Spatial Analyst is a extension within ArcGIS that provides a range of spatial modeling and analysis tools.

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22
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6answers
10k views

Ways to Speed Up Python Scripts Running As ArcGIS Tools

This is a pretty general question. I just wondering what tips and tricks GIS programmers have used to speed up arcpy scripts that you import into the toolbox and run. I work most everyday writing ...
19
votes
3answers
842 views

How to count consecutive pixel values for a set of rasters?

I'm using ArcGIS 10 with Spatial Analyst. I have a set of rasters (8 in total) that only every contain a 1 or a 0 for each cell. Each raster represents a different years worth of data. For arguments ...
17
votes
3answers
827 views

Dealing with bridges and tunnels when modeling raster least cost paths?

I'm currently using ArcGIS 10 Spatial Analyst's Cost Path tool to model pedestrian routes. I have sidewalks, fences, buildings and a ton of pedestrian scale features, all combined into a cost surface ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Where can I find examples of fuzzy logic applications in ArcGIS?

The last ArcGIS version (10) includes two arctoolbox tools for fuzzy logic (Fuzzy Membership, and Fuzzy Overlay). Does anyone know where can I find some examples showing how they can be applied? ...
14
votes
6answers
9k views

Methodology for creating accurate drainage networks (and catchments) from high resolution LiDAR DEM?

This is not the first time I've stumbled over this issue; it seems that I am unable to generate a correct drainage network model and the resulting catchments from full resolution (1m cells) LiDAR ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How does Nearest Neighbor Image Resampling work in ArcGIS?

I am trying to understand how nearest neighbor for the resampling of Image datasets works in ArcGIS. The output raster cell value is the value of the closest cell value in the input raster: In this ...
9
votes
7answers
7k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What Algorithm is used by ArcGIS Watershed tool?

Does anyone know what type of algorithm is used in the ArcGIS Watershed tool (in the Spatial Analyst package)? Very little information given on Esri's website ... but I suspect it may be some kind of ...
9
votes
3answers
949 views

Creating raster by randomly choosing cell value from multiple overlapping rasters?

I'm using ArcGIS Desktop 10 with its Spatial Analyst extension. How do I combine multiple rasters into one, always choosing randomly from the values of overlapping cells? I have an image that may ...
9
votes
1answer
840 views

Calculating distance from points to different class in raster

I am looking for some advice on how to calculate the distance from a point to a different class of a raster. Specifically, I have observations (points) of animal use overlaid on land cover data. For ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How to combine corner-touching polygons into a single feature

I have created a polygon layer from rasters, and only have a single classification ID (and calculated acres) for each polygon. I would like to "dissolve" all touching features into larger, individual ...
9
votes
1answer
15k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Analysing movement using cost surfaces with ArcGIS Path Distance tool?

I would like to analyse hypothetical movement (on foot) in a landscape as based on energy expenditure, but I have run into some trouble that I am hoping that you could help me with. I have tried to do ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Floodplain generation given river section polylines, flood level elevation points and a DEM of the land surface

I am looking to generate flood plain polygons to represent 20 and 100 year flood zones, in the most accurate and efficient way possible, given the following datasets: 1) River cross section polylines ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I get weighted Flow Accumulation to deal with negative values? [duplicate]

here's one I haven't seen anywhere, to my surprise. I am trying to do something a little different with Flow Accumulation, which I would think has been attempted before, but it's stumping me for now. ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What type of kernel density function does ArcMap use?

I know that there are several types of kernel density functions, such as uniform, cosine, Gaussian, etc. I was just wondering which one the "Kernel Density" functionality in ArcMap 10's Spatial ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How to cluster points based on a kernel density?

I have a large dataset with 36k points representing commercial land uses, each with a field containing the square footage. I have run a kernel density analysis on this dataset, producing a raster ...
8
votes
1answer
320 views

Any rules of thumb for neighborhood settings in Focal Statistics?

In ArcGIS 10, users can define the neighborhood in the Focal statistics tool. The moving window shape can be set to any of the following: Wedge, annulus, circle, rectangle, irregular, and weight. ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

What type of interpolation to visualize metal detection survey data?

I have about 500,000 points collected in a linear grid pattern over a 1 km2 area. The points were collected as part of a metal detection survey. Each point has X,Y and Coil Response mV (min -675.38 ...
7
votes
2answers
874 views

Process a raster with multiple geoprocessing tools in arcgis 10 using python - flow between processes

I'm writing a short python script that includes processing rasters with different geoprocessing tools in ArcGis 10, for example, the three processes below, is this best way to use multiple tools ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Dealing with NoData in ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

When using Spatial Analyst I regularly have issues with NoData values cropping up in the data. Various tools appear to introduce NoData values regularly. These values then cause issues with ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Is Clip (Data management) or Extract By Mask (Spatial Analyst) more efficient?

I'm trying to clip down an Orthophoto to a county boundary. I've been using the Extract By Mask Tool, but this process has been running for about 12 hours! It's gone through 2 cycles already, so I'm ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Extract Overlapping Polygon Data to Points

I have a polygon data set of corn yield collected by a combine. However, as the combine drove through the field, there was slight overlap between passes, leading to overlapping polygons within the ...
7
votes
2answers
310 views

What is the Pick tool in ArcGIS's Spatial Analyst commonly used for?

