The field of study concerning statistical methods that use space and spatial relationships (such as distance, area, volume, length, height, orientation, centrality and/or other spatial characteristics of data) directly in their mathematical computations.

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6
votes
1answer
477 views

Calculating “relative slope” per Mora-Vahrson method in ArcGIS

I'm a longtime lurker who finally decided to register on the forum (in no way driven by my need to have a certain question answered, of course...). I was contacted by a colleague asking for help ...
0
votes
0answers
108 views

Does the Calculation of Spatial Weights Matrix in ArcGIS take into account 3D?

This question is about Spatial Weights Matrix in ArcGIS. Does it take into account 3D or not? I want to calculate Spatial Weights Matrix with SPACE_TIME_WINDOW. Anton
5
votes
2answers
700 views

Spatio-temporal block kriging with R package gstat?

In the documentation of sp I saw that the coords argument of the SpatialPolygons function only accepts 2 columns. Is it not possible to create 3-dimensional polygons? I am doing spatio-temporal ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Obtain normalized raster average per polygon?

I have a raster that contains percentages of total forest killed plus a polygon layer that defines different zones. My goal is to find a good statistical representative that describes the forest ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What are the geometric principles and GIS techniques that I can use to generate a postcode coverage of my city at street scales?

Postal codes of Brazil and another countries are oriented to distribution logistics, and improvement of reliability in writing the postal addresses; but without much concern for the spatial ...
14
votes
3answers
525 views

How to determine if trees within forest gaps are clustered?

The attached dataset shows approximately 6000 saplings in approximately 50 variable sized forest gaps. I am interested in learning how these saplings are growing within their respective gaps (i.e. ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

How are geographic coordinates stored for multivariate statistical analysis? [closed]

In terms of Principal Components Analysis or Multiple Discriminant Analysis, I have used dummy variables to represent a group of like-features that are located in the same geographic region. For ...
11
votes
1answer
373 views

How to associate polygons with the nearest point on a point layer? (Or … how do I assign a postal area to a salesman?)

I have a polygon layer of postal code areas and I want to use them to create sales territories based on where our sales people are based. So I assume that I need to work out for each of the polygons ...
4
votes
2answers
711 views

Spatial query of raster data

I have population distribution data as a raster layer and exposure contours as vector (polygon) layers. What I'd like to do is use the vector layer to estimate the population indicated from the raster ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

BV LISA using PySal?

I want to run a LISA with a time series spatially lagged variable using PYSAL. I see that LISA will allow the definition of y & w but not Wy(t-k). Any thoughts how I can get the lagged variable ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Calculating Mean Upslope slope, curvature, etc

I'm trying to generate rasters whose values summarize the mean value of a given parameter (slope, curvature, etc.) of the upslope terrain. I feel like this should be doable using only a flow ...
3
votes
0answers
260 views

How do I access layer attributes from within QGIS' manageR plugin?

This is probably a fairly basic question, but searches for manageR come up with a lot of noise, and there's no manageR tag. What I'd like to do is load the attributes from a particular field of a ...
7
votes
1answer
182 views

Which spatial weighting function does ArcGIS' GWR use?

I am running Geographically Weighted Regression and originally was using ArcGIS to carry out the analysis until I read/heard mixed reviews about it. I have now tried a different programme to run it ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Principal Component Analysis using ArcGIS, Python and SPSS/R?

I am after a description/methodology for conducting a Geographically Weighted Principal Components Analysis (GWPCA). I am happy using Python for any portion of this and I imagine SPSS or R being used ...
8
votes
1answer
497 views

Are Zonal Statistics possible in PostGIS2?

Now with postgis2 which supports rasters by default is it possible to do a zonal statistics analysis? I've google it but I haven't found anything solid? Is there a tutorial outthere to get me ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

How to fit a polygon to a “best buffer” about a reference geometry in it?

