Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

6
votes
2answers
2k views

creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
6
votes
2answers
761 views

How to decide how to “stretch” raster imagery?

I have to symbolize a digital elevation model. ArcMap offers many different setting for stretching the symbology which all give widely different results. Some stretch methods symbolize the data so ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a way to clip an image with the basic ArcView package (9.3)?

Is there a way to trim a geo-referenced air photo to an irregularly shaped boundary? I tried the clip tool shown in my attachment, but it didn't work. It looks as though the output extent field ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I calculate a weighted centroid with respect to a raster, e.g. population weighted centroid

In ArcGIS 10.0, how do I calculate the weighted centroid of a collection of polygons, where I want the weight to be a raster layer. In particular I am using a raster of population counts and would ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Convert ESRI Shapefile to Raster using R - biggest polygon area to raster cell value?

I want to create a raster from an ESRI shapefile. Multiple polygons may exist in one raster cell. If so, I want to assign the attribute variable which occupies the biggest area of the raster cell. If,...
5
votes
1answer
684 views

How can I create a pollutant dispersion raster in QGIS?

As my previous questions have indicated, I am working on an air quality problem where I have a dataset of industrial emissions that consists of a location (long, lat), and an annual volume of ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a simple binary raster storage format which ArcGIS can read?

I have a C++ program that manipulates raster digital elevation models. I have been using ArcGrid ASCII format for results. It is simple to code and gets the job done, but it necessitates a decimal ...
5
votes
1answer
274 views

parallelization of raster mosaic

I would like to create a raster mosaic of the national USGS NED 30m DEM (~50 GB). I'd like to leverage parallel processing using python multiprocessing module where possible. I'm using ArcGIS 10.0. My ...
4
votes
2answers
277 views

Measuring distance to roads using raster data in ArcMap?

I am using ArcMap 10.1 on a Windows x64 system. I am trying to analyse the driving force of urban land use land cover changes. I have 7 raster files represents distance to roads, distance to river, ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Raster to vector with gaps in Landsat ETM

I need to find size of water area from a raster (jpg) using QGIS 1.8.0-Lisboa. The raster is a Landsat image with gaps of data in it. I used Polygonize, but the output file shows wrong polygon size ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

How to convert .geotiff --> .tiff?

How to convert .geotiff files to .tiff files (ordinary plain images)? Basically, I have cropped the image to a rectangle of interest and knowing its left-lower location and having chosen the pixel ...
3
votes
1answer
884 views

How to speed up band math in R 'raster' package?

I have some GeoTiff rasters with over 100 bands in total, but they are not huge: resolution is about 1200x600 and total size is less than 7 mb. I'm trying to do a simple NDVI calculation: raster <-...
3
votes
1answer
494 views

How to cope with imprecision in floating-point grids?

I have a floating point grid/raster and will want to make all values rounded to the nearest tenth. I have converted to integer (added 0.5 for rounding), but the final floating point output grid is ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

using Python to calculate NDVI, output as a Geotiff

I need a script that can calculate NDVI from two separate input Geotiff files, then output the results as a Geotiff. I wrote following script, most of which is borrowed from various on-line sources (...
12
votes
3answers
341 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

Grid vs TIF vs IMG

As the title suggests both of the above three formats are raster files. In ArcGIS, apparently there's no difference between them. So what's the difference between these three formats?
9
votes
1answer
756 views

How to view a 155 MB raster stored in PostGIS?

I am using the following command to load a raster into a postgres database: raster2pgsql -I -C -e -Y -F -s 3086 -I -C -M myraster.tif myraster -F -t 30x30 | psql -U postgres -d database -h localhost -...
9
votes
4answers
10k views

How can I export raster data from Arcmap to an R *.grd file format?

I want to work with raster data in R, but I have problems exporting my raster dataset from ArcMap. By "export data"/GRID I get a file with an *.aux extension. What I need is *.grd. Can anybody help ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Converting point data into gridded dataframe for histogram analysis using R?

I am very new at using GIS data and only modestly experienced with R. I've been reading about how to analyze spatial data using the spatial-analyst.net PDF book, so I'm not completely lost, but I ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How to “clean” and vectorize a raster map?

I'd like to make use of a geological map as shown in the example below, which is only a pretty small and downsized part of the map, so editing/redrawing doesn't seem to make sense in the end. My idea ...
8
votes
2answers
564 views

More accurate way to calculate area of rasters

In my daily work, I am constantly asked to calculate areas of global raster datasets in geographic projection at 30 arc second resolution. These datasets are normally the result of a Combine operation ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How to apply a Majority filter in GRASS GIS?

I was wondering if someone could help me write a majority filter for GRASS GIS. I have this map (see below) which I need to run a filter over to make the red areas a bit more dominant. I know I can ...
6
votes
2answers
643 views

Raster to Vector

I want to map out moisture availability using satellite image but I do not know how to convert the raster image to a thematic map with limiting boundaries like state boundaries. I am using ArcGIS 9.3 ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Loading a raster using QGIS into a PostGIS2.0 enabled database

Following on from my attempt to install a postgresql 9.1 db with postgis 2.0 on windows 7, I am trying to figure out how to load a raster. I have successfully loaded a shapefile, and am trying to do ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

How to generate a world file with rotation

I`m writing code to geo reference some images that I get with a rc plane. I have the central coordinate of the image because its atached to the center of the plane. But I have problems when I open the ...
6
votes
2answers
393 views

Breaking apart a polygon layer by unique values, creating many new layers

I have a large dataset of habitat information that I need to calculate distances from animal locations to the closest polygon of each habitat type. The way to do this, that I understand, would be to ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

What is the best raster format for large NoData areas?

