# Tagged Questions

The field of study concerning statistical methods that use space and spatial relationships (such as distance, area, volume, length, height, orientation, centrality and/or other spatial characteristics of data) directly in their mathematical computations.

483 views

### Test for spatial randomness with Ripley's K or L function in R

I have a spatial point pattern that I would like to test against complete spatial randomness. I managed to plot a Ripley's K function for my data and a function for a random distribution with a ...
33k views

### How to convert zip codes to latitude and longitude?

I have a data set that includes a list of zip codes. Is there a way in R to convert these zip codes to latitude and longitude coordinates?
536 views

### How to interpolate GPS data correctly?

I'm working on a project that involves using linear interpolation to fit lines to lat/lng points. I'm pretty new at scientific programming related stuff, and I was wondering if people could steer me ...
177 views

### Search Radius for Line Density [closed]

I have been working with GIS for many years but I am fairly new to the spatial analyst side of things. I am working with many satellite tracks for many different individual animals and would like to ...
143 views

### Extract mean value of a raster into a grid shape file [closed]

Hello guys I need your help I have a soil map of an island and a Grid polygon. I want to extract the mean value of the soil map to polygons squares of grid. I read this and this but Ι can't find the ...
103 views

### spatial relation between springs (points) and geological faults (polylines)

In ArcGis 10.1 (advanced license), I have digitized the geological faults (polylines) and the location of water springs (points). Since, relying on literature, there is a potential connection between ...
297 views

### How to deal with data which are not normally distributed when kriging?

I'm a novice with advanced spatial interpolation, and I'm trying to use the Geostatistical Analyst to interpolate a surface based on borehole data, using Ordinary Kriging. The help file explains how ...
4k views

### Is there a Free Aggregate Points tool out there for ArcGIS 10?

I need to do some Getis-Ord analysis but first I need to aggregate my points. I know of XToolsPro, but the aggregate points function is locked and you must purchase a license to use it. I am ...
51 views

### How to Predict demand on a bus route, considering variaton in kms and price?

If there is a route (line) modification, I mean change on distance; and also a change on the price for the user. How can I calculate the demand on the next year, considering seasonnality. What would ...
32 views

### Metrics of change between vector datasets

I have an old and a new set of parcel data which I'm looking to compare. I'm looking to compare changes in individual parcel geometries, so boundary/corner adjustment. Currently each parcel we have ...
53 views

### Clusters of Same Size? [duplicate]

I am attempting to use the Grouping Analysis tool in the Spatial Statistics (in ArcGIS 10.2) to group state high schools (points) together based on enrollment and location. Is there a way to make ...
109 views

### ArcGIS 10: How to mask a raster by using extract by mask tool If the feature mask is larger than the raster area?

I have a problem to mask the the raster which has values ranges -0.73106217384338 - 0.94593381881714. These values have been derived by using equatin (B3-B4)/(B3+B4) from Landsat band 3 and band 4 ...
47 views

### How to see whether a set of postcodes have a typical distribution to the whole postcode population of UK?

For my dissertation I have a dataset of postcodes of 9984 that I am converting to coordinates atm. I looking to find whether this dataset has a 'typical or 'atypical' spatial distribution compared ...
257 views

### Calculating quantile values over a stack of images with grass gis. Help needed on r.series

I need to calculate the values for the 25%, 50%, 75% and 90% quantile over a series of rasters (time series of ndvi values from landsat). I am exploring the r.series command in Grass GIS, but the ...
27 views

### Trying to produce a map of Household behavior with identified explanatory variables held constant/equal

I have a map of the dependent variable, median household vehicle travel, and independent household characteristic variables, median income, mean household size and median age, aggregated to census ...
239 views

### Statistical Analysis using ArcGIS

I have points containing data on temperature from 1951-2000. All data have X,Y coordinates. I have raster files in the same period. Two data sets have different data processing hence different values ...
796 views

### Capabilities of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) in conjunction with the weighted overlay tool

I am making a prospective map of fossil deposits using the "Weighted Overlay" ArcGIS tool. Input factor rasters are mostly topographic in nature (elevation, roughness, TPI, etc). Initially, I had ...
153 views

### What are the geometric principles and GIS techniques that I can use to generate a postcode coverage of my city at street scales?

Postal codes of Brazil and another countries are oriented to distribution logistics, and improvement of reliability in writing the postal addresses; but without much concern for the spatial ...
379 views

### Problem in creating neighbors, area and perimeter in spatial econometrics using R

I’m working on a spatial cross section model with R-programming-language. I’m running these codes which refers to anselin data (spatial_columbus) in spdep package. I found them from these links: ...
159 views

### Spatial Autocorrelation tool vs. Incremental Spatial Autocorrelation

When you run the Spatial Autocorrelation (Monrans I) tool, you have the option of setting 'Conceptualization of Spatial Relationships'. This option isn't available for the Incremental Spatial ...
3k views

### How to Find the Average Raster Value of an area defined by a shapefile using R?

I have a set of raster images which represent a specific month over the years, and I want to make a timeline of the average values of an area using a shapefile. How do I extract the values from the ...
66 views

### Help with Geographic Weighted Regression: Condo Prices

I was working on a GWR Problem in ArcGIS to figure out the potential real estate values of Condos in a city. I thought I was following everything correctly but I keep receiving the same error over and ...
67 views

### Raster statistics along polygon edges

I would like to summarize raster statistics along the edge of each parcel/polygon in a shapefile. For each parcel shown below in yellow, I would like to calculate the average, min and max value of ...
56 views

