Raster is a data format consisting of regular grids of values, usually stored in an image-like format.

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33
votes
3answers
17k views

What raster smoothing/generalization tools are available?

I have a DEM that I would like to smooth or generalize to remove topographic extremes (chop off peaks and fill-in valleys). Ideally, I would also like to have control over the radius or level of "...
35
votes
4answers
34k views

How to clip a raster with vector boundaries?

I am using QGIS. I would like to clip a raster precipitation layer using an admin boundary layer that is vector data. However the geoprocessing tools seem to be usable only for vector data. How can ...
12
votes
8answers
13k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Iterate through multiple Raster files and compute statistics using Zonal Statistics

I have a large number of raster images. What I'd like to do is to compute statistics on different sections of these raster files using a polygon. I think everyone is suggesting Zonal statistics. ...
20
votes
4answers
37k views

How do you decide what interpolation method to use for resampling raster data?

The question pretty much says it all; are there hard and fast rules about which interpolation methods are suited to each kind of raster data? Any Golden rules, rules of thumb? Good books or articles ...
30
votes
3answers
3k views

How to represent trend over time?

I have a time series of rasters where the cells of each raster represents some value at a certain time. I'd like to generate a map that highlights the magnitude of positive or negative trends in this ...
15
votes
4answers
32k views

How to convert a vector layer to raster?

In qgis in the raster menu there is an item "convert vector to raster". This behaves strangely - I do not understand how it is supposed to work. I can select a vector file, an attribute and an ...
14
votes
2answers
4k views

How to count and rasterize polygon overlaps in ArcGIS Desktop?

How do you take a vector layer with overlapping polygons and turn it into a raster where each cell counts the number of polygons containing that cell? We are looking at polygons of fire burn areas ...
3
votes
5answers
8k views

How to convert LAS to GRID/Raster for ArcGIS input?

I was wondering if there is an option to convert LAS (LIDAR data) to raster or GRID format that ArcGIS could read it.
14
votes
5answers
15k views

How to perform Raster Reclassification in QGIS?

Is there a way to perform a reclassify of a raster image in QGIS? In ArcGIS you can do that in Spatial analyst Tools→Reclass→Reclassify Any ideas?
26
votes
2answers
17k views

How can I convert data in the form of lat, lon, value into a raster file using R?

I have a data set of values over a km grid in the continental U.S. The columns are "latitude", "longitude", and "observation", e.g.: "lat" "lon" "yield" 25.567 -120.347 3.6 25.832 -120....
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Packing Polygons within polygon

I have a Boolean raster. In the grey areas of the raster I would like to fit a given size polygon within a contiguous extent. Basically, I have an irregular polygon, and i would like to "fit" a ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Unable to stylize raster data as pseudocolor render type on MAC OSX

In a raster layer's Style Properties, I can choose pseudocolor render type, and choose a color ramp and classify the raster. However, when I click the 'Apply' button, or click 'OK', the ...
42
votes
6answers
94k views

What are Raster and Vector data in GIS and when to use?

What are raster and vector data in the GIS context? In general terms what applications, processes, or analysis are each suited for? (And not suited for!) In answering someone's question today, I ...
21
votes
5answers
7k views

What is Change Detection and how I can perform such analysis with open source tools?

From wikipedia page: Change detection for GIS (geographical information systems) is a process that measures how the attributes of a particular area have changed between two or more time periods. ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Using polygons to apply unique value to all raster cells within those polygons?

In ArcGIS 9.3, I have a raster file that I would like to "mask" with polygons, giving a single value to all the raster cells that overlap the polygons. How can I do this? Here's a screen shot, ...
17
votes
8answers
15k views

Creating shapefile showing footprints of Rasters?

I have around 1,000 satellite images in tiff format, and I want to create a shapefile which will serve as an index to the rasters. This is something similar to a raster catalog, but I do not want to ...
9
votes
5answers
12k views

How to calculate raster statistics for polygons?

how can I calculate sums, averages etc of raster-points (multi-band) per polygon of a vector-layer. I was told that this is called "zonal statistics". I tried that with QGIS first. There is a way to ...
17
votes
2answers
6k views

Performing Raster Noise Reduction and Edge Smoothing?

I have a raster image like this I want to delete the isolated noise point and smooth the edge (say the white single points, and I want the edges of the entity look smooth). How can I do this in ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Finding nearest raster cell value based on vector point?

I have two layers in ArcGIS: One is a vector point and the other is a raster layer. I want to append the value of the raster data grid to the vector point. The problem is the vector point is away from ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

Interpretation of ArcGIS Kernel Density legend parameters

In ArcMap 9.3 I've used Kernel Density to map various incidents, but the resulting shapefile doesn't display any units of measurement. Is there a good, not-to-technical source that would explain in ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How to extract one band from a three band raster in ArcMap?

I'm fairly new to ArcGIS and I get into trouble extracting a single band layer from a raster image .img in ArcMap that I want to use after in zonal statistics. So far, all help I found is to do the ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to conditionnally assign a new value to pixels of a raster image?

Given a topographic GIS raster of one country crop.tif: Given a know pixel value such as elevation (z) is +73 : $ gdallocationinfo crop.tif 1 1 -valonly > 73 Given an elevation threshold n = 50 ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

In ArcMap 10.2, exporting raster as .tif with “use renderer” and “force RGB” still produces inaccurate colors

I have a DEM and my aim is to change its color ramp using ArcMap, then export this colored raster as a geotiff (8 bit). I checked "use renderer" and "force RGB" options but the results are not good (...
18
votes
2answers
14k views

Clipping a raster in R

I am building a map for the northeastern U.S.A. The map background needs to be either an altitude map or a mean annual temperature map. I have two rasters from Worldclim.org which give me these ...
17
votes
2answers
25k views

Joining several raster files using QGIS?

