Spatial Analyst is a extension within ArcGIS that provides a range of spatial modeling and analysis tools.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

17
votes
5answers
5k views

Ways to Speed Up Python Scripts Running As ArcGIS Tools

This is a pretty general question. I just wondering what tips and tricks GIS programmers have used to speed up arcpy scripts that you import into the toolbox and run. I work most everyday writing ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Where can I find examples of fuzzy logic applications in ArcGIS?

The last ArcGIS version (10) includes two arctoolbox tools for fuzzy logic (Fuzzy Membership, and Fuzzy Overlay). Does anyone know where can I find some examples showing how they can be applied? ...
13
votes
6answers
5k views

Methodology for creating accurate drainage networks (and catchments) from high resolution LiDAR DEM?

This is not the first time I've stumbled over this issue; it seems that I am unable to generate a correct drainage network model and the resulting catchments from full resolution (1m cells) LiDAR ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Are there any open source tools to detect and fill sinks on a DEM?

Are there any open source or inexpensive tools to detect and fill sinks on a DEM? ESRI Spatial Analyst is just out of my price range.
9
votes
4answers
271 views

What Algorithm is used by ArcGIS Watershed tool?

Does anyone know what type of algorithm is used in the ArcGIS Watershed tool (in the Spatial Analyst package)? Very little information given on Esri's website ... but I suspect it may be some kind of ...
9
votes
2answers
541 views

Floodplain generation given river section polylines, flood level elevation points and a DEM of the land surface

I am looking to generate flood plain polygons to represent 20 and 100 year flood zones, in the most accurate and efficient way possible, given the following datasets: 1) River cross section polylines ...
9
votes
2answers
782 views

How can I get weighted Flow Accumulation to deal with negative values? [duplicate]

here's one I haven't seen anywhere, to my surprise. I am trying to do something a little different with Flow Accumulation, which I would think has been attempted before, but it's stumping me for now. ...
8
votes
1answer
794 views

What type of kernel density function does ArcMap use?

I know that there are several types of kernel density functions, such as uniform, cosine, Gaussian, etc. I was just wondering which one the "Kernel Density" functionality in ArcMap 10's Spatial ...
8
votes
3answers
553 views

How do I create a raster randomly choosing a cell value from 2 or more overlapping rasters?

I'm using Arc 10. I want it to combine multiple rasters into one, always choosing randomly from the values of overlapping cells. I have an image that may explain this better:
8
votes
1answer
384 views

Calculating distance from points to different class in raster

I am looking for some advice on how to calculate the distance from a point to a different class of a raster. Specifically, I have observations (points) of animal use overlaid on land cover data. For ...
8
votes
1answer
183 views

Are there any rules of thumb for the neighborhood settings in Focal Statistics?

In ArcGIS 10, users can define the neighborhood in the Focal statistics tool. The moving window shape can be set to any of the following: Wedge, annulus, circle, rectangle, irregular, and weight. ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

What type of interpolation should I use to visualize metal detection survey data?

I have about 500,000 points collected in a linear grid pattern over a 1 km2 area. The points were collected as part of a metal detection survey. Each point has X,Y and Coil Response mV (min -675.38 ...
7
votes
3answers
912 views

How to cluster points based on a kernel density?

I have a large dataset with 36k points representing commercial land uses, each with a field containing the square footage. I have run a kernel density analysis on this dataset, producing a raster ...
7
votes
2answers
800 views

Process a raster with multiple geoprocessing tools in arcgis 10 using python - flow between processes

I'm writing a short python script that includes processing rasters with different geoprocessing tools in ArcGis 10, for example, the three processes below, is this best way to use multiple tools ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Extract Overlapping Polygon Data to Points

I have a polygon data set of corn yield collected by a combine. However, as the combine drove through the field, there was slight overlap between passes, leading to overlapping polygons within the ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
7
votes
1answer
663 views

Problem analysing movement using cost surfaces (involving ArcGIS's Path Distance-tool)

I would like to analyse hypothetical movement (on foot) in a landscape as based on energy expenditure, but I have run into some trouble that I am hoping that you could help me with. I have tried to do ...
6
votes
7answers
3k views

Extract raster values at points

How can I extract values from a raster by points. I prefer not in Arcgis. I prefer in Qgis or Mapwindow or other open source gis.
6
votes
2answers
280 views

What do ArcGIS regression analysis warnings 000853, 000916 & 000981 mean?

I'm trying to do regression analysis using a shapefile which contains dependent variable (NDVI) and explanatory variable (prec) in ArcGIS. First, I run GWR analysis and then run spatial ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Clipping a raster using a polyline or polygon

I have a large raster created from values that cover the whole United States and Alaska which are both polygon and polyline features, this raster was caluclated using Spatial Analyst IDW ...
6
votes
3answers
876 views

How to combine corner-touching polygons into a single feature

I have created a polygon layer from rasters, and only have a single classification ID (and calculated acres) for each polygon. I would like to "dissolve" all touching features into larger, individual ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Why does tool take longer to run when in Python script?

I have written a python script that does some euclidean allocation. For that I use arcpy.gp.EucAllocation_sa() method. Now, my python script takes 30-40% extra time than spatial analyst euclidean ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Find the nearest raster cell value based on a vector point

I have two layers in ArcGIS: One is a vector point and the other is a raster layer. I want to append the value of the raster data grid to the vector point. The problem is the vector point is away from ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

ArcMap 10 - Extract raster cells from imagery based on RGB value

I've got some aerial photography (format: IMAGINE Image) which is detailed enough to see to fire hydrants and a shapefile of fire hydrants which was digitized based on some CAD data. My project is to ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

How to find nearest neighbors of polylines?

