Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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How to cope with imprecision in floating-point grids?

I have a floating point grid/raster and will want to make all values rounded to the nearest tenth. I have converted to integer (added 0.5 for rounding), but the final floating point output grid is ...
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3answers
331 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
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2answers
4k views

Grid vs TIF vs IMG

As the title suggests both of the above three formats are raster files. In ArcGIS, apparently there's no difference between them. So what's the difference between these three formats?
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1answer
1k views

What is some theory on the number of GCP when georeferencing?

Just wondering, is it always better to have more than 3 GCPs? Should the GCPs be spread out evenly? Where can I find some general resources on the theory of this? Other than trial an error, which ...
9
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1answer
717 views

How to view a 155 MB raster stored in PostGIS?

I am using the following command to load a raster into a postgres database: raster2pgsql -I -C -e -Y -F -s 3086 -I -C -M myraster.tif myraster -F -t 30x30 | psql -U postgres -d database -h localhost ...
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How can I export raster data from Arcmap to an R *.grd file format?

I want to work with raster data in R, but I have problems exporting my raster dataset from ArcMap. By "export data"/GRID I get a file with an *.aux extension. What I need is *.grd. Can anybody help ...
8
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1answer
1k views

How to apply a Majority filter in GRASS GIS?

I was wondering if someone could help me write a majority filter for GRASS GIS. I have this map (see below) which I need to run a filter over to make the red areas a bit more dominant. I know I can ...
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2answers
2k views

Easily find centre point of a raster in ArcMap 10 document?

If I have, say, a rectangular and georeferenced raster file loaded in an ArcMap 10 document (.tiff w/ associated tfw), how do I easily find its centre point and store that point in a points vector ...
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684 views

How to de-noise a DSM

I have created a DEM, DSM, and nDSM from a LiDAR Point Cloud using SAGA-GIS. I extracted the appropriate returns from the point cloud, then converted to grid, and then closed gaps to fill in any ...
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2answers
370 views

Breaking apart a polygon layer by unique values, creating many new layers

I have a large dataset of habitat information that I need to calculate distances from animal locations to the closest polygon of each habitat type. The way to do this, that I understand, would be to ...
6
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1answer
222 views

What is the best raster format for large NoData areas?

Is there a good raster format for dealing with a large number of NoData cells? I do a lot of flood modeling and mapping, and recently I've been using rasters to show predicted flood depth and/or ...
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4answers
2k views

How to generate a world file with rotation

I`m writing code to geo reference some images that I get with a rc plane. I have the central coordinate of the image because its atached to the center of the plane. But I have problems when I open the ...
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2answers
630 views

Raster to Vector

I want to map out moisture availability using satellite image but I do not know how to convert the raster image to a thematic map with limiting boundaries like state boundaries. I am using ArcGIS 9.3 ...
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4answers
6k views

Advanced colour palette for raster data

I'm working with satellite date namely chlorophyll and sst. Each geophysical parameter generally has standard colours to represent them. I'm importing geotiffs into Qgis and I'm having difficulty ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I calculate a weighted centroid with respect to a raster, e.g. population weighted centroid

In ArcGIS 10.0, how do I calculate the weighted centroid of a collection of polygons, where I want the weight to be a raster layer. In particular I am using a raster of population counts and would ...
4
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1answer
133 views

Clip raster by raster with data extraction and resolution change

I need to stack multiple maps (tif) together and clip them all according to extent of one small raster map (second raster at the top of picture below). However, the size of pixels in each map is ...
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1answer
1k views

How to create a catchment from a point using a DTM raster in QGIS?

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw ...
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2answers
719 views

Converting shapefile to raster: Character attributes

I've got a shapefile that I would like to convert into a raster, but the trick is that the attribute I want a raster version of is character data. I'm familiar with geoprocessing using GDAL (in the ...
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1answer
3k views

Convert 32 bit image to 8 bit image in QGIS

I want to convert my images from 32 bits to 8 bits. I'm using otb to calculate texture and the raster output is on 8 bits, I'm going to use this information as a layer stack for my multispectral image ...
4
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1answer
789 views

Raster data array output flipped on x-axis using python/gdal?

I'm trying to create a raster using the python gdal libraries and I've gotten to the point where data is being output, but the output data is flipped on the origin point's x-axis. I know I must be ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Conditional reclassification of a raster

I am attempting to do a conditional reclassification of an NLCD land-use raster. I specifically want to reclassify all developed areas (classifications 22,23,24) that are near a road (classification ...
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2answers
221 views

How to automatically calculate maximum cell values contained within polygons?

I've got a dataset made up of a large range of polygons (about 70 or so) which represent structures. I also have raster layers which detail a flood depth across an area. The floods depth raster has a ...
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1answer
350 views

1m cell size equivalent value in decimal degree

I'm doing re-sampling pixel size in ERDAS 2014,I'm using input image(Indian terrain) in GCS_WGS_84 projection. Now I have to keep out put cell size as 1m,what is the 1m equvivalent value in Decimal ...
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3answers
2k views

using Python to calculate NDVI, output as a Geotiff

I need a script that can calculate NDVI from two separate input Geotiff files, then output the results as a Geotiff. I wrote following script, most of which is borrowed from various on-line sources ...
3
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1answer
300 views

Combining Geological Grids and extruding between them?

I have a situation where I have 3 Geological grids, each showing a different horizon + the Seabed Grid. I need to extrude between these grids in order to make the 3D polygon for the geological ...
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3answers
4k views

How to Export Raster with same classification colors seen in ArcMap?

