas of “flatness”, with an arbitrary fill/cut to area ratio?

I want to find areas of relative "flatness" in a DEM. How can I find flat areas? I want to find a neighbourhood of contiguous cells that have an elevation variance that is within a certain ...
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How to generate TFW files for a list of images?

I have a few digital images that are not georeferenced. E.g.: Img01.tif Img02.tif ... Img99.tif On the other hand, I have a text file, which contains georeferencing information for these ...
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ArcGIS Export Selected Raster Graphics

I'm having a problem exporting raster graphics using ArcGIS 10. It seems simple enough, but for some reason I cannot get ArcMap to work with me. Here are my steps: Add a raster to ArcMap Open the ...
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Raster: How to get elevation at lat/long using python?

I was wondering if anyone has some experience in getting elevation data from a raster without using ArcGIS, but rather get the information as a python list or dict? I get my XY data as a list of ...
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Easily find centre point of a raster in ArcMap 10 document?

If I have, say, a rectangular and georeferenced raster file loaded in an ArcMap 10 document (.tiff w/ associated tfw), how do I easily find its centre point and store that point in a points vector ...