The field of study concerning statistical methods that use space and spatial relationships (such as distance, area, volume, length, height, orientation, centrality and/or other spatial characteristics of data) directly in their mathematical computations.

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31
votes
9answers
10k views

Open source methods for kriging?

I have a point dataset which I'd like to Krige, ideally using an open-source software package. If possible, I'd also like to choose the semi-variogram model during the process to improve the ...
25
votes
7answers
4k views

How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

How to find Clusters of N Points Within X Distance?

We have tried two methods of cluster analysis: Cluster and Outlier Hot Spot ... but neither meets our specification which has these 3 parameters: a Set of Point features N points within a ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Select maximum number of points more than x meters apart

I have a dataset of ~15,000 points that are locations along ROV survey tracks where measurements were taken. These points can be less than 5 meters apart and the survey tracks often cross or can be ...
11
votes
2answers
692 views

Regression Model and Spatial Autocorrelation

I have used OLS and GWR for validating the dependencies between two distinct database. The Residual Square for GWR is 0.82 and thereby making it the right regression model to be used for determining ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Using R with ArcGIS Desktop

In response to comments below, a re-phrasing of the question. I've used the integration of R with QGIS, and found it a very uesful tool. Having taken a look at the R toolbox extension for 9 and the ...
7
votes
1answer
484 views

Comparison of three contour lines

I am looking for a way to spatially quantify the difference between three contour line shapefiles. More specifically, I have two elevation rasters which I intend to create contour lines from, but ...
4
votes
1answer
445 views

Statistical analyses for survey against raster?

I am somewhat of a newbie to geostatistical analyses, but pretty familiar with GIS and remote sensing packages. I was wondering if anyone had suggestions on appropriate geostatistical analyses for a ...
7
votes
4answers
14k views

How to convert zip codes to latitude and longitude?

I have a data set that includes a list of zip codes. Is there a way in R to convert these zip codes to latitude and longitude coordinates?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Spatial statistics tools : clustering analysis on raster data

I've an apparently simple problem, but i can't find a clear methodology to use. I'm tasked to delimit "urban areas" by vector convex polygons, using the Gridded Population of the World dataset from ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

how to aggregate the rates, represented by points, within X radius

the point represents rates like 10%, etc. (this was also pretty clear from 2 years ago) -- been trying to do this for 2 yrs... the points dont represent numbers of events since they are rates ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to implement bivariate Ripley's K function in ArcGIS 10?

The attached image shows a forest gap with red pine represented as circles and white pine represented as crosses. I am interested in determining if there is a positive or negative association between ...
23
votes
6answers
8k views

Tutorials to handle spatial data in R

Does anyone know some good tutorials to handle spatial data in R? I know that there are some packages like rgdal and maptools but I haven't actually found usefull tutorials to get in touch with the ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Principal Component Analysis using ArcGIS, Python and SPSS/R?

I am after a description/methodology for conducting a Geographically Weighted Principal Components Analysis (GWPCA). I am happy using Python for any portion of this and I imagine SPSS or R being used ...
14
votes
3answers
525 views

How to determine if trees within forest gaps are clustered?

The attached dataset shows approximately 6000 saplings in approximately 50 variable sized forest gaps. I am interested in learning how these saplings are growing within their respective gaps (i.e. ...
14
votes
3answers
623 views

Ecological geospatial conundrum

I am looking for a different, more elegant solution to a spatial statistics problem. Raw data consists of an x-y coordinate for each individual tree (i.e. converted to a point .shp file). Although ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

RMSE between two rasters step-by-step

Can anyone show how to calculate the RMSE (root mean square error) between following two rasters step-by-step and discuss on the obtained results' min and max values, and how to interpret it. Thanks a ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

How to cluster spatial data in R?

I am very new to R, so please bear with me : > I have bunch of data points with latitude and longitude. I want to use R to cluster them based on their distance. I have already taken a look at this ...
9
votes
1answer
280 views

How to find the most spread out locations?

Probably a very simple question. I have a list of about a thousand potential geographical locations (lat lon), and of those I need to select the 200 locations that are "most spread out". I think that ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a Free Aggregate Points tool out there for ArcGIS 10?

I need to do some Getis-Ord analysis but first I need to aggregate my points. I know of XToolsPro, but the aggregate points function is locked and you must purchase a license to use it. I am ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

In ArcGIS Is there a tool that will select a percentage (75%) of a whole group of points based on the distance from one separate point?

This is ArcGIS specific. I have 2 point shapefiles A and B, the first one (A) is a single point that contains a lat long, the second (B) is a multitude of points (over 12k) that each contain their ...
7
votes
7answers
2k views

how to overlay shapefile and raster?

I have a shapefile with polygons. And I have a global raster file. I want to overlay the shapefile's polygons onto the raster grid and calculate the mean raster value for each polygon. How can I do ...
4
votes
1answer
678 views

Self organizing maps and spatially Constrained Clustering in R

There are a few algorithms to perform spatial clustering in R but most of them focus on point pattern analysis (for example here). I would like to perform spatial constrained clustering for polygon ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

joining polygons

I am wondering how to join spatial polygons using R code ? I'm working with census data where certain areas change over time and I wish to join the polygons and the corresponding data and simply ...
4
votes
2answers
711 views

Spatial query of raster data

I have population distribution data as a raster layer and exposure contours as vector (polygon) layers. What I'd like to do is use the vector layer to estimate the population indicated from the raster ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

How to calculate “stop points” from a set of GPS tracklogs?

I have a set of GPS tracks pertaining to a cycling event that happened in the same day. I don't have much geographical information about the event itself, except for the tracklogs I downloaded from a ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Obtain normalized raster average per polygon?

I have a raster that contains percentages of total forest killed plus a polygon layer that defines different zones. My goal is to find a good statistical representative that describes the forest ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How to cluster points based on a kernel density?

I have a large dataset with 36k points representing commercial land uses, each with a field containing the square footage. I have run a kernel density analysis on this dataset, producing a raster ...
4
votes
2answers
154 views

How to find buffer radius around raster cell that covers a defined sum of raster cells?

I want to do a neigbourhood analysis on some raster data. I need to know how big a circle around each raster cell must be to include a certain amount of specified raster cells. Let's say that for ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Calculating Mean Upslope slope, curvature, etc

I'm trying to generate rasters whose values summarize the mean value of a given parameter (slope, curvature, etc.) of the upslope terrain. I feel like this should be doable using only a flow ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Outputting results message from spatial statistics tool to text file using python

I'm using the following tool in ArcGIS 10 - Calculate Distance Band from Neighbor Count (Spatial Statistics). I'm using a python script to execute this tool several times on different shapefiles: ...
1
vote
3answers
48 views

Summarize the total area of land use polygons within map sheets - how?

I would imagine that at least some of you have encountered similar problems to mine and I´d like to hear how you solved them. I have a map sheet index (a grid as a shape file) covering a large area. ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

How can I choose values from stacked raster images according to location of ROI

Before I choosed ROI on land surface temperature (LST) images and obtained pixel values of LST. Now I need pixel value of another images which are stacked multi-band image. My main purpose is to ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

How to fit a polygon to a “best buffer” about a reference geometry in it?

If I have a polygonal geometry gbase, like a street (a rectangular strip), and a reference geometry gref, like a central line of gbase. The question is what is the function (here named BestBuffer) ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Do I need to run regression in each samples separately?

I'd like to do smooth NDVI image by regression analysis; response of time series NDVI image to Julian date to represent the seasonal changes in NDVI as a function of Julian day. The time series NDVI ...