I have a single band raster, but i like to export it with the same colors as in Arcmap. Any help please.
3
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1answer
287 views

how to square the pixels of a GeoTiff

I have a GeoTiff that has been supplied to me with non square pixels (I suspect due to reprojection to lat lon at some point). However the next step in my processing chain requires a Arc ASCII grid as ...
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2answers
496 views

Need to clip raster based on field name in ArcGIS 9.3

Is there a way around for me to batch clip a raster using a field name to create output a raster layer ? Much like using Split tool but it is for a vector. How about that for the raster side ? Going ...
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4answers
6k views

Combine overlapping rasters with priority to values of specific rasters?

I have 5 rasters that cover a large area. I want to combine all 5 into 1 raster. Each raster has data for portions of the total area that none of the other rasters cover. Raster C overlaps A,B and D. ...
2
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1answer
298 views

How to best remove rgb values outside of aerial image?

I have just converted RGB-TIF images to RGB-ECW for reasons of space and performance in ArcGIS. However, after the conversion, there are relics outside of the images which are not nodata values but ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

ArcPy findAndReplaceWorkspacePath not working with Raster Datasets

Situation: I am working on creating a Python script that will replace workspace paths for every layer in a map document in order to fix broken layers after a data migration. The script works except ...
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2answers
394 views

SPOT NDVI time series

I have 423 spot.vgt ndvi from first April 1998 till 31 Dec 2009. I want to know how to stack these NDVI to have one image for time series analysis? Or better to ask how is it possible to analyze a ...
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2answers
1k views

GDAL Clipping (hack)

I am trying to use the python script from http://www.sparkgeo.com/labs/2010/07/07/gdal-clipping-hack/ to clip a raster based on many shapefiles. The script is using a mysql database an i would like to ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Intersecting a raster with a polygon using PostGIS - artefact error

I'm using PostGIS2.0 to do some raster/polygon intersections. I'm having difficulty understanding which operation I should use, and what the quickest way of performing this is. My problem is as ...
11
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2answers
2k views

PostGIS raster value of a lat/lon point

I have a tiff raster in my PostGIS 2.0 database. I want to get the value of the raster at a specified lat/lon point. I have: postgresql-9.1 postgis-2.0-svn with raster support a raster imported ...
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3answers
445 views

Benefits of *.las vs *.xyz or *.ascii when working with LiDAR in ArcGIS for Desktop?

From time to time, we use LiDAR data for modelling in ArcGIS. Previously, we would be supplied either an .xyz or .ascii of the data, but more recently, we are also being provided .las files in ...
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2answers
4k views

Converting point data into gridded dataframe for histogram analysis using R?

I am very new at using GIS data and only modestly experienced with R. I've been reading about how to analyze spatial data using the spatial-analyst.net PDF book, so I'm not completely lost, but I ...
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2answers
540 views

What is the correct way to convert a USGS Orthoimage from WorldImage format to tiled GeoTiff for GeoServer?

USGS provides different resolution orthoimage quadrangles in the WorldImage format (*.tif with an accompanying *.tfw world file). Some of these quadrangles can be used by GeoServer (2.1.0 - 2.1.2) by ...
8
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1answer
407 views

Where is this raster offset being introduced in the QGIS processing toolbox?

I'm using the (awesome!) processing toolbox in QGIS 2.0 to reclassify some NoData values in a raster from -9999 to 0, but at some point in the process there's an offset of about 0.2 degrees being ...
8
votes
2answers
710 views

How to create a solar intensity map for a garden plot?

I'm interested in creating a raster surface that depicts the average solar intensity per unit area for a small garden plot. I imagine the inputs into the model would be the following: Plot ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

calculate area of vegetations in a raster file

How do I calculate area of several vegetation types in a raster (.img file type) image. They are color coded. Am using QGIS (1.8.0) and ERDAS 9.2.
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1answer
586 views

Reduce extent of raster processing in ArcPy or ArcGIS Desktop?

I need to reduce the processing extent of my raster by some sort of automatic procedure in python. Currently the borders of the dataset I've been using has anomalies (due to the classification of the ...
7
votes
3answers
712 views

How do I display a raster “Background Value” as hollow for more than one set of RGB values?

I have two overlapping .ecw layers of the same area, though one is clipped in the middle, with a white edge. When I set the background value to 255,255,255, and define it as hollow, it only hollows ...
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4answers
4k views

How to convert raster to point in QGIS

I wanted to convert Raster into Point Vector in QGIS. Is it possible? QGIS have option to convert it into polygon but i didn't found any tool to convert it into point. can anyone help me?
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1answer
84k views

What is the difference between Vector and Raster data models? [duplicate]

From: http://support.esri.com/en/knowledgebase/GISDictionary/term/vector%20data%20model vector data model: [data models] A representation of the world using points, lines, and polygons. Vector ...
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4answers
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Garmin etrex raster maps support

I currently use an excellent set of printed topographic route maps for mountain biking. I would like to scan the maps, georeference them, and upload the maps to a handheld GPS device. Does the etrex ...
7
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3answers
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Creating raster or vector raster from DEM point file?

i have a point shape of 75.000 elevation points in a regular 5 m grid. We now want to create a polygon grid with the elevation points as "centroids". Unfortunately, all attempts to do so fail: I ...
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3answers
8k views

How to add Raster legends in QGIS map composer?

Is there a plugin or method to add legends for raster layers (with a custom colourmap) as an item in the print composer?
7
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1answer
862 views

How can I change the class of one pixel in a classified image?

I have a classified image (I did it in ERDAS) with six categories. There are some misclassified pixels (especially high-density urban category). Is there any way that I can choose one pixel and then ...
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1answer
116 views

Automate Exporting of Rasters Using Renderer in ArcGIS

It is possible to export rasters in ArcMap by right clicking the layer-> Data-> Export: You can then click 'Use Renderer' check box to ensure the image you export uses the current ...