Spatial Analyst is a extension within ArcGIS that provides a range of spatial modeling and analysis tools.

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8
votes
7answers
6k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
22
votes
6answers
10k views

Ways to Speed Up Python Scripts Running As ArcGIS Tools

This is a pretty general question. I just wondering what tips and tricks GIS programmers have used to speed up arcpy scripts that you import into the toolbox and run. I work most everyday writing ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Finding nearest raster cell value based on vector point?

I have two layers in ArcGIS: One is a vector point and the other is a raster layer. I want to append the value of the raster data grid to the vector point. The problem is the vector point is away from ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How to calculate stream order for vector data without a DEM?

I have a shapefile which contains the streams that were digitized from a satellite Image. I would like to calculate the stream order for this data. The data does not exactly match the DEM that I have, ...
14
votes
6answers
9k views

Methodology for creating accurate drainage networks (and catchments) from high resolution LiDAR DEM?

This is not the first time I've stumbled over this issue; it seems that I am unable to generate a correct drainage network model and the resulting catchments from full resolution (1m cells) LiDAR ...
6
votes
1answer
856 views

Working around slow processing times in ArcGIS Spatial Analyst functions?

I am batch processing a large amount of distance functions (~50,000) using ArcGIS 9.3. In this version, using spatial analyst functions, it seems to be the case that users cannot parallelize processes ...
9
votes
1answer
14k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
2
votes
0answers
665 views

Spatial Analyst Cell Statistics seems to give the wrong answer in ArcGIS 10.0

I have a script that calculates standard deviation for a list of grids using the Cell Statistics function in Spatial Analyst for ArcGIS 10.0 The syntax is this: stdevGrid = ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Thiessen Polygon delineation within a Feature

I am trying to create Thiessen (Voronoi) polygons, based on points within a defined shapefile extent. The output should be inclusive to the feature. The output I receive now is the rectangular area ...
9
votes
3answers
924 views

Creating raster by randomly choosing cell value from multiple overlapping rasters?

I'm using ArcGIS Desktop 10 with its Spatial Analyst extension. How do I combine multiple rasters into one, always choosing randomly from the values of overlapping cells? I have an image that may ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Creating constant slope DEM using ArcGIS Desktop?

I wanted to create a DEM of constant slope say 1/3000. How can I proceed in ArcGIS Desktop 9.3? The area may be 1000m x 1000m or any other as per convenience.
2
votes
3answers
10k views

How to calculate Raster Area per Polygon?

In ArcMap, I have a raster file that contains 6 classes of landcover and a shapefile that is the census data (OA boundaries and their population). I want the area of each class in each OA? For ...
4
votes
2answers
777 views

Comparing two TINs created using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have the following two files: LiDAR las file1 Let's give it a name LiDAR las file2, contains the same file1 data, where number of points randomly removed. So if file1 contains X number of ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Failed to execute (RastertoPolygon) Syntax error at or near symbol SPACE

I'm converting series of raster to polygon using RastertoPolygon in arcpy. #import the module import arcpy from arcpy.sa import * from arcpy import env arcpy.CheckOutExtension("Spatial") ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

RMSE between two rasters step-by-step

Can anyone show how to calculate the RMSE (root mean square error) between following two rasters step-by-step and discuss on the obtained results' min and max values, and how to interpret it. Thanks a ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

What Algorithm is used by ArcGIS Watershed tool?

Does anyone know what type of algorithm is used in the ArcGIS Watershed tool (in the Spatial Analyst package)? Very little information given on Esri's website ... but I suspect it may be some kind of ...
4
votes
1answer
494 views

Statistical analyses for survey against raster?

I am somewhat of a newbie to geostatistical analyses, but pretty familiar with GIS and remote sensing packages. I was wondering if anyone had suggestions on appropriate geostatistical analyses for a ...
5
votes
1answer
264 views

Sum raster data visible from given point, by proportion of view

I am wondering if there is a tool that does the following (preferably in Arc but other options considered). Simple example: what proportion of the view from a given point on the landscape is occupied ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

ArcGIS ERROR 000824: The tool is not licensed in arcpy

I try to run the Zonal Statistic as a Table through arcpy and it gives me: ERROR 000824: The tool is not licensed. Here is the doc for the function: ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Clipping a raster using a polyline or polygon

I have a large raster created from values that cover the whole United States and Alaska which are both polygon and polyline features, this raster was caluclated using Spatial Analyst IDW ...
3
votes
1answer
590 views

How does cost allocation work?

Why, when I use the cost allocation function of Spatial Analyst, is space not allocated in all input source locations (as shown in image below)? In particular, the input raster has 18 spots while the ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Reclassify raster values of 9999 to NoData, leaving all other values alone, in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster in ArcGIS which has a number of cells with the values 9999, showing that the data could not be generated for that cell. I want to convert all of these 9999 values to NoData, so that ...
5
votes
1answer
568 views

Creating field with specified slope projecting from 3D polygon?

I am trying to figure out how to create a elevation raster from a known location (3D polygon) that projects at a specified slope (1%) for a specified distance(1-2 km). Does anyone have any idea how ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a Focal Statistics (spatial analyst) tool in ArcGIS equivalent in QGIS?

I'm attempting to use QGIS v2.0.1 to accomplish the same tasks that I can do using ArcMap v10.1 and I'm running into some trouble finding equivalent tools. In ArcMap I am using the Focal Statistics ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Raster Calculator (RasterCalculator_sa) give ERROR 000539 in ArcPy?

