Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

9
votes
5answers
1k views

Raster diff: how to check if images have identical values?

Is there a means to check to see if any 2 given raster layers have identical content? We have a problem on our corporate shared storage volume: it's now so big that it takes over 3 days to conduct a ...
9
votes
3answers
505 views

R, rasterVis and RGL: how to prevent reflective surfaces?

I have been experimenting with digital terrain model files in ESRI ASCII grid raster format. Despite zero experience with this type of data I found it very easy to load into R, as per code below. The ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Smoothing raster features into polygon

I have raster data representing urbanized areas, which I'd like to trace and convert to a polygon. Using ArcMap's Raster to Polygon tool, I'm able to get something close to that. Unsimplified: ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

How to get hypsometric curve from elevation data?

I have my elevation data but cannot make an attribute table from it and so I'm not sure how to get any of that data into a table in order to make a hypsometric curve.
9
votes
3answers
3k views

R: Download a large DEM, change projection, and adjust to smaller scale

This is a process that takes just a few seconds in GIS software. My attempt to do it in R uses a large amount of memory then fails. Is there something wrong in my code, or is this just something R ...
8
votes
1answer
100k views

What is the difference between Vector and Raster data models? [duplicate]

From: http://support.esri.com/en/knowledgebase/GISDictionary/term/vector%20data%20model vector data model: [data models] A representation of the world using points, lines, and polygons. Vector ...
8
votes
5answers
355 views

How to ensure uniform colour for DEMs?

This is a silly question, but one I've been trying to figure out for a while. I have two Aster DEM tiles, one next to the other. How do I ensure uniform colour for both?
6
votes
2answers
639 views

How to decide how to “stretch” raster imagery?

I have to symbolize a digital elevation model. ArcMap offers many different setting for stretching the symbology which all give widely different results. Some stretch methods symbolize the data so ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a way to clip an image with the basic ArcView package (9.3)?

Is there a way to trim a geo-referenced air photo to an irregularly shaped boundary? I tried the clip tool shown in my attachment, but it didn't work. It looks as though the output extent field ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Convert ESRI Shapefile to Raster using R - biggest polygon area to raster cell value?

I want to create a raster from an ESRI shapefile. Multiple polygons may exist in one raster cell. If so, I want to assign the attribute variable which occupies the biggest area of the raster cell. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a simple binary raster storage format which ArcGIS can read?

I have a C++ program that manipulates raster digital elevation models. I have been using ArcGrid ASCII format for results. It is simple to code and gets the job done, but it necessitates a decimal ...
5
votes
1answer
266 views

parallelization of raster mosaic

I would like to create a raster mosaic of the national USGS NED 30m DEM (~50 GB). I'd like to leverage parallel processing using python multiprocessing module where possible. I'm using ArcGIS 10.0. My ...
5
votes
1answer
656 views

How can I create a pollutant dispersion raster in QGIS?

As my previous questions have indicated, I am working on an air quality problem where I have a dataset of industrial emissions that consists of a location (long, lat), and an annual volume of ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

grib2 to raster? (grib2 -> raster2pgsql -> PostGIS 2.0 -> GeoServer)

I'm looking to implement import of US National Weather Service data for doing various sorts of models (www.soils.wisc.edu/uwex_agwx if you're curious about what we're doing with the data). The ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I calculate a weighted centroid with respect to a raster, e.g. population weighted centroid

In ArcGIS 10.0, how do I calculate the weighted centroid of a collection of polygons, where I want the weight to be a raster layer. In particular I am using a raster of population counts and would ...
4
votes
2answers
257 views

Measuring distance to roads using raster data in ArcMap?

I am using ArcMap 10.1 on a Windows x64 system. I am trying to analyse the driving force of urban land use land cover changes. I have 7 raster files represents distance to roads, distance to river, ...
4
votes
1answer
413 views

Raster to vector with gaps in Landsat ETM

I need to find size of water area from a raster (jpg) using QGIS 1.8.0-Lisboa. The raster is a Landsat image with gaps of data in it. I used Polygonize, but the output file shows wrong polygon size ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

using Python to calculate NDVI, output as a Geotiff

I need a script that can calculate NDVI from two separate input Geotiff files, then output the results as a Geotiff. I wrote following script, most of which is borrowed from various on-line sources ...
3
votes
1answer
844 views

How to speed up band math in R 'raster' package?

I have some GeoTiff rasters with over 100 bands in total, but they are not huge: resolution is about 1200x600 and total size is less than 7 mb. I'm trying to do a simple NDVI calculation: raster ...
3
votes
1answer
486 views

How to cope with imprecision in floating-point grids?

I have a floating point grid/raster and will want to make all values rounded to the nearest tenth. I have converted to integer (added 0.5 for rounding), but the final floating point output grid is ...
12
votes
3answers
338 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Grid vs TIF vs IMG

As the title suggests both of the above three formats are raster files. In ArcGIS, apparently there's no difference between them. So what's the difference between these three formats?
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What is some theory on the number of GCP when georeferencing?

Just wondering, is it always better to have more than 3 GCPs? Should the GCPs be spread out evenly? Where can I find some general resources on the theory of this? Other than trial an error, which ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How to “clean” and vectorize a raster map?

I'd like to make use of a geological map as shown in the example below, which is only a pretty small and downsized part of the map, so editing/redrawing doesn't seem to make sense in the end. My idea ...
9
votes
1answer
737 views

How to view a 155 MB raster stored in PostGIS?

