Shapely is a BSD-licensed Python package for manipulation and analysis of planar geometric objects.

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21
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Python Efficiency — Need suggestions about how to use OGR and Shapely in more efficient way

I'm looking for some suggestions about how to make my python code more efficient. Normally efficiency doesn't matter for me but I am now working with a text file of US locations with over 1.5 million ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

using shapely: translating between Polygons and MultiPolygons

[EDIT: the solution to this was simply to use OGR to read shapefiles. See geographika's example.] In an ESRI shapefile, there is no distinction between Polygons and MultiPolygons. Furthermore, there ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Polygon overlay with Shapely

I'm trying to capture all the non-overlapping polygons indicated below using Shapely (given polygons A,B & C). Moreover, I'm hoping to do so without iteration, testing for intersect etc. The ...
8
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1answer
450 views

How to split two interscting polygons by the average linestring of the shared area (QGIS / python shapely)

I have two polygons, POLYGON((-5 -5,-5 5,5 5,5 -5,-5 -5)) POLYGON((1 1, 1 7, 7 7, 7 1, 1 1)) and wish to split them evenly. The result should be a split along the red marked line. I'm using ...
7
votes
1answer
949 views

Find Nearest Line Segments to Point

Background From a known Point, I require to establish the nearest surrounding "visible perimeter" against a table of MultiLineStrings, as shown on the diagram. I've searched this site with a number ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting KML files for use with Python library Shapely

I am trying to get a KML-file (wijken.kml) into Shapely. The KML-file is validated against the proper XML schema, so I guess the input is correct. Routes I have tried: 1) Converting to WKT or WKB ...
7
votes
1answer
488 views

Is there a significantly faster way to buffer than arcmap? [duplicate]

I hope this question is appropriate here and I apologize if it is more of a discussion question than a specific technical problem. I have to buffer 150,000 polygons for a real estate project. While ...
6
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3answers
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How to write Shapely geometries to shapefiles?

Can someone demonstrate a simple way to write geometry data-structures from shapely into shapefiles? I am particularly interested in polygons with holes and linestrings. It would also be beneficial to ...
5
votes
2answers
442 views

how would one get the end points of a polyline?

I am attempting to write a script to get the end points of a series polylines, and then use those end points to create a polygon. I'm not sure which tools to begin to use on this project. I would ...
5
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2answers
919 views

Python: How to export Shapely objects to DXF file

Using shapely package for Python how to export the resulting shapely objects such as buffer to a DXF file?
5
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5answers
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Python, shapely library: is it possible to do an affine operation on shape polygon?

I am trying to create a rotated rectangle in lat/lon coordinates. Basically I have the coordinates of the center and rotation angle around the center. Is it possible to do using, shapely or gdal, or ...
5
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4answers
474 views

How to computational efficiently check if there are any overlapping polygons in a group of polygons?

I need to do some processing with groups of polygons. If any of the polygons in the group overlaps other polygon the result is unpredictable and don't throw any error. So, I need to detect if there is ...
5
votes
1answer
337 views

How do you fix Overlapping Lines?

I have a line dataset that contains some lines where the "end points" are actually found in the middle of the line. In the image below, the nodes are shown in green and one of the end points in red. ...
4
votes
3answers
251 views

Install Shapely with GEOS on heroku

I have a web mapping app running on Heroku. My app is written in python. Using pip I was able to install various pure python libraries that were needed. I would now like to install Shapely too. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

GEOS and Shapely installation on Windows

When trying to install Shapely on my Windows 64bit computer, I cannot get the GEOS library to work. So far, I have run the OSGeo4W installer from which I installed GDAL (I believe the geos library ...
4
votes
1answer
698 views

Find distance and heading from a point to a polygon in lat, lon coordinates

I have counties mapped using polygons in Shapely with latitude/longitude for coordinates. Given a complex polygon x and single point y, how would I find the shortest distance between x and y as well ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Shapely unable to tell if polygon contains point