I am getting a not executed error for a raster calculator. Here is part of the output: File "C:\projectTemp\FloodAnalysis\floodxsectionanalysis.py", line 107, in makeSeemless ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

Grid-like lines appearing after using Curvature tool

I have been attempting to use the Spatial Analyst Curvature tool with mixed results. I originally tried to use it with a raster that was projected using a 1983 Teale Albers projection and the results ...
3
votes
2answers
866 views

Round Raster to next higher or lower int

I am using ArcGIS 10.1. I am searching for a solution to calculate a raster. The values are like: 0.2 0.6 5.3 i.e. How can I now get 0.2 as 0 and 0.6 to 1 and 5.3 to 5? In the end integer numbers. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

calculating zonal statistics of raster data in multiple overlapping zones and combining them into one table

The aim here is to calculate the max, min, mean, range, sum, count and std of raster data contained in areas delimited by polygons (much like what the Zonal Statistics as a Table tool from Spatial ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Arcmap 10 restrict Flow Accumulation

I am working with the Flow Accumulation tool in ArcMap 10's spatial analyst hydrology tools. This tool calculates the total number of raster cells that flow into a given cell. However, for my ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

Spatial analysis using QGIS or ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am working on the spatial distribution of commercial parking public spaces. I made a database (NUMBER PARKING PLACES, NUMBER OF PARKING MONTHLY), business subjects with adresses with activity. I did ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

How to measure Fracture in area using ArcGIS Cut and Fill?

I want to measure fracture in an area.I know I have to use cut and fill tool. But I wonder how to give input for this tool? it has Input before raster surface and Input after raster surface ! what ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Floodplain generation given river section polylines, flood level elevation points and a DEM of the land surface

I am looking to generate flood plain polygons to represent 20 and 100 year flood zones, in the most accurate and efficient way possible, given the following datasets: 1) River cross section polylines ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

ArcMap 10 - Extract raster cells from imagery based on RGB value

I've got some aerial photography (format: IMAGINE Image) which is detailed enough to see to fire hydrants and a shapefile of fire hydrants which was digitized based on some CAD data. My project is to ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Where can I find examples of fuzzy logic applications in ArcGIS?

The last ArcGIS version (10) includes two arctoolbox tools for fuzzy logic (Fuzzy Membership, and Fuzzy Overlay). Does anyone know where can I find some examples showing how they can be applied? ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculate Slope of Street Segments

Using a DEM, I need to assign slope to individual segments in a street centerline feature class. It will be used to account for increased travel time for steep slopes in a network analysis. I am ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Analysing movement using cost surfaces with ArcGIS Path Distance tool?

I would like to analyse hypothetical movement (on foot) in a landscape as based on energy expenditure, but I have run into some trouble that I am hoping that you could help me with. I have tried to do ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Dealing with NoData in ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

When using Spatial Analyst I regularly have issues with NoData values cropping up in the data. Various tools appear to introduce NoData values regularly. These values then cause issues with ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

What type of interpolation to visualize metal detection survey data?

I have about 500,000 points collected in a linear grid pattern over a 1 km2 area. The points were collected as part of a metal detection survey. Each point has X,Y and Coil Response mV (min -675.38 ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a Zonal Statistics value change when applied on a subset of data?

I have generated zonal statistics using feature zone data on a value raster. This shapefile contains about 20000 polygons and the analysis went without a hitch. While testing quality, I ran the same ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Conditional reclassification of a raster

I am attempting to do a conditional reclassification of an NLCD land-use raster. I specifically want to reclassify all developed areas (classifications 22,23,24) that are near a road (classification ...
3
votes
3answers
519 views

How to extract surface from air photo avoiding trees and buildings?

I am working with Drone air images. These are geotiff images and clearly portray trees and buildings. I need to first classify the image according to land cover distribution, then need to remove the ...
1
vote
2answers
274 views

Open source, Python option for Arcpy's Con tool?

I'm wondering if there is a method to perform a function similar to Arc's Con tool, using open source options in python. I have two rasters, one that shows locations of clouds and the other is just a ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

Finding correlation between point location and raster value

I have what i thought was a very simple problem but i think i may have overthought it.... I have a population density raster and a point feature layer showing the locations of X (about 70 points). ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Comparing extents of rasters using ArcPy?

I am writing a script that takes an input of an Area of Interest (AOI) and then walks through the base directories to find any file that has an extent that intersects with the AOI, clip it and ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

What special values can be included in the Con tool's conditional statement?

I recently read an answer to this question, which used a rather creative solution involving ArcGIS's Raster Calculator. The part that I was most interested in was that the solution's conditional ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Converting raster file from float to integer type in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a float type raster file (an NDVI made from ERDAS IMAGINE) and would like to convert it to an interger type raster file in order to use Focal Statistics function (Majority). Is there any way to ...
5
votes
1answer
356 views

Merging two DEMs in different pixel bits?

I have 2 different Digital Elevation Modeling (DEM). One is the state DEM and has 30m and has 16 pixel bit. I have a couple of smaller DEM that has 30m but they have 32 pixel bit. I know how to merge ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

How to calculate the distance of sites to riverways

How do you calculate the distance of about 10 sites scattered across a region to bodies of water (rivers and lakes) using ArcGIS 10.1? I have the lat/lon coordinates of the 10 sites as a point ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Do I need to run regression in each samples separately?

I'd like to do smooth NDVI image by regression analysis; response of time series NDVI image to Julian date to represent the seasonal changes in NDVI as a function of Julian day. The time series NDVI ...