Collecting and interpreting information about the environment and the surface of the earth from a distance, primarily by sensing radiation that is naturally emitted or reflected by the earth's surface or from the atmosphere, or by sensing signals transmitted from a device and reflected back to it.

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12
votes
3answers
4k views

Land Cover Feature Extraction from Satellite Imagery

I'm interested in a low-cost or open source solution for creating land cover GIS layers that utilize both spectral and textural extraction algorithms. I have used PCI Geomatica, ENVI, and Feature ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

free GIS software that can orthorectify?

Would someone care to recommend a free and/or open source GIS application that can orthorectify map images?
21
votes
5answers
4k views

What is Change Detection and how I can perform such analysis with open source tools?

From wikipedia page: Change detection for GIS (geographical information systems) is a process that measures how the attributes of a particular area have changed between two or more time periods. ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

How to fill gaps in SLC-Off Landsat 7 ETM+ Images with QGIS?

Explanation of the problem: On 31 May 2003 the Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) sensor had a failure of the Scan Line Corrector (SLC). Since that time all Landsat ETM+ images have had ...
19
votes
7answers
3k views

Machine Learning Algorithms for Land Classification

I am interested in learning what software exists for land classification using machine learning algorithms (e.g. k-NN, Random Forest, decision trees, etc.) I am aware of the randomForest package in R ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a way to automate the preprocessing of LANDSAT data?

I'm currently enrolled in a remotesensing course, using LANDSAT data. Part of my course is about standardizing the scenes based on radiance values. I assume that because this is such a tedious task, ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Open Source Alternatives to ERDAS IMAGINE ATCOR?

I have been using ERDAS IMAGINE's ATCOR extension for ATmospheric CORrection of ASTER imagery. What opensource options exist for atmospheric correction of ASTER Level 1B products? I'm primarily ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Moisture Interpretation from Landsat Images

I am working on a "land suitability for crop" project. Can anyone let me know how to get any type of information which can be related to moisture index of soil? I have Landsat 5 data with band 3 and ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Open source solutions for Landsat-8 mosaicing and correction?

I am familiar with the major commercial remote sensing packages (ENVI, IDRISI ERDAS, etc), but I haven't previously had the opportunity to utilize open-source solutions. I have a several new ...
-2
votes
1answer
162 views

MODIS LST 8 days data to have 16 days LST? [closed]

can i combinate two parameters with different Temporal Granularity , i mean can i combinate image LST MODIS 8 days with image NDVI modis 16 days??
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Extracting roads out of Landsat raster images

For a study into the expansion of road networks in the rainforest I am trying to extract roads out of Landsat images. We already have sharp and cloud-free composites on which the roads are clearly ...
3
votes
1answer
374 views

Random-Forest Classification of 10cm Imagery for species-distribution in R (no point-shapes)

I'm actually trying to classify 10cm-resolution images with the RF-package. I do this to separate some species in the forest, seen on my images. While I was searching for an answer, I found the ...
4
votes
1answer
500 views

Statistical analyses for survey against raster?

I am somewhat of a newbie to geostatistical analyses, but pretty familiar with GIS and remote sensing packages. I was wondering if anyone had suggestions on appropriate geostatistical analyses for a ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Incorporating terrain data to predict canopy cover using randomForest in R

This is a subjective question. Thank you bearing with me. I have a 5.8 m resolution satellite image (LISS IV by IRS-P6, in bands 4, 3 and 2) of a densely forested region in the Eastern Himalayas. My ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating Net Primary Production (NPP)?

When I calculate Net primary production (NPP) for a local scale, what kind of software should I use? I always use ENVI, ERDAS IMAGINE, ArcGIS for Desktop and IDRISI. Is it possible to use these ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Why does the resolution decrease with increasing incidence angle in the Sentinel-1 SAR sattelite

On this link (Sentinel1 webpage for a SLC product), the resolution is written as a range from the highest corresponding to low incidence angle, to the lowest resolution corresponding to high incidence ...
4
votes
1answer
521 views

Estimating Landsat 7 azimuth (heading)

I am trying to understand if the Landsat 7 satellite ETM+ orbit has any significant azimuth or if it could be assumed as 0° (as it is not a pointable sensor). I searched in the web but could not find ...
1
vote
2answers
901 views

Converting *.tif file into headerless (flat) binary file?