If I have a polygonal geometry gbase, like a street (a rectangular strip), and a reference geometry gref, like a central line of gbase. The question is what is the function (here named BestBuffer) ...
4
votes
2answers
697 views

How to find the watershed for each outlet point and sum values within it?

I have the following files to work with: Stream network of a basin; Outlet points for each segment* of the network and Points which represent water withdrawals along of the stream, which are not ...
1
vote
1answer
783 views

Modelling Sea level rise scenarios for a Coastal county in ArcGIS

I am a graduate student @ Clemson University and am working on a GIS based project which is to model different sea level rise scenarios and estimate its impacts on a coastal county and to suggest ...
4
votes
1answer
445 views

Statistical analyses for survey against raster?

I am somewhat of a newbie to geostatistical analyses, but pretty familiar with GIS and remote sensing packages. I was wondering if anyone had suggestions on appropriate geostatistical analyses for a ...
2
votes
1answer
856 views

Defining datum for Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area and converting to geographic coordinates

I posted this question to a specialised mailing list for spatial data analysis using R here but didn't recieve a response. I am working with shapefiles and rasters in R, and I am unsure if I am ...
5
votes
1answer
991 views

Trouble with Hot Spot Analysis (Getis-Ord Gi*) tool in ArcGIS

I am trying to locate areas with a high rate of accidents involving bicyclists or pedestrians per car accident of any kind. I have a point file of accidents and a point file of all those with ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How to Find the Average Raster Value of an area defined by a shapefile using R?

I have a set of raster images which represent a specific month over the years, and I want to make a timeline of the average values of an area using a shapefile. How do I extract the values from the ...
5
votes
1answer
286 views

Spatial regression

I have a question regarding performing spatial regression on data which residuals are spatially correlated. If the residuals are spatially autocorrelated due to the presence of trend, how should I ...
8
votes
1answer
450 views

Modifying Bivariate Moran's I /LISA to include self?

I am using GeoDa's Bivariate Moran's I function to examine patterns of collocation between two variables at the county level (call them A and B for now). I know that, having run the analysis I can ...
14
votes
3answers
623 views

Ecological geospatial conundrum

I am looking for a different, more elegant solution to a spatial statistics problem. Raw data consists of an x-y coordinate for each individual tree (i.e. converted to a point .shp file). Although ...
7
votes
4answers
14k views

How to convert zip codes to latitude and longitude?

I have a data set that includes a list of zip codes. Is there a way in R to convert these zip codes to latitude and longitude coordinates?
6
votes
2answers
314 views

How do I process xy data to be compatible with census block data (so I can include them in my GWR model)? (ArcGIS 10)

I'm pretty new to GIS, so apologies if my problem is rather simplistic I'm planning to do regression analysis (GWR) on several datasets, where all but one is based on census areas (UK OS lower level ...
11
votes
2answers
693 views

Regression Model and Spatial Autocorrelation

I have used OLS and GWR for validating the dependencies between two distinct database. The Residual Square for GWR is 0.82 and thereby making it the right regression model to be used for determining ...
2
votes
1answer
851 views

Hotspot Analysis: Low Values showing as hotspots

Im running hotspot analysis on point data, attempting to examine pollution emissions. I ran spatial autocorrelation first in order to determine the default distance threshold to use in the fixed ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Outputting results message from spatial statistics tool to text file using python

I'm using the following tool in ArcGIS 10 - Calculate Distance Band from Neighbor Count (Spatial Statistics). I'm using a python script to execute this tool several times on different shapefiles: ...
14
votes
7answers
2k views

Best spatial statistics software for GIS?

I am searching for spatial statistics software which has many powerful features and supports a GIS interface. Can anyone give me some advice?
7
votes
1answer
333 views

How to use ESRI's spatial statistics tools on average values?

