The field of study concerning statistical methods that use space and spatial relationships (such as distance, area, volume, length, height, orientation, centrality and/or other spatial characteristics of data) directly in their mathematical computations.

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30
votes
9answers
9k views

Open source methods for kriging?

I have a point dataset which I'd like to Krige, ideally using an open-source software package. If possible, I'd also like to choose the semi-variogram model during the process to improve the ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Principal Component Analysis using ArcGIS, Python and SPSS/R?

I am after a description/methodology for conducting a Geographically Weighted Principal Components Analysis (GWPCA). I am happy using Python for any portion of this and I imagine SPSS or R being used ...
25
votes
7answers
4k views

How to compare two spatial point patterns?

If I have two point pattern distributions within the same geographic region, how would I go about visually and quantitatively comparing those two distributions? Also assume I have many points within ...
23
votes
6answers
6k views

Tutorials to handle spatial data in R

Does anyone know some good tutorials to handle spatial data in R? I know that there are some packages like rgdal and maptools but I haven't actually found usefull tutorials to get in touch with the ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Robust alternatives to Moran's I

Moran’s I, a measure of spatial autocorrelation, is not a particularly robust statistic (it can be sensitive to skewed distributions of the spatial data attributes). What are some more robust ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

Using R with ArcGIS for Desktop (without using GME)? [duplicate]

I am trying to learn R generally and making statistics for maps. I found some useful tricks for making maps with it but it is not the best you can do. My everyday GIS program is ArcGIS. How I can use ...
15
votes
1answer
287 views

How can I statistically calculate the “real” road from a set of GPS tracks

I participate in a long-distance cycling club, and we started to collect GPS data routinely from our riders. My interest is to calculate "the real trajectory" for future events based on accumulated ...
14
votes
7answers
2k views

Best spatial statistics software for GIS?

I am searching for spatial statistics software which has many powerful features and supports a GIS interface. Can anyone give me some advice?
14
votes
3answers
595 views

Ecological geospatial conundrum

I am looking for a different, more elegant solution to a spatial statistics problem. Raw data consists of an x-y coordinate for each individual tree (i.e. converted to a point .shp file). Although ...
14
votes
3answers
483 views

How to determine if trees within forest gaps are clustered?

The attached dataset shows approximately 6000 saplings in approximately 50 variable sized forest gaps. I am interested in learning how these saplings are growing within their respective gaps (i.e. ...
13
votes
4answers
5k views

How to cluster spatial data in R?

I am very new to R, so please bear with me : > I have bunch of data points with latitude and longitude. I want to use R to cluster them based on their distance. I have already taken a look at this ...
11
votes
5answers
472 views

Learning Spatial Statistics

I have a significant background in statistics, and I'd like to learn more about spatial statistics (and statistics associated with geospatial data). Are there any especially good resources for ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Using R with ArcGIS Desktop

In response to comments below, a re-phrasing of the question. I've used the integration of R with QGIS, and found it a very uesful tool. Having taken a look at the R toolbox extension for 9 and the ...
11
votes
1answer
323 views

How to associate polygons with the nearest point on a point layer? (Or … how do I assign a postal area to a salesman?)

I have a polygon layer of postal code areas and I want to use them to create sales territories based on where our sales people are based. So I assume that I need to work out for each of the polygons ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a Free Aggregate Points tool out there for ArcGIS 10?

I need to do some Getis-Ord analysis but first I need to aggregate my points. I know of XToolsPro, but the aggregate points function is locked and you must purchase a license to use it. I am ...
10
votes
1answer
313 views

How to create an error map to support an average kernel density map?

I've created an average kernel density map by running KDEs on points stacked within the same spatial extent. For example, say we have three point shapefiles representing seedlings in three different ...
10
votes
2answers
587 views

Regression Model and Spatial Autocorrelation

I have used OLS and GWR for validating the dependencies between two distinct database. The Residual Square for GWR is 0.82 and thereby making it the right regression model to be used for determining ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How to get the second nearest neighbor between two point patterns in R?