I'm new to QGIS. How can I combine multiple raster layers into one layer? The raster images are of different areas with very little overlap. The goal is to bring numerous town plats into one ...
16
votes
4answers
43k views

Extract Raster Value into Polygon Attribute

I have Raster Data for a State which has Elevation Data in its pixels. I also have Vector layer which has the 300 divisions of State. what I need is, I want to get the average elevation value of ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

How to reproject a raster file in QGIS with datum transformation?

I want to reproject a tiff raster file from projection A (ETRS89/UTM Zone 32) to projection B (DHDN/Gauss-Kruger zone 2). The two projections have a different datum so I have to use a datum ...
9
votes
3answers
7k views

How to find the locations of the highest values in a raster?

Using ArcGIS 10, I have a raster where I would like to find the pixel with the maximum value in the raster and return its location (center of pixel) in decimal degrees. I would like to iterate through ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Checking if polygon fits inside another polygon using ArcGIS or QGIS?

How do I check if one polygon fits inside another polygon? Furthermore how do I automatically check if one polygon fits in other polygons of my shapefile? I have a shapefile with thousands of ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Clip raster layer with *raster* mask layer in QGIS

Given two input layers 1. The clip layer - an arbitrary layer (though in my case it's a float 1 band geotiff) 2. The mask layer - a paletted raster in which every pixel is either NO DATA or a single "...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to Iterate through Bands of Raster using ArcGIS 10.1 ModelBuilder?

I have a large number of rasters with 3 bands (R,G,B). What I want to do is add all 3 bands of each raster together to end up with a single band image with the summed R,G,B values in each pixel but I'...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

Reclassify raster values of 9999 to NoData, leaving all other values alone, in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster in ArcGIS which has a number of cells with the values 9999, showing that the data could not be generated for that cell. I want to convert all of these 9999 values to NoData, so that ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Identify Polygons on raster image

I have OS street view mapping as raster images. Is it possible (without the obvious of tracing each dwelling) to identify all polygons on each tile. To clarify, My ultimate aim is to produce a ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

r - increase speed of crop, mask, & extract raster by many polygons

I'm extracting the area and percent cover of different land use types from a raster based on several thousand polygon boundaries. I've found that the extract function works much faster if I iterate ...
14
votes
10answers
32k views

Get boundary of raster image as polygon in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a rectangular raster image in ArcGIS. My question is: how can I produce a polygon which is just the extent of the raster image? That is, I want to have a polygon layer with a single ...
10
votes
1answer
526 views

How do I randomly alter a raster map of habitat types?

I have a raster of habitat types for a specific area in Scotland. I need to create future habitat scenarios with changes in habitat to assess the population viability of a bird species. For example, ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Assigning RGB values from Geotiff image to LiDAR data, using R

I have given a Geotiff image and its corresponding Lidar data (x,y,z) in UTM coordinates. I need to merge the Lidar data with the RGB values from the image. That means, at the end, I need to plot (...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

How to resample GeoTIFF images to the same resolution?

I have two geotiff images that I would like to resample the same resolution. If I use ArcGIS this would be easy to do. But using QGIS I don't know how to do this. Some help will be very appreciate. ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Finding minimum bounding extent of given pixel value within raster?

I am wondering if there is a way to find the minimum bounding extent for a raster with a particular value. I clipped a raster from a global image and the extent is set as the global extent with a lot ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

ArcGIS - make linear regression across multiple raster layers

I have a series of 5 rasters which represent a value for 5 consecutive years. Is there a way to create a linear regression for each cell over the 5 layers and output the slope? The result would be a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Get a pixel value

How can i do this operation: I want to get a pixel value fro the satellite image (Landat, GeoTIFF, 7 bands) using qgis-python. What operators should i use? (for example in qgis's Python Console)
5
votes
4answers
6k views

Measuring area of raster classes?

Are there any tools or methods in ArcMap that can measure the area of each level of the kernel density output? Note this is just a kernel density plot (not a shape file or polygon). Kernel Density ...
13
votes
6answers
6k views

Get Raster Values from a Polygon Overlay in Opensource GIS Solutions

I have two layers. A polygon-shape-layer with many tiles and a raster-layer containing CORINE 2006 land cover with many categories in a colourmap. I want to obtain for each polygon in the shapelayer a ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

How to calculate average slope in a grid?

This is actually a two part question: Which methods are there to calculate average slope by unit (say km²) for a given area? Are there any special requirements on the data - like additional ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Quantum GIS and ECW images?

How might I enable Quantum GIS to read ECW imagery? At the moment I'm mostly concerned about this on Ubuntu 10.4 amd64, but I also use WinXP & Win7.
5
votes
4answers
4k views

Clip raster using shapefile into multiple rasters using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster file representing a large area and a shapefile of 30 polygons representing watersheds. I would like to clip the raster with the shapefile to create 30 rasters representing each ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Reclassify rasters using GDAL and Python

Using @SS_Rebelious very useful answer, I am trying to reclassify rasters using GDAL and Python. I have a grayscale raster (with values ranging from 0 to 255) and I want to reclassify it to a binary ...