### Error when running cluster and outlier analysis

I am attempting to run Cluster and Outlier Analysis on a Shapefile Feature Class. The geometry type is a line feature class. I am receiving the following error when attempting to utilize this tool: ...
1k views

### QGIS Data Management: How to calculate Standard Deviation?

does anyone know of a way to find the standard deviation of an attribute lying within any given polygon? The plugin dialog "Join Attributes by Location" gives only the options Mean, Min, Max, and Sum. ...
353 views

### How to compare spatial patterns (crime cases vs population)?

I am looking for a way to statistically compare two spatial patterns in shape polygon data (not point pattern analysis). Let's say I have a city map divided in neighborhoods (barrios), in shape ...
219 views

### How can I choose values from stacked raster images according to location of ROI

Before I choosed ROI on land surface temperature (LST) images and obtained pixel values of LST. Now I need pixel value of another images which are stacked multi-band image. My main purpose is to ...
1k views

### R raster Package Moran's I interpretation

I am using raster package to calculate the local Moran's I . The example gives the range of Moran's I between - 1 to 2.47. On my own data I have see the value range -3.070423 - 7.228558 How can Moran'...
201 views

### Geary's index of spatial autocorrelation

Does anyone knows If there is a way to calculate Geary's index of spatial autocorrelation on open source gis?
168 views

### How does Zonal statistics handle pixels that are on the border of the polygon?

I am using the plugin zonal statistics to calculate the sum of the raster cells within polygons. How does this plugin handle pixels that are on the border of the polygon, are those cell values ...
985 views

### Modifying Bivariate Moran's I /LISA to include self?

I am using GeoDa's Bivariate Moran's I function to examine patterns of collocation between two variables at the county level (call them A and B for now). I know that, having run the analysis I can ...
203 views

### Can I ignore very low levels of spatial autocorrelation in my data?

I have >1 million postcodes clustered in ~7000 middle super output areas for England and Wales which I'm analysing using MLwiN. I have used a multilevel model with random effects and have clustered ...
580 views

### Statistical analyses for survey against raster?

I am somewhat of a newbie to geostatistical analyses, but pretty familiar with GIS and remote sensing packages. I was wondering if anyone had suggestions on appropriate geostatistical analyses for a ...
526 views

### How to automatically get mode (modus) of a raster in ArcGIS

do you have some experience how to automatically get mode value from a raster ( value that appears most often in a dataset)? I am looking for something like "get raster properties" in Spatial analysis ...
375 views

### Identify cluster centroids

I have a data set of points which are grouped into clusters like so: I'd like to use ArcGIS or Python to create a point layer of the centroids of each cluster but I can't seem to find the right ...
110 views

### Literature on bias in spatial weights matrix

I have a question with regard to a possible bias as a result of how one constructs the spatial weights matrix. Consider a case where one works with areal data, for instance we're interested in whether ...
478 views

### Specifying Bayesian Spatially lagged dependent (SAR) variable regression in winBUGS or Stan

I have been looking for code example on how to specify a SAR spatially lagged dependent variable regression in winBUGS (geoBUGS) or, if possible, in Stan. I mean, something of the format: Y = beta_0 ...
2k views

### Regression Model and Spatial Autocorrelation

I have used OLS and GWR for validating the dependencies between two distinct database. The Residual Square for GWR is 0.82 and thereby making it the right regression model to be used for determining ...
262 views

### Which spatial weighting function does ArcGIS' GWR use?

I am running Geographically Weighted Regression and originally was using ArcGIS to carry out the analysis until I read/heard mixed reviews about it. I have now tried a different programme to run it (...
126 views

### Geographically weighted regression for GPS tracking data

I am hoping some one might be able to help me with the following question. The study I am working on has GPS locations at 4 hourly intervals of 5 lions in 3 National Parks over roughly 2 years in ...
55 views

### Rating Randomness of Electromagnetic Conductivity (EC) Data Collected?

So we have electromagnetic conductivity (EC) data that we have been collecting over some forest ground which logs an EC value every couple of seconds. We like to see the data have nice distinct ...
129 views

### Need to calculate values for a cell based on surrounding landscape

I have a raster file with the urban development of a county mapped out (values: 1=urban 0=not urban). I also have a raster file with several blocks of forested land, each block of land has its own ...
37 views

### Applying Spatial Clustering test using R? [duplicate]

I’m very new to R so please bear with me: I have a set of area infested by a disease (AIS) annually data and I want to apply some cluster methodology to detect regions with similar (AIS) patterns. I ...
219 views

### BV LISA using PySal?

I want to run a LISA with a time series spatially lagged variable using PYSAL. I see that LISA will allow the definition of y & w but not Wy(t-k). Any thoughts how I can get the lagged variable ...
273 views

### How to calculate cumulative sum conditionally across raster?

I don't know if this is possible without coding, but I need to: Create a raster file that, for each value in the input raster, sums all pixel values across the entire extent that are less than or ...
166 views

### How to compare multiple spatial point patterns over a polygon

I have multiple point pattern distributions over the same region/polygon. Each point pattern distribution has different number of points. Here is an example of two spatial point patterns for the ...
634 views

### Lagrange Multiplier in lm.LMtests (spdep package for R)

Are the Lagrange values comparable in lm.LMtests? If both RLMerr and RLMlag are significant, would the test with the largest Lagrange value be considered 'better' at explaining the spatial ...
4k views

### Using R with ArcGIS for Desktop (without using GME)? [duplicate]

I am trying to learn R generally and making statistics for maps. I found some useful tricks for making maps with it but it is not the best you can do. My everyday GIS program is ArcGIS. How I can use ...