Collecting and interpreting information about the environment and the surface of the earth from a distance, primarily by sensing radiation that is naturally emitted or reflected by the earth's surface or from the atmosphere, or by sensing signals transmitted from a device and reflected back to it.

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28 views

Is there any comprehensive book or online instruction on image segmentation techniques?

I'm looking for a source to learn theoretical basis of image segmentation techniques thoroughly. The desirable book, or other kinds of source you may know, should cover the techniques that are more ...
4
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1answer
39 views

Determining the best month for discriminating between different vegetation types?

I ordered and downloaded several (Surface Reflectance) Landsat 5-8 images from USGS Earth Explorer with the purpose of choosing a few of them to calculate some Vegetation Indices for each (NDVI, SAVI, ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Why does the resolution decrease with increasing incidence angle in the Sentinel-1 SAR sattelite

On this link (Sentinel1 webpage for a SLC product), the resolution is written as a range from the highest corresponding to low incidence angle, to the lowest resolution corresponding to high incidence ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Why does the peak of a mountain appear bright on Radar images

Why does the top of a mountain appear bright on a SAR (radar) image. I know that the peak of a mountain is subject to a layover effect, thus appearing closer on the radar image than the bottom part of ...
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0answers
16 views

Is this terminology I'm using is suitable for the field spatial analysis of time series?

I'm going to apply time series concepts to an satellite image, but instead of using time data located on the 'X' axis, I want to use spatial variations on that axis. In addition, the 'Y' axis keeps ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Difference between a spectroradiometer and multispectral sensor

Let's take as an example of a spectroradiometer MODIS, and as an example of a multispectral sensor the Landsat8 (OLI). What is the difference between these two sensors? Should we compare a ...
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1answer
31 views

Does satellite imagery have a unique azimuth for each of its spectral bands?

Does satellite imagery have a unique azimuth for each of its spectral bands? Is it right to say that if a sensor has 8 spectral bands, then it may have 8 different azimuth angle?
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0answers
27 views

Enhancing/smoothing Landsat 8 image using ArcGIS Online?

I understand that Landsat 8 is 30m resolution, but is there any technique that can be used to smooth/enhance the NDVI or Agriculture Landsat layers in an ArcGIS Online (AGOL) web map? I have adjusted ...
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1answer
33 views

Extracting Data from Raster based on Aspect Raster file

I have 2 rasters, ones shows aspect and another shows date of snow thaw. I want to extract the date of snow melt based on values from the aspect raster. For example I want all the snow thaw dates from ...
2
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0answers
19 views

Important to perform atmospheric correction when attempting to identify coral reefs?

I want to identify coral reefs using multi-temporal Landsat data and Lyzenga's Transformation method. In relation to pre-processing the image, should atmospheric correction be done or not? If not, ...
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0answers
14 views

Difference in the definition of the radiometric resolution between a SAR and an optical sensor

Why is the definition of Radiometric resolution in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) different from its simple definition in optical sensors (although both products are images in a numerical format or ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Can a satellite go over the same area in different passes overtime

Can a sun-synchronous satellite (let's consider Sentinel-1) go over the same place, one time in an ascending pass and the next time (or few times after) in a descending pass?
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0answers
22 views

What does “Information [18]: Select at least one signature” in the semi automatic classification plugin mean?

I am using the semi automatic classification plug in to classify vegetation and water in a satellite image. I create training shp and signature list. When i hit "classification preview" it gives me ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Reading Synthetic Aperture Radar raster images using python

Is it possible to read and modify Synthetic Aperture Radar raster images using python? gdal is not able to understand their Type which is Binary (application/octet-stream). One can find sample radar ...
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0answers
16 views

What's the relationship between visibility and reflectance?

I'm having a problem with the atmospheric correction of remote sensing images. Until now I believed that increasing the visibility (or decreasing AOD) resulted in an increase in reflectance but now ...
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0answers
19 views

Geometric correction using topographic maps?