Is there a good raster format for dealing with a large number of NoData cells? I do a lot of flood modeling and mapping, and recently I've been using rasters to show predicted flood depth and/or ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Rasterize a vector layer in PostGIS

Related to this question asked here on gis.se and this thread on postgis-user, has anyone worked out a good solution for in-database rasterization of a vector layer using PostGIS? It sounds like the ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I Destripe Landsat Images?

I am working with Landsat 7 ETM+ SRC-off imagery. I'm doing some land-cover classification for a place in Kenya. My problem is the no-data stripes in the image. Is there a way in which I can ...
4
votes
1answer
902 views

Raster data array output flipped on x-axis using python/gdal?

I'm trying to create a raster using the python gdal libraries and I've gotten to the point where data is being output, but the output data is flipped on the origin point's x-axis. I know I must be ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Convert 32 bit image to 8 bit image in QGIS

I want to convert my images from 32 bits to 8 bits. I'm using otb to calculate texture and the raster output is on 8 bits, I'm going to use this information as a layer stack for my multispectral image ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create a catchment from a point using a DTM raster in QGIS?

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw manually....
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting shapefile to raster: Character attributes

I've got a shapefile that I would like to convert into a raster, but the trick is that the attribute I want a raster version of is character data. I'm familiar with geoprocessing using GDAL (in the ...
3
votes
4answers
8k views

Combine overlapping rasters with priority to values of specific rasters?

I have 5 rasters that cover a large area. I want to combine all 5 into 1 raster. Each raster has data for portions of the total area that none of the other rasters cover. Raster C overlaps A,B and D. ...
3
votes
1answer
342 views

Combining Geological Grids and extruding between them?

I have a situation where I have 3 Geological grids, each showing a different horizon + the Seabed Grid. I need to extrude between these grids in order to make the 3D polygon for the geological ...
3
votes
1answer
548 views

1m cell size equivalent value in decimal degree

I'm doing re-sampling pixel size in ERDAS 2014,I'm using input image(Indian terrain) in GCS_WGS_84 projection. Now I have to keep out put cell size as 1m,what is the 1m equvivalent value in Decimal ...
3
votes
2answers
311 views

How to automatically calculate maximum cell values contained within polygons?

I've got a dataset made up of a large range of polygons (about 70 or so) which represent structures. I also have raster layers which detail a flood depth across an area. The floods depth raster has a ...
3
votes
1answer
335 views

how to square the pixels of a GeoTiff

I have a GeoTiff that has been supplied to me with non square pixels (I suspect due to reprojection to lat lon at some point). However the next step in my processing chain requires a Arc ASCII grid as ...
3
votes
2answers
511 views

Need to clip raster based on field name in ArcGIS 9.3

Is there a way around for me to batch clip a raster using a field name to create output a raster layer ? Much like using Split tool but it is for a vector. How about that for the raster side ? Going ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to assign CRS to RasterLayer in R

I have a layer with coord. ref. : NA. How can I assign coord. ref. : +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0 to coord. ref. : NA? class : RasterLayer dimensions : 127,...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to extract X Y coordinates and RGB from pixels using python in QGIS?

I'm trying to white a Python plugin in QGIS (2.2) to get, for each pixel of a raster image, its X Y coordinates, as well as, its RGB (3 bands) values. At first I opened the raster file using: rlayer =...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How to Export Raster with same classification colors seen in ArcMap?

I have a single band raster, but i like to export it with the same colors as in Arcmap. Any help please.
2
votes
2answers
423 views

SPOT NDVI time series

I have 423 spot.vgt ndvi from first April 1998 till 31 Dec 2009. I want to know how to stack these NDVI to have one image for time series analysis? Or better to ask how is it possible to analyze a ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

GDAL Clipping (hack)

I am trying to use the python script from http://www.sparkgeo.com/labs/2010/07/07/gdal-clipping-hack/ to clip a raster based on many shapefiles. The script is using a mysql database an i would like to ...
2
votes
1answer
343 views

How to best remove rgb values outside of aerial image?

I have just converted RGB-TIF images to RGB-ECW for reasons of space and performance in ArcGIS. However, after the conversion, there are relics outside of the images which are not nodata values but ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

PostGIS raster value of a lat/lon point

I have a tiff raster in my PostGIS 2.0 database. I want to get the value of the raster at a specified lat/lon point. I have: postgresql-9.1 postgis-2.0-svn with raster support a raster imported ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Combining corner-touching polygons into a single feature

I have created a polygon layer from rasters, and only have a single classification ID (and calculated acres) for each polygon. I would like to "dissolve" all touching features into larger, individual ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Intersecting a raster with a polygon using PostGIS - artefact error

I'm using PostGIS2.0 to do some raster/polygon intersections. I'm having difficulty understanding which operation I should use, and what the quickest way of performing this is. My problem is as ...
10
votes
3answers
954 views

Benefits of *.las vs *.xyz or *.ascii when working with LiDAR in ArcGIS for Desktop?

From time to time, we use LiDAR data for modelling in ArcGIS. Previously, we would be supplied either an .xyz or .ascii of the data, but more recently, we are also being provided .las files in ...
9
votes
5answers
5k views

How to modify single Pixel values in QGIS?

I would like to modify a raster (pixel values) in QGIS. The plugins "value tools" can easily provide me with the value of the pixel of my raster. However I don't know how to modify it. I have found ...