Collecting and interpreting information about the environment and the surface of the earth from a distance, primarily by sensing radiation that is naturally emitted or reflected by the earth's surface or from the atmosphere, or by sensing signals transmitted from a device and reflected back to it.

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2
votes
2answers
644 views

Remove clumps of pixels in R

I would like to remove isolated pixels (or clumps of pixels <9) from my raster image. library(raster) # create some raster data r <- raster(ncols=12, nrows=12) set.seed(0) r[] <- round(runif(...
3
votes
1answer
818 views

How to write every raster from a list of rasters?

I have created a list of rasters - "norm" and run a several loops. Now I would like to write every created raster from "norm" (containing 1 layer) into one raster, having its specific name. # I can ...
0
votes
3answers
240 views

Automated Forest Change Detection

Using two different time of images in the same places. Can i develop an automated change detection for forest area? What / which are the suitable software to used?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How to import multiple stacked raster images in R?

I have (I suppose) wery easy and silly question but I can´t really find my answer... I would like to import all multiple mosaic rasters (each mosaic is composed by 7 layers) from indicated folder into ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

ENVI: Postclassification, remove pixels of certain size

I did a classification over multiple Landsat imagery in ENVI 5.1, which turned out not too bad (ice and snow in Cyan in the picture below). Now I am about to do a postclassification to filter out ...
2
votes
2answers
280 views

Java packages for landsat 8 processing?

I am looking for the same packages as outlined in this question - Are there Python packages for Landsat 8 processing? except that I want these in Java. Any Open Source packages out there that can do ...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

atmospheric correction in ENVI 5.1

I want to perform atmospheric correction on Landsat 8 images in ENVI 5.1. In order to create radiance image, I selected basic tools> preprocessing> calibration utilities> Landsat calibration. However, ...
9
votes
2answers
596 views

Methodology for Hansen classification of Global Forest Watch?

I have just discovered amazing Hansen´s classification about forest loss and re-growth, available at http://www.globalforestwatch.org/, published in Science, 2013 as: Hansen, M. C., Potapov, P. V, ...
1
vote
0answers
652 views

How to create model maker NDBI indice using Landsat 8?

I'm having trouble making the model for NDBI (custom made in ERDAS 9.2) using Landsat 8 image? As a result of running the model I'm getting a white image.
2
votes
1answer
280 views

How to interpret Tasseled Cap Greenness for Landsat 5?

I have amassed a few promising literature articles, and looked at the help files for ENVI, ArcMap and PCI, and no one really goes into great depth on how to interpret spectral values for Tasseled Cap ...
7
votes
2answers
402 views

Retrieving heights of buildings using remotely sensed data (except lidar)

How can I get the height values of buildings from a certain sector a city without going into the field to collect data? Is there anyway to do via satellite imagery, SRTM, ASTER GDEM or any DEM for ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Remote Sensing Indices for urban expansion

Apart from NDBI, could you name a few indices for urban expansion? I have done some search on google but haven't found anything that could help me. Perhaps, What I'm interested is also: road/...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Landsat TM, ETM+: what are radiometric calibration coefficient of each sensor to convert DN to radiance

The Landsat TM Image data that comes with zipped folder contains metadata text file in which all necessary information have been written. In order to further process that data, first DN to radiance ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

MODIS product MCD43A3 stating 16 periodicity but when downloadad I have files every 8 days

I'm downloading the MODIS derived Albedo 16-Day L3 Global 500 m resolution product. I expected to have a dataset for dates every 16 days. Instead I have datasets every 8 days as can be seen in the ...
1
vote
0answers
278 views

Asking linear regression between NDVI and LST using ENVI

Here I have a problem to calculate a linear regression. I Have two images of NDVI and LST derived from Landsat 8 and want to calculate the linear regression for between them obtaining the dry edge and ...
7
votes
0answers
263 views

Frontal Detection of sst & Chlorophyll image

I am working on sea surface temperature satellite images and looking for delineating gradients in open source on the basis of temperature. Is there any tool like Cayula and Cornillon front detection ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Band Issues in Quickbird Satellite data

I procure data from DigitalGlobe (Quickbird Satellite data) for different periods hence data having some different band combination. I have attached an example image to show the problem. I am looking ...
10
votes
1answer
235 views

Automated detection of tracks

Given an area with depressions in open area from; say all terrain vehicles driving on soft surface. The vehicles will cause parallel depressions (paths) of about 10-20 centimeters in depth and around ...
1
vote
1answer
222 views

Which DOS method use to convert at-sensor radiance to at-surface values in GRASS (landsat data, i.landsat.toar modul)?

