A vector data storage format for storing the location, shape, and attributes of geographic features. Often referred to as 'an ESRI shapefile', as ESRI developed it.

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33
votes
11answers
14k views

Identifying Coordinate System of Shapefile when Unknown?

I have a Shapefile but its coordinate system is Unknown, and there is no *.prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
7
votes
3answers
7k views

How to include variable in where clause of arcpy.Select_analysis?

I am trying to loop through a shapefile, selecting each feature in turn and copying it to a temporary shapefile to by included in a union analysis. I'm using a cursor to find the ID name for each ...
64
votes
20answers
55k views

How to convert between KML and Esri's shapefile (SHP) format?

My users are sending me point data that were digitized using GoogleEarth. How can I convert their KML to a shapefile?
22
votes
4answers
4k views

Bulk load multiple shapefiles into PostGIS

I've got over a hundred data layers in shapefile format that I want to upload into a PostGIS database. They are all in the same projection, but represent different data layers so they do not have the ...
21
votes
12answers
19k views

Converting Shapefiles to Text (ASCII) files? [duplicate]

How can I convert a shape file (GIS) to text? or, How can I extract the information in a shape file?
46
votes
21answers
53k views

Are there any free administrative boundaries available as shapefiles?

After learning about the US Census's TIGERLines datasets I'm addicted to GIS :) I've working with the following layers, from the USA data Country boundaries State boundaries County boundaries City ...
23
votes
10answers
52k views

How to convert MapInfo TAB and/or MIF to SHP using free tools or ArcGIS for Desktop core product?

How do I convert MapInfo TAB and/or MIF files to SHP using only free tools or ArcGIS itself? I've not had much luck trying to do this in the past and I don't want to have to shell out for the ArcGIS ...
8
votes
7answers
8k views

ogr2ogr convert all shapefiles in a directory

I have a directory with several shapefiles. How can convert all these shapefiles to MapInfo with ogr2ogr. I know how I can convert one file. And I can make a batch script writing a line for each file. ...
30
votes
4answers
18k views

Which character encoding is used by the DBF file in shapefiles?

Which character-encoding is used by the dbf-file in Shape-files? It seems it is handled different, based on the program and the local encoding-settings of the machine. Which encoding is 'right' - ...
17
votes
9answers
10k views

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a shapefile?

How can I convert an excel file with x, y columns to a point shapefile? There are some somewhat optional requirements in addition to the correct creation of a shapefile: Column types (as per ...
22
votes
2answers
34k views

How to calculate polygon areas in QGIS?

Hi I would like to simply calculate areas of a area-shape file in square meters or in acres (ha). I didn't find that functionality in the vector tools. Could anyone here help me with that?
9
votes
4answers
9k views

Splitting shapefile into separate shapefiles for each feature using QGIS/GDAL/SAGA?

I have a polyline shapefile with about 20 kinds of roads. I would like to know how can I create automatically a vector file for each one. I am aware of how to do it using ArcGIS for Desktop - see ...
25
votes
3answers
9k views

Simple thematic mapping of shapefile using Python?

I wish to visualize geographical data in Python, without using ArcGIS/ArcPy, and make a map. On the internet I found how to make a thematic map using Python: Here is some code that I tried: ...
19
votes
6answers
12k views

How to convert image of map into vector format?

What is the best way of converting a gif of a map into a vector format, such as a shapefile? The only relevant parts that I am interested in are the outline of the island so I realize some manual ...
20
votes
2answers
11k views

How to convert .shp into .gpx using QGIS?

I'm newbie using QGIS. I would like to convert .shp into .gpx. So, using Qgis, I open my shapefile and I tried to "save as" gpx but it gives an OGR error: creation of field ObjectId failed (OGR ...
20
votes
10answers
23k views

Adding Attribute data to shapefile?

I can display a shapefile in openlayers but I need to add some attribute data. I can open the dbf file in excel but there is no save as option in excel to the updated file as a dbf. What is the ...
8
votes
2answers
15k views

How to crop Shapefiles in QGIS?

