A type of cartographic generalization in which the important characteristics of features are determined and unwanted detail is eliminated to retain clarity on a map whose scale has been reduced.

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27
votes
3answers
5k views

Meaning of Simplify's tolerance parameter

The standard parameters of Douglas-Peucker's simplify algorithm are geometry and tolerance (e.g ST_Simplify in PostGIS). What's the meaning of the tolerance parameter? I know that the bigger the ...
25
votes
10answers
4k views

Existing solutions to automate generalisation/simplification of geographical data?

I am looking for existing solutions (softwares, libraries, methods, etc.) to automate the generalisation/simplification of geographical data as presented there, and also there. Do you know and use ...
20
votes
4answers
4k views

Simplifying adjacent polygons

I encountered a problem simplifying set of polygons that are adjacent. If I simplify each polygon separately with the Douglas–Peucker algorithm (which is used by many open source tools), the resulting ...
20
votes
5answers
2k views

Simplifying geometries (generalization)

What are the recommended ways of simplifying geometries? Keeping in mind projections, and simplifying state geometries for example. I've heard about converting to an 'equi-distant' projection that ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

How to simplify a routable network?

I have a network graph that I need to simplify in the sense of reducing the number of edges. The idea would be to merge nodes that are located close together and remove the connecting short edges. ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Best practices for visualising clustered features in web maps?

I'm looking for the best symbol to display clustered features in the ArcGIS Server JS API. I don't like the "fly-out" animated cluster symbol, as used in the Silverlight API clustering or the JS ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Large shapefile to raster

I have a large shapefile (1 gb) and need to rasterise it. I have tried the following already. 1.) Import it into GRASS using v.in.ogr this failed with the error message: ERROR: G_realloc: unable to ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Simplifying polygons to linestring

I would like to simplify some polygons that represent rivers into linestrings. I assume that holes in polygons can be omitted. Anybody has some good idea how to simply do it? It would be nice, if it ...
11
votes
2answers
180 views

How to anonymise a gps file?

Imagine you have a GPS trace that you want to make anonymous, in the legal sense. How would you do this? Is snapping to the nearest x distance and stripping out the time enough? Are there ...
9
votes
1answer
904 views

How to Simplify a Line Network Preserving Topology?

I have a Shapefile (consisting of European major roads) with about 250.000 Segments which I have to simplify for pgrouting. But I can't seem to find a way to do that properly. This is what it looks ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do simplify polygon results differ between ArcGIS for Desktop and PostGIS?

I am mainly interested in why and how the Simplify Polygons tool in ArcGIS for Desktop handles the simplification process, including preventing and resolving topological errors better than the ...
7
votes
2answers
772 views

Lossless Polygon Simplification?

Is there a standard/recommended algorithm for simplifying a polygon without shrinking any of its original boundaries? Right now I'm using TopologyPreservingSimplifer within JTS and running into ...
7
votes
1answer
456 views

How to use simplify()

i have my Vector Data saved in a PostgreSQL PostGIS enabled Database. The Data im displaying is very detailed, i want to simplify it through the simplify() method of Postgis. I duplicated one of my ...
7
votes
1answer
358 views

POSTGIS workflow for cleaning up a noisy dataset

I have a conservation dataset that im trying to simplify for the purpose of using it as a GML layer in openlayers, ie reducing the total shape and node count to quite small. The data has issues: eg- ...
6
votes
1answer
878 views

Help simplifying multipolygons in geodjango

I have a few multipolygons that have several hundred points in them. I'm looking to create less complex "thumbnails" polygons. Naturally I'm attempting to use the simplify method, which is supposed ...
6
votes
2answers
145 views

Complex Shapefile Compression Advice

I'm looking for some advice on how I can simplify this very detailed shapefile to ultimately be used for the web (as topojson) as a interactive heatmap. It was originally created from a raster file ...
6
votes
1answer
457 views