I am trying to calculate surface reflectance values from raw Landsat DN data downloaded from GLOVIS. I have imported Landsat data in GRASS 6 with header by i.landsat.import and reprojected the scene ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Spectral Signature Extraction using landsat 7 and MODIS

I am working on differentiating cocoa plants from other vegetation types using 4 epoch bwt 1980-2010. I need to extract the spectral signature for cocoa plants and other known features. I plan using ...
5
votes
1answer
396 views

Identify shadow on Landsat image by Hillshade Tool (spatial analysis) in ArcGIS?

I would like to automaticaly identify shadows on Landsat scene in mountaineus area using Hillshade Tool (ArcGIS 10.1). I have 1 Landsat image from one date DEM (SRTM) from the same area To create ...
2
votes
2answers
519 views

Classification, Change detection and NDVI Using (landsat2 MSS), (landsat5 TM), (Landsat7 ETM+) and (Landsat8 OLI)

I have 5 Landsat images for the same study area. One of them in 1975 (Landsat 2 MSS), two in 1985 and 1995 (Landsat 5 TM) and one in 2005 (Landsat 7 ETM+) and the last one in 2014 (Landsat8 OLI). I ...
5
votes
0answers
143 views

How do I open MOD17A3 in ENVI such that it is properly georeferenced?

I am using ENVI 5.1 on Windows 8. I am trying to open a MOD17A3 (MODIS Net Primary Productivity standard product - L4) .hdf file which I downloaded from the USGS website. I am still a beginner at ENVI,...
7
votes
3answers
788 views

How to easily identify/classify coniferous forest from one date Landsat image?

I am pretty new in remote sensing and I am trying to identify/classify coniferous forest cover from single date Landsat scene. According to my preliminary web research I have these possibilities: ...
4
votes
3answers
746 views

Is there a FTP to get Landsat images?

I need to automatically fetch Landsat images and for that it would be handy to access a ftp with images available. Does such ftp exist? Can I access it? Ultimately I want to get cloudless images.
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Extracting tree crown areas from remote sensing data (visual images and LiDAR)

I am looking for a method to process a remote sensing image and extract the crown areas of the individual trees from the image. I have both visual wavelength areal imagery, and lidar data from the ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Satellites to retrieve UV bands

I want to retrieve some satellite images with UV bands,Bun I don't know which satellites are providing UV bands and We can freely download them? I have already downloaded Modis and Landsat images,But ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is TOA reflectance in floating point or DN? [closed]

After converting at radiance to TOA reflectance,is going to be in DN or floating point.
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How to load two images in ENVI 5.1?

I am using ENVI 5.1 and when I use the Data Manager to load several images and if I want to load two adjacent images, why would one of them load and the other doesn't?. Am I missing something here ?
2
votes
1answer
816 views

How to create NDVI map From LiDAR intensity and RGB image

I am new with GIS and I've been looking for ways on how I could create a NDVI map from LiDAR intensity and RGB image. Is there any way I could do this? I have read that you could create an intensity ...
2
votes
3answers
111 views

Determining surface that reflectance curve matches?

