Collecting and interpreting information about the environment and the surface of the earth from a distance, primarily by sensing radiation that is naturally emitted or reflected by the earth's surface or from the atmosphere, or by sensing signals transmitted from a device and reflected back to it.

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16
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10answers
8k views

What is the best open source software package for Remote Sensing?

Here are many questions with great answers about open source GIS software. I am wondering, what is the best open source software package for Remote Sensing? I would like to learn it and to use in my ...
4
votes
4answers
133 views

Extracting tree crown areas from remote sensing data (visual images and LiDAR)

I am looking for a method to process a remote sensing image and extract the crown areas of the individual trees from the image. I have both visual wavelength areal imagery, and lidar data from the ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Which DOS method use to convert at-sensor radiance to at-surface values in GRASS (landsat data, i.landsat.toar modul)?

I am trying to calculate surface reflectance values from raw Landsat DN data downloaded from GLOVIS. I have imported Landsat data in GRASS 6 with header by i.landsat.import and reprojected the scene ...
7
votes
0answers
69 views

Automated detection of tracks

Given an area with depressions in open area from; say all terrain vehicles driving on soft surface. The vehicles will cause parallel depressions (paths) of about 10-20 centimeters in depth and around ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Asking linear regression between NDVI and LST using ENVI

Here I have a problem to calculate a linear regression. I Have two images of NDVI and LST derived from Landsat 8 and want to calculate the linear regression for between them obtaining the dry edge and ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Band Issues in Quickbird Satellite data

I procure data from DigitalGlobe (Quickbird Satellite data) for different periods hence data having some different band combination. I have attached an example image to show the problem. I am looking ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Best source for high-resolution satellite images free/low-cost?

I am doing a household survey in Kenya, and I need to ensure that my survey team visits every house within a given area. I've been going to google maps and right-clicking on roofs to get coordinates ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How is Canada Vector Data (CanVec) hydrology data collected and updated?

Canada is vast and collecting any geographic data must be a monumental task. Natural Resources Canada provides a free access to a comprehensive Canada-wide topographic data now refereed to as CanVec ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Spectral Signature Extraction using landsat 7 and MODIS

I am working on differentiating cocoa plants from other vegetation types using 4 epoch bwt 1980-2010. I need to extract the spectral signature for cocoa plants and other known features. I plan using ...
9
votes
1answer
210 views

Most Effective Format to Manage Aerial Photography for Viewing Only

What is the most effective format to manage aerial photography for viewing in ArcGIS? I manage several datasets of Aerial Photography at a few different companies. I have backups of the original ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Applying pixel reliability mask to time series MOD13Q1

I am working with a 23-band GEOTiff in which each band is a 16-day MVC MODIS NDVI image. The MODIS .hdfs include a "pixel reliability" image with the following values: [-1]: Fill/No Data-Not ...
3
votes
1answer
432 views

How to build a confusion matrix for image classification using SAGA or QGIS?

I did a supervised classification of a Landsat image subset using my training data polygons. I used SAGA GIS for that and everything worked out fine. Now I am stuck since I have no clue how to ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Identify shadow on Landsat image by Hillshade Tool (spatial analysis) in ArcGIS?

I would like to automaticaly identify shadows on Landsat scene in mountaineus area using Hillshade Tool (ArcGIS 10.1). I have 1 Landsat image from one date DEM (SRTM) from the same area To create ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

How do I open MOD17A3 in ENVI such that it is properly georeferenced?

I am using ENVI 5.1 on Windows 8. I am trying to open a MOD17A3 (MODIS Net Primary Productivity standard product - L4) .hdf file which I downloaded from the USGS website. I am still a beginner at ...
2
votes
1answer
400 views

Failed to create signature file

I need some help, because I've no clue how solve this issue the exercise that I'm trying to perform. The point where I'm stuck is 4. "Create signature file as LandsatCompS.sgs". I've done what it ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Calculating NDVI using Landsat ETM+ band values

I have sample points (shape file converted from a .xls file which contains XY coordinates,nnx,nny and canopy density) and a landsat etm+ image. First I applied 'SpatialAnalyst Tools>Extraction ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

Cloud Removal from Landsat Data

I'm trying to remove clouds from Landsat 5,7 and 8 data. I'm also trying to do this using only open source options, avoiding ArcGIS. I'm familiar with python and have some QGIS experience. Originally, ...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

Is there a FTP to get Landsat images?

I need to automatically fetch Landsat images and for that it would be handy to access a ftp with images available. Does such ftp exist? Can I access it? Ultimately I want to get cloudless images. ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

How to easily identify/classify coniferous forest from one date Landsat image?

I am pretty new in remote sensing and I am trying to identify/classify coniferous forest cover from single date Landsat scene. According to my preliminary web research I have these possibilities: ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

How to create NDVI map From LiDAR intensity and RGB image

I am new with GIS and I've been looking for ways on how I could create a NDVI map from LiDAR intensity and RGB image. Is there any way I could do this? I have read that you could create an intensity ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Satellites to retrieve UV bands

I want to retrieve some satellite images with UV bands,Bun I don't know which satellites are providing UV bands and We can freely download them? I have already downloaded Modis and Landsat images,But ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Is TOA reflectance in floating point or DN? [closed]

After converting at radiance to TOA reflectance,is going to be in DN or floating point.
0
votes
2answers
19 views

How to load two images in ENVI 5.1?

I am using ENVI 5.1 and when I use the Data Manager to load several images and if I want to load two adjacent images, why would one of them load and the other doesn't?. Am I missing something here ?
1
vote
2answers
151 views

Programmatically Downloading Landsat Images

There was a very similar question to this one here , but it specified Landsat 8 images; I'd just like to be able to download ANY landsat images, given latitude and longitudes as inputs. Just wanted ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Open Source Alternatives to ERDAS IMAGINE ATCOR?