I need to clip a large and very detailed .shp file in QGIS showing environmental data similar to a temperature map. Is there something like the very simple crop tool alike in photoshop where you can ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

How to convert coverage (.adf) to shapefile?

Is there any tool or software except ArcGIS which I can use for converting coverage (.adf) files to shapefiles?
8
votes
5answers
7k views

How to change the order of features in a shapefile?

I have a shapefile and I want to change the order of the features. Is that possible?
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How to read Greek fonts (ISO-8859-7) in shapefile attributes within QGIS 1.8.0?

I'd like to ask whether there is a way to read greek fonts in a shapefile's attribute table within QGIS 1.8.0.
12
votes
3answers
19k views

How to convert .shp to .csv including attributes AND geometry?

I have a .shp file with 60k+ entries, all of which are polygons with corresponding attributes (acreage totals, landowner names, tax ID #s, etc.). What I ultimately need is a .csv file with all of ...
12
votes
2answers
13k views

Adding shapefile or feature class as layer in ArcGIS Desktop using Python/ArcPy?

I am trying to automate various tasks in ArcGIS Desktop (using ArcMap generally) with Python, and I keep needing a way to add a shape file to the current map. (And then do stuff to it, but that's ...
9
votes
7answers
11k views

Fixing corrupt shapefile?

I have a shapefile that I was working on in ArcGIS Desktop 9.3 get corrupted somehow and it gives me the error "Number of shapes does not match the number of table records.". What I would want is to ...
8
votes
2answers
678 views

Where did the polygons go after projecting a map in QGIS?

I'm fairly new at GIS know-how, but I've run into a problem with a projection of a world map. I have a shapefile of all countries I downloaded from Natural Earth. After projecting it into a ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Use python to add layers to TOC

I've been battling with adding layers to the TOC for some time now. I have managed to single layers added but need to loop through a folder and add all layers. Shapefiles I cannot get to add at all. ...
17
votes
4answers
9k views

How to add attribute field to existing Shapefile via Python without ArcGIS?

I have a Python script that adds an attribute field to a Shapefile if doesn't exist. This is easy to do with ArcGIS (graphically or via Python), but I'm looking for something that doesn't depend on ...
7
votes
1answer
17k views

QGIS - Change unit of measure from degrees to meters

I am running QGIS 1.7.0 on windows, and I donwloaded a shapefile of census block group boundaries from TIGER. This file appears to be in the WGS 84 coordinate system, and when I open it in QGIS the ...
14
votes
3answers
965 views

Is there an automatic function in QGIS to package all files in a project for transferability?

In my project, I use a lot of geodata from different directories. Now I want to give the QGIS project to a colleague (eg on a CD). Is it possible to copy the shapes from different directories ...
5
votes
7answers
26k views

Having problems with joining an excel table to a shapefile in ArcMap

I have a shapefile of lower layer super output areas (LSOA) for England and Wales and I have a spreadsheet of the indices of deprivation for each of the LSOA's in England. I want to join the ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Finding municipal-level administrative boundary data for India?

Does anyone know how to find a shapefile with boundaries of Indian municipalities? I have tehsil boundaries as for year 2001, but I would like boundaries of municipalities and, ideally, also ...
7
votes
2answers
738 views

Reordering polygon shapefile permanently?

I've written a script which produces a polygon shapefile of the extents of all the thousands of rasters in our library. I want to organise the FID so that the files with the largest extents are on the ...
22
votes
4answers
8k views

How to bypass 10 character limit of field name in ShapeFiles?

I'm exporting geometry with attached text attributes from oracle database to esri shapefile format (.shp) with Java and Geotools library. Attribute columns in our database have names with more than ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

organizing attribute table: multiple sets of variables per point

I would like to have hints on the best way to organize my dataset (I am working with ArcGIS 10.1, advanced license). I would like to build a points layer, each point being a weather station in the ...
37
votes
7answers
15k views

Whether to use File Geodatabase (*.gdb), Personal Geodatabase (*.mdb) or shapefiles?