Is there a way to get the distances for the second nearest neighbor between two point patterns in R? The spatstat package has a function called nncross but it only applies to the nearest neighbors ...
9
votes
1answer
271 views

How to find the most spread out locations?

Probably a very simple question. I have a list of about a thousand potential geographical locations (lat lon), and of those I need to select the 200 locations that are "most spread out". I think that ...
9
votes
3answers
890 views

Calculating mean slope: Harmonic or Arithmetic Mean?

I have to calculate the average upslope percent slope for a large dataset, the basic method is detailed here. However, I've begun to wonder if harmonic mean might be more appropriate than the ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

How to find Clusters of N Points Within X Distance?

We have tried two methods of cluster analysis: Cluster and Outlier Hot Spot ... but neither meets our specification which has these 3 parameters: a Set of Point features N points within a ...
9
votes
1answer
206 views

Visualization to inference workflow

I provide statistical support for a public health department. As you might imagine, we put together a lot of maps on a regular basis. For me, maps are just another kind of data visualization - ...
9
votes
1answer
380 views

Compare spatial cluster/agglomeration patterns for polygon data

I have agricultural data in form of polygons which I would like to test for spatial clusterings/spatial agglomerations. All in all I have about 40 variables which I can aggregate and standardize in ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

In ArcGIS Is there a tool that will select a percentage (75%) of a whole group of points based on the distance from one separate point?

This is ArcGIS specific. I have 2 point shapefiles A and B, the first one (A) is a single point that contains a lat long, the second (B) is a multitude of points (over 12k) that each contain their ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How to Find the Average Raster Value of an area defined by a shapefile using R?

I have a set of raster images which represent a specific month over the years, and I want to make a timeline of the average values of an area using a shapefile. How do I extract the values from the ...
8
votes
1answer
453 views

Are Zonal Statistics possible in PostGIS2?

Now with postgis2 which supports rasters by default is it possible to do a zonal statistics analysis? I've google it but I haven't found anything solid? Is there a tutorial outthere to get me ...
8
votes
1answer
234 views

(How) do the modifiable areal unit problem and modifiable temporal unit problem interact?

I am reconstructing historical time series of land use and other related data from a variety of sources with different spatial and temporal resolutions and would be interested in what possible ...
8
votes
2answers
187 views

spatial and spatiotemporal analyses

I have a dataset that consists of 247 mosquito traps placed in fixed positions and sampled weekly for 23 weeks. I also have dengue disease incidence data (indexed to home address) during the same time ...
8
votes
1answer
381 views

Modifying Bivariate Moran's I /LISA to include self?

I am using GeoDa's Bivariate Moran's I function to examine patterns of collocation between two variables at the county level (call them A and B for now). I know that, having run the analysis I can ...
7
votes
7answers
2k views

how to overlay shapefile and raster?

I have a shapefile with polygons. And I have a global raster file. I want to overlay the shapefile's polygons onto the raster grid and calculate the mean raster value for each polygon. How can I do ...
7
votes
4answers
11k views

How to convert zip codes to latitude and longitude?

I have a data set that includes a list of zip codes. Is there a way in R to convert these zip codes to latitude and longitude coordinates?
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Statistical relationships between rasters

I am trying to analyze how sets of rasters relate to each other using some statistical techniques. As, I don't have much experience using the spatial statistics tools in ArcGIS I was exporting my ...
7
votes
3answers
975 views

How to cluster points based on a kernel density?

I have a large dataset with 36k points representing commercial land uses, each with a field containing the square footage. I have run a kernel density analysis on this dataset, producing a raster ...
7
votes
5answers
485 views

How to calculate purchasing power on postcode level?

Does anyone know of an algorithm to calculate purchasing power on a postcode level? What source data is needed? Purchasing power on admin. level, population?
7
votes
1answer
165 views

Which spatial weighting function does ArcGIS' GWR use?