I have been using ERDAS IMAGINE's ATCOR extension for ATmospheric CORrection of ASTER imagery. What opensource options exist for atmospheric correction of ASTER Level 1B products? I'm primarily ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

What reflectance curve

I was wondering to what surface that reflectance curve belongs. It is definetely no water or snow since their reflectance drops at a much smaller wavelength. I was thinking about a dense cloud but the ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Handling mountain shadows when classifying Landsat 8

I'm trying to classify some area in northern Mongolia using Landsat 8 satellite images from 2013. Since the recordings were made in winter, the sun is very low at the acquisition time. Therefore there ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

TIMESAT Land cover class

Is it possible to monitor phenology of only 2 land cover classes in TIMESAT? Example is corn and wheat for 7 years. Sowing structure of this crops changes every year, i.e. their location on an image ...
1
vote
3answers
116 views

Pixel-based and object-based classification!

I would like to understand if pixel-based classification algorithm (e.g. Maximum Likelihood classification ) can be used for object-based classification (i.e. after a segmentation procedure). On the ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What is an inexpensive way to map underground Utilities, like pipes, gas lines and telephone lines

I just got hired on to a small local government i am sill learning the ropes as a GIS Analyst. What is an inexpensive way to map underground Utilities, like pipes, gas lines and telephone lines? What ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a way to automate the preprocessing of LANDSAT data?

I'm currently enrolled in a remotesensing course, using LANDSAT data. Part of my course is about standardizing the scenes based on radiance values. I assume that because this is such a tedious task, ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Feature extraction in remote sensing!

Which are the most common features in order to perform a supervised classification in remote sensing? Furthermore anyone worked with SAR features? Which are the most commonly used? Can anybody suggest ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Classifying type of land use each spectral represents from remote sensed data?

How do you know the type of land use each spectral represents from an remote sensed data into a classification ? Which classification is the most typical to use when doing that ? How many ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

MODIS L1B to Reflectance

Could we convert MODIS L1B to reflectance data rather than using data product MOD09 (7 bands)? If can, may I know how to convert it? Is there any source, published paper, forums, or any modeler (.gmd) ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How convert a Modis hdf to txt with lat long using a command line

I need convert, from command line, an Modis hdf file to txt with lat/long extracting EVI. Thanks
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Maintaining spatial integrity of Matlab matrix with missing data

I am working with MODIS Terra imagery (MOD13Q1). I am currently trying to compute the autocorrelation structure of the pixels in an MODIS NDVI raster. The problem is that I have clipped the original ...
-1
votes
1answer
23 views

How to create my own remote sensing index?

Using Landsat images how do I create my own indices to extract particular landuse? Are there any tool/ software for creating indices?
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Why does Landsat 8 panchromatic band NOT include the infrared?

The panchromatic band on Landsat 8 OLI sensor (band 8) covers a narrower portion of the spectrum than the corresponding band in Landsat 7 ETM+: 0.50 - 0.68 micrometers (L8 OLI) in contrast to 0.52 - ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Obtaining free satellite imagery for Australian floods?

How can I obtain free satellite imagery for Australia? I want to find the extend of flood in specific time. I have already tried land-sat.But unfortunately there is no data available for that specific ...
6
votes
1answer
374 views

Methods of cloud shadow detection for Landsat data?

Detecting clouds doesn't seem to be much of a problem, rather the challenge is in selecting cloud-shadow classes that don't also include coastal areas, agriculture, etc. For a project I'm working on, ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Map accuracy assessment by moving window in R

I would like to make an accuracy assessment using a confusion matrix between classified Landsat image and reference dataset. Maps have the same resolution and extent. I would like to evaluate the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Moisture Interpretation from Landsat Images

I am working on a "land suitability for crop" project. Can anyone let me know how to get any type of information which can be related to moisture index of soil? I have Landsat 5 data with band 3 and ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Why use feature extraction?

Why is feature extraction important? Why do we have to reduce the feature space? Is it only a computational problem when we use hyperspectral imagery or does this procedure improve the ...
6
votes
2answers
134 views

what's the difference between spectral signature and features in remote sensing?

I would like to understand if is there any difference or relation between spectral signature concept and features in remote sensing?
5
votes
3answers
216 views

How to generalize training data for a random forest classifier?

I am working with a random forest classifier in eCognition (new with eCognition 9.0). The image shows 8 NAIP tiles I am attempting to classify using approximately 100 training points. The training ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Dark Object Subtraction QGIS

I'm trying to do Dark Object Subtraction (DOS) for a Spot2 and 4. I have calculated the TOA reflectance and now want to get the at surface reflectance. Using QGIS I would like to know how I can do ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Retrieving Aerosol Optical Depth (AOT) from Landsat multispectral data

I need to retrieve Aerosol Optical Depth from Landsat multispectral datasets. Has anyone successfully tried something like that before?
1
vote
0answers
70 views

How to Normalize or rescale the NDVI raster image

I have processed my landsat band 3 and band 4 of different years to derive NDVI values the possible values of Normalized difference vegetation index is -1.0 to +1.0. The bands were atmospherically ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Masking clouds with Fmask

I have been trying to mask clouds with the quality control band with landsat 8 imagery. The problem I continue to run into is that the quality control bands mistake tops of buildings and concrete as ...
9
votes
1answer
307 views

How to produce high-resolution DEMs from new Sentinel-1 data?

This is a general question relating to the new Sentinel-1 data. I'm interested in the potential for using this data to create high resolution DEMs in GIS (I use QGIS), to investigate archaeological ...