I am a bit confused on the topic of geodatabases. Previously, I have used geodatabases as an easy way to keep all files together rather than having dozens of shapefiles all over the place. And it's ...
23
votes
4answers
21k views

How to open a Shapefile in R?

I need to open a shape file from ArcMap in R to use it for further geostatical analysis. I've converted it into ASCII text file, but in R it is recognized as data.frame. Coordinates function doesn't ...
28
votes
8answers
16k views

Open Source Tool capable of reading Esri File Geodatabase (.gdb)?

I have an ESRI File Geodatabase (.gdb) file that I would like to convert to shapefile (or any other non-proprietary format). Are there any Open Source tools to do so?
6
votes
3answers
5k views

How to write Shapely geometries to shapefiles?

Can someone demonstrate a simple way to write geometry data-structures from shapely into shapefiles? I am particularly interested in polygons with holes and linestrings. It would also be beneficial to ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

Postcode Shape Files for the UK

I am trying to find the shape files for postcode sector and districts in the UK. Specifically inside London. I know I can go and pay for these but I only really need to use them once. I want to ...
9
votes
3answers
10k views

How to create shapefile from lat/long values using ArcPy?

How can I create a shapefile using Python in ArcGIS 10? I have lat & long. From this I need Python code which will create a shapefile in ArcGIS Desktop 10.
7
votes
4answers
5k views

How do I use ogr2ogr to convert a GML to shapefile in Python

I am trying to convert a GML to an ESRI shapefile using ogr2ogr utility in a python script. I have successfully installed the GDAL/OGR package via osgeo but I am now struggling to find/understand ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

Using the python shape library: pyshp - how to convert .csv file to .shp

I am trying to understand how I can use the csv module in python to open a csv file in the same folder as the python script, and then create a shapefile using the shapefile module pyshp. The csv file ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Write out a WKT file from a loaded shapefile

We are looking to load and display a shapefile, simple polygons, then write out a WKT string of that shapefile and have the user save it somewhere. Does anyone have some code snippets of that very ...
5
votes
2answers
730 views

Ortho Projection produces artifacts

I`m trying to create a sphere-like view using qgis and the "world from space"-projection http://spatialreference.org/ref/sr-org/6980/ (essentialy an ortho-projection). ArcGIS wraps the shapes ...
5
votes
1answer
660 views

Automating plan report generation using ArcGIS Desktop? [closed]

i have shapefile that contains a lot of parcels "parcel has like fields (n° parcelle,proprietaire, cin) see picture : and i want for all parcels to generate this plan : take a parcel and ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Python module to delete SHP features (without Desktop GIS installed)

I have a piece of software (not Arc) that runs nightly on a non-production machine which updates shapefile features from an external database. Periodically I would like to delete all of the features ...
15
votes
6answers
4k views

How to improve rendering performance of very large shapefile?

I have a polygon shapefile that has a 100MB .dbf and 500MB .shp file component. The reason it is so large is it is a landbase classification for a whole district. Everytime I am viewing the file in ...
12
votes
5answers
436 views

What in-depth spatial database systems tutorials exist?

Is there a good tutorial that explains in depth the internals of a GIS and a spatial database system such as PostGIS with examples and without any background assumption? I'm specifically looking for ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to clip LAS data using shapefile polygons and open source software?

I am trying to clip or filter lidar files (las, xyz) using a shapefile that contains multiple polygons. Is there open source software that can do this spatial operation? My las files are enormous, ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

2010 Census Tiger County shp file with defined coastal land area

I am looking for a 2010 Census Tiger Shape file that hugs the coastline and doesn't include the ocean in county boundaries. I have a pre 2010 file that did this and I can't seem to find a 2010 ...
12
votes
2answers
8k views

How can I get a shapefile from a postgis query?

My data is in a PostGIS database. I would like to generate a shapefile from a query. How can I do that?