For an application I want to determine under which constituency a given coordinate falls. After looking at the various options, I decided upon shapely and fiona as the easiest way to implement this. ...
4
votes
1answer
701 views

Wrap GEOS functionality into python

I've been looking on how to get GEOSExtractLine available in python. I looked into Shapely source to if it was available for it, but it's not. I'm trying to wrap this funcionality into Django, much ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Understanding the Use of Spatial Indexes

I'm having trouble understanding the use of spatial indexes with RTree. Example: I have 300 buffered points, and I need to know each buffer's intersection area with a polygon shapefile. The polygon ...
4
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1answer
225 views

How to generate overlapping polygons from lines output from Table To Ellipse tool?

I have a feature class of line-based ellipses generated by the Table to Ellipse tool that looks like this: What I want is polygons of the individual ellipses, however tools like Feature to Polygon ...
4
votes
1answer
451 views

How to deal with direction (CW, CCW) of circles, in particular with shapely?

I am translating an input that describes zones by mixing segments and arcs. Arcs are given by a center, 2 points (beginning/end of arc) and a direction (CW or CCW). In a first prototypes using GDAL, I ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Can I convert the sharp edges of a polygon easily to round edges?

I use the python module "shapely" to make Polygons (like below). Can I convert the sharp edges of a polygon easily to round edges? Such that when I have unified some polygons I could issue a command ...
3
votes
1answer
429 views

Converting Matplotlib contour objects to Shapely objects

I would like to convert a Matplotlib contour collection to a Shapely geometry collection, in order to calculate the area contained within closed contour lines. it seems that all the information is ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Creating Shapely MultiPolygons from shape file MultiPolygons

I'm reading a shapefile using Fiona: with fiona.open('data/boroughs/boroughs_n.shp') as source: mpolys = [p for p in source] candidate = polys[0]['geometry'] this gives me a dict containing a ...
3
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1answer
153 views

Shapely/ Python looping through a number of polygons

I am trying to loop through a set of polygons in shapely so using python) to determine whether they overlap or not. I do not want to do it manually as later i want to generalise the procedure and do ...
3
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1answer
260 views

Is there an online reference available for the Fiona and Shapely libraries?

Is there an online reference available for the Fiona and Shapely libraries? I'm thinking a real reference, beside the tutorial-style documentation: http://toblerity.github.io/shapely/manual.html ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to install shapely for python 2.6 (Mac) NOT 2.7?

I'm trying to use Polygonizer plugin inside QGIS, but it needs Shapely to work. I've installed Shapely (pip install Shapely) but that's for python 2.7. QGIS works with python 2.6 (on Snow Leopard) and ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

Serialize python list containing geometry

In simple case if list doesn't contains geometry all works fine: result = [dict(f.fields, id=f.id, label=f.label) for f in features] json.dumps(result) But if result list contains geometry ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Determine if point is within an irregular polygon using Python

I would like to create a mask of a grid where points are evaluated as either 1's or 0's depending on if they lay outside of an irregular (i.e. not rectangular) polygon. I have a set of high-latitude ...
3
votes
1answer
781 views

Does anyone have a shapely install for python “dummies” guide?

I have read both questions in regard to installing shapely on a Mac (OS Mountain Lion) and haven't been able to figure it out. I'm not familiar with python syntax and am just trying to get shapely ...
3
votes
1answer
373 views

Fiona - Preffered method for defining a schema

I'm fairly new to the world of python and GIS - so this is definitely a beginner question. I am following Tom Macwrights small guide to Shapely and Fiona, and I noticed that even when opening the ...
3
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2answers
588 views

Checking if a point is in a circle

I'm using shapely to check if a point is in a polygon, but I also need to check if a point is in a circle. Checking the docs, I don't see how do that... Maybe I could create a circle? circle = ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

shapefile record has no attribute named bounds

This is the code that I am using to print the bounds of my shapefile. import fiona import shapely import shapely.geometry fc = fiona.open("filename.shp") shapefile_record = fc.next() shape = ...
3
votes
0answers
318 views

Importing matplotlib basemap and shapely

I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask this, but here we go. I have a python script that uses matplotlib's basemap and another part that uses shapely to do an intersection of 2 polygons. If ...
2
votes
3answers
563 views

Why is this polygon “self intersected” and invalid?

