Spherical geometry is the geometry of the two-dimensional surface of a sphere.

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145 views

Is there a straightforward way to tweak LatLon on a sphere to represent true LatLon?

I have no experience in mapping, so please excuse me if this sounds foolish. I'm trying to use Microsoft MapPoint (2004) software to geocode a number of addresses in Excel. However, my version of ...
3
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1answer
246 views

Dividing a geographic region

I have a certain geographic region defined by the bottom left and top right coordinates. How can I divide this region into areas of 20x20km. I mean in practial the shape of the earth is not flat it's ...
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0answers
64 views

Given distances from two locations how to accurately find geographic coordinates [duplicate]

I am working on a research problem which requires me to calculate a geographic location accurately (with error distance of few meters), given distances from two geographic locations. For instance: ...
3
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93 views

How can I convert LIDAR based measurement to UTM coordinate?

I have lidar based measurement with azimuth elevation and range, I would like to convert this data to UTM coordinate. I know the position of the lidar in UTM coordinate system, so I developed the ...
3
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0answers
813 views

Bearing/Course/Heading in WGS84 ellipsoid model

There is a common formula for computing the initial bearing for a course from lat1, lon1 to lat2, lon2. (And yes, I'm aware that the course will change when traveling). atan2( sin(lon2-lon1) * ...
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3answers
2k views

Local Coordinate to Geocentric

The ultimate question, I need a transformation matrix to take a point in local space representing a roughly 500m x 500m place in New Mexico centered at -108.619987456 long 36.234600064 lat. The final ...
2
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3answers
648 views

How to compute distance between 4500 points fast?

I am working on a location problem with 150 customers (points) and 30 facilities (points). I have determined the location of any customer and facility by google earth and then saved them in a KMZ ...
2
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2answers
189 views

How to find the destination point given a start point, distance and bearing?

If I have a starting point as well as distance and a bearing to the destination point, how can I find the coordinates of the destination point using PostGIS? I'm looking for a PostGIS equivalent to ...
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2answers
378 views

Variation of algorithms to find point from another point with bearing and distance

There are several algorithms to calculate distance between two latitude/longitude points. Haversine Hubeny Lambert-Andoyer Vincenty's formulae for inverse problem But there are not so many ...
2
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1answer
315 views

Map projection lat, lon to pixel?

I'm trying to find the concave hull of a lat, lon pointset but when I project my points on my map it doesn't look like expected. I've tried a lineare projection and a spherical projection. My data is ...
2
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1answer
800 views

MySQL GeoSpatial function for ST_Distance_Spheroid? Metric used in return Type of GLength?

Is there a ST_Distance_Sphere, ST_Distance_Spheroid equivalent function in MySQL's GeoSpatial Support? If not, any way to emulate this? What is the metric used in return type of ...
2
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1answer
801 views

XY to Line tool crashing

The problem I'm encountering is simple. I have a shape file of points (about 8 million). They have three XY pairs that I am attempting to create XY lines from for purposes of measuring distance. ...
2
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1answer
157 views

Does spherical equilateral triangle T contain point P?

I am working on a Python script to: compute the vertex coordinates of a geodesic sphere/icosahedron, project the triangles onto a sphere, then find which spherical triangle contains an arbitrary ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Is a point within a polygon

I need help in this question. To explain briefly -- the question is: Whether a point with coordinates lng:-80.087535 lat: 42.054246 lies over or under line with coordinates: lng: -80.267831 ... ...
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0answers
46 views

Determine PostGIS geography polygon orientation

How can you determine the orientation of a PostGIS geography polygon? I'm looking/hoping for a function that would tell me which side is the interior (left or right) as you traverse the vertices of ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Draw a line and a buffer around it onto the spheroid

I need to draw a line between two points and create a buffer around this line. The only difficulty is that I need to draw not a "cartesian" line but a line that is laying on the spheroid. I tried to ...
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0answers
60 views

How can I figure out whether a sphere is intersecting the Earth between a given lon/lat range?