I was wondering to what surface that reflectance curve belongs? It is definetely no water or snow since their reflectance drops at a much smaller wavelength. I was thinking about a dense cloud but ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

TIMESAT Land cover class

Is it possible to monitor phenology of only 2 land cover classes in TIMESAT? Example is corn and wheat for 7 years. Sowing structure of this crops changes every year, i.e. their location on an image ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What is an inexpensive way to map underground Utilities, like pipes, gas lines and telephone lines

I just got hired on to a small local government i am sill learning the ropes as a GIS Analyst. What is an inexpensive way to map underground Utilities, like pipes, gas lines and telephone lines? What ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Classifying type of land use each spectral represents from remote sensed data?

How do you know the type of land use each spectral represents from an remote sensed data into a classification ? Which classification is the most typical to use when doing that ? How many ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How to create my own remote sensing index?

Using Landsat images how do I create my own indices to extract particular landuse? Are there any tool/ software for creating indices?
5
votes
1answer
281 views

Why does Landsat 8 panchromatic band NOT include the infrared?

The panchromatic band on Landsat 8 OLI sensor (band 8) covers a narrower portion of the spectrum than the corresponding band in Landsat 7 ETM+: 0.50 - 0.68 micrometers (L8 OLI) in contrast to 0.52 - 0....
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Obtaining free satellite imagery for Australian floods?

How can I obtain free satellite imagery for Australia? I want to find the extend of flood in specific time. I have already tried land-sat.But unfortunately there is no data available for that specific ...
4
votes
2answers
402 views

Why use feature extraction?

Why is feature extraction important? Why do we have to reduce the feature space? Is it only a computational problem when we use hyperspectral imagery or does this procedure improve the ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Feature extraction in remote sensing! [closed]

Which are the most common features in order to perform a supervised classification in remote sensing? Furthermore anyone worked with SAR features? Which are the most commonly used? Can anybody suggest ...
1
vote
0answers
211 views

Retrieving Aerosol Optical Depth (AOT) from Landsat multispectral data

I need to retrieve Aerosol Optical Depth from Landsat multispectral datasets. Has anyone successfully tried something like that before?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Pixel-based and object-based classification!

I would like to understand if pixel-based classification algorithm (e.g. Maximum Likelihood classification ) can be used for object-based classification (i.e. after a segmentation procedure). On the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

what's the difference between spectral signature and features in remote sensing?

I would like to understand if is there any difference or relation between spectral signature concept and features in remote sensing?
0
votes
2answers
129 views

How convert a Modis hdf to txt with lat long using a command line

I need convert, from command line, an Modis hdf file to txt with lat/long extracting EVI. Thanks
2
votes
0answers
461 views

How to Normalize or rescale the NDVI raster image

I have processed my landsat band 3 and band 4 of different years to derive NDVI values the possible values of Normalized difference vegetation index is -1.0 to +1.0. The bands were atmospherically ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Masking clouds with Fmask

I have been trying to mask clouds with the quality control band with landsat 8 imagery. The problem I continue to run into is that the quality control bands mistake tops of buildings and concrete as ...
2
votes
1answer
468 views

Python script for dark object subtraction on Landsat 8 Imagery

Does anyone know of any python scripts that will allow me to conduct such a process? I am limited to open source software and have minor experience in Python.
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How to avoid background zero values in erdas imagine model maker? [duplicate]

Does anyone know how to avoid background black color/ zero value in background pixels in processed images using erdas imagine? Particularly in model maker. It's confusing in statistical calculation.
2
votes
1answer
499 views

Workflow of Processing Landsat data for landcover classification

I have downloaded Landsat-8 data to make a land-use raster. So far I've made a composite image and clipped it by my study area. As you can see, there is some slight cloud cover. I've gone ahead and ...
5
votes
0answers
627 views

QGIS 2.4.0-Chugiak: How to threshold NDVI to calculate emissivity for land surface temperature

I am analysing urban heat island using thermal band 6 of landsat TM-5 sensor with respect to Normalized difference vegetation index that derived from the Band 3(Red) and Band 4(NIR). Lansat TM years ...
3
votes
0answers
473 views

Single Tree detection

I was wondering how I could extract "crown area" of single trees in a forest from a high-resolution image with only 3 band (RGB) in ArcMap. ( No NIR to use NDVI as any threshold). I need a fast easy-...