I'm wondering if anyone can tell me whether using the spatial statistics tools such as Getis Ord Gi* "hot spot" analysis in ArcView is advisable when your input data is an averaged value, e.g. the ...
4
votes
1answer
325 views

Finding intersection density for weighted lines connecting points across the continental USA

I'm working on an one-time problem that I'm hoping to solve with a computer program using free GIS libraries (preferably for VB.Net, C#, or Python... Java or C/C++ could work too). Alternatively, I ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

Spatial graphing, distribution of polygon area over latitudes

Given a polygon in a PostGIS database, what is the best way to create a graph of its distribution over a range of latitudes? I'm picturing a graph of a curve, where the proportion of the total area ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Robust alternatives to Moran's I

Moran’s I, a measure of spatial autocorrelation, is not a particularly robust statistic (it can be sensitive to skewed distributions of the spatial data attributes). What are some more robust ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

Regression with Nominal and Categorical Data

I am doing a project looking at the prevalence of a weeds in an area. As an example, I have the following layers: Weeds Layer (polygons) {categorical data} Each polygon represents a point or polygon ...
4
votes
1answer
423 views

Analysing Information By Vector Grid

I have two vector line datasets and wish to compare the line lengths. While I have already compared the sum of the lengths, I'd like to conduct further analysis down to 250m, possibly lower. I'm ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

how to overlay shapefile and raster?

I have a shapefile with polygons. And I have a global raster file. I want to overlay the shapefile's polygons onto the raster grid and calculate the mean raster value for each polygon. How can I do ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Select maximum number of points more than x meters apart

I have a dataset of ~15,000 points that are locations along ROV survey tracks where measurements were taken. These points can be less than 5 meters apart and the survey tracks often cross or can be ...
5
votes
0answers
289 views

How to store Large Raster Images of Equipotential Surface Generation Using Monte Carlo Simulation?

I have a large (1GB+) raster that I am using as the base for the generation of an equipotential surface. This is to assess the accuracy of DEMs derived from another source. In situ observation is ...
9
votes
1answer
280 views

How to find the most spread out locations?

Probably a very simple question. I have a list of about a thousand potential geographical locations (lat lon), and of those I need to select the 200 locations that are "most spread out". I think that ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

ESRI Silverlight Cartography - Looking at whats not there

I have line data that has been symbolozied in ways that I don't have time to understand and would like to make a map that tells me =). My general question is how to display the lack of data results ...
6
votes
2answers
406 views

Confidence interval from raster data

I have raster data that represents a probability distribution, i.e. each cell has a probability value (in my case the probability that an animal may be found in the cell), and all the cells add up to ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Which spatial statistics tools to use in examining autocorrelation in two layers? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to compare two spatial point patterns? I am working on a project and have found myself a bit lost as to which types of Spatial Statistics tools I should use to get ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How to get the second nearest neighbor between two point patterns in R?

Is there a way to get the distances for the second nearest neighbor between two point patterns in R? The spatstat package has a function called nncross but it only applies to the nearest neighbors ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

How to cluster spatial data in R?

I am very new to R, so please bear with me : > I have bunch of data points with latitude and longitude. I want to use R to cluster them based on their distance. I have already taken a look at this ...
6
votes
2answers
841 views

What are best practices to compare densities and locations between two sets of points?

I have two sets of point shapefiles. They represent two different customer groups for a retail store. Shapefile A represents online customers, Shapefile B represents in-store customers. What I ...
4
votes
1answer
637 views

Simulation envelopes and significance levels

Many spatial analysis packages provide Monte Carlo techniques to simulate upper and lower “envelopes” for a summary statistic as a function of distance (e.g. K-function, nearest neighbor, etc…). ...
3
votes
1answer
365 views

Splitting raster pixels by a polygon's edge?

I have a a polygon shapefile of different regions, and a raster grid of precip data. I want to take the polygon and add up all the raster precip data in each zone. I could use zonal statistics to do ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Training courses in geostatistics and spatial modelling [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are sources for current geo-statistical analysis classes/events: open or proprietary Does anyone know of or have been on any training courses that specifically ...