I have a polygon defined as follows: segment from 43:29:02 N 003:50:39 E to 43:34:12 N 003:43:04 E arc(CW): center (43:34:49 N 003:58:16 E) from 43:34:12 N 003:43:04 E to 43:45:45 N 003:59:56 E ...
2
votes
2answers
692 views

What is the unit the shapely length attribute?

I'm doing a very simple calculation of the length of a polyline using shapely: from shapely.geometry import LineString ... xy_list = [map(float,e) for e in xy_intm] line = LineString(xy_list) s = ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Maximizing Code Performance for Shapely

I've written this code in order to calculate the percent cover of grassland within a national park, within 20km^2 of points of recorded occurrences for a species. It is designed to only consider the ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Intersect Shapefiles using Shapely

What I'd like to try and do is intersect some point buffers with census tracts, maintain their ID's and the tracts attributes. I found a sample from ...
2
votes
2answers
318 views

Does shapely within function identify inner holes?

I have a series of shapefiles that include both polygons and multipolygons. I am using ogr to extract them in wkb, and them I am using shapely to check if a point fall inside a polygon (or a ...
2
votes
3answers
79 views

Removing small polygons gaps in a Shapely polygon

I know this issue has been addressed before with different software, but I am looking for an approach with Shapely. I have a polygon with a very small gap on the interior of the shape: Here is a ...
2
votes
1answer
839 views

How to install shapely on Ubuntu 12.10

I have tried to install shapely on Ubuntu 12.10. Therefore I installed libgeos-c1, pip and shapely with $ pip install Shapely. The shapely files are now in /home/user/build/Shapely. When I try to ...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

Why is Shapely not installing correctly?

I am trying to run Shapely on a new machine, and tried both installing it from source, using the installer on its webpage, and using pip install shapely. Every reference I try to make from the library ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Reading postgis geometry with shapely

I am doing a small-scale workflow in ipython notebook with geopandas and shapely, pulling a bunch of geospatial data, sometimes from shapefiles, sometimes from postgis (where more expensive processing ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

QGIS Python version

I have brewed python 2.7.3 onto my Mac (Lion), and installed shapely via pip install shapely. The Polygonizer plugin, however, does not find the shapely library. I see when QGIS loads a Python ...
2
votes
2answers
315 views

Shapely MultiPolygon Construction - Will not accept the entire set of Polygons

I am new to Shapely, so I am using a work request to learn a bit more about it. I need to execute a number of unions to build larger geometries from assessment neighborhoods in DC. I am curious ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Shapely's simplify won't simplify any more

I have a multipolygon in shapely, and I want to simplify it until it has less than a certain number of points. When I use the preseve_topology=False argument to geom.simplify, I can get the number of ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Where is my Polygon?

I created this script to merge all of the polygons in a shapefile into a single polygon. I am using Python 2.7.5, Shapely 1.3.0, and Fiona 1.1.5. def merge(path_in, path_out): #Import Libraries ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

How to get the two nearest points between two polygons

I'm trying to draw the nearest line between the nearest polygons in a Polygon dataset (ESRI Shapefile). I know that for this purpose there is the Near Tool (ArcGIS), but it just return the point TO ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

how to differentiate between common parts of the triangle and extract linestring from it

Can you help me break down shape A to different linestrings: lines 2 & 3 AND line 1? The shape contains three different polygons (A, B, C). I wish to determine the start/end point of each part ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Equivalent function to shapely's envelope in ogr?

I wrote a very simple python function that gives me the envelope/bounding box/...based on two coordinate pairs (ower left and upper right corner): # ... def get_bounding_box(self, ll_corner, ...