Competing approaches to line & polygon simplification

There seems to be a few theoretical options around at the moment for geometric simplification. Douglas–Peucker seems the most established, followed by Visvalingam's approach (used by d3.js). Now ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

Finding Ring Smaller than a certain tolerance

In Simplifying a shapefile for world timezones http://efele.net/maps/tz/world/ all generalize/simplify algorithms fail on 5 countries/states, shown in this shape file ...
5
votes
1answer
445 views

ogr SimplifyPreserveTopology does not keep the Topology

I use ogr2ogr to simplify a layer of polyline, from the document: -simplify tolerance: (starting with GDAL 1.9.0) distance tolerance for simplification. This method will preserve topology, in ...
5
votes
1answer
540 views

Simplifying polygons made from binary rasters using ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

I'm using MaxEnt to produce a species presence / absence raster layer. It works fine but I have to choose a cut off point for what constitutes presence or absence. As a result I end up with a lot of ...
5
votes
2answers
352 views

writeOGR with a spatialpolygon simplified by gSimplify

I'm using gSimplify (rgeos package) to simplify the geometries of a shapefile. The funcion works good, but now I can't write the output in a new shapefile. I tried some ways: writeOGR(simplyshape, ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there a difference in results between Simplifying a geometry by different projections?

We have geometries in a PostGIS database projected in srid 4326. We need to have these geometries simplified with ST_SimplifyPreserveTopology. My question is whether this geometry needs to be ...
5
votes
0answers
233 views

How do I simplify the straight sections of (multi)Linestring in PostGres/PostGis leaving the curved sections untouched

I have (multi)linestrings containing upwards of 5000 points and I want to perform two simplifications possibly using Ramer Douglas Peucker or alternative methods in PostGis The (multi)linestrings ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Changing the scale (generalisation) in ArcGIS 10

I have 2 polygon layers, accordingly 1:10 000 and 1:500 000. I want to generalize the first layer from 1:10 000 to 1:500 000. I tried using Simplify polygon tool, and since these scales relate to ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Simplify Raster Contours ArcGIS 10

Does anybody know a way to simplify a number of contour polylines derived from a raster dataset? I need to generate a map that shows contour polylines at relatively small scale. With the contour ...
4
votes
1answer
675 views

How to maintain right-angles when buffering?

When buffering some polygons I am trying to avoid the curved buffered area like this: I'm trying to do thins within an FME workbench but if someone knows how its done in other software that would ...
4
votes
1answer
698 views

Simplification algorithms for 3D topology

My problem is about simplifying a given topology that can be opened ( an usual 3D reconstruction of a given square on a map ), totally closed (like a perfect sphere) or a topology with holes ( a ...
4
votes
2answers
33 views

How to find fluctuant parts in a trajectory

I am currently doing an assignment on how to compress a trajectory. Given a trajectory T1 in figure 1, and I want to get a compressed version as T2. For segments p0~p3 and p6~p9 in T2, I can obtain ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Simplifying Shapefile using ArcGIS Desktop or alternative?

I have a shapefile that contains neighborhood boundaries that I want to simplify. Right now I am thinking of converting the shapefile to Google maps KML so I can insert the boundaries into the map as ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

Simplify/generalize Polygons and keep topology of different layers PostGIS/QGIS

i have some polygons of a country, states, districts, communities and i want to simplify the geometry. i already simplified the geometry of each layer but afterwards of course it doesnt fit with the ...
3
votes
4answers
578 views

Redistribute linestring vertices to specified distance

I use a groundwater model program called GMS, and it has a very useful function "Redistribute vertices" (more info). I use this function all the time to both simplify and provide regular spacings ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

QGIS 2.6 simplify a road network to obtain the intersections

In QGIS 2.6.1 in Ubuntu, I want to measure the density of block in this city (FYI my final aim is to measure the TOD level). I have the road network from French national IGN dataset BDTopo. I have ...
3
votes
1answer
363 views

Collapse multiple lines into a single line

I need to create a route (line) feature class from another feature class that contains multiple lines making up the same route. pic 1 shows the original feature class with the multiple lines. pic ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

How to simplify polygon shapefile and maintain topology? [duplicate]

I'm looking for a straightforward answer that actually works...not a 'duplicate question' flag. None of the other solutions posted in similar threads actually work...they all have dead-end answers ...
3
votes
1answer
464 views

How do I smooth edges of polygons in QGIS?