I am researching LULC change detection using Landsat 7 etm + image in 2000 and Landsat 8 image in 2014. Both are L1T images. Do I need to do geometric correction using topographic map for my study ...
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0answers
39 views

DEM input problem using ARCSI Landsat 8 batch processing

I'm trying to use ARCSI in Linux to process a batch of Landsat 8 images. I'm using the arcsibuildcmdslist.py to build the arcsi.py final command. I'm having problems in the input DEM ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Get resolution and whether right/left looking from sentinel metadata

Is it possible in Sentinel hub products to know the resolution of the product and whether the SAR was right or left looking at the scene? I know that it's possible to know if the SAR was operating in ...
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0answers
52 views

What kind of raster mosaicking to use in land cover analysis

I have to mosaic two rasters (Landsat ETM+ scenes) to one single image and then analyse its land cover. Which option to use to avoid seeing a distinct line in the place where two different ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Is atmospheric correction necessary when working with multi-spectral indexes?

When you are working with Landsat Level 1 data and calculate indexes, e.g. NDVI, NDBI, SAVI ..., do you calculate them using raw data (pixel DN value), or atmospherically corrected data (surface ...
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0answers
18 views

Change detection between two Landsat scenes? [duplicate]

I want to do time series analysis and find change in NDVI. I have rasters where each pixel is represented by some value at a time. Also I have same thing but represented by points. And I would like ...
2
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2answers
71 views

Raster image thresholding using python

I would appreciate if someone could guide me for applying thresholding technique to input raster image using Python. I intend to extract impervious surfaces from a high resolution raster such as ...
2
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2answers
88 views

land Use land cover classification

I am working on Land Use/Land Cover Classification of the Hindon river(India) watershed extracted using Aster DEM. Landsat 8 scenes had been used and mosaicked for the required AOI using the Watershed ...
2
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2answers
122 views

image segmentation of RGB image by K means clustering in python

I want to segment RGB images for land cover using k means clustering in such a fashion that the different regions of the image are marked by different colors and if possible boundaries are created ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Semi Automated Classification plugin (QGIS) error when trying to create ROI

When I try to create a new ROI through Semi-Automated Classification plugin (SCP) for QGIS, I keep getting a message saying: "It appears that SciPy is not correctly installed. Please, see this page ...
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0answers
37 views

NDVI calculation using ArcGIS 10.1

i have to derive NDVI from Landsat 8 image.. I used the following equation from landsat website with band 5 and band 4 using ArcGIS 10.1 Conversion to TOA Radiance OLI and TIRS band data can be ...
2
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2answers
113 views

How to atmospherically correct Landsat 8 data?

What is a simple way to atmospherically correct Landsat 8 data using Erdas 9.3 or ArcGIS 9.3?
2
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1answer
39 views

Landsat Surface Reflectancce product Python packages

I have to work with numerous Landsat surface reflectance product that I downloaded from http://landsat.usgs.gov/CDR_LSR.php. The product comes with a QA data with information on clouds and shadows ...
3
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0answers
18 views

Should Endmembers be Normalized for Linear Unmixing?

In biological spectral microscopy, the standard in the field is to use normalized endmembers in linear unmixing algorithms. In most cases, the endmembers are normalized to the maximum value. I have ...
0
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1answer
19 views

How do you digitize an ROI in envi 5.2?

Is there a way to digitize an ROI in ENVI 5.2 that is larger than the area shown in the viewer? I'm setting up labs for an intro to RS class, and the next step is to subset the image to get rid of ...
3
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0answers
56 views

How to compute NDSI in ArcGIS for Desktop?

How do I compute a Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) in ArcGIS's Raster Calculator? I have a Landsat 8 scene (hdf4 format) that contains derived surface reflectance band-by-band. Each band is a ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Which preprocessing comes first for pansharpened imagery- atmospheric correction or orthorectification?

For pansharpened imagery, what preprocessing method to do first- is it atmospheric correction or orthorectification? From my readings, it seems the former but the rational polynomial coefficients or ...
3
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0answers
48 views

From Landsat spectral radiance (W/m2*sr*µm) to Global horizontal irradiance (W/m2) for mere mortals

We are working in a solar energy project to locate potential sites for solar panel farms. We are using the Landsat 7 panchromatic band to derive radiance with GRASS using i.landsat.toar (W/m2*sr*µm ...
0
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1answer
26 views

comparison of atmopsheric correction methods

I have noticed that dos methods for atmospheric corrections are in the section of radiometric correction (i.toar) on grass gis.Does that means that dos is a method doing radiometric and atmospheric ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Performing image segmentation in QGIS?