Given a lon/lat range that represents a tile on the Earth's surface, I need a computationally efficient way to figure out if a spherical volume defined by a point (assume ECEF coordinates) and a ...
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0answers
197 views

Specifying a bounding rectangle using Google's S2 package for spherical geometry [duplicate]

This is my first post on GIS, I hope it is not too trivial a question. I work on a project on Google AppEngine, which is backed by a NoSQL datastore. This makes a proximity filter different from ...
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0answers
105 views

Find arc endpoint with bearing and radius counting with curvature of the earth?

So my problem is that I have start point [lat,long] for arch, bearing, radius and I need compute end point [lat,long] ? End point should be in 180 degrees angle from start point and I should be aware ...
2
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0answers
177 views

Centroid of the equator and a point

Suppose I already have a way to compute the centroids of different geometry types: Points (arithmetic mean of Cartesian coordinates). Linestrings (polylines) (weighted mean of segment mid-points in ...
2
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0answers
129 views

Placement of a fixed-radius circle on a sphere to maximize point containment

There are many papers on the "Circle Placement Problem" in 2D Euclidean space, but I haven't been able to find any papers discussing this problem on the sphere. The problem is: given a set of points ...
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1answer
79 views

Moving object of fixed dimension without distortion

I am trying to move a polygon object in a shapefile to a new location. I will perform an offset so that the process can be automated by shifting the object to a new geographic coordinate or moved by ...
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2answers
46 views

Spherical law of cosine what does the 'a' represent?

I want to use the spherical law of cosine formula, θ = atan2( sin Δλ ⋅ cos φ2 , cos φ1 ⋅ sin φ2 − sin φ1 ⋅ cos φ2 ⋅ cos Δλ ), to calculate distances between coordinates, but, I cannot for the life ...
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1answer
109 views

How do I figure out the grid references (Eastings and Northings) necessary to create a circular 1 mile radius around one location?

How do I figure out the grid references necessary to create a circular 1 mile radius around one location? For instance: Grid Reference: SO 47904 87484 X (Eastings): 347904 Y (Northings): 287484 ...
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1answer
938 views

Lat Long line intersecting with circle

Can anyone help me what's the algorythm to calculate points of intersection whet is given one point p1 [lat,long] , bearing x (let say 137 degrees), arc center [lat,long] and radius? I woulde like to ...
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2answers
186 views

Is there an average size for British postcodes?

Is there an average size for British postcodes? Or a method of determining the size for a particular British postcode? Thanks. Considering creating a related program and this would be valuable ...
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1answer
99 views

Defining a line from geographic coordinate points.

On a flat surface we can define any point on line which passes from point1 (x1,y1) to point2 (x2,y2) via simple trigonometry. How can we do that with latitude and longitude of 2 points? Imagine we ...
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2answers
834 views

OpenLayers Circle not visible

I'm trying to draw a circle with OpenLayers with a Google Maps Layer. I'm able to transform a simple marker and have it draw at the correct location, but I can't figure out the circle. I'm trying to ...
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1answer
233 views

Lambert cylindrical projection support in PostGis

Does PostGis support Lambert cylindrical projection or is there a way to add support for it? I'm probably searching the wrong terms, but google isn't bringing up anything useful. Any help is ...
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2answers
78 views

Equations to convert from global cartesian coordinates to geographic coordinates

First, I needed to convert geographic coordinates (like those received from GPS) to global cartesian coordinates. I found an earlier question (How do I calculate a xyz-position of a gps-position ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the radius of earth [duplicate]

What is the real radius of earth? Google says 6378.1 km Wiki says 6371 km And there are references for 6378.7 km I'm using maximum radius 6378.7 km in distance calculation in spherical law of ...
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1answer
279 views

Converting Lambert Conformal (x, y) of spheroid to (lon, lat) of NAD83 with proj/cs2cs?

Revised Trial: Correct? According to Andre Joost advice, I tried with "+towgs84=0,0,0", and the both two ways seem to get the same answer that mkennedy posted below. So, just to make sure, anybody ...
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1answer
75 views

How do I convert OS coordinates (X and Y) to longitude and latitude coordinates?

How do I convert OS coordinates (X and Y) - Eastings and Northings to longitude and latitude coordinates? For example X and Y below X (Eastings): 347904 Y (Northings): 287484
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2answers
280 views

Given a flight path given in latitudes and longitudes, how do I find another flight path that is parallel to the path given?