I have recently encountered the Pick tool in the Spatial Analyst of ArcGIS. I understand what the tool does; it creates an output raster using a list of input rasters and a 'position' raster which ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

ArcMap 10 - Extract raster cells from imagery based on RGB value

I've got some aerial photography (format: IMAGINE Image) which is detailed enough to see to fire hydrants and a shapefile of fire hydrants which was digitized based on some CAD data. My project is to ...
7
votes
1answer
503 views

How to find nearest neighbors of polylines?

I have a shapefile containing irregularly placed polylines (i.e., survey routes). Following the general idea of a paper I read, I would like to use tessellation to identify the neighbors for each ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How to calculate stream order for vector data without a DEM?

I have a shapefile which contains the streams that were digitized from a satellite Image. I would like to calculate the stream order for this data. The data does not exactly match the DEM that I have, ...
7
votes
3answers
296 views

How to compare spatial patterns (crime cases vs population)?

I am looking for a way to statistically compare two spatial patterns in shape polygon data (not point pattern analysis). Let's say I have a city map divided in neighborhoods (barrios), in shape ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the flood volume using a LiDAR DEM and a HEC-RAS floodplain polygon

I’ve got a vexing GIS analysis problem which is conceptually fairly straightforward, but in reality more challenging to figure out…. Basically, I need to calculate the VOLUME of floodwater within a ...
6
votes
2answers
417 views

What do ArcGIS regression analysis warnings 000853, 000916 & 000981 mean?

I'm trying to do regression analysis using a shapefile which contains dependent variable (NDVI) and explanatory variable (prec) in ArcGIS. First, I run GWR analysis and then run spatial ...
6
votes
1answer
887 views

Working around slow processing times in ArcGIS Spatial Analyst functions?

I am batch processing a large amount of distance functions (~50,000) using ArcGIS 9.3. In this version, using spatial analyst functions, it seems to be the case that users cannot parallelize processes ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Clipping a raster using a polyline or polygon

I have a large raster created from values that cover the whole United States and Alaska which are both polygon and polyline features, this raster was caluclated using Spatial Analyst IDW ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Reclassify raster values of 9999 to NoData, leaving all other values alone, in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a raster in ArcGIS which has a number of cells with the values 9999, showing that the data could not be generated for that cell. I want to convert all of these 9999 values to NoData, so that ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

RMSE between two rasters step-by-step

Can anyone show how to calculate the RMSE (root mean square error) between following two rasters step-by-step and discuss on the obtained results' min and max values, and how to interpret it. Thanks a ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Finding nearest raster cell value based on vector point?

I have two layers in ArcGIS: One is a vector point and the other is a raster layer. I want to append the value of the raster data grid to the vector point. The problem is the vector point is away from ...
6
votes
1answer
426 views

Why does tool take longer to run when in Python script?

I have written a python script that does some euclidean allocation. For that I use arcpy.gp.EucAllocation_sa() method. Now, my python script takes 30-40% extra time than spatial analyst euclidean ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Extract raster by mask output does not completely overlap the mask

I have a flow accumulation grid and a shapefile containing catchment areas. Now I want to do some calculations on them so I need to extract data from cells in the raster adjacent to certain catchment ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

Increasing search radius of nearest neighbors for Nibble tool?

I am working with a raster map vegetation types. I have about 20 types with unique raster code values that can be sorted into three classes: vegetation types I want to expand using the nibble ...
6
votes
2answers
410 views

Recommend text for Spatial Analyst? (ArcGIS)

Does anyone have a recommendation for a good reference/tutorial(s) on Spatial Analyst? The most recent I can find are from early to mid 2000s. Or has SA simply not changed much in 7 years? Thanks, ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

ArcGIS ERROR 000824: The tool is not licensed in arcpy

I try to run the Zonal Statistic as a Table through arcpy and it gives me: ERROR 000824: The tool is not licensed. Here is the doc for the function: ...
6
votes
2answers
973 views

What are best practices to compare densities and locations between two sets of points?

I have two sets of point shapefiles. They represent two different customer groups for a retail store. Shapefile A represents online customers, Shapefile B represents in-store customers. What I ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Are special interpolation techniques required for weather data?

I've downloaded a series of weather observations from the local weather agency - it comprises around 1,000 points spread non-uniformly across Australia, with a greater density of points located near ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Creating forest patches from land cover layer?

I have a land cover layer from which I've extracted the tree canopy class and set all values that are not tree to NULL. I've also converted it to a vector and exploded it to make single part features. ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Comparing extents of rasters using ArcPy?

I am writing a script that takes an input of an Area of Interest (AOI) and then walks through the base directories to find any file that has an extent that intersects with the AOI, clip it and ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Find the best path along raster

I've just posted a question to StackOverflow about the best way to go about finding the best path on the raster below (where whiter pixels are 'better'), but have realised that it might actually be ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a Zonal Statistics value change when applied on a subset of data?

I have generated zonal statistics using feature zone data on a value raster. This shapefile contains about 20000 polygons and the analysis went without a hitch. While testing quality, I ran the same ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Using an integer variable in where-clause in arcgis python script

I've seen some questions on this, but there seem to be many different answers... and none have seemed to work. I'm trying to include an integer variable in the SQL where-clause of a tool like this ...
5
votes
3answers
760 views

General steps to create watershed boundary

I am a very beginner of ArcGIS. I got this CD of GIS files of a city and intend to work on watershed management. There are different file names in different formats on CD. Like .shp, .shx, .dbf, ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a Focal Statistics (spatial analyst) tool in ArcGIS equivalent in QGIS?

I'm attempting to use QGIS v2.0.1 to accomplish the same tasks that I can do using ArcMap v10.1 and I'm running into some trouble finding equivalent tools. In ArcMap I am using the Focal Statistics ...