I have a shapefile containing irregularly placed polylines (i.e., survey routes). Following the general idea of a paper I read, I would like to use tessellation to identify the neighbors for each ...
6
votes
2answers
388 views

Recommend text for Spatial Analyst? (ArcGIS)

Does anyone have a recommendation for a good reference/tutorial(s) on Spatial Analyst? The most recent I can find are from early to mid 2000s. Or has SA simply not changed much in 7 years? Thanks, ...
6
votes
2answers
711 views

What are best practices to compare densities and locations between two sets of points?

I have two sets of point shapefiles. They represent two different customer groups for a retail store. Shapefile A represents online customers, Shapefile B represents in-store customers. What I ...
5
votes
1answer
427 views

Work-around for slow processing times in ArcGIS 9.3 with Spatial Analyst functions

I am batch processing a large amount of distance functions (~50,000) using ArcGIS 9.3. In this version, using spatial analyst functions, it seems to be the case that users cannot parallelize processes ...
5
votes
2answers
810 views

Using an integer variable in where-clause in arcgis python script

I've seen some questions on this, but there seem to be many different answers... and none have seemed to work. I'm trying to include an integer variable in the SQL where-clause of a tool like this ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

RMSE between two rasters step-by-step

Can anyone show how to calculate the RMSE (root mean square error) between following two rasters step-by-step and discuss on the obtained results' min and max values, and how to interpret it. Thanks a ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

NoData in ArcGIS Spatial Analysis

When using Spatial Analyst I regularly have issues with NoData values cropping up in the data. Various tools appear to introduce NoData values regularly. These values then cause issues with other ...
5
votes
1answer
355 views

How to create a field with a specified slope projecting from a 3D polygon

Im trying to figure out how to create a elevation raster from a known location (3D polygon) that projects at a specified slope (1%) for a specified distance(1-2 km). Does anyone have any idea how to ...
5
votes
1answer
321 views

When merging two DEMs, do they have to be in the same pixel bits?

I have a simple question. I have 2 different Digital Elevation Modeling (DEM). One is the state DEM and has 30m and has 16 pixel bit. I have a couple of smaller DEM that has 30m but they have 32 pixel ...
5
votes
1answer
300 views

How do I get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point?

I want to get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point. The goal is to create a "downstream distance to a point grid". This then would allow me to create "distance" ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Viewsheds and Observer Points in ArcGIS Spatial analyst

I am trying to understand the viewshed and observer points tool in spatial analyst. I want to show which areas of land can see a wind turbine, or put another way, from where can the wind turbine be ...
5
votes
2answers
185 views

Is there a way to increase the search radius of nearest neighbors for the Nibble tool?

I am working with a raster map vegetation types. I have about 20 types with unique raster code values that can be sorted into three classes: 1 - vegetation types I want to expand using the nibble ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Sum raster data visible from given point, by proportion of view

I am wondering if there is a tool that does the following (preferably in Arc but other options considered). Simple example: what proportion of the view from a given point on the landscape is occupied ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Extract Values to Point from Raster Issue

I am trying to use the tool Extract Values to Points on a File Geodatabase raster, but I am getting some weird errors. I've used this tool multiple times before with no issue, but not since I ...
5
votes
1answer
316 views

How to find upstream - lateral and downstream zones around urban areas?

I've a DTM and a shapefile of built-up areas. For a fire risk model, I've to find (within a defined buffer zone) two zones around built-up areas: one that is above/higher and lateral and the other ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Monitoring programmes

I am not sure if it is a right place to ask this one but let me try. Monitoring programmes are known for various targets and for various spatial levels. They may include regions, countries or even ...
5
votes
1answer
999 views

How to calculate the flood volume using a LiDAR DEM and a HEC-RAS floodplain polygon

I’ve got a vexing GIS analysis problem which is conceptually fairly straightforward, but in reality more challenging to figure out…. Basically, I need to calculate the VOLUME of floodwater within a ...
5
votes
1answer
632 views

Are special interpolation techniques required for weather data?

I've downloaded a series of weather observations from the local weather agency - it comprises around 1,000 points spread non-uniformly across Australia, with a greater density of points located near ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Can 2D polygon be used as hard breakline for terrain?

I've been working with TINs for years and have only ever been satisfied when using 3D polylines for breaklines. I am currently transitioning to using terrains and after reading the documentation in ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I add a hyphen to the Field Calculator to merge 2 columns?

I am trying to build a field calculator expression to merge two columns into one. I am looking for the word that makes it a range. Example: I have 2 columns in elevation, From and To. I want to ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Does a Zonal Statistics value change when applied on a subset of data?

I have generated zonal statistics using feature zone data on a value raster. This shapefile contains about 20000 polygons and the analysis went without a hitch. While testing quality, I ran the same ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

how do you identify ridges on an elevation raster?

I was wondering whether anyone might be able to tell me in layman's terms how to extract or differentiate between ridges and hilltops from 10m elevation data using ArcGIS 10.1? Any advice would be ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

Which flow routing algorithms does ArcGis support?

Other than standard D8 are there support for multiple flow algorithms like FD8, DEMON, Dinfinity etc?
4
votes
4answers
179 views

How to determine if all points on a map are identical in arcpy?

My eventual goal is to automate kernel density calculations for a large corpus of point data; however, if all points are identical (for example, if there are 7 points all stacked on top of one another ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How should I correctly exaggerate a hillshade raster (ArcGIS10, Spatial Analyst)?

I once wanted to generalize a high resolution raster and instead of MEAN i accidentally selected the default SUM technique, using a cell factor 5 (Lidar DEM is 1m resolution). When I used this result ...