Given a flight route that is given in latitudes and longitudes, how do I find another route that is "parallel" to the route given (find a perpendicular line to each waypoint given)? I think the best ...
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1answer
863 views

Transform regular lat/lon to rotated lat/lon

I am currently working with climate data projected in a rotated lat/lon grid and came across this excellent 'cookbook' by mkadunc on how to manually transform rotated lat/lon to regular lat/lon: ...
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1answer
165 views

How to calculate smallcircle on sphere

I use this python code to calculate a greatcircle: https://code.google.com/p/pyroms/source/browse/trunk/pyroms/greatcircle.py?r=39 After initializing the greatcircle I can calculate points on the ...
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17 views

How to Increase the length of column type geometry in postgres(pgAdminIII)

I am just wondering is there any way to increase the default length of column type geometry in postgres. Since we are trying to save large number of vertices polygon in to the geometry column geom in ...
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0answers
42 views

Mapping from one plane on the other plane despite of masking regions

have a set of data given here, where in the first and second columns there are the sky coordinates (ra,dec) e.g. right ascension and declination, respectively and in the third and forth, the ...
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57 views

How do I convert Lon and Lat to pixels in map using world file? [closed]

I have a tiff map file, with a tfw world file that has these parameters (lon/lat in radians): 0.00000107180145766 \\ A 0.0000000000 \\ D -0.0000000000 \\ B -0.0000009331315579 \\ E ...
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0answers
32 views

Pont to Point and Point to Line Calculations [duplicate]

We have been beeating our head against a wall trying to get point to point and point to line segment (perpindicular) to work in PHP. I posted the other day as well but did not include the code in ...
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0answers
21 views

Find coordinate of point on the boundary of a circle given a latitude/longitude and radius [duplicate]

I understand how to use the haversine formula to compute the distance between two points on the earth. However, I would like to answer a similar, albeit different question. How can I compute the ...
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0answers
116 views

Intersection between a ray from lat, lon, alt, with pan, tilt and earth's surface

I have a problem that consists of finding the intersection point between a ray from a given lat, lon, alt, that is looking to a given pan and tilt angles and the earth's surface. I need the lat, lon ...
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0answers
281 views

How to approximate point to segment distance on sphere?

I would like to approximate the distance of a line segment from a reference point on the map (coordinates are gives as lat/lon). In the Cartesian coordinate system I would simply find the closest ...
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1answer
148 views

How to get screen coordinate from geographic one?

I need to know, how can I convert some geographic coordinates to the screen one. I want to remind you about desktop coordinates system, how it look like: I've developed soft, which is loading map ...
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0answers
252 views

Locating the centroid (center of mass) of spherical polygons

I'm trying to work out how best to locate the centroid of an arbitrary shape draped over a unit sphere, with the input being ordered (clockwise or anti-cw) vertices for the shape boundary. The density ...
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0answers
17 views

Finding the exact coordinates of circle's extreme east and west points on a sphere [duplicate]

I'm currently implementing the Bentley-Ottman algorithm applied to spheres, involving intersections of many spheres on one sphere, circles in most cases of course. This requires locating "event" ...
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2answers
6k views

How to convert lat long to meters using Mercator projection in C#

I have set of lat long values and I want their equivalent in meters using Mercator projection in C#. Can you please post some sample code or api example of some library that does exactly this?
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1answer
209 views

Spherical Mercator to Cylinder mercator?

Hello I want to create an overlay for google maps. As far as I know google maps using Spherical Mercator, so the system where I read the maps use Mercator but is not specified which (spherical or ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Hard to get my head around, generating average price for houses in each quadrant

I'm able to determine the average price of houses sold in a particular area (like the squares on image below) dependent upon postcode. Although I can generate the average sale price for a particular ...
0
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1answer
589 views

Specifying a rectangle as two latitude/longitude pairs, one for center and one for size

I am trying to make sense of the Google S2 library for spherical math (it works like this). I need to get a rectangle for searching for nearby entities in a database, based on a point and a distance ...