I am running Geographically Weighted Regression and originally was using ArcGIS to carry out the analysis until I read/heard mixed reviews about it. I have now tried a different programme to run it ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Spatial statistics tools : clustering analysis on raster data

I've an apparently simple problem, but i can't find a clear methodology to use. I'm tasked to delimit "urban areas" by vector convex polygons, using the Gridded Population of the World dataset from ...
7
votes
2answers
229 views

How to quantify unevenness of polygon boundaries?

I have two polygons: Polygon 1 and Polygon 2. Using two metrics, area and perimeter length, I want to express quantitatively that Polygon 1 has a more uneven/jagged/irregular perimeter than Polygon ...
7
votes
1answer
211 views

How can I calculate Moran's I in 3D?

This may be a question to post on a GIS forum, but I was wondering if among the spatial data experts here, someone could help me calculate the extension of Moran's I to 3D? Our data is about 3D ...
7
votes
3answers
220 views

How to compare spatial patterns (crime cases vs population)?

I am looking for a way to statistically compare two spatial patterns in shape polygon data (not point pattern analysis). Let's say I have a city map divided in neighborhoods (barrios), in shape ...
7
votes
1answer
324 views

How to use ESRI's spatial statistics tools on average values?

I'm wondering if anyone can tell me whether using the spatial statistics tools such as Getis Ord Gi* "hot spot" analysis in ArcView is advisable when your input data is an averaged value, e.g. the ...
7
votes
1answer
135 views

How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Analysis using an exponential decay function?

I have some points (representing 30 study sites) and I want to calculate the weighted mean of several variables (landscape layers) using a negative exponential decay (weights function) to give more ...
6
votes
4answers
528 views

statistics by rectangle (raster image)

I have a shp file with some rectangles and I want to extract statistics within these areas from a raster image. I prefer ArcMap 9.3.
6
votes
2answers
317 views

What do ArcGIS regression analysis warnings 000853, 000916 & 000981 mean?

I'm trying to do regression analysis using a shapefile which contains dependent variable (NDVI) and explanatory variable (prec) in ArcGIS. First, I run GWR analysis and then run spatial ...
6
votes
1answer
395 views

Comparison of three contour lines

I am looking for a way to spatially quantify the difference between three contour line shapefiles. More specifically, I have two elevation rasters which I intend to create contour lines from, but ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

What does shading indicate in home range plot?

I've simulated a home range in R using the clusthr function from the adehabitatHR package. The home range is made from 50 x,y coordinates. The output is attached. I'm trying to get clear on what ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How to do regression analysis between two variables using ArcGIS

I have a temperature image (interpolated from climatic point data) and NDVI data at the monthly interval. I need to do correlation analysis between temp and NDVI. Is it impossible to do this using ...
6
votes
1answer
235 views

how to aggregate the rates, represented by points, within X radius

the point represents rates like 10%, etc. (this was also pretty clear from 2 years ago) -- been trying to do this for 2 yrs... the points dont represent numbers of events since they are rates ...
6
votes
1answer
424 views

Calculating “relative slope” per Mora-Vahrson method in ArcGIS

I'm a longtime lurker who finally decided to register on the forum (in no way driven by my need to have a certain question answered, of course...). I was contacted by a colleague asking for help ...
6
votes
2answers
284 views

How do I process xy data to be compatible with census block data (so I can include them in my GWR model)? (ArcGIS 10)

I'm pretty new to GIS, so apologies if my problem is rather simplistic I'm planning to do regression analysis (GWR) on several datasets, where all but one is based on census areas (UK OS lower level ...
6
votes
1answer
368 views

Normalizing and adding kernel density rasters

I have 4 years of road kill data for one road, though each year has a different sample time frame (i.e. May-June vs. April-October) and therefore each year has a different number of surveys and totals ...