I have been trying to learn to work with QGIS (open-source GIS software) through some tutorials available online for classification of image for land cover. These tutorials used a dataset from Landsat ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Image formats to use for land cover classification in Python? [duplicate]

I am supposed to classify images for different land covers or land uses in Python. I read somewhere that the spectral module of Python is required to do the processing of Hyperspectral image data. ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Calculating climatological albedo using MODIS satellite images?

My question is based on the paper Using NOAA AVHRR and SPOT VGT data to estimate surface parameters: application to a mesoscale meteorological model. The authors have calculated albedo, surface ...
1
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2answers
66 views

Is it possible to split a picture taken with a regular digital camera into real spectral RGB channels?

I have no idea how the sensors inside a camera work. I know I can take jpeg and separate the R, G and B channels but I have no idea whether these channels are the real red, blue and green in visible ...
0
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0answers
84 views

Identifying dwellings/homes from imagery using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a task where I need to identify dwellings/homes on property lots. The data that I have is an aerial image of the town, cadastre/property boundaries, land tenure information and land-use. I ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to convert GOES-R (15) IR image from gray-scale to brightness temprature

How do I convert satellite IR images taken by GOES-R (15) from gray-scale to brightness temperature? We can download the IR satellite images, and read its RGBA values. But how can we convert this RGBA ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Understanding InSAR interferometry?

I understand that the result of InSAR interferometry yields a LoS deformation and if deformation in the vertical or horizontal is to be computed, it should require additional gps observations at the ...
3
votes
3answers
143 views

Atmospheric correction for pansharpened imagery?

In converting DN values to radiance as well as reflectance, do we use the same equations in raw satellite imagery for pansharpened products? I saw this DigitalGlobe technical note for DN to radiance ...
1
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0answers
52 views

SRTM DEM and satellite DEM fusion

I have a SRTM DEM and a DEM derived from satellite (Cartosat). Both the DEMs are registered perfectly. Now I want to carry out a DEM 'fusion' process to derive a higher quality output DEM. I am not ...
0
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0answers
26 views

I am looking for Thermal IR Photography with 1 m resolution?

I am looking for thermal IR photography with 1m resolution? It needs to be recent or maybe a company in western Canada that can fly a mission like this. Satellite or flown photos both work, I am just ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

STATION_ID of satellite images

My question might be simple but can someone explain to me the importance of STATION_ID to satellite images?If the sensor is the same(e.g landsat TM) for 2 images but the STATION_ID is different (MLK ...
1
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0answers
21 views

LULC using SAR data

I have a Geocoded SAR data with me. I have to perform LULC classification. I have been given a shapefile (vector data) with the different LULC categories of the region. The region is mainly composed ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

What is NIR LiDAR?

Can LiDAR sensors collect near-infrared (NIR) data at the same time or does there need to be a separate NIR camera that is combined with the LiDAR data after collection? Blue Marble makes reference ...
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0answers
47 views

Effects of heterogeneous vegetation in mapping canopy cover using randomForest in R

I have a 5.8 m resolution satellite image (LISS IV by IRS-P6, in bands 4, 3 and 2) of a densely forested region in the Eastern Himalayas. My objective is to predict regions of canopy cover. Regions of ...
1
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1answer
56 views

The stability of randomForest models after increasing predictor variables

With reference to the posts: Incorporating terrain data to predict canopy cover using randomForest in R and Random-Forest Classification of 10cm Imagery for species-distribution in R (no point-shapes) ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Incorporating terrain data to predict canopy cover using randomForest in R

This is a subjective question. Thank you bearing with me. I have a 5.8 m resolution satellite image (LISS IV by IRS-P6, in bands 4, 3 and 2) of a densely forested region in the Eastern Himalayas. My ...