I am using NDVI files (value range -1 to +1) created from Landsat CDR images to produce a timeseries in TIMESAT software. My .tif file has following characteristics. File type TIFF,Data Type ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

Fix Landsat 7 SLC-off in ENVI?

I have a couple of Landsat 7 images and they all have striping as a result of the SLC failure. Does anyone have any suggestions as to how to destripe the image using ENVI? I plan to use these images ...
18
votes
10answers
11k views

What is the best open source software package for Remote Sensing?

Here are many questions with great answers about open source GIS software. I am wondering, what is the best open source software package for Remote Sensing? I would like to learn it and to use in my ...
14
votes
3answers
694 views

Ecological geospatial conundrum

I am looking for a different, more elegant solution to a spatial statistics problem. Raw data consists of an x-y coordinate for each individual tree (i.e. converted to a point .shp file). Although ...
13
votes
8answers
1k views

Is there a smartphone app for mobile asset logging?

I'm after a recommendation for a smartphone app (iPhone or Android) to log asset information for litter bins. I need the following features GPS geotagged photos Form with drop down menus for user ...
15
votes
3answers
899 views

Alternative vegetation indices

I have been using NDVIs with limited success to identify trees in the central Great Plains region of the USA. The problem I have been encountering is that reflectance from farm fields/pastures have ...
10
votes
5answers
8k views

Source for high-resolution satellite images free/low-cost?

I am doing a household survey in Kenya, and I need to ensure that my survey team visits every house within a given area. I've been going to google maps and right-clicking on roofs to get coordinates ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there Python packages for Landsat 8 processing?

While there are a number of python projects for MODIS acquisition and processing (pyModis and get_modis), I have yet to encounter a toolset for automating Landsat 8 processing in Python. There's ...
4
votes
4answers
739 views

Extracting tree crown areas from remote sensing data (visual images and LiDAR)

I am looking for a method to process a remote sensing image and extract the crown areas of the individual trees from the image. I have both visual wavelength areal imagery, and lidar data from the ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

“Official” definition to hyperspectral sensor

I was checking in the literature about a formal definition for hyperspectral sensors, and the most complete definition I found was from The Center of Space Research (@ University of Texas in Austin): ...
4
votes
6answers
3k views

shadow simulation from buildings [duplicate]

is it possible to use hillshade function in ArcMap to calculate shadow areas of buildings or simulate shadows of buildings, using DSM of the buildings and the sun angle and azimuth?
3
votes
3answers
545 views

How to extract surface from air photo avoiding trees and buildings?

I am working with Drone air images. These are geotiff images and clearly portray trees and buildings. I need to first classify the image according to land cover distribution, then need to remove the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Reprojected MODIS NDVI has range from -32768 to 32767, expected -1 to 1

I'm new to StackExchange and to remote sensing. I am working with MOD13Q1 250m 16-day MVCs. My goal is to use NDVI time-series to classify cropping pattern and crop type, then link this data to ...
0
votes
3answers
162 views

Automated Forest Change Detection

Using two different time of images in the same places. Can i develop an automated change detection for forest area? What / which are the suitable software to used?
9
votes
1answer
324 views

Most Effective Format to Manage Aerial Photography for Viewing Only

What is the most effective format to manage aerial photography for viewing in ArcGIS? I manage several datasets of Aerial Photography at a few different companies. I have backups of the original ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Transform SPOT5 images to natural color images

We're currently using PixelSense to convert raw SPOT5 images to natural color ones for display and printing. Do you know a good algorithm to perform the same task as we want to ingest raw images in an ...
4
votes
2answers
657 views