Is there a built in function or plugin I can use to achieve smooth lines for my polygons instead of the blocky ones I have now?
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Reduce level of detail for vector contour lines [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Simplify Raster Contours ArcGIS 10 I have quite a huge shapefile storing vector contour lines: 1GB. I want to create a detailed heightmap for further 3D usage but the ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Using Chaiken Method parameters for smoothing polygon vectors in QGIS [duplicate]

I've been trying to smooth a huge polygon, that is result of a segmentation export. I'd like to know what's the best parameters to use Chaiken Method to get smooth curved boundaries on QGIS 2.14. I ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

How to fill a hole - with islands within?

In QGIS I have simplified a layer. At the end of the simplification process (using GRASS v.generalize), my final layer "lost" a polygon: see white space in image: How can I recreate a polygon which ...
2
votes
2answers
381 views

What is “Simplify tolerance” in QGIS's Simplify geometries tool?

I am trying to use QGIS 2.8 to simplify vector geometries. But I do not understand the significance of the Simplify tolerance value in the Simplify geometries tool. The documentation does not ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

simplilfy geojson file [duplicate]

I have a geojson file, but it's way too heavy for the app I need to develop I'd like to know what alternative do I have to make it lighter. I was thinking about simplifying it's shapes, and also ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Generalizing exact location of certain data points using Carto CSS?

I am dealing with some sensitive data for which providing a high resolution of accuracy of the location would be detrimental. However, the general location is not sensitive and useful to share. I ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Simplify a polygon dataset with a minimum distance between the new vertices

I would like to simplify a polygon shapefile where the resulting output has a minimum distance of 5 kilometres between the new vertices. We have ArcMap 10 on an ArcView license, FME and QGIS. I have ...
2
votes
1answer
303 views

Shapely's simplify won't simplify any more

I have a multipolygon in shapely, and I want to simplify it until it has less than a certain number of points. When I use the preseve_topology=False argument to geom.simplify, I can get the number of ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Geometryutil, simplify polygon, querytask and query fault error

One of the tools in my app is to draw freehand polygons (counties) to show points (companies) in each county. Everything works great but if the user creates an intersecting polygon then I have a ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Filtering Small Areas of Shapefiles Using R

I'm trying to use the method proposed by the @ialm in the Question "How to speed up the plotting of polygons in R?" There, he loads the maps using getData from the raster package, I tested and it ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Generalizing (simplifying) polygon shapefile or feature class in ArcMap while preserving topology?

I came across How to generalize a polygon file and maintain topology in QGIS? which asks for a QGIS solution to my exact question. I'm trying to do this in ArcMap. I start with a polygon shapefile ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

C/C++ function to return minimum set of points required to represent a geometric shape

I am looking for a method from Grass, GEOS, or similar that will delete those points in a geometry which do not affect its shape. Example 1 +----+----+ p0 p1 p2 p1 can be deleted without ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

QGIS simplify geometries shifts polygons north

I'm trying to simplify polygons in a shapefile using the "Simplify Geometries" tool in QGIS 2.10 (Pisa). This works as expected, except for one strange effect: the resulting features (shown in green) ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Combine files in TopoJSON when one is simplified differently to the other

I have two .shp files, I am separately converting these to GeoJSON with ogr2ogr.exe and then combining the files with TopoJSON. Each file independently becomes a ~200kb topojson file, however the ...
2
votes
1answer
489 views

Why are my polygons automatically simplified/generalised when merging them in ArcMap 10.2?

I am creating a small land use map, as an exercise for visual image interpretation. I created a shapefile and started digitising polyogons with the polygon tool. The problem is that some of my ...