I am using the following command to load a raster into a postgres database: raster2pgsql -I -C -e -Y -F -s 3086 -I -C -M myraster.tif myraster -F -t 30x30 | psql -U postgres -d database -h localhost ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Converting point data into gridded dataframe for histogram analysis using R?

I am very new at using GIS data and only modestly experienced with R. I've been reading about how to analyze spatial data using the spatial-analyst.net PDF book, so I'm not completely lost, but I ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

How can I export raster data from Arcmap to an R *.grd file format?

I want to work with raster data in R, but I have problems exporting my raster dataset from ArcMap. By "export data"/GRID I get a file with an *.aux extension. What I need is *.grd. Can anybody help ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How to apply a Majority filter in GRASS GIS?

I was wondering if someone could help me write a majority filter for GRASS GIS. I have this map (see below) which I need to run a filter over to make the red areas a bit more dominant. I know I can ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Easily find centre point of a raster in ArcMap 10 document?

If I have, say, a rectangular and georeferenced raster file loaded in an ArcMap 10 document (.tiff w/ associated tfw), how do I easily find its centre point and store that point in a points vector ...
6
votes
2answers
389 views

Breaking apart a polygon layer by unique values, creating many new layers

I have a large dataset of habitat information that I need to calculate distances from animal locations to the closest polygon of each habitat type. The way to do this, that I understand, would be to ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

What is the best raster format for large NoData areas?

Is there a good raster format for dealing with a large number of NoData cells? I do a lot of flood modeling and mapping, and recently I've been using rasters to show predicted flood depth and/or ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

How to generate a world file with rotation

I`m writing code to geo reference some images that I get with a rc plane. I have the central coordinate of the image because its atached to the center of the plane. But I have problems when I open the ...
6
votes
2answers
636 views

Raster to Vector

I want to map out moisture availability using satellite image but I do not know how to convert the raster image to a thematic map with limiting boundaries like state boundaries. I am using ArcGIS 9.3 ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Rasterize a vector layer in PostGIS

Related to this question asked here on gis.se and this thread on postgis-user, has anyone worked out a good solution for in-database rasterization of a vector layer using PostGIS? It sounds like the ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

Advanced colour palette for raster data

I'm working with satellite date namely chlorophyll and sst. Each geophysical parameter generally has standard colours to represent them. I'm importing geotiffs into Qgis and I'm having difficulty ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Clip raster by raster with data extraction and resolution change

I need to stack multiple maps (tif) together and clip them all according to extent of one small raster map (second raster at the top of picture below). However, the size of pixels in each map is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create a catchment from a point using a DTM raster in QGIS?

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw ...
4
votes
2answers
903 views

Converting shapefile to raster: Character attributes

I've got a shapefile that I would like to convert into a raster, but the trick is that the attribute I want a raster version of is character data. I'm familiar with geoprocessing using GDAL (in the ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Convert 32 bit image to 8 bit image in QGIS

I want to convert my images from 32 bits to 8 bits. I'm using otb to calculate texture and the raster output is on 8 bits, I'm going to use this information as a layer stack for my multispectral image ...
4
votes
1answer
860 views

Raster data array output flipped on x-axis using python/gdal?

I'm trying to create a raster using the python gdal libraries and I've gotten to the point where data is being output, but the output data is flipped on the origin point's x-axis. I know I must be ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Conditional reclassification of a raster

I am attempting to do a conditional reclassification of an NLCD land-use raster. I specifically want to reclassify all developed areas (classifications 22,23,24) that are near a road (classification ...
3
votes
2answers
275 views

How to automatically calculate maximum cell values contained within polygons?

I've got a dataset made up of a large range of polygons (about 70 or so) which represent structures. I also have raster layers which detail a flood depth across an area. The floods depth raster has a ...
3
votes
1answer
471 views

1m cell size equivalent value in decimal degree

I'm doing re-sampling pixel size in ERDAS 2014,I'm using input image(Indian terrain) in GCS_WGS_84 projection. Now I have to keep out put cell size as 1m,what is the 1m equvivalent value in Decimal ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to assign CRS to RasterLayer in R

I have a layer with coord. ref. : NA. How can I assign coord. ref. : +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0 to coord. ref. : NA? class : RasterLayer dimensions : ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to extract X Y coordinates and RGB from pixels using python in QGIS?

I'm trying to white a Python plugin in QGIS (2.2) to get, for each pixel of a raster image, its X Y coordinates, as well as, its RGB (3 bands) values. At first I opened the raster file using: rlayer ...
3
votes
1answer
328 views

Combining Geological Grids and extruding between them?

I have a situation where I have 3 Geological grids, each showing a different horizon + the Seabed Grid. I need to extrude between these grids in order to make the 3D polygon for the geological ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

ArcPy findAndReplaceWorkspacePath not working with Raster Datasets

Situation: I am working on creating a Python script that will replace workspace paths for every layer in a map document in order to fix broken layers after a data migration. The script works except ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

How to Export Raster with same classification colors seen in ArcMap?

I have a single band raster, but i like to export it with the same colors as in Arcmap. Any help please.
3
votes
1answer
322 views

how to square the pixels of a GeoTiff

I have a GeoTiff that has been supplied to me with non square pixels (I suspect due to reprojection to lat lon at some point). However the next step in my processing chain requires a Arc ASCII grid as ...
3
votes
2answers
506 views

Need to clip raster based on field name in ArcGIS 9.3

Is there a way around for me to batch clip a raster using a field name to create output a raster layer ? Much like using Split tool but it is for a vector. How about that for the raster side ? Going ...