Best Landsat-5 TM band combination for detecting fire scars

I am looking for the best band combination with Landsat 5 imagery to detect fire scars.
4
votes
1answer
2k views

processing MODIS hdf files with gdal

I'm trying to open an MODIS file (hdf format) with gdal in a python script under windows OS. I use the HDF4 driver, as read at http://www.gdal.org/frmt_hdf4.html. But when I run it I got this error ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Accuracy assessment in eCognition

How to do accuracy assessment of classified images in ecognition? I have done the image segmentation for Worldview-2 image. Then, I have processed for classification for class names (e.g ...
2
votes
3answers
907 views

Failed to create signature file

I need some help, because I've no clue how solve this issue the exercise that I'm trying to perform. The point where I'm stuck is 4. "Create signature file as LandsatCompS.sgs". I've done what it ...
2
votes
1answer
290 views

I need some more information on ASTER for time series analysis

See my previous post on ASTER I have a question about that I am not sure about. So, if I wanted to analyze 10 years or so, do I need to download each ASTER file for each year (e.g. 2003 ASTER, 2004 ...
2
votes
2answers
336 views

MODIS Level 1B batch process

I am a new MODIS Level 1B user. I have been using the MODIS Swath tool to process my images. However, I have over 1000 images to process. I was wondering if there a script available in IDL or R (very ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Where to download 4 band NAIP imagery?

I seem to recall USGS Earthexplorer providing current and historic 4 band NAIP imagery over the last few years. It appears that these data have been migrated to the National Map. However, the ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

The stability of randomForest models after increasing predictor variables

With reference to the posts: Incorporating terrain data to predict canopy cover using randomForest in R and Random-Forest Classification of 10cm Imagery for species-distribution in R (no point-shapes) ...
1
vote
0answers
186 views

How to Normalize or rescale the NDVI raster image

I have processed my landsat band 3 and band 4 of different years to derive NDVI values the possible values of Normalized difference vegetation index is -1.0 to +1.0. The bands were atmospherically ...
1
vote
1answer
354 views

Is Terrain and Topographic Correction the same for Landsat8?

Landsat 8 L1 products are "Terrain Corrected", that said it means that are they already "topographically corrected", like both words are synonyms or you need to apply correction techniques as well? ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Is SRTM 3 second arc free of non-terrain features?

I made an elevation map of my study area in Macapa, Brazil. But the region has the average elevation lesser than 30 m as I can see from my map derived from SRTM 3 second arc. According to my ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

NDVI image value changes from -1 to 1 in ENVI to 0-255 in ArcGIS Desktop and ERDAS Imagine?

When i open NDVI image in ENVI, its value is still within the range (-1 to 1). But when I open this NDVI image in ERDAS and ArcGIS Desktop, its value is 0-255. What does it mean? Is the NDVI ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

How to write every raster from a list of rasters?

I have created a list of rasters - "norm" and run a several loops. Now I would like to write every created raster from "norm" (containing 1 layer) into one raster, having its specific name. # I can ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Why is azimuth resolution worse than range resolution in Sentinel1 (SAR) [duplicate]

Why is the azimuth resolution in Sentinel (SAR sensor) worse than the range resolution? The table in this link gives the resolution for SLC products aquired in the different aquisition modes. In ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Performing image segmentation in QGIS?

I have been trying to learn to work with QGIS (open-source GIS software) through some tutorials available online for classification of image for land cover. These tutorials used a dataset from Landsat ...
1
vote
1answer
474 views

Masking clouds with Fmask

I have been trying to mask clouds with the quality control band with landsat 8 imagery. The problem I continue to run into is that the quality control bands mistake tops of buildings and concrete as ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

How to find the minimum pixel value within a region of interest?

I am working on a Python script for dark object subtraction, a radiometric correction method for remotely sensed data.To accomplish this, I need to find the minimum band pixel value of a waterbody ...